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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 20

 

 

Introduction
1Zophar shews the state and portion of the wicked.

Verse 1
Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said,
Zophar
2:11; 11:1; 42:9

Verse 2
Therefore do my thoughts cause me to answer, and for this I make haste.
my thoughts
3; 4:2; 13:19; 32:13-20; Psalms 39:2,3; Jeremiah 20:9; Romans 10:2
and for
Psalms 31:22; 116:11; Proverbs 14:29; 29:20; Ecclesiastes 7:9; Mark 6:25; James 1:19
I make haste
Heb. my haste is in me.

Verse 3
I have heard the check of my reproach, and the spirit of my understanding causeth me to answer.
the check
19:29
the spirit
2; 27:11; 33:3; Psalms 49:3; 78:2-5

Verse 4
Knowest thou not this of old, since man was placed upon earth,
thou not
8:8,9; 15:10; 32:7
man
Genesis 1:28; 9:1-3; Psalms 115:16

Verse 5
That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment?
the triumphing
5:3; 15:29-34; 18:5,6; 27:13-23; Exodus 15:9,10; Judges 16:21-30; Esther 5:11,12; 7:10; Psalms 37:35,36; 73:18-20; Acts 12:22,23
short
Heb. from near. the joy.
8:19; 27:8; Matthew 7:21; 13:20,21; Galatians 6:4; James 4:16

Verse 6
Though his excellency mount up to the heavens, and his head reach unto the clouds;
his excellency
Genesis 11:4; Isaiah 14:13,14; Daniel 4:11,22; Amos 9:2; Obadiah 1:3,4; Matthew 11:23
clouds
Heb. cloud.

Verse 7
Yet he shall perish for ever like his own dung: they which have seen him shall say, Where is he?
perish
1 Kings 14:10; 2 Kings 9:37; Psalms 83:10; Jeremiah 8:2
shall say
14:10

Verse 8
He shall fly away as a dream, and shall not be found: yea, he shall be chased away as a vision of the night.
fly away
Psalms 73:20; 18:10; 90:5; Isaiah 29:7,8

Verse 9
The eye also which saw him shall see him no more; neither shall his place any more behold him.
The eye
7; 7:8,10; 8:18; 27:3; Psalms 37:10,36; 103:15,16

Verse 10
His children shall seek to please the poor, and his hands shall restore their goods.
His children, etc
or, The poor shall oppress his children.
Proverbs 28:3
seek
Psalms 109:10
his hands
18; Exodus 12:36; 22:1,3; 9:2; 2 Samuel 12:6; Proverbs 6:31; Luke 19:8

Verse 11
His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust.
bones
13:26; 19:20; Psalms 25:7; Proverbs 5:11-13,22,23; Ezekiel 32:27
which shall lie
21:26; Proverbs 14:32; Ezekiel 24:13; John 8:21,24; Acts 1:25

Verse 12
Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, though he hide it under his tongue;
wickedness
15:16; Genesis 3:6; Proverbs 9:17,18; 20:17; Ecclesiastes 11:9
he hide
Psalms 10:7; 109:17,18

Verse 13
Though he spare it, and forsake it not; but keep it still within his mouth:
spare it
Matthew 5:29,30; Mark 9:43-49; Romans 8:13
within his mouth
Heb. in the midst of his palate.

Verse 14
Yet his meat in his bowels is turned, it is the gall of asps within him.
his meat
2 Samuel 11:2-5; 12:10,11; Psalms 32:3,4; 38:1-8; 51:8,9; Proverbs 1:31; Proverbs 23:20,21,29-35; Jeremiah 2:19; Malachi 2:2
the gall
16; Deuteronomy 32:24; Romans 3:13

Verse 15
He hath swallowed down riches, and he shall vomit them up again: God shall cast them out of his belly.
swallowed
Proverbs 23:8; Matthew 27:3,4

Verse 16
He shall suck the poison of asps: the viper's tongue shall slay him.
the poison
Romans 3:13
the viper's
Isaiah 30:6; Matthew 3:7; Acts 28:3-6

Verse 17
He shall not see the rivers, the floods, the brooks of honey and butter.
shall not see
Numbers 14:23; 2 Kings 7:2; Jeremiah 17:6-8; Luke 16:24
the rivers
Psalms 36:8,9; Isaiah 41:17; Jeremiah 17:6; Revelation 22:1
floods
or, streaming brooks. of honey.
Deuteronomy 32:13,14; 2 Samuel 17:29; Psalms 81:16; Isaiah 7:15,22

Verse 18
That which he laboured for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein.
shall he restore
10,15
swallow
5; Proverbs 1:12; Jeremiah 51:34,44; Lamentations 2:16; Hosea 8:7,8; Amos 8:4; Matthew 23:14,24
his substance
Heb. the substance of his exchange. and he shall.
31:25,29; Isaiah 24:7-11; Jeremiah 11:15,16; 22:13,17; Ezekiel 7:12; Hosea 9:1; James 4:8,9

Verse 19
Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not;
Because
21:27,28; 22:6; 24:2-12; 31:13-22,38,39; 35:9; 1 Samuel 12:3,4; Psalms 10:18; Psalms 12:5; Proverbs 14:31; 22:22,23; Ecclesiastes 4:1; 5:8; Ezekiel 22:29; Amos 4:1-3; James 2:6,13; 5:4
oppressed
Heb. crushed.
Deuteronomy 28:33; Lamentations 3:34
he hath violently
18:15; 24:2; 1 Kings 21:19; Isaiah 5:7,8; Micah 2:2,9

Verse 20
Surely he shall not feel quietness in his belly, he shall not save of that which he desired.
Surely
Ecclesiastes 5:13,14; Isaiah 57:20,21
feel
Heb. know.

Verse 21
There shall none of his meat be left; therefore shall no man look for his goods.
none of his meat be left
or, be none left for his meat.
18:19; Jeremiah 17:11; Luke 16:24,25

Verse 22
In the fulness of his sufficiency he shall be in straits: every hand of the wicked shall come upon him.
the fulness
15:29; 18:7; Psalms 39:5; Ecclesiastes 2:18-20; Revelation 18:7
every hand
1:15,17; 16:11; 2 Kings 24:2; Isaiah 10:6
wicked
or, troublesome.
3:17

Verse 23
When he is about to fill his belly, God shall cast the fury of his wrath upon him, and shall rain it upon him while he is eating.
he is about
Numbers 11:33; Psalms 78:30,31; Malachi 2:2; Luke 12:17-20
rain it
Genesis 19:24; Exodus 9:23; Psalms 11:6; 78:30,31; Isaiah 21:4

Verse 24
He shall flee from the iron weapon, and the bow of steel shall strike him through.
flee from
1 Kings 20:30; Isaiah 24:18; Jeremiah 48:43,44; Amos 5:19; 9:1-3
the bow
2 Samuel 22:35
strike him
Proverbs 7:23

Verse 25
It is drawn, and cometh out of the body; yea, the glittering sword cometh out of his gall: terrors are upon him.
drawn
16:13; Deuteronomy 32:41; 2 Samuel 18:14; Psalms 7:12
terrors
6:4; 15:21; 18:11; 27:20; Psalms 73:19; 88:15; Jeremiah 20:3,4; 2 Corinthians 5:11

Verse 26
All darkness shall be hid in his secret places: a fire not blown shall consume him; it shall go ill with him that is left in his tabernacle.
darkness
18:5,6; Isaiah 8:22; Matthew 8:12; Jude 1:13
a fire
Psalms 21:9; 120:4; Isaiah 30:33; Matthew 3:12
it shall go
18:19; Psalms 109:9-15; Isaiah 14:20-22

Verse 27
The heaven shall reveal his iniquity; and the earth shall rise up against him.
heaven
Psalms 44:20,21; Jeremiah 29:23; Malachi 3:5; Luke 12:2,3; Romans 2:16; 1 Corinthians 4:5
earth
16:18; 18:18; Isaiah 26:21

Verse 28
The increase of his house shall depart, and his goods shall flow away in the day of his wrath.
increase
10,18-22; 5:5; 27:14-19; 2 Kings 20:17; Revelation 18:17
and his goods
Proverbs 11:4; Zephaniah 1:18; Matthew 16:26; James 5:1-3

Verse 29
This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and the heritage appointed unto him by God.
the portion
18:21; 27:13; 31:2,3; Deuteronomy 29:20-28; Psalms 11:5,6; Matthew 24:51
appointed unto him by God
Heb. of his decree from God.
Lamentations 3:38

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 20:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-20.html.

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