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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 45

 

 

Introduction
1God calls Cyrus for his church's sake.
5By his omnipotency he challenges obedience.
20He convinces the idols of vanity by his saving power.

Verse 1
Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut;
to his
13:3; 44:28; 1 Kings 19:15; Jeremiah 27:6
whose
41:13; 42:6; Psalms 73:23
holden
or, strengthened.
Ezekiel 30:21-24
to subdue
41:2,25; Ezra 1:1; Jeremiah 50:3,35; 51:11,20-24; Daniel 5:6,28-30; 7:5; 8:3
to open
All the streets of Babylon, leading on each side to the river, were secured by two leaved brazen gates, and these were providentially left open when Cyrus's forces entered the city in the night, through the channel of the river, in the general disorder occasioned by the great feast which was then celebrated; otherwise, says Herodotus, the Persians would have been shut up in the bed of the river, as in a net, and all destroyed. The gates of the palace were also imprudently opened to ascertain the occasion of the tumult; when the two parties under Gobrias and Gadatas rushed in, got possession of the palace, and slew the king.
Nahum 2:6

Verse 2
I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron:
go before
13:4-17
make
40:4; 42:16; Acts 1:15; Luke 3:5
break
Psalms 107:16

Verse 3
And I will give thee the treasures of darkness, and hidden riches of secret places, that thou mayest know that I, the LORD, which call thee by thy name, am the God of Israel.
I will give
Jeremiah 27:5-7; 50:37; 51:53; Ezekiel 29:19,20
that thou
41:23; Ezra 1:2
which call
43:1; 48:15; 49:1; Exodus 33:12,17

Verse 4
For Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mine elect, I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee, though thou hast not known me.
Jacob
41:8,9; 43:3,4,14; 44:1; Exodus 19:5,6; Jeremiah 50:17-20; Matthew 24:22; Mark 13:20; Romans 9:6; 11:7
I have even
1; 44:28
though
Acts 17:23; Galatians 4:8,9; Ephesians 2:12; 1 Thessalonians 4:5

Verse 5
I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me:
the Lord
14-18,21,22; 44:8; 46:9; Deuteronomy 4:35,39; 32:39; 1 Kings 8:60; Joel 2:27; John 1:1; Hebrews 1:8,9
I girded thee
22:21; Ezra 1:2; Job 12:18,21; Psalms 18:32,39

Verse 6
That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else.
37:20; 1 Samuel 17:46,47; Psalms 46:10; 83:18; 102:15,16; Ezekiel 38:23; 39:21; Malachi 1:11

Verse 7
I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.
form
Genesis 1:3-5,17,18; Psalms 8:3; 104:20-23; Jeremiah 31:35; 2 Corinthians 4:6; James 1:17
create darkness
Exodus 10:21-23; 14:20; Jeremiah 13:16; Ezekiel 32:8; Joel 2:2; Amos 4:13; Nahum 1:8; Jude 1:6,13
I make Peace
10:5,6; Job 2:10; 34:29; Psalms 29:11; 75:7; Ecclesiastes 7:13,14; Jeremiah 18:7-10; Jeremiah 51:20; Ezekiel 14:15-21; Amos 3:6; 5:6; Acts 4:28

Verse 8
Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD have created it.
Drop down
32:15; 44:3; Psalms 72:3,6; 85:9-12; Ezekiel 34:26; Hosea 10:12; 14:5-8; Joel 2:28,29; 3:18; Acts 2:33; Titus 3:3-6
let the earth
4:2; 11:1; 53:2; 61:3,11; 1 Corinthians 3:6-9
I the Lord
65:17,18; 66:22; Jeremiah 31:22; Ephesians 2:10; 4:24

Verse 9
Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest thou? or thy work, He hath no hands?
unto him
64:8; Exodus 9:16,17; Job 15:24-26; 40:8,9; Psalms 2:2-9; Proverbs 21:30; Jeremiah 50:24; 1 Corinthians 10:22
Shall the clay
10:15; 29:16; Jeremiah 18:6; Romans 9:20,21

Verse 10
Woe unto him that saith unto his father, What begettest thou? or to the woman, What hast thou brought forth?
Deuteronomy 27:16; Malachi 1:6; Hebrews 12:9

Verse 11
Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, Ask me of things to come concerning my sons, and concerning the work of my hands command ye me.
the Holy One
43:3,7,15,21; 48:17
Ask
Jeremiah 33:3; Ezekiel 36:37; Daniel 2:18; 9:2,3,24-27; Mark 11:24
concerning my sons
Jeremiah 3:19; 31:1,9; Hosea 1:10; Romans 9:4-8; 2 Corinthians 6:18; Galatians 3:26-29
concerning the work
29:23; 43:7; 60:21; Ephesians 2:10
command
Genesis 32:26; Judges 16:23; Joshua 10:12; Hosea 12:4

Verse 12
I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.
made the earth
18; 40:28; 42:5; Genesis 1:26,27; Psalms 102:25; Hebrews 11:3
my hands
40:12,22; 44:24; Jeremiah 27:5; 32:17; Zechariah 12:1
all their host
Genesis 2:1; Nehemiah 9:6

Verse 13
I have raised him up in righteousness, and I will direct all his ways: he shall build my city, and he shall let go my captives, not for price nor reward, saith the LORD of hosts.
raised him
1-6; 41:2,25; 46:11; 48:14,15
in righteousness
42:6; Psalms 65:5
direct
or, make straight.
1,2
he shall build
44:28; 52:5; 2 Chronicles 36:22,23; Ezra 1:3-11; 49:25; 52:2,3; Romans 3:24-26; 1 Peter 1:18,19; 13:17

Verse 14
Thus saith the LORD, The labour of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine: they shall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee, they shall make supplication unto thee, saying, Surely God is in thee; and there is none else, there is no God.
The labour
18:7; 19:23-25; 23:18; 49:23; 60:5-16; 61:5,6; 66:19,20; Psalms 68:30,31; Psalms 72:10-15; Zechariah 8:22,23
the Sabeans
That the Sabeans were of a most majestic appearance is particularly remarked by Agatharchides, an ancient Greek historian quoted by Bochart.
Job 1:15; Ezekiel 23:42; Joel 3:8
men of stature
10:33; Numbers 13:32; 2 Samuel 21:20; Ezekiel 31:3
in chains
14:2; 49:23; Psalms 149:6,8
they shall fall
60:14; 61:5,9; Exodus 11:8; Esther 8:17; Acts 10:25,26; Revelation 3:9
Surely
24; Jeremiah 16:19; Zechariah 8:20-23; 1 Corinthians 8:4-6; 14:25; 1 Thessalonians 1:9
and there
5,6; 44:8

Verse 15
Verily thou art a God that hidest thyself, O God of Israel, the Saviour.
a God
8:17; 57:17; Psalms 44:24; 77:19; John 13:7; Romans 11:33,34
O God
17; 12:2; 43:3,11; 46:13; 60:16; Psalms 68:26; Matthew 1:22,23; John 4:22,42; Acts 5:31; 13:23; 2 Peter 3:18

Verse 16
They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, all of them: they shall go to confusion together that are makers of idols.
20; 41:19; 42:17; 44:9,11; Psalms 97:7; Jeremiah 2:26,27; 10:14,15

Verse 17
But Israel shall be saved in the LORD with an everlasting salvation: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world without end.
Israel
25; 26:4; Hosea 1:7; Romans 2:28,29; 8:1; 11:26; 1 Corinthians 1:30,31; 2 Corinthians 5:17-21; Philippians 3:8,9; 1 John 4:15
an everlasting
51:6,8; 54:8; 60:19; Psalms 103:17; Jeremiah 31:3; John 5:24; 6:40; 10:28; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14,16; Hebrews 5:9; 1 John 5:11-13
ye shall not
29:22; 49:23; 54:4; Psalms 25:3; Joel 2:26,27; Zephaniah 3:11; Romans 9:33; 10:11; 1 Peter 2:6

Verse 18
For thus saith the LORD that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am the LORD; and there is none else.
that created
42:5; Jeremiah 10:12; 51:15
he created
12; Genesis 1:28; 9:1; Psalms 115:16; Ezekiel 36:10-12
I am
5,6

Verse 19
I have not spoken in secret, in a dark place of the earth: I said not unto the seed of Jacob, Seek ye me in vain: I the LORD speak righteousness, I declare things that are right.
spoken
43:9,10; 48:16; Deuteronomy 29:29; 30:11-14; Proverbs 1:21; 8:1-4; John 7:26,28; John 7:37-39; 18:20; Acts 2:4-8
Seek
1:15; 8:19; 55:6,7; 58:1-3; 1 Chronicles 28:8; 2 Chronicles 15:2; Ezra 8:22; Psalms 24:6; Psalms 69:13,32; Proverbs 15:8; Jeremiah 29:13; Amos 5:4; Malachi 3:13,14; Matthew 15:8,9; James 4:3
speak righteousness
63:1; Numbers 23:19,20; Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalms 9:10; 12:6; 19:7-10; 111:7,8; Psalms 119:137,138; Proverbs 8:6; 30:5

Verse 20
Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye that are escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god that cannot save.
yourselves
41:5,6,21; 43:9
escaped
4:2; Jeremiah 25:15-29; 50:28; 51:6-9; Ephesians 2:12,16; Revelation 18:3-18
they
42:17,18; 44:17-20; 46:7; 48:7; 1 Kings 18:26-29; Psalms 115:8; Jeremiah 2:27,28; Jeremiah 10:8,14; 51:17,18; Habakkuk 2:18-20; Romans 1:21-23

Verse 21
Tell ye, and bring them near; yea, let them take counsel together: who hath declared this from ancient time? who hath told it from that time? have not I the LORD? and there is no God else beside me; a just God and a Saviour; there is none beside me.
Tell ye
Psalms 26:7; 71:17,18; 96:10; Jeremiah 50:2; Joel 3:9-12
and bring
41:1-4
who hath declared
41:22,23; 43:9; 44:7,8; 46:9,10; 48:3,14
and there is
5,14,18; 44:8
a just
25; 43:3,11; 63:1; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Zephaniah 3:5,17; Zechariah 9:9; Romans 3:25,26; Titus 2:13,14

Verse 22
Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else.
Look
Numbers 21:8,9; 2 Chronicles 20:12; Psalms 22:17; 65:5; Micah 7:7; Zechariah 12:10; John 3:13-16; 6:40; Hebrews 12:2
for
21; John 10:28-30; Titus 2:13; 2 Peter 1:1

Verse 23
I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
sworn
Genesis 22:15-18; Jeremiah 22:5; 49:13; Amos 6:8; Hebrews 6:13-18
the word
19; 55:11; Numbers 23:19
That unto
Romans 11:4; 14:10-12; Philippians 2:10
every tongue
19:18-21; 44:3-5; 65:16; Genesis 31:53; Deuteronomy 6:13; 2 Chronicles 15:14,15; Nehemiah 10:29; Psalms 63:11; 132:2

Verse 24
Surely, shall one say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.
Surely, etc
or, Surely he shall say of me, In the Lord is all righteousness and strength. in the.
25; 54:17; 61:10; Jeremiah 23:5,6; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 2 Peter 1:1; *marg:
righteousness
Heb. righteousnesses. strength.
2 Corinthians 12:9,10; Ephesians 3:16; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11; 2 Timothy 4:17,18; Zechariah 10:6,12
even
55:5; 60:9; Genesis 49:10; Matthew 11:27,28; John 7:37; 12:32; Ephesians 6:10; Revelation 22:17
and all
41:11; Psalms 2:1-12; 21:8,9; 72:9; 110:2; Luke 13:17; 19:27; Revelation 11:18

Verse 25
In the LORD shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.
the Lord
17,24; Acts 13:39; Romans 3:24,25; 5:1,18,19; 8:1,30,33,34; 1 Corinthians 6:11; 2 Corinthians 5:21
the seed
19; 61:9; 65:9,23; 1 Chronicles 16:13; Psalms 22:23; Romans 4:16; 9:6-8; Galatians 3:27-29
glory
41:16; Psalms 64:10; Jeremiah 9:23,24; 1 Corinthians 1:31; 2 Corinthians 10:17; Galatians 6:14; Philippians 3:3; *Gr:

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 45:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-45.html.

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