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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Nehemiah 11

 

 

Introduction
1The rulers, voluntary men, and the tenth man chosen by lot, dwell at Jerusalem.
3A catalogue of their names.
20The residue dwell in other cities.

Verse 1
And the rulers of the people dwelt at Jerusalem: the rest of the people also cast lots, to bring one of ten to dwell in Jerusalem the holy city, and nine parts to dwell in other cities.
the rulers
7:4,5; Deuteronomy 17:8,9; Psalms 122:5
cast lots
Jerusalem certainly had many inhabitants at this time, but not sufficient to preserve the city, which was now encompassed with a wall, the building of which was going on fast. Nehemiah, therefore, obliged one-tenth of the country people to come and dwell in it, that the population might be sufficient for the defence of the city. Some volunteered their services, which was at that time considered a sacrifice to patriotism; as Jerusalem then afforded very few advantages, and was a place of considerable danger: hence "the people blessed them that willingly offered themselves."
10:34; Joshua 18:10; 1 Chronicles 26:13; Proverbs 16:33; Acts 1:24
one of ten
Judges 20:9,10
the holy
18; Isaiah 48:2; 52:1; Matthew 4:5; 27:53

Verse 2
And the people blessed all the men, that willingly offered themselves to dwell at Jerusalem.
blessed
Deuteronomy 24:13; Job 29:13; 31:20
willingly
Judges 5:9; 2 Corinthians 8:16,17

Verse 3
Now these are the chief of the province that dwelt in Jerusalem: but in the cities of Judah dwelt every one in his possession in their cities, to wit, Israel, the priests, and the Levites, and the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon's servants.
Now
There is a good deal of difference between this enumeration and that in Chronicles; as this comprehends not only those who came first with Zerubbabel, but also those who came with Ezra and Nehemiah: see on 1 Ch 9:18.
the chief
7:6; Ezra 2:1
Israel
7:73; 1 Chronicles 9:1-3; Ezra 2:70
Nethinims
Ezra 2:43,55
the children
7:57-60; Ezra 2:55-58

Verse 4
And at Jerusalem dwelt certain of the children of Judah, and of the children of Benjamin. Of the children of Judah; Athaiah the son of Uzziah, the son of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son of Shephatiah, the son of Mahalaleel, of the children of Perez;
dwelt
1 Chronicles 9:3,4-9
Perez
The variation of Pharez and Perez is only found in the translation; the original being uniformly [ ()]
Genesis 38:29; Ruth 4:18
Pharez
Matthew 1:3; Luke 3:33
Phares

Verse 5
And Maaseiah the son of Baruch, the son of Colhozeh, the son of Hazaiah, the son of Adaiah, the son of Joiarib, the son of Zechariah, the son of Shiloni.
Col-hozeh
3:15
Shiloni
Some suppose Shiloni to be the name of a man; others derive it from Shiloh, the city so called; and others derive it from Shelah, son of Judah.
Genesis 38:5
Shelah
Numbers 26:20
Shelanites
1 Chronicles 4:21; 9:5

Verse 7
And these are the sons of Benjamin; Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pedaiah, the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the son of Jesaiah.
the sons
1 Chronicles 9:7-9
Joed
It is probable that Joed was also called Hodaviah, and that Pedaiah had also the name of Hasenuah.

Verse 9
And Joel the son of Zichri was their overseer: and Judah the son of Senuah was second over the city.
Judah
1 Chronicles 9:7
Hodaviah
Hasenuah.

Verse 10
Of the priests: Jedaiah the son of Joiarib, Jachin.
Jedaiah
One of Dr. Kennicott's MSS. omits, [ben (ab)] ben, "son of," and reads "Jedaiah, Joiarib, Jachin:" which is nearly that of the parallel place. Joiarib, [Yowyariyb (byrywy)] is merely a contracted form of [Y@howyariyb (byrywhy)] Jehoiarib, by the elision of [Hê'] hay.
7:39; 12:19; 1 Chronicles 9:10
Jehoiarib
Ezra 2:36; 8:16
Joiarib
12:6

Verse 11
Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, was the ruler of the house of God.
Seraiah
Seraiah probably had also the name of Azariah.
1 Chronicles 6:7-14; 9:11
Azariah
Ezra 7:1-5
the ruler
He had the command over all secular matters; as the high priest had over all those which were spiritual.
Numbers 3:32; 1 Chronicles 9:1; 2 Chronicles 19:11; 31:13; Acts 5:24

Verse 12
And their brethren that did the work of the house were eight hundred twenty and two: and Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, the son of Zechariah, the son of Pashur, the son of Malchiah,
Adaiah
1 Chronicles 9:12,13

Verse 14
And their brethren, mighty men of valour, an hundred twenty and eight: and their overseer was Zabdiel, the son of one of the great men.
of one of the great men
or, of Haggedolim.

Verse 15
Also of the Levites: Shemaiah the son of Hashub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Bunni;
Shemaiah
1 Chronicles 9:14,19

Verse 16
And Shabbethai and Jozabad, of the chief of the Levites, had the oversight of the outward business of the house of God.
Shabbethai
8:7
had the oversight of
Heb. were over.
1 Chronicles 26:20
outward
Calmet supposes they provided the victuals for the priests, the victims for the sacrifices, the sacerdotal vestments, the sacred vessels, and other necessaries for the service of the temple.
Acts 6:2,3

Verse 17
And Mattaniah the son of Micha, the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph, was the principal to begin the thanksgiving in prayer: and Bakbukiah the second among his brethren, and Abda the son of Shammua, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun.
Zabdi
In the parallel passage, instead of Zichri, many manuscripts have Zabdi, as here: he is also called Zaccur.
10:12; 1 Chronicles 9:15
Zichri
to begin.
12:8,31; 1 Chronicles 16:4,41; 25:1-6
thanksgiving
Philippians 4:6; 1 Thessalonians 5:17,18
Bakbukiah
12:9,25

Verse 18
All the Levites in the holy city were two hundred fourscore and four.
the holy
1; 1 Kings 11:13; Daniel 9:24; Matthew 24:15; 27:53; Revelation 11:2; 21:2

Verse 19
Moreover the porters, Akkub, Talmon, and their brethren that kept the gates, were an hundred seventy and two.
Akkub
7:45; 12:25; 1 Chronicles 9:17-22
that kept
Psalms 84:10
the gates
Heb. at the gates.

Verse 21
But the Nethinims dwelt in Ophel: and Ziha and Gispa were over the Nethinims.
the
3:26,31; 2 Chronicles 27:3
Ophel
or, the tower.

Verse 22
The overseer also of the Levites at Jerusalem was Uzzi the son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micha. Of the sons of Asaph, the singers were over the business of the house of God.
overseer
9,14; 12:42; Acts 20:28
Uzzi
12:42
Bani
3:17; 8:7; 9:4,5; 10:13
Hashabiah
10:11; 12:24; Ezra 8:19
Mattaniah
17; 12:25,35; 13:13; 1 Chronicles 9:15
Of the sons
17; 12:46; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6
were over
11,16; 1 Chronicles 9:16-32

Verse 23
For it was the king's commandment concerning them, that a certain portion should be for the singers, due for every day.
the king's
1 Chronicles 9:33; Ezra 6:8,9; 7:20-24
a certain portion
or, a sure ordinance.

Verse 24
And Pethahiah the son of Meshezabeel, of the children of Zerah the son of Judah, was at the king's hand in all matters concerning the people.
Meshezabeel
10:21
Zerah
Genesis 38:30
Zarah
Numbers 26:20; Matthew 1:3
Zara
at the king's.
1 Chronicles 18:17; 23:28; *margins

Verse 25
And for the villages, with their fields, some of the children of Judah dwelt at Kirjatharba, and in the villages thereof, and at Dibon, and in the villages thereof, and at Jekabzeel, and in the villages thereof,
Kirjath-arba
Joshua 14:15
Dibon
Joshua 15:22
Dimonah
Jekabzeel.
Joshua 15:21
Kabzeel

Verse 26
And at Jeshua, and at Moladah, and at Bethphelet,
Moladah
Joshua 15:26; 19:2
Beth-phelet
Joshua 15:27
Beth-palet

Verse 27
And at Hazarshual, and at Beersheba, and in the villages thereof,
Hazar-shua
Joshua 15:28; 19:3
Beth-sheba
Genesis 21:31; 26:33; Judges 20:1

Verse 28
And at Ziklag, and at Mekonah, and in the villages thereof,
Ziklag
Joshua 15:31; 1 Samuel 27:6
Mekonah
Probably the Mechanam which Jerome (in Beth-macha) places eight miles from Eleutheropolis, towards Jerusalem.

Verse 29
And at Enrimmon, and at Zareah, and at Jarmuth,
En-rimmon
Rimmon is placed by Eusebius in the south of Judah, 16 miles south of Eleutheropolis.
Joshua 15:32
Rimmon
Zareah. These variations are only chargeable to the translator; the original being uniformly Zorâh.
Joshua 15:33
Zoreah
Joshua 19:41; Judges 13:25
Zorah
Jarmuth.
Joshua 12:11; 15:35

Verse 30
Zanoah, Adullam, and in their villages, at Lachish, and the fields thereof, at Azekah, and in the villages thereof. And they dwelt from Beersheba unto the valley of Hinnom.
Zanoah
3:13; Joshua 15:34
Adullam
Joshua 12:15; Micah 1:15
Lachish
Joshua 10:3; 15:39; Isaiah 37:8
Azekah
Joshua 15:35
the valley
Joshua 15:8; 18:16; 2 Kings 23:10; Jeremiah 7:31,32; 19:2,6; 32:35

Verse 31
The children also of Benjamin from Geba dwelt at Michmash, and Aija, and Bethel, and in their villages,
from Geba
or, of Geba.
7:30
Gaba
Joshua 18:24
at Michmash
or, to Michmash.
7:31
Michmas
1 Samuel 13:11,23; Isaiah 10:28
Aija
7:32
Ai
Genesis 12:8
Hai
Joshua 8:9
Ai
Beth-el.
Genesis 28:19; Joshua 18:13

Verse 32
And at Anathoth, Nob, Ananiah,
Anathoth
7:27; Joshua 21:18; Isaiah 10:30; Jeremiah 1:1
Nob
1 Samuel 21:1; 22:19; Isaiah 10:32

Verse 33
Hazor, Ramah, Gittaim,
Ramah
Joshua 18:25; 1 Samuel 7:17; Matthew 2:18
Rama
Gittaim.
2 Samuel 4:3

Verse 34
Hadid, Zeboim, Neballat,
Zeboim
1 Samuel 13:18

Verse 35
Lod, and Ono, the valley of craftsmen.
Lod
7:37; 1 Chronicles 8:12
the valley
1 Chronicles 4:14

Verse 36
And of the Levites were divisions in Judah, and in Benjamin.
And of
Joshua 21:1-45; 1 Chronicles 6:54-81
divisions
Genesis 49:7

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Nehemiah 11:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/nehemiah-11.html.

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