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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 1

 

 

Introduction
1God commands Moses to number the people.
5The princes of the tribes.
17The number of every tribe.
47The Levites are exempted for the service of the Lord.

Verse 1
And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying,
wilderness
10:11,12; Exodus 19:1; Leviticus 27:34
tabernacle
Exodus 25:22; Leviticus 1:1
on the first day
As the tabernacle was erected on the first day of the first month, in the second year of their departure from Egypt, (Ex 40:17,) and this happened on the first day of the second month, in the same year, it is evident that the transactions related in the preceding book must all have taken place in the space of one month, and during the time the Israelites were encamped at mount Sinai.
9:1; 10:11; Exodus 40:17; 1 Kings 6:1

Verse 2
Take ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls;
Take ye the sum
This numbering was probably intended to illustrate the Divine faithfulness in thus increasing the seed of Abraham; to prepare them to preserve due order in their march; and to distinguish the tribes and families.
26:2-4,63,64; Exodus 30:12; 38:26; 2 Samuel 24:1-3; 1 Chronicles 21:1,2; 27:23,24
the children
Genesis 49:1-3; Exodus 1:1-5
after
18,22,26-54; Exodus 6:14-19

Verse 3
From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies.
twenty
14:29; 32:11; Exodus 30:14
able
26:2; Deuteronomy 3:18; 24:5; 2 Samuel 24:9; 2 Chronicles 17:13-18; 26:11-13
by their
33:1; Exodus 12:17

Verse 4
And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers.
16; 2:3-31; 7:10-83; 10:14-27; 13:2-15; 17:3; 25:4,14; 34:18-28; Exodus 18:25; Joshua 22:14; 1 Chronicles 27:1-22

Verse 5
And these are the names of the men that shall stand with you: of the tribe of Reuben; Elizur the son of Shedeur.
Elizur
2:10; 7:30; 10:18; Genesis 29:32-35; 30:5-20; 35:17-26; 46:8-24; 49:1-33; Exodus 1:2-5; Deuteronomy 33:1-29; Revelation 7:4-8

Verse 6
Of Simeon; Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.
Shelumiel
2:12; 7:36

Verse 7
Of Judah; Nahshon the son of Amminadab.
Nahshon
2:3; 7:12; 10:14; Ruth 4:18; 1 Chronicles 2:10,11; Matthew 1:2-5; Luke 3:32
Naasson

Verse 8
Of Issachar; Nethaneel the son of Zuar.
Nethaneel
2:5; 7:18; 10:15

Verse 9
Of Zebulun; Eliab the son of Helon.
Eliab
2:7; 7:24; 10:16

Verse 10
Of the children of Joseph: of Ephraim; Elishama the son of Ammihud: of Manasseh; Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.
Elishama
2:18; 7:48; 10:22; 1 Chronicles 7:26,27
Gamaliel
2:20; 7:54; 10:23

Verse 11
Of Benjamin; Abidan the son of Gideoni.
Abidan
2:22; 7:60; 10:24

Verse 12
Of Dan; Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.
Ahiezer
2:25; 7:66; 10:25

Verse 13
Of Asher; Pagiel the son of Ocran.
Pagiel
2:27; 7:72; 10:26

Verse 14
Of Gad; Eliasaph the son of Deuel.
Eliasaph
7:42; 10:20
Son of Reuel
2:14
Deuel
As the [d] daleth is very like the [r] resh, they might be easily mistaken for each other; and hence this person being called both Dëuel and Rëuel, may be easily accounted for. The Septuagint and Syriac have Reuel, in this chapter; and in ch. 2:14, the Samaritan, Vulgate, and Arabic have Deuel, instead of Reuel, with which reading a vast number of MSS. concur, and which is also supported by ch. 7:42, 10:20. We may therefore safely conclude, the Dëuel, and not Rëuel, was the original reading.

Verse 15
Of Naphtali; Ahira the son of Enan.
Ahira
2:29; 7:78; 10:27

Verse 16
These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel.
the renowned
Keruey häâidah, literally "the called of the congregation," those who were summoned by name to attend.
2:3-31; 7:2,10-83; 10:14-27; 11:17; 16:2; 26:9; Judges 6:15; 1 Chronicles 27:16-22
heads
4; Exodus 18:21,25; Deuteronomy 1:15; 1 Samuel 22:7; 23:23; Micah 5:2

Verse 17
And Moses and Aaron took these men which are expressed by their names:
5-15; John 10:3; Revelation 7:4-17

Verse 18
And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls.
their pedigrees
Ezra 2:59; Nehemiah 7:61; Hebrews 7:3,6; *margins
by the
according
from twenty
In this census no women were reckoned, nor children, nor minors, nor strangers, nor Levites, nor old men; which, collectively, must have formed an immense multitude; the Levites alone amounted to 22,300 men.

Verse 19
As the LORD commanded Moses, so he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai.
2; 26:1,2; 2 Samuel 24:1-10

Verse 20
And the children of Reuben, Israel's eldest son, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
2:10,11; 26:5-7; Genesis 29:32; 46:9; 49:3,4; 1 Chronicles 5:1

Verse 21
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Reuben, were forty and six thousand and five hundred.
2:10,11; 26:7

Verse 22
Of the children of Simeon, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, those that were numbered of them, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
2:12,13; 26:12-14; Genesis 29:33; 34:25-30; 42:24; 46:10; 49:5,6

Verse 23
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Simeon, were fifty and nine thousand and three hundred.
2:13; 25:8,9,14; 26:14

Verse 24
Of the children of Gad, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
2:14,15; 26:15-18; Genesis 30:10,11; 46:16; 49:19

Verse 25
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Gad, were forty and five thousand six hundred and fifty.
2:15; 26:18

Verse 26
Of the children of Judah, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
2:3,4; 26:19-22; Genesis 29:35; 46:12; 49:8-12; 2 Samuel 24:9; 1 Chronicles 5:2; 2 Chronicles 17:14-16

Verse 27
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Judah, were threescore and fourteen thousand and six hundred.
2:3,4; 26:22; 2 Samuel 24:9; 2 Chronicles 17:14-16

Verse 28
Of the children of Issachar, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
2:5,6; 23:23-25; Genesis 30:18; 46:13; 49:14,15

Verse 29
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Issachar, were fifty and four thousand and four hundred.
2:6; 26:25

Verse 30
Of the children of Zebulun, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
2:7,8; 26:26,27; Genesis 30:20; 46:14; 49:13

Verse 31
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Zebulun, were fifty and seven thousand and four hundred.
2:8; 26:27

Verse 32
Of the children of Joseph, namely, of the children of Ephraim, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
2:18,19; 26:35-37; Genesis 30:24; 37:1-36; 39:1-23; 46:20; 48:1-22; Genesis 49:22-26; Deuteronomy 33:17

Verse 33
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Ephraim, were forty thousand and five hundred.
the tribe
Genesis 48:5; Deuteronomy 33:17
were forty
2:19; 26:37

Verse 34

Manasseh: Numbers 26:34; Genesis 41:51, Genesis 46:20, Genesis 48:1, Genesis 50:23; Deuteronomy 33:17; Joshua 4:12, Joshua 17:1; 1 Chronicles 7:14; Revelation href="/desk/?q=re+7:6&sr=1">Revelation 7:6


Verse 35
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Manasseh, were thirty and two thousand and two hundred.
2:21; 26:34; Genesis 48:19,20

Verse 36
Of the children of Benjamin, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
Genesis 35:16-18; 44:20; 46:21; 49:27

Verse 37
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Benjamin, were thirty and five thousand and four hundred.
2:23; 26:41; Judges 20:44-46; 2 Chronicles 17:17

Verse 38
Of the children of Dan, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
Genesis 30:5,6; 46:23; 49:16,17

Verse 39
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Dan, were threescore and two thousand and seven hundred.
2:26; 26:43

Verse 40
Of the children of Asher, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
Genesis 30:12,13; 46:27; 49:20

Verse 41
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Asher, were forty and one thousand and five hundred.
2:28; 26:47

Verse 42
Of the children of Naphtali, throughout their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war;
Naphtali
Genesis 30:7,8; 46:24; 49:21; Respecting the manner in which this vast multitude sprang from 75; person, Scheuchzer has some valuable calculations, with the results of which we present the reader:--

Verse 43
Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Naphtali, were fifty and three thousand and four hundred.
2:30; 26:50

Verse 44
These are those that were numbered, which Moses and Aaron numbered, and the princes of Israel, being twelve men: each one was for the house of his fathers.
2-16; 26:64

Verse 46
Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.
2:32; 23:10; 26:51; Genesis 12:2; 13:16; 15:5; 17:6; 22:17; 26:3; 28:14; Genesis 46:3,4; Exodus 12:37; 38:26; Deuteronomy 10:22; 1 Kings 4:20; 2 Samuel 24:9; 1 Chronicles 21:5; 2 Chronicles 13:3; 17:14-19; Hebrews 11:11,12; Revelation 7:4-9

Verse 47
But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them.
3,50; 2:33; 3:1-51; 4:1-49; 8:1-26; 26:57-62; 1 Chronicles 6:1-81; 21:6

Verse 49
Only thou shalt not number the tribe of Levi, neither take the sum of them among the children of Israel:
2:33; 26:62

Verse 50
But thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that belong to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle.
thou shalt
3:1-10; 4:15,25-33; Exodus 31:18; 32:26-29; 38:21; 1 Chronicles 23:1-32; 1 Chronicles 25:1-26; Ezra 8:25-30,33,34; Nehemiah 12:8,22,47; 13:5,10-13,22
the tabernacle
53; 20:11; Exodus 31:18; 38:21; Psalms 122:4
shall encamp
2:17; 3:23-38; 10:21

Verse 51
And when the tabernacle setteth forward, the Levites shall take it down: and when the tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.
the Levites
4:5-33; 10:11,17-21
the stranger
3:10,38; 16:40; 18:22; Leviticus 22:10-13; 1 Samuel 6:19; 2 Samuel 6:7

Verse 52
And the children of Israel shall pitch their tents, every man by his own camp, and every man by his own standard, throughout their hosts.
2:2,34; 10:1-36; 24:2

Verse 53
But the Levites shall pitch round about the tabernacle of testimony, that there be no wrath upon the congregation of the children of Israel: and the Levites shall keep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony.
shall pitch
50; 3:7; 18:3; 1 Timothy 4:13-16; 2 Timothy 4:2; 8:19; 16:46; 18:5; Leviticus 10:6; 1 Samuel 6:19; Jeremiah 5:31; 23:15; Acts 20:28-31
and the
3:7,8; 8:24-26; 18:3-5; 31:30,47; 1 Chronicles 23:32; 2 Chronicles 13:10

Verse 54
And the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did they.
2:34; Exodus 23:21,22; 39:32,43; 40:16,32; Deuteronomy 12:32; 1 Samuel 15:22; Matthew 28:20

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-1.html.

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