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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 13

 

 

Introduction
1The names of the men who were sent to search the land.
17Their instructions.
21Their acts.
26Their relation.

Verse 2
Send thou men, that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel: of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, every one a ruler among them.
Send thou
32:8; Deuteronomy 1:22-25; Joshua 2:1-24
of every
1:4; 34:18
a ruler
11:16; Exodus 18:25; Deuteronomy 1:15

Verse 3
And Moses by the commandment of the LORD sent them from the wilderness of Paran: all those men were heads of the children of Israel.
12:16; 32:8; Deuteronomy 1:19,23; 9:23

Verse 6
Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh.
Caleb
30; 14:6,24,30,38; 26:65; 27:15-23; 34:19; Deuteronomy 31:7-17; Joshua 14:6-15; Joshua 15:13-19; Luke 1:10-15; 1 Chronicles 4:15

Verse 8
Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun.
Oshea
Jehoshua
11:28; 27:18-22; Exodus 17:9-13; 24:13; 32:17; Deuteronomy 31:7,8,14,23; 34:9; Joshua 1:1-9,16; 24:1-33
Joshua

Verse 16
These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua.
Oshea
Hosea 1:1; Romans 9:25
Jehoshua
8; 14:6,30; Exodus 17:9; Matthew 1:21-23; Acts 7:45; Hebrews 4:8
Jesus

Verse 17
And Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and said unto them, Get you up this way southward, and go up into the mountain:
southward
21,22; Genesis 12:9; 13:1; Joshua 15:3; Judges 1:15
the mountain
14:40; Genesis 14:10; Deuteronomy 1:44; Judges 1:9,19

Verse 18
And see the land, what it is; and the people that dwelleth therein, whether they be strong or weak, few or many;
Exodus 3:8; Ezekiel 34:14

Verse 20
And what the land is, whether it be fat or lean, whether there be wood therein, or not. And be ye of good courage, and bring of the fruit of the land. Now the time was the time of the firstripe grapes.
whether it be
Nehemiah 9:25,35; Ezekiel 34:14
good courage
30,31; Deuteronomy 31:6-8,23; Joshua 1:6,9; 2:3,22,23; 1 Chronicles 22:11; Hebrews 13:6
the firstripe
23,24; Micah 7:1

Verse 21
So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin unto Rehob, as men come to Hamath.
from the wilderness of Zin
The wilderness of Zin, is different from that called Sin. (Ex 16:1.) The latter was near Egypt, but the former was near Kadesh Barnea, not far from the borders of Canaan. It seems to be the valley mentioned by Burckhardt; which, under the names of El Ghor and El Araba, form a continuation of the valley of the Jordan, extending from the Dead sea to the eastern branch of the Red sea. The whole plain presents to the view an appearance of shifting sands, whose surface is broken by innumerable undulations and low hills. A few talk, tamarisk, and rethem trees grow among the sand hills; but the depth of sand precludes all vegetation of herbage.
20:1; 27:14; 33:36; 34:3,4; Deuteronomy 32:51; Joshua 15:1
Rehob
Rehob was a city, afterwards given to the tribe of Asher, situated near mount Lebanon, at the northern extremity of the Promised Land, on the road which leads to Hamath, and west of Laish or Dan: compare Jud 1:31; 18:28; Jos 19:28.
Hamath
2 Samuel 8:9; Amos 6:2

Verse 22
And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)
Ahiman
Joshua 11:21,22; 15:13,14; Judges 1:10
the children
Hebron
Genesis 13:18; 23:2; Joshua 14:13-15; 21:13; 2 Samuel 2:1,11
Zoan
Psalms 78:12,43; Isaiah 19:11; 30:4

Verse 23
And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
brook
or valley.
24; 32:9; Deuteronomy 1:24,25; Judges 16:4

Verse 24
The place was called the brook Eshcol, because of the cluster of grapes which the children of Israel cut down from thence.
brook
or valley.
Eshcol
that is a cluster of grapes.

Verse 25
And they returned from searching of the land after forty days.
forty days
14:33,34; Exodus 24:18; 34:28

Verse 26
And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and shewed them the fruit of the land.
unto the wilderness
Kadesh
20:1,16; 32:8; 33:36; Deuteronomy 1:19; Joshua 14:6

Verse 27
And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this is the fruit of it.
14:8; Exodus 3:8,17; 13:5; 33:3; Leviticus 20:24; Deuteronomy 1:25-33; 6:3; 11:9; Deuteronomy 26:9,11-15; 27:3; 31:20; Joshua 5:6; Jeremiah 11:5; 32:22; Ezekiel 20:6,15

Verse 28
Nevertheless the people be strong that dwell in the land, and the cities are walled, and very great: and moreover we saw the children of Anak there.
strong
Deuteronomy 1:28; 2:10,11,21; 3:5; 9:1,2
saw the
22,23,33; Joshua 11:22; 15:14; Judges 1:20

Verse 29
The Amalekites dwell in the land of the south: and the Hittites, and the Jebusites, and the Amorites, dwell in the mountains: and the Canaanites dwell by the sea, and by the coast of Jordan.
Amalekites
14:43; 24:20; Genesis 14:7; Exodus 17:8-16; Judges 6:3; 1 Samuel 14:48; 15:3-9; 30:1; Psalms 83:7
the Hittites
Genesis 15:19-21; Exodus 3:8,17

Verse 30
And Caleb stilled the people before Moses, and said, Let us go up at once, and possess it; for we are well able to overcome it.
14:6-9,24; Joshua 14:6-8; Psalms 27:1,2; 60:12; 118:10,11; Isaiah 41:10-16; Romans 8:31,37; Philippians 4:13; Hebrews 11:33

Verse 31
But the men that went up with him said, We be not able to go up against the people; for they are stronger than we.
32:9; Deuteronomy 1:28; Joshua 14:8; Hebrews 3:19

Verse 32
And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of a great stature.
brought
14:36,37; Deuteronomy 1:28; Matthew 23:13
a land
28; Ezekiel 36:13; Amos 2:9
men of a great stature
Heb. men of statures.
2 Samuel 21:20; *Heb:; 1 Chronicles 20:6; *marg:

Verse 33
And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.
saw the giants
22; Deuteronomy 1:28; 2:10; 3:11; 9:2; 1 Samuel 17:4-7; 2 Samuel 21:20-22; 1 Chronicles 11:23
and we were
1 Samuel 17:42; Isaiah 40:22

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 13:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-13.html.

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