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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 19

 

 

Introduction
1Job, complaining of his friends' cruelty, shews there is misery enough in him to feed their cruelty.
21He craves pity.
23He believes the resurrection.

Verse 2
How long will ye vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words?
How long
8:2; 18:2; Psalms 13:1; Revelation 6:10
vex
27:2; Judges 16:16; Psalms 6:2,3; 42:10; 2 Peter 2:7,8
break me
Psalms 55:21; 59:7; 64:3; Proverbs 12:18; 18:21; James 3:6-8

Verse 3
These ten times have ye reproached me: ye are not ashamed that ye make yourselves strange to me.
ten times
Genesis 31:7; Leviticus 26:26; Numbers 14:22; Nehemiah 4:12; Daniel 1:20
ye reproached
4:6-11; 5:3,4; 8:4-6; 11:3,14; 15:4-6,11,12; 18:4-21
make yourselves strange to me
or, harden yourselves against me.
17; Genesis 42:7; Psalms 69:8

Verse 4
And be it indeed that I have erred, mine error remaineth with myself.
I have erred
11:3-6
mine
2 Samuel 24:17; Proverbs 9:12; Ezekiel 18:4; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Galatians 6:5

Verse 5
If indeed ye will magnify yourselves against me, and plead against me my reproach:
magnify
Psalms 35:26; 38:16; 41:11; 55:12; Micah 7:8; Zephaniah 2:10; Zechariah 12:7
plead
1 Samuel 1:6; Nehemiah 1:3; Isaiah 4:1; Luke 1:25; 13:2-4; John 9:2,34

Verse 6
Know now that God hath overthrown me, and hath compassed me with his net.
God
7:20; 16:11-14; Psalms 44:9-14; 66:10-12
compassed
18:8-10; Lamentations 1:12,13; Ezekiel 12:13; 32:3; Hosea 7:12

Verse 7
Behold, I cry out of wrong, but I am not heard: I cry aloud, but there is no judgment.
I cry
10:3,15-17; 16:17-19; 21:27; Psalms 22:2; Jeremiah 20:8; Lamentations 3:8; Habakkuk 1:2,3
wrong
or, violence. no judgment.
9:32; 13:15-23; 16:21; 23:3-7; 31:35,36; 34:5; 40:8

Verse 8
He hath fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he hath set darkness in my paths.
fenced
3:23; Psalms 88:8; Lamentations 3:7,9; Hosea 2:6
set
Joshua 24:7; Proverbs 4:19; Isaiah 50:10; Jeremiah 13:16; 23:12; John 8:12

Verse 9
He hath stripped me of my glory, and taken the crown from my head.
stripped
29:7-14,20,21; 30:1; Psalms 49:16,17; 89:44; Isaiah 61:6; Hosea 9:11

Verse 10
He hath destroyed me on every side, and I am gone: and mine hope hath he removed like a tree.
destroyed
1:13-19; 2:7; Psalms 88:13-18; Lamentations 2:5,6; 2 Corinthians 4:8,9
I am gone
17:11; Psalms 102:11
mine hope
6:11; 8:13-18; 17:15; 24:20; Psalms 37:35,36

Verse 11
He hath also kindled his wrath against me, and he counteth me unto him as one of his enemies.
kindled
Deuteronomy 32:22; Psalms 89:46; 90:7
he counteth
13:24; 16:9; 33:10; Lamentations 2:5

Verse 12
His troops come together, and raise up their way against me, and encamp round about my tabernacle.
His
16:11; Isaiah 10:5,6; 51:23
raise
30:12

Verse 13
He hath put my brethren far from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me.
put my brethren
Psalms 31:11; 38:11; 69:8,20; 88:8,18; Matthew 26:56; 2 Timothy 4:16
estranged
6:21-23

Verse 14
My kinsfolk have failed, and my familiar friends have forgotten me.
kinsfolk
Psalms 38:11; Proverbs 18:24; Micah 7:5,6; Matthew 10:21
familiar
2 Samuel 16:23; Psalms 55:12-14; Jeremiah 20:10; John 13:18

Verse 15
They that dwell in mine house, and my maids, count me for a stranger: I am an alien in their sight.
dwell
count me
31:31,32; Psalms 123:3

Verse 16
I called my servant, and he gave me no answer; I intreated him with my mouth.
my servant
1:15,16,17,19

Verse 17
My breath is strange to my wife, though I intreated for the children's sake of mine own body.
breath
2:9,10; 17:1
body
Heb. belly.

Verse 18
Yea, young children despised me; I arose, and they spake against me.
Yea
30:1,12; 2 Kings 2:23; Isaiah 3:5
young children
or, the wicked.

Verse 19
All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me.
my inward friends
Heb. the men of my secret.
Psalms 41:9; 55:12-14,20
they whom
6:14,15; Psalms 109:4,5; Luke 22:48

Verse 20
My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.
bone
30:30; 33:19-22; Psalms 22:14-17; 32:3,4; 38:3; 102:3,5; Lamentations 4:8
and to
or, as. and I am.
2:4-6; 7:5; Lamentations 3:4; 5:10

Verse 21
Have pity upon me, have pity upon me, O ye my friends; for the hand of God hath touched me.
have pity
6:14; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26; Hebrews 13:3
the hand
1:11; 2:5,10; 6:4; Psalms 38:2

Verse 22
Why do ye persecute me as God, and are not satisfied with my flesh?
persecute
10:16; 16:13,14; Psalms 69:26
and are not
2:5; 31:31; Isaiah 51:23; Micah 3:3

Verse 23
Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a book!
Oh
Heb. Who will give, etc. my words.
31:35; Isaiah 8:1; 30:8
oh that they were
Rather, "Oh that they were described yuchakoo in a book, with an iron stile and lead! Were graven on a rock for ever!" Pliny observes, "At first men wrote on palm leaves, and afterwards on the bark or rind of other trees. In process of time, public monuments were written on rolls of lead (plumbeis voluminibus); and those of a private nature on linen books, or tables covered with wax."

Verse 24
That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!
graven
Exodus 28:11,12,21; 32:16; Deuteronomy 27:2,3,8; Jeremiah 17:1

Verse 25
For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth:
I know
33:23,24; Psalms 19:14; Isaiah 54:5; 59:20,21; Ephesians 1:7
he shall
Genesis 3:15; 22:18; John 5:22-29; Jude 1:14

Verse 26
And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God:
And though, etc
Or, After I shall awake, though this body be destroyed, yet out of my flesh shall I see God.
Psalms 17:15
in my flesh
Psalms 16:9,11; Matthew 5:8; 1 Corinthians 13:12; 15:53; Philippians 3:21; 1 John 3:2; Revelation 1:7

Verse 27
Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; though my reins be consumed within me.
I shall
Numbers 24:17; Isaiah 26:19
another
Heb. a stranger. though my reins, etc. or, my reins within me are consumed with earnest desire [for that day.] # Ps 119:81 Php 1:23
within me
Heb. in my bosom.

Verse 28
But ye should say, Why persecute we him, seeing the root of the matter is found in me?
Why
22; Psalms 69:26
seeing, etc
or, and what root of matter is found in me? the root.
1 Kings 14:13
in me
Instead of bee, "in me," bo, "in him," is the reading of more than 100 MSS.

Verse 29
Be ye afraid of the sword: for wrath bringeth the punishments of the sword, that ye may know there is a judgment.
ye afraid
13:7-11; Romans 13:1-4
that ye may
Psalms 58:10,11; Ecclesiastes 11:9; Matthew 7:1,2; James 4:11,12

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 19:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-19.html.

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