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Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Nehemiah 12



1The priests and the Levites which came up with Zerubbabel.
10The succession of high priests.
22Certain chief Levites.
27The solemnity of the dedication of the walls.
44The offices of priests and Levites appointed in the temple.

Verse 1
Now these are the priests and the Levites that went up with Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua: Seraiah, Jeremiah, Ezra,
the priests
7:7; Ezra 2:1,2
1 Chronicles 3:17-19; Ezra 3:8; 4:2; 5:2; Haggai 1:1,12,14; 2:2,21-23; Zechariah 4:6-10; Matthew 1:12,13
Salathiel. Jeshua.
10; Zechariah 3:1-9; 6:11
12-21; 10:2-8; Ezra 2:2

Verse 2
Amariah, Malluch, Hattush,

Verse 3
Shechaniah, Rehum, Meremoth,

Verse 4
Iddo, Ginnetho, Abijah,
Instead of Ginnetho, many MSS., and Vulgate have Ginnethon.
Luke 1:5

Verse 5
Miamin, Maadiah, Bilgah,
Maadiah. The variation between Moadiah, [Mow`adyah (hyd(wm)] and Maadiah, [Ma`adyah (hyd(m)] merely arises from the elision of [Vâv] wav; the LXX., however, in ver. 17, have [Maasai.]

Verse 6
Shemaiah, and Joiarib, Jedaiah,
11:10; 1 Chronicles 9:10

Verse 7
Sallu, Amok, Hilkiah, Jedaiah. These were the chief of the priests and of their brethren in the days of Jeshua.
The variation of [Calluw (wlls)] Sallu, and [Calluw (wlls)] Sallai, is simply caused by the mutation of [Vâv] wav and [Yôwd] yood.
the chief. "The chief of the priests" seem to have been the heads of the courses established by David.
1 Chronicles 24:18
of Jeshua
1; Ezra 3:2; Haggai 1:1; Zechariah 3:1

Verse 8
Moreover the Levites: Jeshua, Binnui, Kadmiel, Sherebiah, Judah, and Mattaniah, which was over the thanksgiving, he and his brethren.
7:48; 9:4; 10:9-13
the thanksgiving
that is, The psalms of thanksgiving.
24; 1 Chronicles 9:33

Verse 9
Also Bakbukiah and Unni, their brethren, were over against them in the watches.
over against
Psalms 134:1-3

Verse 10
And Jeshua begat Joiakim, Joiakim also begat Eliashib, and Eliashib begat Joiada,
26; 1 Chronicles 6:3-15
3:1; 13:4,7,28

Verse 11
And Joiada begat Jonathan, and Jonathan begat Jaddua.
Jaddua is supposed to be Jaddus the high priest, who went in his pontifical robes to meet Alexander the Great, when advancing to destroy Jerusalem; who was so struck with his appearance, that he forbore all hostilities, and granted many privileges to the Jews. According to Eusebius, he was high priest from A.M. 3665 to 3982.

Verse 12
And in the days of Joiakim were priests, the chief of the fathers: of Seraiah, Meraiah; of Jeremiah, Hananiah;
the chief
22; 1 Chronicles 9:33,34; 15:12; 24:6-31

Verse 14
Of Melicu, Jonathan; of Shebaniah, Joseph;
Shebaniah. Two MSS., and Vulgate in ver. 3, have Shebaniah; and here many MSS. have Shechaniah.

Verse 15
Of Harim, Adna; of Meraioth, Helkai;

Verse 16
Of Iddo, Zechariah; of Ginnethon, Meshullam;

Verse 17
Of Abijah, Zichri; of Miniamin, of Moadiah, Piltai;
The LXX., and Vulgate have here [Miamin] Miamin.

Verse 18
Of Bilgah, Shammua; of Shemaiah, Jehonathan;

Verse 20
Of Sallai, Kallai; of Amok, Eber;

Verse 22
The Levites in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan, and Jaddua, were recorded chief of the fathers: also the priests, to the reign of Darius the Persian.

Verse 23
The sons of Levi, the chief of the fathers, were written in the book of the chronicles, even until the days of Johanan the son of Eliashib.
the book
1 Chronicles 9:14-44

Verse 24
And the chief of the Levites: Hashabiah, Sherebiah, and Jeshua the son of Kadmiel, with their brethren over against them, to praise and to give thanks, according to the commandment of David the man of God, ward over against ward.
8; 8:7; 9:4; 10:9-13
1 Chronicles 23:1-32; 25:1-26
the man
Deuteronomy 33:1; Joshua 14:6; 1 Kings 17:24; 2 Chronicles 8:14; 1 Timothy 6:11; 2 Timothy 3:17
9; Ezra 3:10,11

Verse 25
Mattaniah, and Bakbukiah, Obadiah, Meshullam, Talmon, Akkub, were porters keeping the ward at the thresholds of the gates.
8,9; 11:17-19; 1 Chronicles 9:14-17
1 Chronicles 23:32; 26:12; Isaiah 21:8
or, treasuries, or assemblies.

Verse 26
These were in the days of Joiakim the son of Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, and in the days of Nehemiah the governor, and of Ezra the priest, the scribe.
8:9; Ezra 7:6,11

Verse 27
And at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the Levites out of all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, to keep the dedication with gladness, both with thanksgivings, and with singing, with cymbals, psalteries, and with harps.
A. M. 3559. B.C. 445. the dedication. Jerusalem was the holy city, and the wall was built under the immediate superintendence and blessing of Jehovah: it was therefore proper that it should be dedicated to that God who was there worshipped by solemn praises, prayers, and sacrifices. The dedication seems to have consisted in processions of the most eminent persons around the walls, with thanksgivings to God, who had enabled them to bring the work to so happy a conclusion; and, no doubt, to all this were added a particular consecration of the city to God, and the most earnest invocation that He would take it under His guardianship, and defend it and its inhabitants against their enemies
Deuteronomy 20:5; Psalms 30:1; *title
11:20; 1 Chronicles 15:4,12; 25:6; 26:31; 2 Chronicles 5:13; 29:4-11,30; Ezra 8:15-20
8:17; Deuteronomy 16:11; 2 Samuel 6:12; 2 Chronicles 29:30; Ezra 6:16; Psalms 98:4-6; 100:1,2; Philippians 4:4
1 Chronicles 13:8; 15:16,28; 16:5,42; 23:5; 25:1-6; 2 Chronicles 5:13; 7:6; Ezra 3:10,11; Psalms 81:1-4; 92:1-3; 149:3; 150:2-5; Revelation 5:8

Verse 28
And the sons of the singers gathered themselves together, both out of the plain country round about Jerusalem, and from the villages of Netophathi;
1 Chronicles 2:54; 9:16

Verse 29
Also from the house of Gilgal, and out of the fields of Geba and Azmaveth: for the singers had builded them villages round about Jerusalem.
the house
Or, Beth-Gilgal, a village erected where the Israelites encamped after they had crossed the Jordan.
Deuteronomy 11:30; Joshua 5:9; 10:43
11:31; Joshua 21:17; 1 Chronicles 6:60
Ezra 2:24

Verse 30
And the priests and the Levites purified themselves, and purified the people, and the gates, and the wall.
Genesis 35:2; Exodus 19:10,15; Numbers 19:2-20; 2 Chronicles 29:5,34; Ezra 6:21; Job 1:5; Hebrews 5:1,3

Verse 31
Then I brought up the princes of Judah upon the wall, and appointed two great companies of them that gave thanks, whereof one went on the right hand upon the wall toward the dung gate:
the princes
1 Chronicles 13:1; 28:1; 2 Chronicles 5:2
two great
dung gate
2:13; 3:13,14

Verse 33
And Azariah, Ezra, and Meshullam,

Verse 35
And certain of the priests' sons with trumpets; namely, Zechariah the son of Jonathan, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Michaiah, the son of Zaccur, the son of Asaph:
with trumpets
Numbers 10:2-10; Joshua 6:4; 2 Chronicles 5:12; 13:12
11:17; 1 Chronicles 6:39-43; 25:2; 26:10,11

Verse 36
And his brethren, Shemaiah, and Azarael, Milalai, Gilalai, Maai, Nethaneel, and Judah, Hanani, with the musical instruments of David the man of God, and Ezra the scribe before them.
musical instruments
24; 1 Chronicles 23:5; 2 Chronicles 8:14; Amos 6:5
Ezra 7:1; 8:1

Verse 37
And at the fountain gate, which was over against them, they went up by the stairs of the city of David, at the going up of the wall, above the house of David, even unto the water gate eastward.
the fountain gate
2:14; 3:15,16
the stairs
Jerusalem was built on very uneven ground, some hills being enclosed within the walls, there was a necessity, therefore, for steps, by which to ascend and descend; probably similar to what is seen in the city of Bristol.
3:15; 2 Samuel 5:7-9
water gate
3:26; 8:1,3,16

Verse 38
And the other company of them that gave thanks went over against them, and I after them, and the half of the people upon the wall, from beyond the tower of the furnaces even unto the broad wall;

Verse 39
And from above the gate of Ephraim, and above the old gate, and above the fish gate, and the tower of Hananeel, and the tower of Meah, even unto the sheep gate: and they stood still in the prison gate.
the gate of Ephraim
8:16; 2 Kings 14:13
the old
the fish gate
3:3; Zephaniah 1:10
the tower
3:1; Jeremiah 31:38
the sheep
3:32; John 5:2
the prison
3:25,31; *Heb:; Jeremiah 32:2

Verse 40
So stood the two companies of them that gave thanks in the house of God, and I, and the half of the rulers with me:
31,32; Psalms 42:4; 47:6-9; 134:1-3

Verse 41
And the priests; Eliakim, Maaseiah, Miniamin, Michaiah, Elioenai, Zechariah, and Hananiah, with trumpets;
with trumpets

Verse 42
And Maaseiah, and Shemaiah, and Eleazar, and Uzzi, and Jehohanan, and Malchijah, and Elam, and Ezer. And the singers sang loud, with Jezrahiah their overseer.
sang loud
Heb. made their voice to be heard.
Psalms 81:1; 95:1; 98:4-9; 100:1,2; Isaiah 12:5,6

Verse 43
Also that day they offered great sacrifices, and rejoiced: for God had made them rejoice with great joy: the wives also and the children rejoiced: so that the joy of Jerusalem was heard even afar off.
Numbers 10:10; Deuteronomy 12:11,12; 1 Chronicles 29:21,22; 2 Chronicles 7:5-7,10; 29:35,36; Psalms 27:6
2 Chronicles 20:27; Job 34:29; Psalms 28:7; 30:11,12; 92:4; Isaiah 61:3; 66:10-14; Jeremiah 33:11; John 16:22
the wives also
Exodus 15:20,21; 2 Chronicles 20:13; Psalms 148:11-13; Jeremiah 31:13; Matthew 21:9,15; Ephesians 5:19; James 5:13
the joy
1 Samuel 4:5; Ezra 3:13

Verse 44
And at that time were some appointed over the chambers for the treasures, for the offerings, for the firstfruits, and for the tithes, to gather into them out of the fields of the cities the portions of the law for the priests and Levites: for Judah rejoiced for the priests and for the Levites that waited.
10:37-39; 13:5,12,13; 2 Chronicles 13:11,12; 31:11-13
1 Chronicles 9:26; 26:21-26
of the law
that is, appointed by the law. Judah rejoiced. Heb. the joy of Judah. Levites.
Numbers 3:10; 8:24,25; 1 Chronicles 23:28; 2 Chronicles 5:11,12; Proverbs 8:34; Isaiah 40:31; Romans 12:7
Heb. stood.

Verse 45
And both the singers and the porters kept the ward of their God, and the ward of the purification, according to the commandment of David, and of Solomon his son.
the singers
1 Chronicles 25:1-26
the ward
That is, they suffered no unclean person to enter the temple.
1 Chronicles 23:28; 2 Chronicles 23:6

Verse 46
For in the days of David and Asaph of old there were chief of the singers, and songs of praise and thanksgiving unto God.
and Asaph
1 Chronicles 25:1-31; 2 Chronicles 29:30; Psalms 73:1; *title; Psalms 83:1; *title

Verse 47
And all Israel in the days of Zerubbabel, and in the days of Nehemiah, gave the portions of the singers and the porters, every day his portion: and they sanctified holy things unto the Levites; and the Levites sanctified them unto the children of Aaron.
10:35-39; 13:10-12; 2 Chronicles 31:5,6; Malachi 3:8-10; Galatians 6:6
and they
That is, the people separated, or set apart, the tenth of the produce of their lands for the use of the Levites; and the Levites separated the tenth of their tithes for the priests.
Numbers 18:21-29
that is, set apart.


Copyright Statement
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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Nehemiah 12:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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