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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Nehemiah 1

 

 

Introduction
1Nehemiah, understanding by Hanani the misery of Jerusalem, mourns, fasts, and prays.
5His prayer.

Verse 1
The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah. And it came to pass in the month Chisleu, in the twentieth year, as I was in Shushan the palace,
Nehemiah
10:1
in the month
Ezra 10:9; Zechariah 7:1
in the twentieth
Ezra 7:7
Shushan
Shushan, or Susa, was the capital of Susiana, a province of Persia, and the winter residence of the Persian monarchs; situated about 252 miles east of Babylon, and the same distance south-south-east of Ecbatana, in lat. 32 degrees, long. 49 degrees. The circumference of its walls was about 120 stadia. Shouster is supposed to occupy its site.
Esther 1:2; 3:15; Daniel 8:2

Verse 2
That Hanani, one of my brethren, came, he and certain men of Judah; and I asked them concerning the Jews that had escaped, which were left of the captivity, and concerning Jerusalem.
Hanani
7:2
I asked
Psalms 122:6-9; 137:5,6
that had escaped
Ezra 9:8,9,14; Jeremiah 44:14; Ezekiel 6:9; 7:16; 24:26,27

Verse 3
And they said unto me, The remnant that are left of the captivity there in the province are in great affliction and reproach: the wall of Jerusalem also is broken down, and the gates thereof are burned with fire.
the province
7:6; 11:3; Ezra 2:1; 5:8; Esther 1:1
in great
9:36,37; Psalms 44:11-14; 137:1-3; Isaiah 32:9-14; Lamentations 1:7; 3:61; 5:1
reproach
1 Kings 9:7; Psalms 79:4; Isaiah 43:28; Jeremiah 24:9; 29:18; 42:18; 44:8-12
the wall
2:17; 2 Kings 25:10; Isaiah 5:5; 64:10,11; Jeremiah 5:10; 39:8; 52:14

Verse 4
And it came to pass, when I heard these words, that I sat down and wept, and mourned certain days, and fasted, and prayed before the God of heaven,
I sat down
1 Samuel 4:17-22; Ezra 10:1; Psalms 69:9,10; 102:13,14; 137:1; Daniel 9:3; Zephaniah 3:18; Romans 12:15
the God
2:4; Ezra 5:11,12; Daniel 2:18; Jonah 1:9

Verse 5
And said, I beseech thee, O LORD God of heaven, the great and terrible God, that keepeth covenant and mercy for them that love him and observe his commandments:
the great
4:14; Deuteronomy 7:21; 1 Chronicles 17:21; Psalms 47:2; Daniel 9:4-19
keepeth
Exodus 20:6; Deuteronomy 7:9; 1 Kings 8:23; Hebrews 6:13-18

Verse 6
Let thine ear now be attentive, and thine eyes open, that thou mayest hear the prayer of thy servant, which I pray before thee now, day and night, for the children of Israel thy servants, and confess the sins of the children of Israel, which we have sinned against thee: both I and my father's house have sinned.
thine ear
1 Kings 8:28,29; 2 Chronicles 6:40; Psalms 34:15; 130:2; Daniel 9:17,18
day and night
1 Samuel 15:11; Psalms 55:17; 88:1; Luke 2:37; 18:7; 1 Timothy 5:5; 2 Timothy 1:3
confess
Ezra 9:6,7; 10:11; Psalms 32:5; Isaiah 64:6,7; Lamentations 3:39-42; Daniel 9:4,20; 1 John 1:9
both I
2 Chronicles 28:10; 29:6; Psalms 106:6; Isaiah 6:5; Lamentations 5:7; Ephesians 2:3

Verse 7
We have dealt very corruptly against thee, and have not kept the commandments, nor the statutes, nor the judgments, which thou commandedst thy servant Moses.
dealt
9:29-35; Psalms 106:6; Daniel 9:5,6
corruptly
2 Chronicles 27:2; Hosea 9:9; Zephaniah 3:7; Revelation 19:2
the commandments
Leviticus 27:34; Deuteronomy 4:1; 5:1; 6:1; 28:15; 1 Kings 2:3; Psalms 19:8,9; 119:5-8
which thou
Deuteronomy 4:5; 2 Chronicles 25:4; Ezra 7:6; Daniel 9:11,13; Malachi 4:4

Verse 8
Remember, I beseech thee, the word that thou commandedst thy servant Moses, saying, If ye transgress, I will scatter you abroad among the nations:
Remember
Psalms 119:49; Luke 1:72
If ye transgress
Leviticus 26:33-46; Deuteronomy 4:25-27; 28:64; 32:26-28; 1 Kings 9:6,7

Verse 9
But if ye turn unto me, and keep my commandments, and do them; though there were of you cast out unto the uttermost part of the heaven, yet will I gather them from thence, and will bring them unto the place that I have chosen to set my name there.
if ye turn
Leviticus 26:39-42; Deuteronomy 4:29-31; 30:2-5; Jeremiah 29:11-14
yet will I
1 Chronicles 16:35; Psalms 106:47; 147:2; Isaiah 11:12; 56:8; Jeremiah 12:15; 31:10; Jeremiah 32:37; 50:19,20; Matthew 24:31
will bring
Jeremiah 3:14; Ezekiel 36:24
the place
Deuteronomy 12:5,21; 1 Kings 9:3; Ezra 6:12

Verse 10
Now these are thy servants and thy people, whom thou hast redeemed by thy great power, and by thy strong hand.
Now these
Exodus 32:11; Deuteronomy 9:29; Isaiah 63:16-19; 64:9; Daniel 9:15-27
whom
Exodus 15:13; Deuteronomy 15:15; Psalms 74:2
thy strong
Exodus 6:1; 13:9; Psalms 136:12; Daniel 9:15

Verse 11
O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, and to the prayer of thy servants, who desire to fear thy name: and prosper, I pray thee, thy servant this day, and grant him mercy in the sight of this man. For I was the king's cupbearer.
Let now
6; Psalms 86:6; 130:2
who desire
Proverbs 1:29; Isaiah 26:8,9; Hebrews 13:18
grant
2:8; Genesis 32:11,28; 43:14; Ezra 1:1; 7:6,27,28; Proverbs 21:1
For I was
The office of cup-bearer was one of great trust, honour, and emolument, in the Persian court. To be in such a place of trust he must have been in the king's confidence; for no eastern potentate would have a cup-bearer to whom he could not trust his life, poison being often administered in that way. It was an office much desired, because it gave access to the king in those seasons of hilarity when men are most disposed to grant favours.
2:1; Genesis 40:2,9-13,21,23; 41:9

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Nehemiah 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/nehemiah-1.html.

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