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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

John 11

 

 

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Introduction
1Christ raises Lazarus, four days buried.
45Many Jews believe.
47The high priests and Pharisees gather a council against Christ.
49Caiaphas prophesies.
54Jesus hides himself.
55At the passover they enquire after him, and lay wait for him.

Verse 1
Now a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha.
Now
The raising of Lazarus from the dead, being a work of Christ beyond measure great, the most stupendous of all he had hitherto performed, and beyond all others calculated to evince his Divine majesty, was therefore purposely recorded by the Evangelist John; while it was omitted by the other Evangelists, probably, as Grotius supposes, because they wrote their histories during the life of Lazarus, and they did not mention him for fear of exciting the malice of the Jews against him; as we find from ch. 12:10, that they sought to put him to death, that our Lord might not have such a monument of his power and goodness remaining in the land.
was sick
3,6; Genesis 48:1; 2 Kings 20:1-12; Acts 9:37
Lazarus
5,11; 12:2,9,17; Luke 16:20-25
Bethany
12:1; Matthew 21:17; Mark 11:1
Mary
Luke 10:38-42

Verse 2
(It was that Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.)
that Mary
12:3; Matthew 26:6,7; Mark 14:3
anointed
Luke 7:37,38

Verse 3
Therefore his sisters sent unto him, saying, Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick.
he
1,5; 13:23; Genesis 22:2; Psalms 16:3; Philippians 2:26,27; 2 Timothy 4:20; Hebrews 12:6,7; James 5:14,15; Revelation 3:19

Verse 4
When Jesus heard that, he said, This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby.
This
9:3; Mark 5:39-42; Romans 11:11
for
40; 9:24; 12:28; 13:31,32; Philippians 1:11; 1 Peter 4:11,14
that
2:11; 5:23; 8:54; 13:31,32; 17:1,5,10; Philippians 1:20; 1 Peter 1:21

Verse 5
Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus.
loved
8,36; 15:9-13; 16:27; 17:26

Verse 6
When he had heard therefore that he was sick, he abode two days still in the same place where he was.
he abode
Genesis 22:14; 42:24; 43:29-31; 44:1-5; 45:1-5; Isaiah 30:18; 55:8,9; Matthew 15:22-28

Verse 7
Then after that saith he to his disciples, Let us go into Judaea again.
Let
10:40-42; Luke 9:51; Acts 15:36; 20:22-24

Verse 8
His disciples say unto him, Master, the Jews of late sought to stone thee; and goest thou thither again?
the Jews
10:31,39; Psalms 11:1-3; Matthew 16:21-23; Acts 21:12,13
and goest
Acts 20:24

Verse 9
Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world.
Are
9:4; Luke 13:31-33
he stumbleth not
12:35; Proverbs 3:23; Jeremiah 31:9

Verse 10
But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him.
Psalms 27:2; Proverbs 4:18,19; Ecclesiastes 2:14; Jeremiah 13:16; 20:11; 1 John 2:10,11

Verse 11
These things said he: and after that he saith unto them, Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep.
he saith
3:29; 15:13-15; Exodus 33:11; 2 Chronicles 20:7; Isaiah 41:8; James 2:23
sleepeth
13; Deuteronomy 31:16; Daniel 12:2; Matthew 9:24; Mark 5:39; Acts 7:60; 1 Corinthians 15:18,51; 1 Thessalonians 4:14,15; 5:10
awake
43,44; 5:25-29; Daniel 12:2; 1 Corinthians 15:34; Ephesians 5:14

Verse 14
Then said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead.
plainly
10:24; 16:25,29

Verse 15
And I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, to the intent ye may believe; nevertheless let us go unto him.
I am glad
35,36
for
12:30; 17:19; Genesis 26:24; 39:5; Psalms 105:14; Isaiah 54:15; 65:8; 2 Corinthians 4:15; 2 Timothy 2:10
to
4; 2:11; 14:10,11; 1 John 5:13

Verse 16
Then said Thomas, which is called Didymus, unto his fellowdisciples, Let us also go, that we may die with him.
Thomas
20:24-29; 21:2; Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15
Let
8; 13:37; Matthew 26:35; Luke 22:33

Verse 17
Then when Jesus came, he found that he had lain in the grave four days already.
four
39; 2:19; Hosea 6:2; Acts 2:27-31

Verse 18
Now Bethany was nigh unto Jerusalem, about fifteen furlongs off:
fifteen furlongs
that is, about two miles.
6:19; Luke 24:13; Revelation 14:20; 21:16

Verse 19
And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.
to comfort
Genesis 37:35; 2 Samuel 10:2; 1 Chronicles 7:21,22; Job 2:11; 42:11; Ecclesiastes 7:2; Isaiah 51:19; Jeremiah 16:5-7; Lamentations 1:2,9,16,21; 2:13; Romans 12:15; 2 Corinthians 1:4; 1 Thessalonians 4:18; 5:11

Verse 20
Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him: but Mary sat still in the house.
as soon
30; Matthew 25:1,6; Acts 10:25; 28:15; 1 Thessalonians 4:17

Verse 21
Then said Martha unto Jesus, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.
if
32,37; 4:47-49; 1 Kings 17:18; Psalms 78:19,41; Matthew 9:18; Luke 7:6-10,13-15; Luke 8:49-55

Verse 22
But I know, that even now, whatsoever thou wilt ask of God, God will give it thee.
that
41,42; 9:31; Mark 9:23; Hebrews 11:17-19
God will give it thee
3:35; 5:22-27; 17:2; Psalms 2:8; Matthew 28:18

Verse 23
Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again.
Thy
43,44

Verse 24
Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day.
I know
5:28,29; Psalms 17:15; 49:14,15; Isaiah 25:8; 26:19; Ezekiel 37:1-10; Daniel 12:2,3; Hosea 6:2; 13:14; Matthew 22:23-32; Luke 14:14; Acts 17:31,32; 23:6-9; 24:15; Hebrews 11:35

Verse 25
Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
I am
5:21; 6:39,40,44; Romans 5:17-19; 8:11; 1 Corinthians 15:20-26,43-57; 2 Corinthians 4:14; Philippians 3:10,20,21; 1 Thessalonians 4:14; Revelation 20:5,10-15; 21:4
the life
1:4; 5:26; 6:35; 14:6,19; Psalms 36:9; Isaiah 38:16; Acts 3:15; Romans 8:2; Colossians 3:3,4; 1 John 1:1,2; 5:11,12; Revelation 22:1,17
he that
3:36; Job 19:25-27; Isaiah 26:19; Luke 23:43; Romans 4:17; 8:10,11,38,39; 1 Corinthians 15:18,29; 2 Corinthians 5:1-8; Philippians 1:23; 1 Thessalonians 4:14; Hebrews 11:13-16

Verse 26
And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
whosoever
3:15-18; 4:14; 5:24; 6:50,54-58; 8:52,53; 10:28; Romans 8:13; 1 John 5:10-12
Believest
9:35; 14:10; Matthew 9:28; 26:53; Mark 9:23

Verse 27
She saith unto him, Yea, Lord: I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world.
Yea
1:49; 4:42; 6:69; 9:36-38; 20:28-31; Matthew 16:16; Acts 8:37; 1 John 5:1
which
6:14; Malachi 3:1; Matthew 11:3; Luke 7:19,20; 1 Timothy 1:15,16; 1 John 5:20

Verse 28
And when she had so said, she went her way, and called Mary her sister secretly, saying, The Master is come, and calleth for thee.
and called
20; 1:41,45; 21:7; Zechariah 3:10; Luke 10:38-42; 1 Thessalonians 4:17,18; 5:11; Hebrews 12:12
The Master
13:13; 20:16
come
10:3; Song of Solomon 2:8-14; Mark 10:49

Verse 29
As soon as she heard that, she arose quickly, and came unto him.
Psalms 27:8; 119:59,60; Proverbs 15:23; 27:17; Song of Solomon 3:1-4

Verse 30

John href="/desk/?q=joh+11:20&sr=1">John 11:20


Verse 31
The Jews then which were with her in the house, and comforted her, when they saw Mary, that she rose up hastily and went out, followed her, saying, She goeth unto the grave to weep there.
Jews
She goeth
Genesis 37:35; 2 Samuel 12:16-18; 1 Corinthians 2:15

Verse 32
Then when Mary was come where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying unto him, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.
she fell
Luke 5:8; 8:41; 17:16; Revelation 5:8,14; 22:8
if
21,37; 4:49

Verse 33
When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled,
the Jews
Romans 12:15
he groaned
38; 12:27; Mark 3:5; 9:19; 14:33-35; Hebrews 4:15; 5:7,8
was troubled
Gr. he troubled himself.
Genesis 43:30,31; 45:1-5

Verse 34
And said, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, Lord, come and see.
1:39; 20:2; Matthew 28:6; Mark 15:47; 16:6

Verse 35
Jesus wept.
33; Genesis 43:30; Job 30:25; Psalms 35:13-15; 119:136; Isaiah 53:3; 63:9; Jeremiah 9:1; 13:17; 14:17; Lamentations 1:16; Luke 19:11,41; Romans 9:2,3; Hebrews 2:16,17; Hebrews 4:15

Verse 36
Then said the Jews, Behold how he loved him!
Behold
14:21-23; 21:15-17; 2 Corinthians 8:8,9; Ephesians 5:2,25; 1 John 3:1; 4:9,10; Revelation 1:5

Verse 37
And some of them said, Could not this man, which opened the eyes of the blind, have caused that even this man should not have died?
Could
9:6; Psalms 78:19,20; Matthew 27:40-42; Mark 15:32; Luke 23:35,39

Verse 38
Jesus therefore again groaning in himself cometh to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it.
groaning
33; Ezekiel 9:4; 21:6; Mark 8:12
It was
Genesis 23:19; 49:29-31; Isaiah 22:16; Matthew 27:60,66

Verse 39
Jesus said, Take ye away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.
Take
Mark 16:3
Lord
17; Genesis 3:19; 23:4; Psalms 49:7,9,14; Acts 2:27; 13:36; Philippians 3:21

Verse 40
Jesus saith unto her, Said I not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the glory of God?
Said
23-26; 2 Chronicles 20:20; Romans 4:17-25
see
4; 1:14; 9:3; 12:41; Psalms 63:2; 90:16; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 4:6

Verse 41
Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead was laid. And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me.
And Jesus
12:28-30; 17:1; Psalms 123:1; Luke 18:13
Father
Matthew 11:25; Luke 10:21; Philippians 4:6

Verse 42
And I knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the people which stand by I said it, that they may believe that thou hast sent me.
I knew
22; 8:29; 12:27,28; Matthew 26:53; Hebrews 5:7; 7:25
but
31; 12:29,30
that they
45-50; 9:24-34; 10:37,38; 20:31; Matthew 12:22-24
that thou
3:17; 6:38-40; 7:28,29; 8:16,42; 10:36; 17:8,21,25; Romans 8:3; Galatians 4:4; 1 John 4:9,10,14

Verse 43
And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth.
Lazarus
1 Kings 17:21,22; 2 Kings 4:33-36; Mark 4:41; Luke 7:14,15; Acts 3:6,12; 9:34,40

Verse 44
And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.
he that
25,26; 5:21,25; 10:30; Genesis 1:3; 1 Samuel 2:6; Psalms 33:9; Ezekiel 37:3-10; Hosea 13:14; Acts 20:9-12; Philippians 3:21; Revelation 1:18
bound
"Swathed about with rollers" or bandages, [keiria (keiriða)] long strips of linen, a few inches in breadth, brought round the [sindon (sindwñn)] or sheet of linen in which the corpse was involved, and by which the [aromata] or spices, were kept in contact with the flesh. In reply to sceptical objections, it is sufficient to observe, that he who could raise Lazarus from the dead, could, with a much less exertion of power, have so loosened or removed the bandages of his feet and legs as to have rendered it practicable for him to come forth. Tittman well observes, that Lazarus was restored not only to life but also to health, as appears from the alacrity of his motion; and this would constitute a new miracle.
20:5,7
Loose
39; Mark 5:43; Luke 7:15

Verse 45
Then many of the Jews which came to Mary, and had seen the things which Jesus did, believed on him.
Jews
19,31; 2:23; 10:41; 12:9-11,17-19,42

Verse 46
But some of them went their ways to the Pharisees, and told them what things Jesus had done.
5:15,16; 9:13; 12:37; Luke 16:30,31; Acts 5:25

Verse 47
Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth many miracles.
gathered
Psalms 2:2-4; Matthew 26:3; 27:1,2; Mark 14:1; Luke 22:2; Acts 4:5,6,27,28; 5:21
What
12:19; Acts 4:16,17; 5:24

Verse 48
If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation.
we let
Acts 5:28,38-40
all
1:7; Luke 8:12; 11:52; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16
and the
Deuteronomy 28:50-68; Daniel 9:26,27; Zechariah 13:7,8; 14:1,2; Matthew 21:40-42; 22:7; Matthew 23:35-38; 27:25; Luke 19:41-44; 21:20-24; 23:28-31

Verse 49
And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all,
Caiaphas
18:13,14; Luke 3:2; Acts 4:6
Ye
7:48,49; Proverbs 26:12; Isaiah 5:20-23; 1 Corinthians 1:20; 2:6; 3:18,19

Verse 50
Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not.
48; 18:14; 19:12; Luke 24:46; Romans 3:8

Verse 51
And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation;
being
Exodus 28:30; Judges 20:27,28; 1 Samuel 23:9; 28:6
he prophesied
Numbers 22:28; 24:2,14-25; Matthew 7:22,23; 1 Corinthians 13:2; 2 Peter 2:15-17
that Jesus
10:15; Isaiah 53:5-8; Daniel 9:26; Matthew 20:28; Romans 3:25,26; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 3:13; Galatians 4:4,5; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18

Verse 52
And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad.
not
1:29; 12:32; Psalms 22:15,27; 72:19; Isaiah 49:6; Luke 2:32; Romans 3:29; 1 John 2:2; Revelation 5:9; 7:9,10
gather
10:16; Genesis 49:10; Psalms 102:22,23; Isaiah 11:10-12; 49:18; 55:5; 56:8; 60:4; Matthew 25:31-34; Ephesians 1:9,10; 2:14-22; Colossians 1:20-23
the children
Hosea 1:10; Acts 18:10; Romans 4:17; 8:29,30; 9:25,26; Ephesians 1:5; 3:11; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14
that were
Ezekiel 11:16,17; 34:12; Ephesians 2:14-17; James 1:1; 1 Peter 1:1

Verse 53
Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death.
from
Nehemiah 4:16; 13:21; Psalms 113:2; Matthew 16:21; 22:46
they
47; Psalms 2:2; 31:13; 71:10; Mark 3:6; Acts 5:33; 9:23
put
12:10; Psalms 109:4,5; Jeremiah 38:4,15; Matthew 26:59; Mark 14:1

Verse 54
Jesus therefore walked no more openly among the Jews; but went thence unto a country near to the wilderness, into a city called Ephraim, and there continued with his disciples.
walked
4:1-3; 7:1; 10:40; 18:20
went
7:4,10,13
Ephraim
Ephraim appears to be the same city which is called Ephrain, 2 Ch 13:19 (where see the Note), and Ephron, Jos 15:9, which was situated eight miles north of Jerusalem, near Bethel, and apparently between that city and Jericho. Accordingly we find that a desert, or wilderness, extended from Jericho to Bethel (Jos 16:1), called the wilderness of Bethaven (Jos 18:12), in which Joshua and the Israelites slew the inhabitants of Ai. (Jos 8:24.)
2 Samuel 13:23; 2 Chronicles 13:19

Verse 55
And the Jews' passover was nigh at hand: and many went out of the country up to Jerusalem before the passover, to purify themselves.
passover
2:13; 5:1; 6:4; Exodus 12:11-14
before
7:8-10; 12:1; Ezra 3:1-6; Nehemiah 8:1-12
to purify
2:6; Genesis 35:2; Exodus 19:10,14,15; Numbers 9:6; 1 Samuel 16:5; 2 Chronicles 30:17-20; Job 1:5; Psalms 26:6; Acts 24:18; 1 Corinthians 11:28; Hebrews 9:13,14; James 4:8

Verse 56
Then sought they for Jesus, and spake among themselves, as they stood in the temple, What think ye, that he will not come to the feast?
8; 7:11; 11:7

Verse 57
Now both the chief priests and the Pharisees had given a commandment, that, if any man knew where he were, he should shew it, that they might take him.
had
5:16-18; 8:59; 9:22; 10:39; Psalms 109:4

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 11:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-11.html.

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