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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 34

 

 

Introduction
1Elihu accuses Job for charging God with injustice.
10God omnipotent cannot be unjust.
31Man must humble himself unto God.
34Elihu reproves Job.

Verse 2
Hear my words, O ye wise men; and give ear unto me, ye that have knowledge.
Proverbs 1:5; 1 Corinthians 10:15; 14:20

Verse 3
For the ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat.
the ear
6:30; 12:11; 1 Corinthians 2:15; Hebrews 5:14
mouth
Heb. palate.
31:30; 33:2; *marg:

Verse 4
Let us choose to us judgment: let us know among ourselves what is good.
choose
36; Judges 19:30; 20:7; 1 Corinthians 6:2-5; Galatians 2:11-14; 1 Thessalonians 5:21
know
Isaiah 11:2-5; John 7:24; Romans 12:2

Verse 5
For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment.
I
10:7; 11:4; 16:17; 29:14; 32:1; 33:9
God
9:17; 27:2

Verse 6
Should I lie against my right? my wound is incurable without transgression.
I
27:4-6
wound
Heb. arrow.
6:4; 16:13

Verse 7
What man is like Job, who drinketh up scorning like water?
15:16; Deuteronomy 29:19; Proverbs 1:22; 4:17

Verse 8
Which goeth in company with the workers of iniquity, and walketh with wicked men.
2:10; 11:3; 15:5; Psalms 1:1; 26:4; 50:18; 73:12-15; Proverbs 1:15; 2:12; 4:14; Proverbs 13:20; 1 Corinthians 15:33

Verse 9
For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing that he should delight himself with God.
It
9:22,23,30,31; 21:14-16,30; 22:17; 35:3; Malachi 3:14
delight
27:10; Psalms 37:4

Verse 10
Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understanding: far be it from God, that he should do wickedness; and from the Almighty, that he should commit iniquity.
understanding
Heb. heart.
2,3,34; Proverbs 6:32; 15:32; *marg:
far
8:3; 36:23; 37:23; Genesis 18:25; Deuteronomy 32:4; 2 Chronicles 19:7; Psalms 92:15; Jeremiah 12:1; Romans 3:4,5; 9:14; James 1:13

Verse 11
For the work of a man shall he render unto him, and cause every man to find according to his ways.
the work
33:26; Psalms 62:12; Proverbs 24:12; Jeremiah 32:19; Ezekiel 33:17-20; Matthew 16:27; Romans 2:6; 2 Corinthians 5:10; 1 Peter 1:17; Revelation 22:12
cause
Proverbs 1:31; Galatians 6:7,8

Verse 12
Yea, surely God will not do wickedly, neither will the Almighty pervert judgment.
surely
Psalms 11:7; 145:17; Habakkuk 1:12,13
pervert
8:3

Verse 13
Who hath given him a charge over the earth? or who hath disposed the whole world?
Who hath given
36:23; 38:4-41; 40:8-11; 1 Chronicles 29:11; Proverbs 8:23-30; Isaiah 40:13,14; Daniel 4:35; Romans 11:34-36
the whole world
Heb. the world, all of it.

Verse 14
If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;
set
7:17; 9:4
upon man
Heb. upon him. he gather.
Psalms 104:29; Isaiah 24:22

Verse 15
All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.
30:23; Genesis 3:19; Psalms 90:3-10; Ecclesiastes 12:7; Isaiah 27:4; 57:16

Verse 16
If now thou hast understanding, hear this: hearken to the voice of my words.
12:3; 13:2-6

Verse 17
Shall even he that hateth right govern? and wilt thou condemn him that is most just?
even
Genesis 18:25; 2 Samuel 23:3; Romans 3:5-7
govern
Heb. bind. wilt.
1:22; 40:8; 2 Samuel 19:21; Romans 9:14

Verse 18
Is it fit to say to a king, Thou art wicked? and to princes, Ye are ungodly?
Exodus 22:28; Proverbs 17:26; Acts 23:3,5; Romans 13:7; 1 Peter 2:17; 2 Peter 2:10; Jude 1:8

Verse 19
How much less to him that accepteth not the persons of princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the poor? for they all are the work of his hands.
accepteth
13:8; Deuteronomy 10:17; 2 Chronicles 19:7; Acts 10:34; Romans 2:11; Galatians 2:6; Ephesians 6:9; Colossians 3:25; 1 Peter 1:17; Hebrews 12:28
princes
12:19,21; Psalms 2:2-4; Ecclesiastes 5:8; Isaiah 3:14
regardeth
36:19; Psalms 49:6,7; James 2:5
they
31:15; Proverbs 14:31; 22:2

Verse 20
In a moment shall they die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.
a moment
Psalms 73:19; Isaiah 30:13; 37:38; Daniel 5:30; Luke 12:20; Acts 12:23; 1 Thessalonians 5:2; 2 Peter 2:3
troubled
Exodus 12:29,30; Isaiah 37:36; Matthew 25:6; Luke 17:26-29
the mighty shall be taken away
Heb. they shall take away the mighty. without.
1 Samuel 25:37-39; 26:10; Isaiah 10:16-19; 30:30-33; Daniel 2:34,44,45; Zechariah 4:6

Verse 21
For his eyes are upon the ways of man, and he seeth all his goings.
31:4; Genesis 16:13; 2 Chronicles 16:9; Psalms 34:15; 139:23; Proverbs 5:21; 15:3; Jeremiah 16:17; Jeremiah 17:10; 32:19; Amos 9:8

Verse 22
There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.
no
Psalms 139:11,12; Isaiah 29:15; Jeremiah 23:24; Amos 9:2,3; 1 Corinthians 4:5; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 6:15,16
nor
3:5; 24:17; Isaiah 9:2
the
31:3; Psalms 5:5; Proverbs 10:29; Matthew 7:23; Luke 13:27

Verse 23
For he will not lay upon man more than right; that he should enter into judgment with God.
he will
10-12; 11:6; Ezra 9:13; Psalms 119:137; Isaiah 42:3; Daniel 9:7-9
that he
9:32,33; 16:21; 23:7; Jeremiah 2:5; Romans 9:20
enter
Heb. go.

Verse 24
He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead.
break
19:2; Psalms 2:9; 72:4; 94:5; Jeremiah 51:20-23; Daniel 2:21,34,35,44,45
number
Heb. searching out. set.
1 Samuel 2:30-36; 15:28; 1 Kings 14:7,8,14; Psalms 113:7,8; Daniel 5:28-31

Verse 25
Therefore he knoweth their works, and he overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed.
he knoweth
Psalms 33:15; Isaiah 66:18; Hosea 7:2; Amos 8:7; Revelation 20:12
in the
20; Song of Solomon 3:8; Isaiah 15:1; 1 Thessalonians 5:2
destroyed
Heb. crushed.

Verse 26
He striketh them as wicked men in the open sight of others;
in
Exodus 14:30; Deuteronomy 13:9-11; 21:21; 2 Samuel 12:11,12; Psalms 58:10,11; Isaiah 66:24; 1 Timothy 5:20,24; Revelation 18:9,10,20
open sight of others
Heb. place of beholders.

Verse 27
Because they turned back from him, and would not consider any of his ways:
turned
1 Samuel 15:11; Psalms 125:5; Zephaniah 1:6; Luke 17:31,32; Acts 15:38; 2 Timothy 4:10; Hebrews 10:39
from him
Heb. from after him. would.
Psalms 28:5; 107:43; Proverbs 1:29,30; Isaiah 1:3; 5:12; Haggai 2:15-19

Verse 28
So that they cause the cry of the poor to come unto him, and he heareth the cry of the afflicted.
they
22:9,10; 24:12; 29:12,13; 31:19,20; 35:9; Exodus 2:23,24; 3:7,9; Psalms 12:5; Isaiah 5:7; James 5:4
and he
Exodus 22:23-27

Verse 29
When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hideth his face, who then can behold him? whether it be done against a nation, or against a man only:
When he giveth
29:1-3; 2 Samuel 7:1; Isaiah 14:3-8; 26:3; 32:17; John 14:27; Romans 8:31-34; Philippians 4:7
when he hideth
23:8,9; Psalms 13:1; 27:9; 30:7; 143:7
who then can behold
12:14; 23:13
whether
2 Kings 18:9-12; 2 Chronicles 36:14-17; Jeremiah 27:8

Verse 30
That the hypocrite reign not, lest the people be ensnared.
21; 1 Kings 12:28-30; 2 Kings 21:9; Psalms 12:8; Ecclesiastes 9:18; Hosea 5:11; 13:11; Micah 6:16; 2 Thessalonians 2:4-11; Revelation 13:3,4,11-14

Verse 31
Surely it is meet to be said unto God, I have borne chastisement, I will not offend any more:
33:27; 40:3-5; 42:6; Leviticus 26:41; Ezra 9:13,14; Nehemiah 9:33-38; Jeremiah 31:18,19; Daniel 9:7-14; Micah 7:9

Verse 32
That which I see not teach thou me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more.
which
10:2; Psalms 19:12; 25:4,5; 32:8; 139:23,24; 143:8-10
if
Proverbs 28:13; Luke 3:8-14; Ephesians 4:22,25-28

Verse 33
Should it be according to thy mind? he will recompense it, whether thou refuse, or whether thou choose; and not I: therefore speak what thou knowest.
Should
9:12; 18:4; Isaiah 45:9; Romans 9:20; 11:35
according to thy mind
Heb. from with thee. he will.
11; 15:31; Psalms 89:30-32; Proverbs 11:31; 2 Thessalonians 1:6,7; Hebrews 2:2; 11:26
whether thou refuse
Psalms 135:6; Matthew 20:12-15
what
33:5,32

Verse 34
Let men of understanding tell me, and let a wise man hearken unto me.
understanding
Heb. heart.
2,4,10,16; 1 Corinthians 10:15

Verse 35
Job hath spoken without knowledge, and his words were without wisdom.
13:2; 15:2; 35:16; 38:2; 42:3

Verse 36
My desire is that Job may be tried unto the end because of his answers for wicked men.
My desire is that Job may be tried
or, My father, let Job be tried.
23:16; Psalms 17:3; 26:2; James 5:11
his answers
8,9; 12:6; 21:7; 24:1

Verse 37
For he addeth rebellion unto his sin, he clappeth his hands among us, and multiplieth his words against God.
rebellion
1 Samuel 15:23; Isaiah 1:19,20
he clappeth
27:23
multiplieth
8:2,3; 11:2,3; 35:2,3,16; 42:7

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 34:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-34.html.

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