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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Joshua 23

 

 

Introduction
1Joshua's exhortation before his death;
3by former benefits;
5by promises;
11and by threatenings.

Verse 1
And it came to pass a long time after that the LORD had given rest unto Israel from all their enemies round about, that Joshua waxed old and stricken in age.
the Lord
11:23; 21:44; 22:4; Psalms 46:9
waxed old
13:1; Genesis 25:8; Deuteronomy 31:2
stricken in age
Heb. come into days.

Verse 2
And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, I am old and stricken in age:
all Israel
24:1; Deuteronomy 31:28; 1 Chronicles 28:1; Acts 20:17-35
and for their elders
Or, "even for their elders," etc.; for it is probably that Joshua gave the following charge only to the elders, judges, etc., to communicate to the people.

Verse 3
And ye have seen all that the LORD your God hath done unto all these nations because of you; for the LORD your God is he that hath fought for you.
And ye
Deuteronomy 4:9; Psalms 44:1,2; Malachi 1:5
for the
10:14,42; Exodus 14:14; Deuteronomy 20:4; Psalms 44:3

Verse 4
Behold, I have divided unto you by lot these nations that remain, to be an inheritance for your tribes, from Jordan, with all the nations that I have cut off, even unto the great sea westward.
Behold
13:2,6,7; 18:10
westward
Heb. at the sunset.

Verse 5
And the LORD your God, he shall expel them from before you, and drive them from out of your sight; and ye shall possess their land, as the LORD your God hath promised unto you.
he shall
12,13; 13:6; Exodus 23:30,31; 33:2; 34:11; Deuteronomy 11:23
as the Lord
Numbers 33:52,53

Verse 6
Be ye therefore very courageous to keep and to do all that is written in the book of the law of Moses, that ye turn not aside therefrom to the right hand or to the left;
very
1:7-9; Jeremiah 9:3; 1 Corinthians 16:13; Ephesians 6:10-19; Hebrews 12:4; Revelation 21:8
that ye
Deuteronomy 5:32; 12:32; 17:20; 28:14; Proverbs 4:26,27

Verse 7
That ye come not among these nations, these that remain among you; neither make mention of the name of their gods, nor cause to swear by them, neither serve them, nor bow yourselves unto them:
That ye come
Have no civil or social contacts with them, as these will infallibly lead to spiritual affinities, in consequence of which, ye will make honourable "mention of the name of their gods," "swear by them" "and serve" them in their abominable rites; and "bow yourselves unto them," as your creators and preservers. All this will follow by simply coming among them. He who walks in the counsel of the ungodly, will soon stand in the way of sinners, and sit in the seat of scorners.
12; Exodus 23:33; Deuteronomy 7:2,3; Proverbs 4:14; 1 Corinthians 15:33; 2 Corinthians 6:14-17; Ephesians 5:11
neither
Exodus 23:13; Numbers 32:38; Psalms 16:4; Hosea 2:17
to swear
Jeremiah 5:7; Zephaniah 1:5

Verse 8
But cleave unto the LORD your God, as ye have done unto this day.
or, For if ye will cleave, etc
22:5; Deuteronomy 4:4; 10:20; 11:22; 13:4; Acts 11:23

Verse 9
For the LORD hath driven out from before you great nations and strong: but as for you, no man hath been able to stand before you unto this day.
For the Lord
or, Then the Lord will drive.
5; 21:43,44; Deuteronomy 11:23
no man
1:5,8,9; 15:14

Verse 10
One man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God, he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you.
One man
Leviticus 26:8; Deuteronomy 32:30; Judges 3:31; 7:19-22; 15:15; 1 Samuel 14:6,12-16; 2 Samuel 23:8
Lord
10:42; Exodus 14:14; 23:27-33; Deuteronomy 3:22; 20:4; Psalms 35:1; 44:4,5; 46:7; Romans 8:31

Verse 11
Take good heed therefore unto yourselves, that ye love the LORD your God.
Take good
22:5; Deuteronomy 4:9; 6:5-12; Proverbs 4:23; Luke 21:34; Ephesians 5:15; Hebrews 12:15
yourselves
Heb. your souls. love.
Exodus 20:6; Romans 8:28; 1 Corinthians 8:3; 16:22; Jude 1:20,21

Verse 12
Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you:
go back
Psalms 36:3; 125:5; Isaiah 1:4; Ezekiel 18:24; Zephaniah 1:6; Matthew 12:45; John 6:66; Hebrews 10:38,39; 2 Peter 2:18-22; 1 John 2:9
cleave
Genesis 2:24; 34:3; 1 Samuel 18:1-3; 1 Kings 11:2; Romans 12:9
shall make
Exodus 34:12-16; Deuteronomy 7:3; 1 Kings 11:4; Ezra 9:1,2,11,12; Nehemiah 13:23-26; 2 Corinthians 6:14-17

Verse 13
Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.
will no
Exodus 23:33; Numbers 33:55; Deuteronomy 7:16; Judges 2:2,3; Psalms 106:35-39
snares
Deuteronomy 7:16; Judges 2:3; 1 Kings 11:4; Psalms 69:22; 2 Timothy 2:26
until ye perish
Leviticus 26:31-35; Deuteronomy 4:26; 28:63-68; 29:28; 30:18; 2 Kings 17:22,23; 2 Kings 25:21,26; Luke 21:24

Verse 14
And, behold, this day I am going the way of all the earth: and ye know in all your hearts and in all your souls, that not one thing hath failed of all the good things which the LORD your God spake concerning you; all are come to pass unto you, and not one thing hath failed thereof.
I am going
1 Kings 2:2; Job 30:23; Ecclesiastes 9:10; 12:5; Hebrews 9:27
not one thing
21:43-45; Exodus 3:8; 23:27-30; Leviticus 26:3-13; Numbers 23:19; Deuteronomy 28:1-14; 1 Samuel 3:19; 1 Kings 8:56; Luke 21:33

Verse 15
Therefore it shall come to pass, that as all good things are come upon you, which the LORD your God promised you; so shall the LORD bring upon you all evil things, until he have destroyed you from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.
so shall
Leviticus 26:14-46; Deuteronomy 28:15-68; Judges 3:8,12; 4:1,2; 6:1; 10:6,7; 13:1; 2 Chronicles 36:16,17; Luke 21:22-24; 1 Thessalonians 2:16

Verse 16
When ye have transgressed the covenant of the LORD your God, which he commanded you, and have gone and served other gods, and bowed yourselves to them; then shall the anger of the LORD be kindled against you, and ye shall perish quickly from off the good land which he hath given unto you.
then shall
2 Kings 24:20
perish

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Joshua 23:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/joshua-23.html.

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