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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Leviticus 7

 

 

Introduction
1The law of the trespass offering;
11and of the peace offering;
12whether it be for a thanksgiving;
16or a vow, or a free will offering.
22The fat and the blood are forbidden.
28The priests' portion in the peace offerings.
35The whole summed up.

Verse 1
Likewise this is the law of the trespass offering: it is most holy.
the law
5:1-6; 14:12,13; 19:21,22; Numbers 6:12; Ezekiel 40:39; 44:29; 46:20
it is
6:17,25; 21:22

Verse 2
In the place where they kill the burnt offering shall they kill the trespass offering: and the blood thereof shall he sprinkle round about upon the altar.
in the place
1:3,5,11; 4:24,29,33; 6:25; Numbers 6:12; Ezekiel 40:39
and the
1:5; 3:2,8; 5:9; Isaiah 52:15; Ezekiel 36:25; Hebrews 9:19-22; 11:28; 12:24; 1 Peter 1:2

Verse 3
And he shall offer of it all the fat thereof; the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards,
3:3-5,9-11,15,16; 4:8-10; Exodus 29:13; Psalms 51:6,17

Verse 5
And the priest shall burn them upon the altar for an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a trespass offering.
1:9,13; 2:2,9,16; 3:16; Galatians 2:20; 5:24; 1 Peter 4:1,2

Verse 6
Every male among the priests shall eat thereof: it shall be eaten in the holy place: it is most holy.
male
6:16-18,29; Numbers 18:9,10
it is most holy
2:3

Verse 7
As the sin offering is, so is the trespass offering: there is one law for them: the priest that maketh atonement therewith shall have it.
the trespass
6:25,26; 14:13

Verse 8
And the priest that offereth any man's burnt offering, even the priest shall have to himself the skin of the burnt offering which he hath offered.
even the priest
All the flesh of the burnt offerings being consumed upon the altar, as well as the fat, there could nothing fall to the share of the priest but the skin; which must have been very valuable, as they were used as mattresses (ch. 15:17,) or as carpets to sit upon in the day. They are still used for the same purpose by some of the inhabitants and dervishes of the East. Bishop Patrick remarks, that Adam himself offered the first sacrifice, and had the skin given him by God, to make garments for him and his wife; in conformity with which, the priests ever after had the skin of the whole burnt offerings for their portion.
skin
1:6; 4:11; Genesis 3:21; Exodus 29:14; Numbers 19:5; Romans 13:14

Verse 9
And all the meat offering that is baken in the oven, and all that is dressed in the fryingpan, and in the pan, shall be the priest's that offereth it.
the meat
2:4-7; Numbers 18:9; Ezekiel 44:29
in the pan
or, on the flat plate, or slice.
2:5; *marg:
shall be
2:3,10; 5:13; 6:16-18; 1 Corinthians 9:7,13; Galatians 6:6

Verse 10
And every meat offering, mingled with oil, and dry, shall all the sons of Aaron have, one as much as another.
one as much
Exodus 16:18; 2 Corinthians 8:14

Verse 11
And this is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which he shall offer unto the LORD.
3:1-17; 22:18-21; Ezekiel 45:15

Verse 12
If he offer it for a thanksgiving, then he shall offer with the sacrifice of thanksgiving unleavened cakes mingled with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and cakes mingled with oil, of fine flour, fried.
a thanksgiving
22:29; 2 Chronicles 29:31; 33:16; Nehemiah 12:43; Psalms 50:13,14,23; 103:1,2; Psalms 107:8,21,22; 116:17; Jeremiah 33:11; Hosea 14:2; Luke 17:16,18; Romans 1:21; 2 Corinthians 9:11-15; Ephesians 5:20; Hebrews 13:15; 1 Peter 2:5
unleavened wafers
2:4; 6:16; Numbers 6:15

Verse 13
Besides the cakes, he shall offer for his offering leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanksgiving of his peace offerings.
leavened
23:17; Amos 4:5; Matthew 13:33; 1 Timothy 4:4

Verse 14
And of it he shall offer one out of the whole oblation for an heave offering unto the LORD, and it shall be the priest's that sprinkleth the blood of the peace offerings.
an heave
Exodus 29:27,28; Numbers 15:19-21; 18:24-28; 31:29,41
the priest's
6:26; Numbers 18:8-11,19,26-32

Verse 16
But if the sacrifice of his offering be a vow, or a voluntary offering, it shall be eaten the same day that he offereth his sacrifice: and on the morrow also the remainder of it shall be eaten:
be a vow
22:18-21; 23:38; Numbers 15:3; Deuteronomy 12:6,11,17,26; Psalms 66:13; 116:14,18; Nahum 1:15
a voluntary
22:23,29; Deuteronomy 12:6; Ezekiel 46:12
also the
19:5-8

Verse 17
But the remainder of the flesh of the sacrifice on the third day shall be burnt with fire.
on the third
19:7; Genesis 22:4; Exodus 19:11; Hosea 6:2; 1 Corinthians 15:4
burnt
6:22,23; 10:16; Exodus 12:10; 29:14

Verse 18
And if any of the flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings be eaten at all on the third day, it shall not be accepted, neither shall it be imputed unto him that offereth it: it shall be an abomination, and the soul that eateth of it shall bear his iniquity.
it shall
10:19; 19:7,8; 22:23,25; Jeremiah 14:10,12; Hosea 8:13; Amos 5:22; Malachi 1:10,13
be imputed
Numbers 18:27; Romans 4:11
an abomination
11:10,11,41; Isaiah 1:11-14; 65:4; 66:3; Luke 16:15
bear
5:17; 10:17; 17:16; 19:7,8; 20:17,19; 22:16; Isaiah 53:11,12; Ezekiel 18:20; Hebrews 9:28; 1 Peter 2:24

Verse 19
And the flesh that toucheth any unclean thing shall not be eaten; it shall be burnt with fire: and as for the flesh, all that be clean shall eat thereof.
11:24-39; Numbers 19:11-16; Luke 11:41; Acts 10:15,16,28; Romans 14:14,20; 2 Corinthians 6:17; Titus 1:15

Verse 20
But the soul that eateth of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, that pertain unto the LORD, having his uncleanness upon him, even that soul shall be cut off from his people.
having
15:2,3-33; 1 Corinthians 11:28
shall be
Genesis 17:14

Verse 21
Moreover the soul that shall touch any unclean thing, as the uncleanness of man, or any unclean beast, or any abominable unclean thing, and eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which pertain unto the LORD, even that soul shall be cut off from his people.
the uncleanness
5:2,3; 12,1-13:59; 15:1-33; 22:4; Numbers 19:11-16
any unclean
11:24-42; Deuteronomy 14:7,8,10,12-20
abominable
11:10-13,20,41,42; Deuteronomy 14:3; Ezekiel 4:14
cut off
20,25,27; 17:10,14; 18:29; Genesis 17:14; Exodus 12:15,19; 30:33-38

Verse 23
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, Ye shall eat no manner of fat, of ox, or of sheep, or of goat.
fat
Any other fat they might eat; but the fat of these was sacred, because they were the only animals which were offered in sacrifice, though many others ranked among the clean animals as well as these. This prohibition may, however, be understood of these animals when offered in sacrifice, and then only in reference to the inward fat, described in ver. 4. Of the fat in any other circumstances, it cannot be intended, as it was one of the especial blessings which God gave to his people.--"Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats," were the provision which he graciously bestowed on his followers. (See De 32:12-14.)
3:16,17; 4:8-10; 17:6; Deuteronomy 32:38; 1 Samuel 2:15-17,29; Acts 28:27; Romans 8:13; Romans 13:13

Verse 24
And the fat of the beast that dieth of itself, and the fat of that which is torn with beasts, may be used in any other use: but ye shall in no wise eat of it.
beast
Heb. carcase.
17:15; 22:8; Exodus 22:31; Deuteronomy 14:21; Ezekiel 4:14; 44:31

Verse 25
For whosoever eateth the fat of the beast, of which men offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, even the soul that eateth it shall be cut off from his people.
shall be cut off

Verse 26
Moreover ye shall eat no manner of blood, whether it be of fowl or of beast, in any of your dwellings.
ye shall eat
The prohibition of the fat or suet, which was restricted to animals offered in sacrifice, taught reverence to the altar and ordinances of God; but that of blood, which was extended to all land animals, had especial respect to the atoning blood of the sacrifice, and of the great antitype which the sacrifice prefigured.
3:17; 17:10-14; Genesis 9:4; 1 Samuel 14:33,34; Ezekiel 33:25; John 6:53; Acts 15:20; Acts 15:29; Ephesians 1:7; 1 Timothy 4:4

Verse 27
Whatsoever soul it be that eateth any manner of blood, even that soul shall be cut off from his people.
that soul
20,21,25; Hebrews 10:29
shall be
Shall be excommunicated or cut off from the people of God, and so deprived of any part of their inheritance or of their blessings.

Verse 29
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, He that offereth the sacrifice of his peace offerings unto the LORD shall bring his oblation unto the LORD of the sacrifice of his peace offerings.
3:1-17; Colossians 1:20; 1 John 1:7

Verse 30
His own hands shall bring the offerings of the LORD made by fire, the fat with the breast, it shall he bring, that the breast may be waved for a wave offering before the LORD.
own hands
3:3,4,9,14; Psalms 110:3; John 10:18; 2 Corinthians 8:12
with the breast
8:27; 9:21; Exodus 29:24-28; Numbers 6:20

Verse 31
And the priest shall burn the fat upon the altar: but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'.
the priest
3:5,11,16
the breast
34; 5:13; 6:16,26; 8:29; Numbers 18:18

Verse 32
And the right shoulder shall ye give unto the priest for an heave offering of the sacrifices of your peace offerings.
34; 8:25,26; 9:21; 10:14; Numbers 6:20; 18:18,19; Deuteronomy 18:3; 1 Corinthians 9:13,14

Verse 33
He among the sons of Aaron, that offereth the blood of the peace offerings, and the fat, shall have the right shoulder for his part.
that offereth
3; 6:1-30; 26:1-46

Verse 34
For the wave breast and the heave shoulder have I taken of the children of Israel from off the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them unto Aaron the priest and unto his sons by a statute for ever from among the children of Israel.
the wave
30-32; 10:14,15; Exodus 29:28; Numbers 18:18,19; Deuteronomy 18:3
by a statue
3:17; Exodus 29:9

Verse 35
This is the portion of the anointing of Aaron, and of the anointing of his sons, out of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, in the day when he presented them to minister unto the LORD in the priest's office;
portion
8:10-12,30; Exodus 29:7,21; 40:13-15; Isaiah 10:27; 61:1; John 3:34; 2 Corinthians 1:21; 1 John 2:20,27
he presented
Exodus 28:1; 29:1; Numbers 18:7-19

Verse 36
Which the LORD commanded to be given them of the children of Israel, in the day that he anointed them, by a statute for ever throughout their generations.
in the day
8:12,30; Exodus 40:13,15

Verse 37
This is the law of the burnt offering, of the meat offering, and of the sin offering, and of the trespass offering, and of the consecrations, and of the sacrifice of the peace offerings;
the law
1:1-17; 6:9-13; Exodus 29:38-42
meat
2:1-16; 6:14-18
sin
4:1-35; 6:24-30
trespass
1-7; 5:1-6
consecrations
6:20-23; Exodus 29:1
sacrifice
11-21; 3:1-17

Verse 38
Which the LORD commanded Moses in mount Sinai, in the day that he commanded the children of Israel to offer their oblations unto the LORD, in the wilderness of Sinai.
commanded
1:1,2

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Leviticus 7:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/leviticus-7.html.

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