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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 38

 

 

Introduction
1God challenges Job to answer.
4God, by his mighty works, convinces Job of ignorance,
31and of imbecility.

Verse 1
Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said,
37:1,2,9,14; Exodus 19:16-19; Deuteronomy 4:11,12; 5:22-24; 1 Kings 19:11; 2 Kings 2:1,11; Ezekiel 1:4; Nahum 1:3

Verse 2
Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?
12:3; 23:4,5; 24:25; 26:3; 27:11; 34:35; 35:16; 42:3; 1 Timothy 1:7

Verse 3
Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me.
Gird
40:7; Exodus 12:11; 1 Kings 18:46; Jeremiah 1:17; 1 Peter 1:13
for
13:15,22; 23:3-7; 31:35-37
answer thou me
Heb. make me know.

Verse 4
<I>Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.
Where
Proverbs 8:22,29,30; 30:4
I
Genesis 1:1; Psalms 102:25; 104:5; Hebrews 1:2,10
hast
Heb. knowest.

Verse 5
Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?
laid
11:9; 28:25; Proverbs 8:27; Isaiah 40:12,22
who hath stretched
Psalms 19:4; 78:55; Isaiah 34:11; Zechariah 2:1,2; 2 Corinthians 10:16

Verse 6
Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;
Whereupon
26:7; 1 Samuel 2:8; Psalms 24:2; 93:1; 104:5; Zechariah 12:1; 2 Peter 3:5
foundations
Heb. sockets.
Exodus 26:18-25
fastened
Heb. made to sink. or.
Psalms 118:22; 144:12; Isaiah 28:16; Ephesians 2:20,21

Verse 7
When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
the morning
Revelation 2:28; 22:16
the sons
1:6; 2:1; Psalms 104:4; Revelation 5:11
shouted
Ezra 3:11,12; Zechariah 4:7

Verse 8
Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?
who
10; Genesis 1:9; Psalms 33:7; 104:9; Proverbs 8:29; Jeremiah 5:22
out

Verse 9
When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it,
thick
Genesis 1:2

Verse 10
And brake up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors,
brake up for it my decreed place
or, established my decree upon it.
26:10; Genesis 1:9,10; 9:15; Psalms 104:9; Jeremiah 5:22

Verse 11
And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?
Hitherto
Thus far shall thy flux and reflux extend. The tides are marvellously limited and regulated, not only by the lunar and solar attraction, but by the quantum of time required to remove any part of the earth's surface, by its rotation round its axis, from under the immediate attractive influence of the sun and moon. Hence the attraction of the sun and moon, and the gravitation of the sea to its own centre, which prevent too great a flux on the one hand, and too great reflux on the other, are some of those bars and doors by which its proud waves are stayed, and prevented from coming farther.
Psalms 65:6,7; 93:3,4; Proverbs 8:29; Mark 4:39-41
but
1:22; 2:6; Psalms 76:10; 89:9; Isaiah 27:8; Luke 8:32,33; Revelation 20:2,3,7,8
thy proud waves
Heb. the pride of thy waves.

Verse 12
Hast thou commanded the morning since thy days; and caused the dayspring to know his place;
commanded
Genesis 1:5; Psalms 74:16; 136:7,8; 148:3-5
since
4,21; 8:9; 15:7
the dayspring
Luke 1:78; 2 Peter 1:19

Verse 13
That it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked might be shaken out of it?
take
Psalms 19:4-6; 139:9-12
ends
Heb. wings.
37:3; *marg:
the wicked
24:13-17; Exodus 14:27; Psalms 104:21,22,35

Verse 14
It is turned as clay to the seal; and they stand as a garment.
as a
Psalms 104:2,6

Verse 15
And from the wicked their light is withholden, and the high arm shall be broken.
from
5:14; 18:5,18; Exodus 10:21-23; 2 Kings 6:18; Proverbs 4:19; Isaiah 8:21,22; Jeremiah 13:16; Acts 13:10,11
the high
Psalms 10:15; 37:17; Ezekiel 30:22

Verse 16
Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou walked in the search of the depth?
the springs
Psalms 77:19; Proverbs 8:24; Jeremiah 51:36
walked
26:5,6

Verse 17
Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast thou seen the doors of the shadow of death?
the gates
Psalms 9:13; 107:18; 116:3
the shadow
3:5; 12:22; Psalms 23:4; 107:10,14; Amos 5:8; Matthew 4:16

Verse 18
Hast thou perceived the breadth of the earth? declare if thou knowest it all.
Psalms 74:17; 89:11,12; Isaiah 40:28; Jeremiah 31:37; Revelation 20:9

Verse 19
Where is the way where light dwelleth? and as for darkness, where is the place thereof,
the way
12,13; Genesis 1:3,4,14-18; Deuteronomy 4:19; Isaiah 45:7; John 1:9; 8:12
darkness
Psalms 18:11; 104:20; 105:28; Jeremiah 13:16; Ezekiel 32:8; Amos 4:13; Matthew 27:45

Verse 20
That thou shouldest take it to the bound thereof, and that thou shouldest know the paths to the house thereof?
it to
or, it at. the bound.
Genesis 10:19; 23:17

Verse 21
Knowest thou it, because thou wast then born? or because the number of thy days is great?
4,12; 15:7

Verse 22
Hast thou entered into the treasures of the snow? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail,
6:16; 37:6; Psalms 33:7; 135:7

Verse 23
Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?
36:31; 36:13; Exodus 9:18,24; Joshua 10:11; Isaiah 30:30; Ezekiel 13:11-13; Matthew 7:27; Revelation 16:21

Verse 24
By what way is the light parted, which scattereth the east wind upon the earth?
12,13; Jonah 4:8; Matthew 24:27

Verse 25
Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder;
28:26; 36:27,28; 37:3-6; Psalms 29:3-10

Verse 26
To cause it to rain on the earth, where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man;
To cause
It is well known that rain falls copiously in thunder storms. The flash is first seen, the clap is next heard, and last the rain descends; though in fact they all take place at the same time. The lightning traverses all space in no perceivable succession of time. Sound is propagated at the rate of 1,142 feet in a second. Rain travels still more slowly, and will be seen sooner or later according to the weight of the drops, and the distance of the cloud. Now as water is composed of two elastic airs or gases, called oxygen and hydrogen, in the proportion of 88 of the former and 11 3/4 of the latter in 100 parts, the electric spark, or matter of lightning, passing through the atmosphere, ignites and decomposes those gases, which explode; and the water falls down in the form of rain. This explosion, as well as the rushing in of the circumambient air to restore the equilibrium, will account for the clap and peal; and thus by the lightning of thunder God causes it to rain on the earth.
on the wilderness
Psalms 104:10-14; 107:35; 147:8,9; Isaiah 35:1,2; 41:18,19; 43:19,20; Jeremiah 14:22; Hebrews 6:7,8

Verse 28
Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?
Hath the
8; 5:9,10; 1 Samuel 12:17,18; Psalms 65:9,10; Jeremiah 5:24; 10:13; 14:22; Joel 2:23; Amos 4:7; Matthew 5:45
dew
29:19; Genesis 27:28,39; Deuteronomy 33:13,28; 2 Samuel 1:21; 1 Kings 17:1; Proverbs 3:20; Hosea 14:5

Verse 29
Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered it?
8; 6:16; 37:10; Psalms 147:16,17

Verse 30
The waters are hid as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.
the face
37:10
frozen
Heb. taken.

Verse 31
Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?
Pleiades
or, the seven stars. Heb. Cimah.
9:9; *marg:; Amos 5:8
Orion
or, Cesil.

Verse 32
Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons?
Mazzaroth
or, the twelve signs. Probably the same as mazzaloth.
2 Kings 23:5
guide Arcturus
Heb. guide them.
9:9

Verse 33
Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth?
the ordinances
Genesis 1:16; 8:22; Psalms 119:90,91; Jeremiah 31:35,36; 33:25
canst
12,13

Verse 34
Canst thou lift up thy voice to the clouds, that abundance of waters may cover thee?
1 Samuel 12:18; Amos 5:8; Zechariah 10:1; James 5:18

Verse 35
Canst thou send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto thee, Here we are?
Canst
Exodus 9:23-25,29; Leviticus 10:2; Numbers 11:1; 16:35; 2 Kings 1:10,14; Revelation 11:5,6
Here we are
Heb. Behold us.
1 Samuel 22:12; Isaiah 6:8; *marg:; 65:1

Verse 36
Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart?
Who hath put
32:8; Psalms 51:6; Proverbs 2:6; Ecclesiastes 2:26; James 1:5,17
who hath given
Exodus 31:3; 36:1,2; Isaiah 28:26

Verse 37
Who can number the clouds in wisdom? or who can stay the bottles of heaven,
number
Genesis 15:5; Psalms 147:4
or who
Genesis 8:1; 9:15
stay
Heb. cause to lie down.

Verse 38
When the dust groweth into hardness, and the clods cleave fast together?
groweth into hardness
or, is turned into mire. Heb. is poured.

Verse 39
Wilt thou hunt the prey for the lion? or fill the appetite of the young lions,
Wilt
4:10,11; Psalms 34:10; 104:21; 145:15,16
appetite
Heb. life.

Verse 40
When they couch in their dens, and abide in the covert to lie in wait?
Genesis 49:9; Numbers 23:24; 24:9

Verse 41
Who provideth for the raven his food? when his young ones cry unto God, they wander for lack of meat.
Psalms 104:27,28; 147:9; Matthew 6:26; Luke 12:24

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 38:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-38.html.

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