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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Judges 2



1An angel rebukes the people at Bochim.
6The wickedness of the new generation after Joshua.
14God's anger and pity towards them.
20The Canaanites left to prove Israel.

Verse 1
And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, I will never break my covenant with you.
And an angel
or messenger.
6:12; 13:3; Genesis 16:7-10,13; 22:11,12; 48:16; Exodus 3:2-6; 14:19; 23:20; Exodus 33:14; Joshua 5:13,14; Isaiah 63:9; Hosea 12:3-5; Zechariah 3:1,2; Malachi 3:1; Acts 7:30-33
I made
Exodus 3:7,8; 14:14; 20:2; Deuteronomy 4:34; Psalms 78:51-53; 105:36-38
have brought
Genesis 12:7; 22:16,17; 26:3,4; Joshua 3:10; Psalms 105:44,45
I will never
Genesis 17:7,8; Leviticus 26:42; Numbers 14:34; Psalms 89:34; Jeremiah 14:21; 33:20,21; Zechariah 11:10

Verse 2
And ye shall make no league with the inhabitants of this land; ye shall throw down their altars: but ye have not obeyed my voice: why have ye done this?
And ye shall
Exodus 23:32,33; 34:12-16; Numbers 33:52,53; Deuteronomy 7:2-4,16,25,26; 12:2,3; Deuteronomy 20:16-18; 2 Corinthians 6:14-17
but ye have
20; Ezra 9:1-3,10-13; Psalms 78:55-58; 106:34-40; Jeremiah 7:23-28; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; 1 Peter 4:17
why have
Genesis 3:11,12; 4:10; Exodus 32:21; Jeremiah 2:5,18,31-33,36

Verse 3
Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you.
I also said
21; Numbers 33:55; Joshua 23:13
their gods
3:6; Exodus 23:33; 34:12; Deuteronomy 7:16; 1 Kings 11:1-7; Psalms 106:36

Verse 4
And it came to pass, when the angel of the LORD spake these words unto all the children of Israel, that the people lifted up their voice, and wept.
the people
1 Samuel 7:6; Ezra 10:1; Proverbs 17:10; Jeremiah 31:9; Zechariah 12:10; Luke 6:21; 7:38; 2 Corinthians 7:10; James 4:9

Verse 5
And they called the name of that place Bochim: and they sacrificed there unto the LORD.
that is, Weepers.
Genesis 35:8; Joshua 7:26
they sacrificed
6:24; 13:19; 1 Samuel 7:9

Verse 6
And when Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land.
Joshua 22:6; 24:28-31

Verse 7
And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the LORD, that he did for Israel.
the people
Joshua 24:31; 2 Kings 12:2; 2 Chronicles 24:2,14-22; Philippians 2:12
Heb. prolonged days after.

Verse 8
And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, being an hundred and ten years old.
Joshua 24:29,30

Verse 9
And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathheres, in the mount of Ephraim, on the north side of the hill Gaash.
This was his own inheritance; and Eusebius says it was celebrated in his time for the tomb of Joshua.
Joshua 19:50; 24:30

Verse 10
And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the works which he had done for Israel.
A. M. cir. 2590. B.C. cir. 1414. An. Ex. Is. cir. 77. gathered
Genesis 15:15; 25:8,17; 49:33; Numbers 27:13; Deuteronomy 31:16; 2 Samuel 7:12; Acts 13:36
knew not
Exodus 5:2; 1 Samuel 2:12; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Job 21:14; Psalms 92:5,6; Isaiah 5:12; Jeremiah 9:3; Jeremiah 22:16; 31:34; Galatians 4:8,9; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Titus 1:16

Verse 11
And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim:
did evil
4:1; 6:1; 13:1; Genesis 13:13; 38:7; 2 Chronicles 33:2,6; Ezra 8:12
and served Baalim
Bäâlim, or lords, seems to have been the common appellation of the Syrian gods; whence we have Baal-peor, Baal-zebub, etc.
3:7; 10:6,10; 1 Samuel 7:4; 1 Kings 18:18; 2 Chronicles 28:2; 33:3; Jeremiah 2:23; 9:14; Hosea 2:13-17

Verse 12
And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the LORD to anger.
Deuteronomy 13:5; 29:18,25; 31:16,17; 32:15; 33:17
other gods
5:8; Deuteronomy 6:14,15
Exodus 20:5; Deuteronomy 5:9

Verse 13
And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.
11; 3:7; 10:6; 1 Samuel 31:10; 1 Kings 11:5,33; 2 Kings 23:13; Psalms 106:36; 1 Corinthians 8:5; 10:20-22

Verse 14
And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies.
the anger
3:7,8; 10:7; Leviticus 26:28; Numbers 32:14; Deuteronomy 28:20,58; 29:19,20; 31:17,18; 2 Chronicles 36:16; Psalms 106:40-42
he delivered
2 Kings 17:20; 2 Chronicles 15:5
sold them
3:8; 4:2; Psalms 44:12; Isaiah 50:1
could not
1:19,34; Leviticus 26:37; Deuteronomy 32:30; Joshua 7:12,13; Psalms 44:9,10; Jeremiah 37:10

Verse 15
Whithersoever they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for evil, as the LORD had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto them: and they were greatly distressed.
Jeremiah 18:8; 21:10; 44:11,27; Micah 2:3
had said
Leviticus 26:15-46; Deuteronomy 4:25-28; 28:15-68; Joshua 23:15,16
had sworn
Deuteronomy 32:40,41
10:9; 1 Samuel 13:6; 14:24; 30:6; 2 Corinthians 4:8

Verse 16
Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them.
A. M. 2591-2909. B.C. 1413-1095. the Lord
3:9,10,15; 4:5; 6:14; 1 Samuel 12:11; Acts 13:20
The shophetim were not judges in the usual sense of the term; but were heads or chiefs of the Israelites, raised up on extraordinary occasions, who directed and ruled the nation with sovereign power, administered justice, made peace or war, and led the armies over whom they presided. Officers with the same power, and nearly the same name, were established in New Tyre, after the termination of the regal state; and the Carthaginian Suffetes, the Athenian Archons, and the Roman Dictators, appear to have been nearly the same.
Heb. saved.
Nehemiah 9:27; Psalms 106:43-45

Verse 17
And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; but they did not so.
they would
1 Samuel 8:5-8; 12:12,17,19; 2 Chronicles 36:15,16; Psalms 106:43
Exodus 34:15,16; Leviticus 17:7; Psalms 73:27; 106:39; Hosea 2:2; Revelation 17:1-5
Exodus 32:8; Deuteronomy 9:12,16; Galatians 1:6
which their
7; Joshua 24:24,31

Verse 18
And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.
then the Lord
Exodus 3:12; Joshua 1:5; Acts 18:9,10
it repented
10:16; Genesis 6:6; Deuteronomy 32:36; Psalms 90:13; 106:44,45; Jeremiah 18:7-10; Hosea 11:8; Jonah 3:10
their groanings
Exodus 2:24; 2 Kings 13:4,22,23; Psalms 12:5

Verse 19
And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and corrupted themselves more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way.
when the
7; 3:11,12; 4:1; 8:33; Joshua 24:31; 2 Chronicles 24:17,18
or, were corrupt. more.
Jeremiah 16:12; Matthew 23:32
ceased not from
Heb. let nothing fall of. stubborn.
1 Samuel 15:23; Psalms 78:8; Jeremiah 3:17; 23:17

Verse 20
And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice;
the anger
14; 3:8; 10:7; Exodus 32:10,11; Deuteronomy 32:22
Exodus 24:3-8; Deuteronomy 29:10-13; Joshua 23:16; 24:21-25; Jeremiah 31:32; Ezekiel 20:37

Verse 21
I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left when he died:
3; 3:3; Joshua 23:13; Ezekiel 20:24

Verse 22
That through them I may prove Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers did keep it, or not.
Genesis 22:1; Deuteronomy 8:2,16; 13:3; 2 Chronicles 32:31; Job 23:10; Psalms 66:10; Proverbs 17:3; Malachi 3:2,3

Verse 23
Therefore the LORD left those nations, without driving them out hastily; neither delivered he them into the hand of Joshua.
or, suffered.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Judges 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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