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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Mark 11

 

 

Introduction
1Christ rides with triumph into Jerusalem;
12curses the fruitless fig-tree;
15purges the temple;
20exhorts his disciples to stedfastness of faith, and to forgive their enemies;
27and defends the lawfulness of his actions by the witness of John, who was a man sent of God.

Verse 1
And when they came nigh to Jerusalem, unto Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount of Olives, he sendeth forth two of his disciples,
when
Matthew 21:1-11; Luke 19:29-40; John 12:14-19
at the
13:3; 2 Samuel 15:30; Zechariah 14:4; Matthew 24:3; 26:30; John 8:1; Acts 1:12
he
6:7; 14:13

Verses 1-10
And when they came nigh to Jerusalem, unto Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount of Olives, he sendeth forth two of his disciples,
when
Matthew 21:1-11; Luke 19:29-40; John 12:14-19
at the
13:3; 2 Samuel 15:30; Zechariah 14:4; Matthew 24:3; 26:30; John 8:1; Acts 1:12
he
6:7; 14:13

Verse 2
And saith unto them, Go your way into the village over against you: and as soon as ye be entered into it, ye shall find a colt tied, whereon never man sat; loose him, and bring him.
Matthew 21:2,3; Luke 19:30,31

Verse 3
And if any man say unto you, Why do ye this? say ye that the Lord hath need of him; and straightway he will send him hither.
that
Psalms 24:1; Acts 10:36; 17:25; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Hebrews 2:7-9
and straightway
14:15; 1 Chronicles 29:12-18; Psalms 110:3; Acts 1:24

Verse 4
And they went their way, and found the colt tied by the door without in a place where two ways met; and they loose him.
and found
Matthew 21:6,7; 26:19; Luke 19:32-34; John 2:5; Hebrews 11:8

Verse 7
And they brought the colt to Jesus, and cast their garments on him; and he sat upon him.
the colt
Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:4,5; Luke 19:35
and cast
2 Kings 9:13; Matthew 21:7,8; Luke 19:36; John 12:12-16

Verse 8
And many spread their garments in the way: and others cut down branches off the trees, and strawed them in the way.
cut
Leviticus 23:40

Verse 9
And they that went before, and they that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna; Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord:
Hosanna
Psalms 118:25,26; Matthew 21:9; 23:39; Luke 19:37,38; John 12:13; 19:15

Verse 10
Blessed be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest.
the kingdom
Isaiah 9:6,7; Jeremiah 33:15-17,26; Ezekiel 34:23,24; 37:24,25; Hosea 3:5; Amos 9:11,12; Luke 1:31-33
in the
Psalms 148:1; Luke 2:14; 19:38-40

Verse 11
And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into the temple: and when he had looked round about upon all things, and now the eventide was come, he went out unto Bethany with the twelve.
Jesus
Malachi 3:1; Matthew 21:10-16; Luke 19:41-45
when
Ezekiel 8:9; Zephaniah 1:12
he went
Matthew 21:17; Luke 21:37,38; John 8:1,2

Verses 11-19
And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into the temple: and when he had looked round about upon all things, and now the eventide was come, he went out unto Bethany with the twelve.
Jesus
Malachi 3:1; Matthew 21:10-16; Luke 19:41-45
when
Ezekiel 8:9; Zephaniah 1:12
he went
Matthew 21:17; Luke 21:37,38; John 8:1,2

Verse 12
And on the morrow, when they were come from Bethany, he was hungry:
on
Matthew 21:18-22
he was
Matthew 4:2; Luke 4:2; John 4:6,7,31-33; 19:28; Hebrews 2:17

Verse 13
And seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find any thing thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not yet.
seeing
Matthew 21:19; Luke 13:6-9
a fig-tree
The fig-tree, [suke (sukh=)] is a genus of the polygamia triaecia class of plants, seldom rising above twelve feet, but sending off from the bottom many spreading branches. The leaves are of a dark green colour, nearly a span long, smooth, and irregularly divided into from three to five deep rounded lobes; and the fruit grows on short and thick stalks, of a purplish colour, and contains a soft, sweet, and fragrant pulp, intermixed with numerous small seeds.
haply
Ruth 2:3; 1 Samuel 6:9; Luke 10:31; 12:6,7
he found
Isaiah 5:7
for
Dr. Campbell observes, that the declaration, "for the time of [ripe, Ed.] figs was not yet," is not the reason why our Lord did not find any fruit on the tree, because the fig is of that class of vegetables in which the fruit is formed in its immature state before the leaves are seen. But as the fruit is of a pulpy nature, the broad, thick leaves come out in profusion to protect it from the rays of the sun during the time it is ripening. If the words, "for the time," etc. however, are read as a parenthesis, they then become a reason why Jesus Christ should look for fruit, because the season for gathering not having fully come, it would remove all suspicion that the fruit had been gathered: while the presence of the leaves incontestably proved the advance of the tree to the state in which fruit is found.

Verse 14
And Jesus answered and said unto it, No man eat fruit of thee hereafter for ever. And his disciples heard it.
No
20,21; Isaiah 5:5,6; Matthew 3:10; 7:19; 12:33-35; 21:19,33,44; John 15:6; Deuteronomy 6:4-8; 11:26-31; 2 Peter 2:20; Revelation 22:11

Verse 15
And they come to Jerusalem: and Jesus went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves;
and Jesus
Matthew 21:12-16; Luke 19:45; John 2:13-17
the tables
Deuteronomy 14:25,26

Verse 17
And he taught, saying unto them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer? but ye have made it a den of thieves.
Is it
1 Kings 8:41-48; Isaiah 56:7; 60:7; Luke 19:46
of all nations the house of prayer
or, an house of prayer for all nations. a den.
Jeremiah 7:11; Hosea 12:7; John 2:16

Verse 18
And the scribes and chief priests heard it, and sought how they might destroy him: for they feared him, because all the people was astonished at his doctrine.
and
3:6; 12:12; 14:1,2; Isaiah 49:7; Matthew 21:15,38,39,45,46; 26:3,4; Luke 19:47; John 11:53-57
feared
32; 6:20; 1 Kings 18:17,18; 21:20; 22:8,18; Matthew 21:46; Acts 24:25; Revelation 11:5-10
astonished
1:22; Matthew 7:28; Luke 4:22; John 7:46

Verse 19
And when even was come, he went out of the city.
11; Luke 21:37; John 12:36

Verse 20
And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots.
they saw
Matthew informs us that this tree grew by the way-side, and was therefore not private, but public property; so that the destruction of it really injured no one. Our Lord was pleased to make use of this miracle to prefigure the speedy ruin of the Jewish nation, on account of its unfruitfulness under greater advantages than any other people enjoyed at that day; and, like all the rest of his miracles, it was done with a gracious intention, to alarm his countrymen, and induce them to repent.
See on ver
14; Job 18:16,17; 20:5-7; Isaiah 5:4; 40:24; Matthew 13:6; 15:13; 21:19,20; John 15:6; Hebrews 6:8; Jude 1:12

Verses 20-26
And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots.
they saw
Matthew informs us that this tree grew by the way-side, and was therefore not private, but public property; so that the destruction of it really injured no one. Our Lord was pleased to make use of this miracle to prefigure the speedy ruin of the Jewish nation, on account of its unfruitfulness under greater advantages than any other people enjoyed at that day; and, like all the rest of his miracles, it was done with a gracious intention, to alarm his countrymen, and induce them to repent.
See on ver
14; Job 18:16,17; 20:5-7; Isaiah 5:4; 40:24; Matthew 13:6; 15:13; 21:19,20; John 15:6; Hebrews 6:8; Jude 1:12

Verse 21
And Peter calling to remembrance saith unto him, Master, behold, the fig tree which thou cursedst is withered away.
Proverbs 3:33; Zechariah 5:3,4; Matthew 25:41; 1 Corinthians 16:22

Verse 22
And Jesus answering saith unto them, Have faith in God.
Have
9:23; 2 Chronicles 20:20; Psalms 62:8; Isaiah 7:9; John 14:1; Titus 1:1
faith in God
or, the faith of God.
Colossians 2:12

Verse 23
For verily I say unto you, That whosoever shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; and shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe that those things which he saith shall come to pass; he shall have whatsoever he saith.
whosoever
Matthew 17:20; 21:21; Luke 17:6; 1 Corinthians 13:2
and shall
Matthew 14:13; Romans 4:18-25; Hebrews 11:17-19; James 1:5,6
whatsoever
Psalms 37:4; John 14:13; 15:7

Verse 24
Therefore I say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray, believe that ye receive them, and ye shall have them.
What
Matthew 7:7-11; 18:19; 21:22; Luke 11:9-13; 18:1-8; John 14:13; 15:7; John 16:23-27; James 1:5,6; 5:15-18; 1 John 3:22; 5:14,15

Verse 25
And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have ought against any: that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses.
stand
Zechariah 3:1; Luke 18:11; Revelation 11:4
forgive
Matthew 6:12,14,15; 18:23-35; Luke 6:37; Ephesians 4:32; Colossians 3:13; James 2:13

Verse 27
And they come again to Jerusalem: and as he was walking in the temple, there come to him the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders,
as he
Malachi 3:1; Matthew 21:23-27; Luke 20:1-8; John 10:23; 18:20
the chief
14:1; Psalms 2:1-5; Acts 4:5-8,27,28

Verses 27-33
And they come again to Jerusalem: and as he was walking in the temple, there come to him the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders,
as he
Malachi 3:1; Matthew 21:23-27; Luke 20:1-8; John 10:23; 18:20
the chief
14:1; Psalms 2:1-5; Acts 4:5-8,27,28

Verse 28
And say unto him, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority to do these things?
Exodus 2:14; Numbers 16:3,13; Acts 7:27,28,38,39,51

Verse 29
And Jesus answered and said unto them, I will also ask of you one question, and answer me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things.
I will
Isaiah 52:13; Matthew 21:24; Luke 20:3-8
question
or, thing.

Verse 30
The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men? answer me.
1:1-11; 9:13; Matthew 3:1-17; Luke 3:1-20; John 1:6-8,15-36; 3:25-36

Verse 31
And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why then did ye not believe him?
Why
Matthew 11:7-14; 21:25-27,31,32; John 1:15,29,34,36; 3:29-36

Verse 32
But if we shall say, Of men; they feared the people: for all men counted John, that he was a prophet indeed.
they
6:20; 12:12; Matthew 14:5; 21:46; Luke 20:19; 22:2; Acts 5:26
for
Matthew 3:5,6; 21:31,32; Luke 7:26-29; 20:6-8; John 10:41

Verse 33
And they answered and said unto Jesus, We cannot tell. And Jesus answering saith unto them, Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things.
We
Isaiah 1:3; 6:9,10; 29:9-14; 42:19,20; 56:10; Jeremiah 8:7-9; Hosea 4:6; Malachi 2:7,8; Matthew 15:14; 23:16-26; John 3:10; Romans 1:18-22,28; 2 Corinthians 3:15; 2 Corinthians 4:3,4; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12
Neither
Job 5:13; Proverbs 26:4,5; Matthew 16:4; 21:27; Luke 10:21,22; 20:7,8; 22:66-69; John 9:27

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Mark 11:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/mark-11.html.

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