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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 32

 

 

Introduction
1Elihu is angry with Job and his three friends.
6Because wisdom comes not from age, he excuses the boldness of his youth.
11He reproves them for not satisfying Job.
16His zeal to speak.

Verse 1
So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.
to answer
Heb. from answering. righteous.
6:29; 10:2,7; 13:15; 23:7; 27:4-6; 29:11-17; 31:1-40; 33:9

Verse 2
Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than God.
kindled
Psalms 69:9; Mark 3:5; Ephesians 4:26
Buzite
Genesis 22:21
because
10:3; 27:2; 34:5,6,17,18; 35:2; 40:8; Luke 10:29
himself
Heb. his soul.

Verse 3
Also against his three friends was his wrath kindled, because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job.
because
1; 24:25; 25:2-6; 26:2-4
and yet
8:6; 15:34; 22:5-30; Acts 24:5,13

Verse 4
Now Elihu had waited till Job had spoken, because they were elder than he.
waited till Job had spoken
Heb. expected Job in words.
11,12; Proverbs 18:13
elder
Heb. elder for days.

Verse 5
When Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three men, then his wrath was kindled.
his wrath
2; Exodus 32:19

Verse 6
And Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered and said, I am young, and ye are very old; wherefore I was afraid, and durst not shew you mine opinion.
I am
Leviticus 19:32; Romans 13:7; 1 Timothy 5:1; Titus 2:6; 1 Peter 5:5
young
Heb. few of days. ye are.
15:10
durst not
Heb. feared.
15:7; 1 Samuel 17:28-30

Verse 7
I said, Days should speak, and multitude of years should teach wisdom.
8:8-10; 12:12; 1 Kings 12:6-8; Psalms 34:11,12; Proverbs 1:1-4; 16:31; Hebrews 5:12

Verse 8
But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.
the inspiration
4:12-21; 33:16; 35:11; 38:36; Genesis 41:39; 1 Kings 3:12,28; 4:29; Proverbs 2:6; Ecclesiastes 2:26; Daniel 1:17; 2:21; 1 Corinthians 2:10-12; 12:8; 2 Timothy 3:16; James 1:5

Verse 9
Great men are not always wise: neither do the aged understand judgment.
Great
Jeremiah 5:5; Matthew 11:25; John 7:48; 1 Corinthians 1:26,27; 2:7,8; James 2:6,7
neither
12:20; Ecclesiastes 4:13

Verse 10
Therefore I said, Hearken to me; I also will shew mine opinion.
1 Corinthians 7:25,40

Verse 11
Behold, I waited for your words; I gave ear to your reasons, whilst ye searched out what to say.
I waited for
4; 29:21,23
reasons
Heb. understandings. Instead of tevoonotheychem, nine MSS. read techoonotheychem, "your arguments;" but the sense is nearly the same.
whilst
Ad tachkeroon millin, "whilst ye were searching for words;" a fine irony, which they must have felt.
5:27; Proverbs 18:17; 28:11; Ecclesiastes 12:9,10
what to say
Heb. words.

Verse 12
Yea, I attended unto you, and, behold, there was none of you that convinced Job, or that answered his words:
unto you
We√Ędeychem is rendered "and your testimonies," by the Syriac, Arabic, and LXX., and one of De Rossi's Mss. (874) is so pointed as to require this reading.
behold
3; 1 Timothy 1:7

Verse 13
Lest ye should say, We have found out wisdom: God thrusteth him down, not man.
Lest
Genesis 14:23; Judges 7:2; Isaiah 48:5,7; Zechariah 12:7
We
12:2; 15:8-10; Isaiah 5:21; Jeremiah 9:23; Ezekiel 28:3; 1 Corinthians 1:19-21,27-29; 1 Corinthians 3:18
God
1:21; 2:10; 4:9; 6:4; 19:6,21; John 19:11

Verse 14
Now he hath not directed his words against me: neither will I answer him with your speeches.
directed
Heb. ordered.

Verse 15
They were amazed, they answered no more: they left off speaking.
amazed
6:24,25; 29:22; Matthew 7:23; 22:22,26,34,46
left off speaking
Heb. removed speeches from themselves.

Verse 16
When I had waited, (for they spake not, but stood still, and answered no more;)
13:5; Proverbs 17:28; Amos 5:13; James 1:19

Verse 17
I said, I will answer also my part, I also will shew mine opinion.
10; 33:12; 35:3,4

Verse 18
For I am full of matter, the spirit within me constraineth me.
matter
Heb. words. the spirit.
Psalms 39:3; Jeremiah 20:9; Ezekiel 3:14-27; Acts 4:20; 2 Corinthians 5:13,14
within me
Heb. of my belly.

Verse 19
Behold, my belly is as wine which hath no vent; it is ready to burst like new bottles.
hath no vent
Heb. is not opened. new.
Matthew 9:17

Verse 20
I will speak, that I may be refreshed: I will open my lips and answer.
I will speak
13:13,19; 20:2; 21:3
be refreshed
Heb. breathe. I will open.
Proverbs 8:6,7

Verse 21
Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's person, neither let me give flattering titles unto man.
accept
13:8; 34:19; Leviticus 19:15; Deuteronomy 1:17; 16:19; Proverbs 24:23; Matthew 22:16
flattering
2 Samuel 14:17,20; Acts 12:22,23; 24:2,3

Verse 22
For I know not to give flattering titles; in so doing my maker would soon take me away.
I know not
That is, I cannot.
17:5; Psalms 12:2,3; Proverbs 29:5; 1 Thessalonians 2:5; Galatians 1:10

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 32:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-32.html.

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