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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jeremiah 44



1Jeremiah expresses the desolation of Judah for their idolatry.
11He prophesies their destruction, who commit idolatry in Egypt.
15The obstinacy of the Jews;
20for which Jeremiah threatens them;
29and for a sign prophesies the destruction of Egypt.

Verse 1
The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews which dwell in the land of Egypt, which dwell at Migdol, and at Tahpanhes, and at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying,
A.M. 3433. B.C. 571. The word. Dahler supposes this discourse to have been delivered in the seventeenth or eighteenth year after the taking of Jerusalem.
42:15-18; 43:5-7
46:14; Exodus 14:2; Ezekiel 29:10; *Heb:
Tahpanhes, rendered [Taphne] and [Taphnai] by the LXX., is no doubt the [Daphnai] of Herodotus, a royal city of Lower Egypt, situated, according to the Itinerary of Antoninus, sixteen miles south from Pelusium, from which it was called Daphnæ Pelusicæ. Forster says that there is now a place situated in the vicinity of Pelusium called Safnas, which may be a vestige of the ancient name. It appears to have been the very first town in Egypt, in the road from Palestine, that afforded tolerable accommodation for the fugitives. It was at this place that, according to Jerome and several of the ancients, tradition says the faithful Jeremiah was stoned to death by these rebellious wretches, for whose welfare he had watched, prayed, and suffered every kind of indignity and hardship.
43:7; Ezekiel 30:18
2:16; 46:14,19; Isaiah 19:13; Ezekiel 30:16
Genesis 10:14
Isaiah 11:11; Ezekiel 29:14; 30:14

Verse 2
Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, and upon all the cities of Judah; and, behold, this day they are a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein,
Ye have
39:1-8; Exodus 19:4; Deuteronomy 29:2; Joshua 23:3; Zechariah 1:6
a desolation
22; 4:7; 7:34; 9:11; 25:11; 34:22; Leviticus 26:32,33,43; 2 Kings 21:13; Isaiah 6:11; 24:12; 64:10,11; Lamentations 1:1,16; 5:18; Micah 3:12

Verse 3
Because of their wickedness which they have committed to provoke me to anger, in that they went to burn incense, and to serve other gods, whom they knew not, neither they, ye, nor your fathers.
of their
2:17-19; 4:17,18; 5:19,29; 9:12-14; 11:17; 16:11,12; 19:3,4; 22:9; Ezra 9:6-11; Nehemiah 9:33; Lamentations 1:8; 4:13; Ezekiel 8:17,18; 9:9; 22:25-31; Daniel 9:5; Zechariah 7:12,13
Deuteronomy 13:6; 29:26; 32:17

Verse 4
Howbeit I sent unto you all my servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, saying, Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate.
I sent
7:13,25; 25:3,4; 26:5; 29:19; 32:33; 35:17; 2 Chronicles 36:15; Zechariah 7:7
16:18; Ezekiel 8:10; 16:36,47; 1 Peter 4:3; Revelation 17:4,5

Verse 5
But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear to turn from their wickedness, to burn no incense unto other gods.
7:24; 2 Chronicles 36:16; Psalms 81:11-13; Isaiah 48:4,18; Zechariah 7:11,12; Revelation 2:21,22
17-21; 19:13

Verse 6
Wherefore my fury and mine anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted and desolate, as at this day.
my fury
4:4; 7:20; 21:5,12; 36:7; 42:18; Leviticus 26:28; Isaiah 51:17,20; Ezekiel 5:13; Ezekiel 6:12; 8:18; 20:33; 24:8,13; Daniel 9:12; Nahum 1:2
2,3; Isaiah 6:11

Verse 7
Therefore now thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; Wherefore commit ye this great evil against your souls, to cut off from you man and woman, child and suckling, out of Judah, to leave you none to remain;
7:19; 25:7; 42:20; *marg:; Numbers 16:38; Proverbs 1:18; 5:22; 8:36; 15:32; Ezekiel 33:11; Habakkuk 2:10
to cut
8,11; 9:21; 51:22; Joshua 6:21; Judges 21:11
Deuteronomy 32:25; 1 Samuel 15:3; 22:19; Lamentations 2:11
Heb. the midst of Judah. to leave.

Verse 8
In that ye provoke me unto wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye be gone to dwell, that ye might cut yourselves off, and that ye might be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth?
ye provoke
25:6,7; Deuteronomy 32:16,17; 2 Kings 17:15-17; Isaiah 3:8; 1 Corinthians 10:21,22; Hebrews 3:16
that ye might cut
7; Ezekiel 18:31,32
a curse
12; 18:16; 24:9; 26:6; 29:18; 42:18; 1 Kings 9:7,8; 2 Chronicles 7:20; Isaiah 65:15; Lamentations 2:15,16

Verse 9
Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, and the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, and your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives, which they have committed in the land of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem?
ye forgotten
Joshua 22:17-20; Ezra 9:7-15; Daniel 9:5-8
Heb. wickedness, or punishments, etc. the wickedness of your.
15-19; 7:17,18

Verse 10
They are not humbled even unto this day, neither have they feared, nor walked in my law, nor in my statutes, that I set before you and before your fathers.
are not
8:12; Exodus 9:17; 10:3; 1 Kings 21:29; 2 Chronicles 12:6-12; 32:26; 33:12,19; 34:27; Daniel 5:20-22; James 4:6-10; 1 Peter 5:6
Heb. contrite.
2 Kings 22:19; Psalms 34:18; 51:17; Isaiah 57:15; 66:2; Ezekiel 9:4
10:7; 36:24; Exodus 9:30; Proverbs 8:13; 14:16; 16:6; 28:14; Ecclesiastes 8:12,13; Malachi 4:2; Matthew 27:54; Luke 23:40; Romans 11:20; Revelation 15:4

Verse 11
Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will set my face against you for evil, and to cut off all Judah.
I will
21:10; Leviticus 17:10; 20:5,6; 26:17; Psalms 34:16; Ezekiel 14:7,8; 15:7; Amos 9:4

Verse 12
And I will take the remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed, and fall in the land of Egypt; they shall even be consumed by the sword and by the famine: they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword and by the famine: and they shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach.
I will take
from the
Hosea 4:6
and they shall be
8; 29:22; Isaiah 65:15

Verse 13
For I will punish them that dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence:
27,28; 11:22; 21:9; 24:10; 42:18; 43:11

Verse 14
So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape.
It is evident from ver. 28, that some Jews were to escape the general destruction in Egypt, and to return into their own country, though but a few; and the same thing is implied in the latter clause of this verse. But the former part excludes from the number of those who should escape every individual of those who are properly termed "the remnant of Judah;" those who had willingly and rebelliously "set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to dwell there," on a presumption that they knew better than God how to consult their own restoration. The few, then, who were destined to escape, were to be such as had come into the land of Egypt with Johanan by compulsion, or had previously fled thither, or in some other less offensive manner, and chanced to be there when the storm burst upon them.
which are
Isaiah 30:1-3
shall escape
27; 42:17; Matthew 23:33; Romans 2:3; Hebrews 2:3
which they
22:26,27; 42:22
have a desire
Heb. lift up there soul. for none.
28; Isaiah 4:2; 10:20; Romans 9:27; 11:5,6

Verse 15
Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying,
all the
5:1-5; Genesis 19:4; Nehemiah 13:26; Proverbs 11:21; Isaiah 1:5; Matthew 7:13; 2 Peter 2:1,2

Verse 16
As for the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the LORD, we will not hearken unto thee.
16:15-17; 8:6,12; 18:18; 38:4; Exodus 5:2; Job 15:25-27; 21:14,15; Psalms 2:3; 73:8,9; Isaiah 3:9; Daniel 3:15; Luke 19:14,27

Verse 17
But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil.
25; Numbers 30:2,12; Deuteronomy 23:23; Judges 11:36; Psalms 12:4; Mark 6:26
queen of heaven
or, frame of heaven. As the Sun was worshipped, not only under the name of baal shamayim, "Lord of heaven," but also by that of Molech, or King; it is likely also that the Moon was adored as melecheth hashshamayim, "the Queen of heaven." So the Orphic hymn addressed to the Moon begins [Klythi thea BASILEIA] Hear, goddess Queen. And Homer, in his Hymn to the Moon, addresses her, [Chaire, anassa, thea] All hail, Queen, goddess. In Epiphanius, we find some women of Arabia, towards the end of the fourth century, had set up another queen of heaven, the Virgin Mary, too well known since under that name and character, whom they likewise worshipped as a goddess, by holding stated assemblies every year to her honour, and by offering a cake of bread in her name; whence these heretics were called Collyridians, from the Greek [kollyris] a cake.
7:18; 2 Kings 17:16
as we
19:13; 32:29-32; 2 Kings 22:17; Nehemiah 9:34; Daniel 9:6-8
our fathers
Nehemiah 9:34; Psalms 106:6; Ezekiel 20:8; Daniel 9:5,6,8; 1 Peter 1:18
in the cities
Exodus 16:3; Isaiah 48:5; Hosea 2:5-9; Philippians 3:19
Heb. bread.

Verse 18
But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine.
we have
40:12; Numbers 11:5,6; Job 21:14,15; Psalms 73:9-15; Malachi 3:13-15

Verse 19
And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men?
we burned
15; 7:18
Genesis 3:6,11,12,16,17; Deuteronomy 7:3,4; 1 Kings 21:25; 2 Chronicles 21:6; Proverbs 11:21; Mark 6:19-27
or, husbands.

Verse 21
The incense that ye burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye, and your fathers, your kings, and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD remember them, and came it not into his mind?
and in
9,17; 11:13; Ezekiel 16:24
14:10; 1 Samuel 15:3; 1 Kings 17:18; Psalms 79:8; Isaiah 64:9; Ezekiel 21:23,24; Hosea 7:2; Amos 8:7; Revelation 16:19; 18:5

Verse 22
So that the LORD could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, and because of the abominations which ye have committed; therefore is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without an inhabitant, as at this day.
15:6; Genesis 6:3,5-7; Psalms 95:10,11; Isaiah 1:24; 7:13; 43:24; Ezekiel 5:13; Amos 2:13; Malachi 2:17; Romans 2:4,5; 9:22; 2 Peter 3:7-9
your land
2,6,12; 18:16; 24:9; 25:11,18,38; 26:6; 29:19; 1 Kings 9:7,8; Lamentations 2:15,16; Daniel 9:12

Verse 23
Because ye have burned incense, and because ye have sinned against the LORD, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD, nor walked in his law, nor in his statutes, nor in his testimonies; therefore this evil is happened unto you, as at this day.
ye have burned
8,18,21; 32:31-33; 2 Chronicles 36:16; Lamentations 1:8; 1 Corinthians 10:20; 2 Corinthians 6:16
nor walked
Psalms 119:150
nor in his statutes
Psalms 119:155
nor in his testimonies
Psalms 78:56
1 Kings 9:9; Nehemiah 13:18; Daniel 9:11,12

Verse 24
Moreover Jeremiah said unto all the people, and to all the women, Hear the word of the LORD, all Judah that are in the land of Egypt:
16; 42:15; 1 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 1:10; 28:14; Ezekiel 2:7; Amos 7:16; Matthew 11:15
all Judah
15,26; 43:7; Ezekiel 20:32,33

Verse 25
Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows.
Ye and
15-19; Isaiah 28:15; Jude 1:13
We will
Matthew 14:9; Acts 23:12-15
ye will
Job 34:22; James 1:14,15

Verse 26
Therefore hear ye the word of the LORD, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt; Behold, I have sworn by my great name, saith the LORD, that my name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, The Lord GOD liveth.
I have sworn
46:18; Genesis 22:16; Numbers 14:21-23,28; Deuteronomy 32:40-42; Psalms 89:34; Isaiah 62:8; Amos 6:8; 8:7; Hebrews 3:18; 6:13,18
that my name
Psalms 50:16; Ezekiel 20:39; Amos 6:10
The Lord God
4:2; 5:2; 7:9; Isaiah 48:1,2; Zephaniah 1:4,5

Verse 27
Behold, I will watch over them for evil, and not for good: and all the men of Judah that are in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them.
will watch
1:10; 21:10; 31:28; Ezekiel 7:6
shall be
12,18; 2 Kings 21:14

Verse 28
Yet a small number that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words shall stand, mine, or theirs.
a small
14; Isaiah 10:19,22; 27:12,13
shall know
16,17,25,26,29; Numbers 14:28,29,41; Psalms 33:11; Isaiah 14:24-27; Isaiah 28:16-18; 46:10,11; Lamentations 3:37,38; Zechariah 1:6; Matthew 24:35
mine, or theirs
Heb. from me or them.

Verse 29
And this shall be a sign unto you, saith the LORD, that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know that my words shall surely stand against you for evil:
a sign
30; 1 Samuel 2:34; Matthew 24:15,16,32-34; Mark 13:14-16; Luke 21:20,21; Luke 21:20,21,29-33
my words
Proverbs 19:21; Isaiah 40:8

Verse 30
Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will give Pharaohhophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, his enemy, and that sought his life.
I will
43:9-13; 46:13-26; Ezekiel 29:1-30; 31:18; 32:1-32
as I
34:21; 39:5-7; 52:8-11; 2 Kings 25:4-7


Copyright Statement
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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 44:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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