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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Job 42

 

 

Introduction
1Job submits himself unto God.
7God, preferring Job's cause, makes his friends submit themselves, and accepts him.
10He magnifies and blesses Job.
16Job's age and death.

Verse 2
I know that thou canst do every thing, and that no thought can be withholden from thee.
thou
Genesis 18:14; Isaiah 43:13; Jeremiah 32:17; Matthew 19:26; Mark 10:27; 14:36; Luke 18:27
no
Psalms 44:21; 139:2; Jeremiah 17:10; Ezekiel 38:10; John 2:24,25; 21:17; Hebrews 4:12,13
can be withholden from thee
or, of thine can be hindered.
23:13; Proverbs 19:21; Ecclesiastes 3:14; Isaiah 14:27; 46:10; Daniel 4:35; Ephesians 1:11

Verse 3
Who is he that hideth counsel without knowledge? therefore have I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not.
Who
38:2
things
Psalms 40:5; 131:1; 139:6; Proverbs 30:2-4

Verse 4
Hear, I beseech thee, and I will speak: I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto me.
Hear
Genesis 18:27,30-32
I will
38:3; 40:7

Verse 5
I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee.
heard
4:12; 28:22; 33:16; Romans 10:17
mine
23:8,9; Numbers 12:6-8; Isaiah 6:1; John 1:18; 12:41,45; Acts 7:55,56

Verse 6
Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.
I
9:31; 40:3,4; Ezra 9:6; Psalms 51:17; Isaiah 5:5; Jeremiah 31:19; Ezekiel 16:63; Ezekiel 20:43; 36:31; Luke 15:18,19; 1 Corinthians 15:8,9; 1 Timothy 1:13-16; James 4:7-10
repent
2:8; 30:19; 1 Kings 21:27; Esther 4:1-3; Isaiah 58:5; Daniel 9:3; Jonah 3:6-10; Matthew 11:21; Luke 10:13

Verse 7
And it was so, that after the LORD had spoken these words unto Job, the LORD said to Eliphaz the Temanite, My wrath is kindled against thee, and against thy two friends: for ye have not spoken of me the thing that is right, as my servant Job hath.
Eliphaz
2:11; 4:1; 8:1; 11:1
My
32:2,3,5
ye have
11:5,6; Psalms 51:4

Verse 8
Therefore take unto you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you: for him will I accept: lest I deal with you after your folly, in that ye have not spoken of me the thing which is right, like my servant Job.
Therefore
From this it appears that Job was considered as a priest, not only to his own family, but also to others. For his children he offered burnt offerings, (ch. 1:5,) and now he is to make the same kind of offerings, accompanied with intercession, in behalf of his three friends. This is a full proof of the innocence and integrity of Job.
seven bullocks
Numbers 23:1,14,29; 1 Chronicles 15:26; 2 Chronicles 29:21; Ezekiel 45:23; Hebrews 10:4,10-14
go
Matthew 5:23,24
offer
1:5; Exodus 18:12
my servant Job shall
Genesis 20:17; Isaiah 60:14; Jeremiah 14:11; 15:1; Ezekiel 14:14; Hebrews 7:25; James 5:14; 1 John 5:6; Revelation 3:9
him
Heb. his face, or person.
9; 1 Samuel 25:35; Malachi 1:8,9; Matthew 3:17; Ephesians 1:6
lest
Psalms 103:10; 2 Timothy 4:14

Verse 9
So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went, and did according as the LORD commanded them: the LORD also accepted Job.
did
34:31,32; Isaiah 60:14; Matthew 7:24; John 2:5; Acts 9:6; 10:33; Hebrews 11:8
Job
Heb. the face of Job.
8; 22:27; Proverbs 3:11,12; Ecclesiastes 9:7

Verse 10
And the LORD turned the captivity of Job, when he prayed for his friends: also the LORD gave Job twice as much as he had before.
turned
5:18-20; Deuteronomy 30:3; Psalms 14:7; 53:6; 126:1,4
when
Genesis 20:17; Exodus 17:4,5; Numbers 12:2,13; 14:1-4,10,13-20; 16:21,22,46-48; Deuteronomy 9:20; Luke 16:27; Acts 7:50,60
the Lord
8:6,7; 22:24,25; Deuteronomy 8:18; 1 Samuel 2:7; 2 Chronicles 25:9; Proverbs 22:4; Haggai 2:8
gave Job twice as much as he had before
Heb. added all that had been to Job unto the double.
Isaiah 40:2; 61:7

Verse 11
Then came there unto him all his brethren, and all his sisters, and all they that had been of his acquaintance before, and did eat bread with him in his house: and they bemoaned him, and comforted him over all the evil that the LORD had brought upon him: every man also gave him a piece of money, and every one an earring of gold.
all his brethren
19:13,14; Proverbs 16:7
they bemoaned
2:11; 4:4; 16:5; Genesis 37:35; Isaiah 35:3,4; John 11:19; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26; Hebrews 12:12; 13:3
every man
6:22,23; Genesis 24:22,53; 1 Samuel 10:27

Verse 12
So the LORD blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning: for he had fourteen thousand sheep, and six thousand camels, and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand she asses.
So
8:7; Deuteronomy 8:16; Proverbs 10:22; Ecclesiastes 7:8; 1 Timothy 6:17; James 5:11
he had
1:3; Genesis 24:35; 26:12-14; Psalms 107:38; 144:13-15

Verse 13
He had also seven sons and three daughters.
1:2; Psalms 107:41; 127:3; Isaiah 49:20

Verse 15
And in all the land were no women found so fair as the daughters of Job: and their father gave them inheritance among their brethren.
no
Psalms 144:12; Acts 7:20
gave
Numbers 27:7; Joshua 15:18,19; 18:4

Verse 16
After this lived Job an hundred and forty years, and saw his sons, and his sons' sons, even four generations.
After
How long he had lived before his afflictions we cannot tell: if we could rely upon the LXX., all would be plain, which adds here, [ta de panta ete ezesen diakosia tessarakonta.] "And all the years he lived were two hundred and forty."
an
Genesis 11:32; 25:7; 35:28; 47:28; 50:26; Deuteronomy 34:7; Joshua 24:29; Psalms 90:10
and saw
Genesis 50:23; Psalms 128:6; Proverbs 17:6

Verse 17
So Job died, being old and full of days.
5:26; Genesis 15:15; 25:8; Deuteronomy 6:2; Psalms 91:16; Proverbs 3:16

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 42:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/job-42.html.

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