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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 50



1Christ shews that the dereliction of the Jews is not to be imputed to him, by his ability to save;
5by his obedience in that work;
7and by his confidence in that assistance.
10An exhortation to trust in God, and not in ourselves.

Verse 1
Thus saith the LORD, Where is the bill of your mother's divorcement, whom I have put away? or which of my creditors is it to whom I have sold you? Behold, for your iniquities have ye sold yourselves, and for your transgressions is your mother put away.
the bill
Deuteronomy 24:1-4; Jeremiah 3:1,8; Hosea 2:2-4; Mark 10:4-12
or which
Exodus 21:7; Leviticus 25:39; Deuteronomy 32:30; 2 Kings 4:1; Nehemiah 5:5; Esther 7:4; Psalms 44:12; Matthew 18:25
Husbands often sent bills of divorcement to their wives on slight occasions; and fathers, oppressed with debt, sold their children till the year of release. But this, saith God, cannot be my case: I am not governed by any such motives, nor am I urged by any such necessity. Your captivity and afflictions are the fruits of your own folly and wickedness.
for your iniquities
52:3; 59:1,2; 1 Kings 21:25; 2 Kings 17:17; Jeremiah 3:8; 4:18

Verse 2
Wherefore, when I came, was there no man? when I called, was there none to answer? Is my hand shortened at all, that it cannot redeem? or have I no power to deliver? behold, at my rebuke I dry up the sea, I make the rivers a wilderness: their fish stinketh, because there is no water, and dieth for thirst.
when I came
59:16; 65:12; 66:4; Proverbs 1:24; Jeremiah 5:1; 7:13; 8:6; 35:15; Hosea 11:2,7; John 1:11; 3:19
Is my
59:1; Genesis 18:14; Numbers 11:23
have I
36:20; 2 Chronicles 32:15; Daniel 3:15,29; 6:20,27
at my
Psalms 106:9; Nahum 1:4; Mark 4:39
I dry
42:15; 43:16; 51:10; 63:13; Exodus 14:21,29; Joshua 3:16; Psalms 107:33; Psalms 114:3-7
their fish
Exodus 7:18,21

Verse 3
I clothe the heavens with blackness, and I make sackcloth their covering.
Exodus 10:21; Psalms 18:11,12; Matthew 27:45; Revelation 6:12

Verse 4
The Lord GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: he wakeneth morning by morning, he wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned.
Exodus 4:11,12; Psalms 45:2; Jeremiah 1:9; Matthew 22:46; Luke 4:22; 21:15; John 7:46
a word
57:15-19; Proverbs 15:23; 25:11; Matthew 11:28; 13:54
as the
John 7:15-17

Verse 5
The Lord GOD hath opened mine ear, and I was not rebellious, neither turned away back.
48:8; Psalms 40:6-8; Matthew 26:39; John 8:29; 14:31; 15:10; Philippians 2:8; Hebrews 5:8; Hebrews 10:5-9

Verse 6
I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
Lamentations 3:30; Micah 5:1; Matthew 5:39; 26:67; 27:26; Mark 14:65; 15:19; Luke 22:63,64; John 18:22; Hebrews 12:2
my cheeks
The eastern people always held the beard in great veneration; and to pluck a man's beard is one of the grossest indignities that can be offered. D'Arvieux gives a remarkable instance of an Arab, who, having received a wound in his jaw, chose to hazard his life rather than suffer the surgeon to cut off his beard. See Note on 2 Sa 10:4.
that plucked
Nehemiah 13:25
I hid
Another instance of the utmost contempt and detestation. Throughout the East it is highly offensive to spit in any one's presence; and if this is such an indignity, how much more spitting in the face?

Verse 7
For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed.
the Lord
9; 42:1; 49:8; Psalms 89:21-27; 110:1; John 16:33; Hebrews 13:6
I set
Jeremiah 1:18; Ezekiel 3:8,9; Matthew 23:13-36; Luke 9:51; 11:39-54; Romans 1:16; 1 Peter 4:1,16

Verse 8
He is near that justifieth me; who will contend with me? let us stand together: who is mine adversary? let him come near to me.
near that
Romans 8:32-34; 1 Timothy 3:16
let us
41:1,21; Exodus 22:9; Deuteronomy 19:17; Job 23:3-7; Matthew 5:25
mine adversary
Heb. the master of my cause.
Zechariah 3:1-10; Revelation 12:10

Verse 9
Behold, the Lord GOD will help me; who is he that shall condemn me? lo, they all shall wax old as a garment; the moth shall eat them up.
they all
51:6-8; Job 13:28; Psalms 39:11; 102:26; Hebrews 1:11,12

Verse 10
Who is among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh in darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.
is among
Psalms 25:12,14; 111:10; 112:1; 128:1; Ecclesiastes 12:13; Malachi 3:16
42:1; 49:3; 53:11; Hebrews 5:9
that walketh
9:2; 59:9; Job 29:3; Psalms 23:4; Lamentations 3:2; John 8:12; 12:46
26:3,4; 1 Samuel 30:6; 1 Chronicles 5:20; 2 Chronicles 20:12,20; Job 13:15; 23:8-10; Psalms 27:13,14; 28:7; 40:1-4; 42:11; 62:8; 145:21; Lamentations 3:25,26; Micah 7:7-9; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10; 1 Peter 5:7

Verse 11
Behold, all ye that kindle a fire, that compass yourselves about with sparks: walk in the light of your fire, and in the sparks that ye have kindled. This shall ye have of mine hand; ye shall lie down in sorrow.
all ye
28:15-20; 30:15,16; 55:2; Psalms 20:7,8; Jeremiah 17:5-7; Jonah 2:8; Matthew 15:6-8; Romans 1:21,22; 10:3
Exodus 11:9,10; Ezekiel 20:39; Amos 4:4,5
This shall
John 9:39
ye shall
8:22; 65:13-16; Psalms 16:4; 32:10; Matthew 8:12; 22:13; John 8:24; 2 Thessalonians 1:8,9; Revelation 19:20; 20:15


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 50:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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