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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jeremiah 51

 

 

Introduction
1The severe judgment of God against Babylon, in revenge of Israel.
59Jeremiah delivers the book of this prophecy to Seraiah, to be cast into Euphrates, in token of the perpetual sinking of Babylon.

Verse 1
Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will raise up against Babylon, and against them that dwell in the midst of them that rise up against me, a destroying wind;
I will
50:9,14-16,21; Isaiah 13:3-5; Amos 3:6
midst
Heb. heart. rise.
50:24,29,33; Zechariah 2:8; Acts 9:4
a destroying wind
4:11,12; 49:36; 2 Kings 19:7; Ezekiel 19:12; Hosea 13:15

Verse 2
And will send unto Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.
fanners
15:7; Isaiah 41:16; Ezekiel 5:12; Matthew 3:12
in the day
27,28; 50:14,15,29,32

Verse 3
Against him that bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against him that lifteth himself up in his brigandine: and spare ye not her young men; destroy ye utterly all her host.
let the
50:14,41,42
brigandine
46:4
spare
9:21; 50:27,30; Deuteronomy 32:25; Psalms 137:9; Isaiah 13:10-18; James 2:13
destroy
50:21

Verse 4
Thus the slain shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans, and they that are thrust through in her streets.
thrust
49:26; 50:30,37; Isaiah 13:15; 14:19

Verse 5
For Israel hath not been forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of the LORD of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.
Israel
33:24-26; 46:28; 50:4,5,20; 1 Samuel 12:22; 1 Kings 6:13; Ezra 9:9; Psalms 94:14; Isaiah 44:21; 49:14,15; 54:3-11; 62:12; Hosea 1:10; Amos 9:8,9; Romans 11:1,2
nor
Zechariah 2:12; 12:6,8
though
16:18; 19:4; 23:15; 31:37; 2 Kings 21:16; Ezekiel 8:17; 9:9; 22:24-31; Hosea 4:1; Micah 7:18,20; Zephaniah 3:1-4

Verse 6
Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and deliver every man his soul: be not cut off in her iniquity; for this is the time of the LORD'S vengeance; he will render unto her a recompence.
Flee
9,45,50; 50:8,28; Isaiah 48:20; Zechariah 2:6,7; Revelation 18:4
be not
Genesis 19:15-17; Numbers 16:26; Proverbs 13:20; 1 Timothy 5:22
for this
11; 27:7; 46:10; 50:8,15,28,31; Deuteronomy 32:25,41,43; Revelation 16:19; 18:5,6
he will render
25:14,16

Verse 7
Babylon hath been a golden cup in the LORD'S hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.
a golden
Isaiah 14:4; Daniel 2:32,38; Revelation 17:4
the nations
25:9,14-27; Daniel 3:1-7; Habakkuk 2:15,16; Revelation 14:8; 17:2; 18:3,23; 19:2
are mad
25:16; 50:38

Verse 8
Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed.
suddenly
41; 50:2; Isaiah 21:9; 47:9; Revelation 14:8; 18:2,8
howl
48:20,31; Isaiah 13:6,7; Ezekiel 27:30-32; 30:2; Daniel 5:24,31; Revelation 18:9-11; Revelation 18:17-19
take balm
8:22; 30:12-15; 46:11; Nahum 3:19

Verse 9
We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed: forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country: for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, and is lifted up even to the skies.
forsake
8:20; 46:16,21; 50:16; Isaiah 13:14; 47:15; Matthew 25:10-13
her judgment
2 Chronicles 28:9; Ezra 9:6; Daniel 4:20-22; Revelation 18:5

Verse 10
The LORD hath brought forth our righteousness: come, and let us declare in Zion the work of the LORD our God.
brought
Psalms 37:6; Micah 7:9,10
let us
31:6-9; 50:28; Psalms 9:14; 102:19-21; 116:18,19; 126:1-3; Isaiah 40:2; Isaiah 51:11; 52:9,10; Revelation 14:1-3; 19:1-6

Verse 11
Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device is against Babylon, to destroy it; because it is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.
Make
46:4,9; 50:9,14,25,28,29; Isaiah 21:5
bright
Heb. pure. the Lord hath.
27,28; 1 Kings 11:14,23; 1 Chronicles 5:26; 2 Chronicles 36:22; Ezra 1:1; Isaiah 10:26; 13:17; Isaiah 13:18; 21:2; 41:25; 45:1,5; 46:11; Revelation 17:16,17
the spirit
Of Cyaxares king of Media, called "Darius the Mede" in scripture; and of Cyrus his nephew, king of persia, presumptive heir of the throne of his uncle.
his device
12,29; 50:45
the vengeance
24,35; 50:15,28; Psalms 74:3-11; 83:3-9; Habakkuk 2:17-20; Zechariah 12:2,3; Zechariah 14:2,12

Verse 12
Set up the standard upon the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes: for the LORD hath both devised and done that which he spake against the inhabitants of Babylon.
the standard
46:3-5; Proverbs 21:30; Isaiah 8:9,10; 13:2; Joel 3:2,9-14; Nahum 2:1; 3:14,15
ambushes
Heb. liers in wait.
Joshua 8:14
the Lord hath both
11,29; Lamentations 2:17

Verse 13
O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness.
dwellest
36; Revelation 17:1,15
abundant
50:37; Isaiah 45:3; Habakkuk 2:5-10; Revelation 18:11-17
thine
17:11; 50:27,31; Genesis 6:13; Lamentations 4:18; Ezekiel 7:2-12; Daniel 5:26; Amos 8:2; 1 Peter 4:7
and the
Habakkuk 2:9-11; Luke 12:19-21; 2 Peter 2:3,14,15; Jude 1:11-13; Revelation 18:19

Verse 14
The LORD of hosts hath sworn by himself, saying, Surely I will fill thee with men, as with caterpillers; and they shall lift up a shout against thee.
sworn
49:13; Amos 6:8; Hebrews 6:13
himself
Heb. his soul. as with.
46:23; Judges 6:5; Joel 1:4-7; 2:3,4,25; Nahum 3:15-17
lift up
Heb. utter.
50:15

Verse 15
He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heaven by his understanding.
hath made
10:12-16; 32:17; Genesis 1:1-6; Psalms 107:25; 146:5,6; 148:1-5; Isaiah 40:26; Acts 14:15; 17:24; Romans 1:20; Colossians 1:16,17; Hebrews 1:2,3; Revelation 4:11
by his wisdom
Psalms 104:24; 136:5; Proverbs 3:19; Romans 11:33
and hath
Job 9:8; Psalms 104:2; Isaiah 40:22; 42:5; 44:24; 45:12; 48:13; 51:13

Verse 16
When he uttereth his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens; and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth: he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.
he uttereth
10:12,13; Job 37:2-11; 40:9; Psalms 18:13; 29:3-10; 46:6; 68:33; 104:7; Ezekiel 10:5
there is
Job 36:26-33; 37:13; 38:34-38; Psalms 135:7; Amos 9:7
multitude
or, noise. and he causeth.
Psalms 135:7
bringeth
Genesis 8:1; Exodus 10:13,19; 14:21; Job 38:22; Psalms 78:26; 135:7; 147:18; Jonah 1:4; 4:8; Matthew 8:26,27

Verse 17
Every man is brutish by his knowledge; every founder is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them.
Every
10:14; Psalms 14:2; 53:1,2; 92:5,6; 115:5,8; 135:18; Isaiah 44:18-20; Romans 1:20-23; 1 Corinthians 1:19-21
brutish by his knowledge
or, more brutish than to know. for his.
10:14; 50:2; Psalms 135:17; Habakkuk 2:18,19

Verse 18
They are vanity, the work of errors: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.
vanity
10:8,15; Jonah 2:8; Acts 14:15
in the
43:12,13; 46:25; 48:7; 50:2; Exodus 12:12; Isaiah 19:1; 46:1; Zephaniah 2:11

Verse 19
The portion of Jacob is not like them; for he is the former of all things: and Israel is the rod of his inheritance: the LORD of hosts is his name.
portion
10:16; Psalms 16:5; 73:26; 115:3; Lamentations 3:24
the former
the rod
12:7-10; 50:11; Exodus 19:5,6; Deuteronomy 32:9; Psalms 33:12; 74:2; 135:4; 1 Peter 2:9
the Lord
10:16; Isaiah 47:4

Verse 20
Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms;
art
50:23; Isaiah 10:5,15; 13:5; 14:5,6; 37:26; 41:15,16; Micah 4:13; Zechariah 9:13,14; Matthew 22:7
with thee
or, in thee, or, by thee. break.
25:9,11; 27:5-7

Verse 21
And with thee will I break in pieces the horse and his rider; and with thee will I break in pieces the chariot and his rider;
50:37; Exodus 15:1,21; Psalms 46:9; 76:6; Ezekiel 39:20; Micah 5:10; Nahum 2:13; Haggai 2:22; Zechariah 10:5; 12:4; Revelation 19:18

Verse 22
With thee also will I break in pieces man and woman; and with thee will I break in pieces old and young; and with thee will I break in pieces the young man and the maid;
6:11; Deuteronomy 32:25; 1 Samuel 15:3; 2 Chronicles 36:17; Isaiah 20:4; Lamentations 2:11; Ezekiel 9:6

Verse 24
And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD.
11,35,49; 50:15,17,18,28,29,33,34; Psalms 137:8,9; Isaiah 47:6-9; Isaiah 51:22,23; 61:2; 63:1-4; 66:6; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; Revelation 6:10; 18:20,24; Revelation 19:2-4

Verse 25
Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain, saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain.
I am
50:31
O destroying
53,58; Genesis 11:4; Isaiah 13:2; Daniel 4:30; Zechariah 4:7
which destroyest
7,20-23; 25:9,18-27; Revelation 8:8; 17:1-6
and will
2 Peter 3:10; Revelation 8:8; 18:9,10

Verse 26
And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD.
shall not
37,43; 50:12,13; Isaiah 13:19-22; 14:23
desolate for ever
Heb. everlasting desolations.
50:40,41; Isaiah 34:8-17; Revelation 18:20-24

Verse 27
Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashchenaz; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers.
ye up
12; 6:1; 50:2,41; Isaiah 13:2-5; 18:3; Amos 3:6; Zechariah 14:2
prepare
25:14
Ararat
Bochart reasonably concludes Ararat and Minni to be the greater and lesser Armenia; and Ashchenaz he thinks formed part of Phrygia near the Hellespont, part of that country being called Ascania by Homer. Cyrus had conquered Armenia, defeated Croesus king of Lydia, (B.C. 548,) and subdued several nations from the Egean sea to the Euphrates, before he marched against Babylon; and Xenophon also informs us that there were not only Armenians, but both Phrygians and Cappadocians in the army of Cyrus.
Genesis 8:4
Ashchenaz
Genesis 10:3
Ashkenaz
1 Chronicles 1:6
cause
14; 46:23; 50:41,42; Judges 6:5; Joel 2:2,3; Nahum 3:15-17; Revelation 9:7-11; After Cyrus had been the instrument in the hands of God of taking Babylon, he marched against Tomyris, queen of the Massagetæ, a Scythian nation, and was totally defeated, (B.C. 530.) The victorious queen, who had lost her son in a previous battle, was so incensed against Cyrus, that she cut off his head, and threw it into a vessel filled with human blood, exclaiming, "Sattia te sanguine, quem sitisti."

Verse 28
Prepare against her the nations with the kings of the Medes, the captains thereof, and all the rulers thereof, and all the land of his dominion.
the kings
11; 25:25; Genesis 10:2; 1 Chronicles 1:5
Madia
Esther 1:3; 10:2; Isaiah 13:17; 21:2; Daniel 5:28-30; 6:8; 8:3,4,20; 9:1

Verse 29
And the land shall tremble and sorrow: for every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation without an inhabitant.
the land
8:16; 10:10; 50:36,43; Isaiah 13:13,14; 14:16; Joel 2:10; Amos 8:8
every
11,12,43,62-64; 50:13,39,40,45; Isaiah 13:19,20; 14:23,24; 46:10,11; Isaiah 47:1-15; Revelation 18:2,21-24

Verse 30
The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight, they have remained in their holds: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken.
The mighty
Accordingly, the Babylonians, after the loss of a battle or two, never recovered their courage to the face the enemy in the field, they retired within their walls; and the first time that Cyrus came with his army before the place he could not provoke them to venture forth, though he challenged the king to fight a duel with him; and the last time he came he consulted with his officers respecting the best mode of carrying on the siege "since," said he, "they do not come out to fight."
32,57; 48:41; 50:36,37; Psalms 76:5; Isaiah 13:7,8; 19:16; Nahum 3:13; Revelation 18:10
her bars
50:36; *marg:; Psalms 107:16; 147:13; Isaiah 45:1,2; Lamentations 2:9; Amos 1:5; Nahum 3:13

Verse 31
One post shall run to meet another, and one messenger to meet another, to shew the king of Babylon that his city is taken at one end,
post
4:20; 50:24; 1 Samuel 4:12-18; 2 Samuel 18:19-31; 2 Chronicles 30:6; Esther 3:13-15; Esther 8:10,14; Job 9:25
to shew
50:43; Isaiah 21:3-9; 47:11-13; Daniel 5:2-5,30

Verse 32
And that the passages are stopped, and the reeds they have burned with fire, and the men of war are affrighted.
the passages
50:38; Isaiah 44:27
the men
30; 50:37

Verse 33
For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter of Babylon is like a threshingfloor, it is time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.
is like
Isaiah 21:10; 41:15,16; Amos 1:3; Micah 4:13; Habakkuk 3:12
it is time to thresh her
or, in the time that he thresheth her. the time.
Isaiah 17:5-11; 18:5; Hosea 6:11; Joel 3:13; Matthew 13:30,39; Revelation 14:15-20

Verse 34
Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.
the king
49; 39:1-8; 50:7,17; Lamentations 1:1,14,15
he hath made
48:11,12; Isaiah 24:1-3; 34:11; Nahum 2:2,9,10
swallowed
44; Job 20:15; Proverbs 1:12; Lamentations 2:16; Ezekiel 36:3; Amos 8:4; Matthew 23:14

Verse 35
The violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon, shall the inhabitant of Zion say; and my blood upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, shall Jerusalem say.
The violence
Heb. My violence.
50:29; Judges 9:20,24,56,57; Psalms 9:12; 12:5; 137:8,9; Isaiah 26:20,21; Zechariah 1:15; Matthew 7:2; James 2:13; Revelation 6:10; 16:6; 18:6,20
flesh
or, remainder. inhabitant. Heb. inhabitress.

Verse 36
Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy cause, and take vengeance for thee; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry.
I will plead
See on ch.
50:33,34; Psalms 140:12; Proverbs 22:23; 23:11; Isaiah 43:14; 47:6-9; 49:25,26; Micah 7:8-10; Habakkuk 2:8-17
take
Deuteronomy 32:35,43; Psalms 94:1-3; Romans 12:19; Hebrews 10:30,31; Revelation 19:1-3
and I will
50:38; Psalms 107:33; Isaiah 44:27; Revelation 16:12

Verse 37
And Babylon shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons, an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.
become
25,26,29; 25:9,12,18; 50:12,13,23-26,38-40; Isaiah 13:19-22; 14:23; Isaiah 34:8-17; Revelation 18:2,21-23
an hissing
18:16; 19:8; 29:18; 2 Chronicles 29:8; Lamentations 2:15,16; Micah 6:16; Zephaniah 2:15

Verse 38
They shall roar together like lions: they shall yell as lions' whelps.
roar
2:15; Job 4:10,11; Psalms 34:10; 58:6; Isaiah 35:9; Nahum 2:11-13; Zechariah 11:3
yell
or, shake themselves.
Judges 16:20

Verse 39
In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD.
their heat
25:27; Isaiah 21:4,5; 22:12-14; Daniel 5:1-4,30; Nahum 1:10; 3:11
and sleep
57; Psalms 13:3; 76:5,6

Verse 40
I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams with he goats.
50:27; Psalms 37:20; 44:22; Isaiah 34:6; Ezekiel 39:18

Verse 41
How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!
Sheshach
Sheshach was probably an idol worshipped at Babylon, from which the city derived this name; and the festival which was held when the city was taken, when they were heated with wine, was perhaps observed in honour of it.
25:26; Daniel 5:1-3
the praise
49:25; 50:23; Isaiah 13:19; 14:4; Daniel 2:38; 4:22,30; 5:4,5; Revelation 18:10-19
an astonishment
37; 50:46; Deuteronomy 28:37; 2 Chronicles 7:21; Ezekiel 27:35

Verse 42
The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.
Psalms 18:4,16; 42:7; 65:7; 93:3; Isaiah 8:7,8; Ezekiel 27:26-34; Daniel 9:26; Luke 21:25; Revelation 17:15,16

Verse 43
Her cities are a desolation, a dry land, and a wilderness, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth any son of man pass thereby.
cities
29,37; 50:39,40
a land
2:6; Isaiah 13:20; Ezekiel 29:10,11

Verse 44
And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall.
I will punish
18,47; 50:2; Isaiah 46:1,2
I will bring
34; 2 Chronicles 36:7; Ezra 1:7; Daniel 1:2; 5:2-4,26
the nations
Isaiah 2:2; 60:5; Daniel 3:2,3,29; 4:1,22; 5:19,31; Revelation 18:9-19
the wall
53,58

Verse 45
My people, go ye out of the midst of her, and deliver ye every man his soul from the fierce anger of the LORD.
go
6,9,50; 50:8; Isaiah 48:20; Zechariah 2:7; Revelation 14:8-11; 18:4
deliver
Genesis 19:12-16; Numbers 16:26; Acts 2:40; 2 Corinthians 6:17

Verse 46
And lest your heart faint, and ye fear for the rumour that shall be heard in the land; a rumour shall both come one year, and after that in another year shall come a rumour, and violence in the land, ruler against ruler.
lest
or, let not.
2 Kings 19:7; Matthew 24:6-8; Mark 13:7,8; Luke 21:9-19,28
a rumour shall
Isaiah 13:3-5; 21:2,3
ruler against
Judges 7:22; 1 Samuel 14:16-20; 2 Chronicles 20:23; Isaiah 19:2

Verse 47
Therefore, behold, the days come, that I will do judgment upon the graven images of Babylon: and her whole land shall be confounded, and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her.
I will
52; 50:2; Isaiah 21:9; 46:1,2
do judgment upon
Heb. visit upon.
18; 11:22; 13:21; 23:34; 25:12; *margins
her whole
24,43; 50:12-16,35-40

Verse 48
Then the heaven and the earth, and all that is therein, shall sing for Babylon: for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north, saith the LORD.
the heaven
10; Psalms 58:10,11; Proverbs 11:10; Isaiah 44:23; 48:20; 49:13; Revelation 15:1-4; Revelation 16:4-7; 18:20; 19:1-7
the spoilers
11; 50:3,9,41

Verse 49
As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth.
As Babylon, etc
or, Both Babylon is to fall, O ye slain of Israel and with Babylon shall fall the slain of all the country. hath.
10,11,24,35; 50:11,17,18,29,33,34; Judges 1:7; Psalms 137:8,9; Matthew 7:2; James 2:13; Revelation 18:5,6

Verse 50
Ye that have escaped the sword, go away, stand not still: remember the LORD afar off, and let Jerusalem come into your mind.
escaped
6,45; 31:21; 44:28; 50:8; Isaiah 48:20; 51:11; 52:2,11,12; Zechariah 2:7-9; Revelation 18:4
remember
29:12-14; Deuteronomy 4:29-31; 30:1-4; Ezra 1:3-5; Nehemiah 1:2-4; 2:3-5; Psalms 102:13,14; 137:5,6; Daniel 9:2,3,16-19
Jerusalem
Psalms 122:6

Verse 51
We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of the LORD'S house.
are confounded
3:22-25; 31:19; Psalms 74:18-21; 79:4,12; 123:3,4; 137:1-3; Lamentations 2:15-17; Lamentations 5:1; Ezekiel 36:30
shame
3:25; 14:3; Psalms 44:13-16; 69:7-13; 71:13; 109:29; Ezekiel 7:18; Micah 7:10
for strangers
52:13; Psalms 74:3-7; 79:1; Lamentations 1:10; 2:20; Ezekiel 7:21,22; 9:7; 24:21; Daniel 8:11-14; 9:26,27; 11:31; Revelation 11:1,2

Verse 52
Wherefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will do judgment upon her graven images: and through all her land the wounded shall groan.
that I
47; 50:38
her graven images
This was verified when Xerxes destroyed all the temples of Babylon, B.C. 479.
the wounded
Isaiah 13:15,16; Ezekiel 30:24; Daniel 5:30,31

Verse 53
Though Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she should fortify the height of her strength, yet from me shall spoilers come unto her, saith the LORD.
mount
25,58; 49:16; Genesis 11:4; Psalms 139:8-10; Isaiah 14:12-15; 47:5,7; Ezekiel 31:9-11; Daniel 4:30; Amos 9:4; Obadiah 1:3,4
from
1-4,11,48; 50:9,10,21,25,31-34,45; Isaiah 10:6,7; 13:2-5,17; Isaiah 41:25; 45:1-5

Verse 54
A sound of a cry cometh from Babylon, and great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans:
48:3-5; 50:22,27,43,46; Isaiah 13:6-9; 15:5; Zephaniah 1:10; Revelation 18:17-19

Verse 55
Because the LORD hath spoiled Babylon, and destroyed out of her the great voice; when her waves do roar like great waters, a noise of their voice is uttered:
destroyed
38,39; 25:10; 50:10-15; Isaiah 15:1; 24:8-11; 47:5; Revelation 18:22,23
her waves
Psalms 65:7; 93:3,4; Isaiah 17:13; Ezekiel 26:3; Luke 21:25; Revelation 17:15

Verse 56
Because the spoiler is come upon her, even upon Babylon, and her mighty men are taken, every one of their bows is broken: for the LORD God of recompences shall surely requite.
the spoiler
48; 50:10; Isaiah 21:2; Habakkuk 2:8; Revelation 17:16
her mighty
30; 50:36
every
49:35; Genesis 49:24; 1 Samuel 2:4; Psalms 37:15; 46:9; 76:3; Ezekiel 39:3,9
the Lord
6,24; 50:28,29; Deuteronomy 32:35; Psalms 94:1,2; 137:8; Isaiah 34:8; 35:4; 59:18; 2 Thessalonians 1:6; Revelation 18:5,6,20; 19:2

Verse 57
And I will make drunk her princes, and her wise men, her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.
I will
39; 25:27; Isaiah 21:4,5; Daniel 5:1-4,30,31; Nahum 1:10; Habakkuk 2:15-17; Revelation 18:6,7,9
sleep a
Psalms 76:5,6; Isaiah 37:36
the king
46:18; 48:15; Malachi 1:14

Verse 58
Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the people shall labour in vain, and the folk in the fire, and they shall be weary.
The broad walls of Babylon
or, The walls of broad Babylon. According to the testimony of Herodotus, the circumference of the walls of Babylon was 480 stadia, or 60 miles, their breadth 50 cubits, and their height 200 cubits; but when Darius became master of the place, B.C. 516, he took away all their 100 gates of brass, and beat down their walls to 50 cubits; and now not a vestige of these immense fortifications remains, to mark the site of this once mighty city!
44; 50:15
broken
or, made naked. high gates.
30; Isaiah 45:1,2
the people
9,64; Psalms 127:1; Isaiah 65:23; Habakkuk 2:13

Verse 59
The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah into Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. And this Seraiah was a quiet prince.
Neriah
32:12; 36:4; 45:1
with
or, on the behalf of. quiet prince. or, prince of Menucha, or chief chamberlain.

Verse 60
So Jeremiah wrote in a book all the evil that should come upon Babylon, even all these words that are written against Babylon.
30:2,3; 36:2-4,32; Isaiah 8:1-4; 30:8; Daniel 12:4; Habakkuk 2:2,3; Revelation 1:11,19

Verse 61
And Jeremiah said to Seraiah, When thou comest to Babylon, and shalt see, and shalt read all these words;
and shalt see
Matthew 24:1; Mark 13:1
read
29:1,2; Colossians 4:16; 1 Thessalonians 4:18; 5:27; Revelation 1:3

Verse 62
Then shalt thou say, O LORD, thou hast spoken against this place, to cut it off, that none shall remain in it, neither man nor beast, but that it shall be desolate for ever.
to cut
25,26,29,37; 50:3,13,39,40; Isaiah 13:19-22; 14:22,23; Revelation 18:20-23
desolation
Heb. desolations.
25:9,12; Ezekiel 35:9

Verse 63
And it shall be, when thou hast made an end of reading this book, that thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast it into the midst of Euphrates:
thou shalt bind
This was the emblem of its overthrow and irretrievable ruin; and the same emblem is employed in Re 18:21, to denote the utter ruin of mystical Babylon.
19:10,11; Revelation 18:21

Verse 64
And thou shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her: and they shall be weary. Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.
Thus shall
42; 25:27; Nahum 1:8,9; Revelation 14:8; 18:2,21
they shall
58; Habakkuk 2:13; Psalms 76:12
Thus far
Job 31:40; Psalms 72:20

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-51.html.

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