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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 15



1The law of the meat offering, and the drink offering.
14The stranger is under the same law.
17The law of the first of the dough for an heave offering.
22The sacrifice for sins of ignorance.
30The punishment of presumption.
32He that violated the sabbath is stoned.
37The law of fringes.

Verse 1

It is very probable, that the transactions recorded in this and the four following chapters took place during the time the Israelites abode in Kadesh (Deuteronomy 1:46).

Verse 2
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land of your habitations, which I give unto you,
18; Leviticus 14:34; 23:10; 25:2; Deuteronomy 7:1,2; 12:1,9

Verse 3
And will make an offering by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, or a sacrifice in performing a vow, or in a freewill offering, or in your solemn feasts, to make a sweet savour unto the LORD, of the herd, or of the flock:
will make
Exodus 29:18,25,41; Leviticus 1:2,3,9,13,17; 10:13
a burnt
Leviticus 1:1-17
a sacrifice
Leviticus 7:16; 22:18-23; Deuteronomy 12:11
Heb. separating.
Leviticus 27:2
or in a free-will
Leviticus 22:21,23; Deuteronomy 12:6,17; 16:10
in your
28:16-19,27; 29:1,2,8,13-40; Leviticus 23:8,12,36; Deuteronomy 16:1-17
a sweet
Genesis 8:21; Exodus 29:18; Matthew 3:17; Ephesians 5:2; Philippians 4:18
the herd
Under the term bakar, are comprehended the ox, heifer, etc; and under tzon, are included sheep and goats. The animals enjoined in the Levitical law are the very same which commanded Abraham to offer. (Ge 15:9.) Hence it is evident, that God delivered to the patriarchs an epitome of that law which was afterwards given in detail to Moses, the essence of which consisted in its sacrifices; and these sacrifices were of clean animals, the most perfect, useful, and healthy of all that are brought under the immediate government of man. Gross feeding and ferocious animals were all excluded, as well as all birds of prey.

Verse 4
Then shall he that offereth his offering unto the LORD bring a meat offering of a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of oil.
a meat
Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 2:1; 6:14; 7:9,10; 23:13; Isaiah 66:20; Malachi 1:11; Romans 15:16; Hebrews 13:16
the fourth
28:5-8; Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 2:15; 14:10; 23:13; Judges 9:9; Ezekiel 46:14

Verse 5
And the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering shalt thou prepare with the burnt offering or sacrifice, for one lamb.
28:7,14; Judges 9:13; Psalms 116:13; Song of Solomon 1:4; Zechariah 9:17; Matthew 26:28,29; Philippians 2:17; 2 Timothy 4:6

Verse 6
Or for a ram, thou shalt prepare for a meat offering two tenth deals of flour mingled with the third part of an hin of oil.
4; 28:12-14

Verse 8
And when thou preparest a bullock for a burnt offering, or for a sacrifice in performing a vow, or peace offerings unto the LORD:
Leviticus 3:1; 7:11-18

Verse 9
Then shall he bring with a bullock a meat offering of three tenth deals of flour mingled with half an hin of oil.
with a
a meat
29:6; Leviticus 6:14; 7:37; 14:10; 1 Chronicles 21:23; Nehemiah 10:33; Ezekiel 42:13; Ezekiel 46:5,7,11,15; Joel 1:9; 2:14

Verse 10
And thou shalt bring for a drink offering half an hin of wine, for an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.
5; 6:15

Verse 11

Numbers href="/desk/?q=nu+15:28&sr=1">Numbers 15:28

Verse 15
One ordinance shall be both for you of the congregation, and also for the stranger that sojourneth with you, an ordinance for ever in your generations: as ye are, so shall the stranger be before the LORD.
29; 9:14; Exodus 12:49; Leviticus 24:22; Galatians 3:28; Ephesians 2:11-22; Colossians 3:11
an ordinance
10:8; 18:8; Exodus 12:14,24,43; 1 Samuel 30:25

Verse 18
Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land whither I bring you,
2; Deuteronomy 26:1-15

Verse 19
Then it shall be, that, when ye eat of the bread of the land, ye shall offer up an heave offering unto the LORD.
Joshua 5:11,12

Verse 20
Ye shall offer up a cake of the first of your dough for an heave offering: as ye do the heave offering of the threshingfloor, so shall ye heave it.
a cake
18:12; Exodus 23:19; Deuteronomy 26:2-10; Nehemiah 10:37; Proverbs 3:9,10; Ezekiel 44:30; Matthew 6:33; Romans 11:16; 1 Corinthians 15:20; James 1:18; Revelation 14:4
the heave-offering
Leviticus 2:14; 23:20,16,17

Verse 21
Of the first of your dough ye shall give unto the LORD an heave offering in your generations.
18:26; Exodus 29:28

Verse 22
And if ye have erred, and not observed all these commandments, which the LORD hath spoken unto Moses,
Leviticus 4:2,13,14,22,27; 5:13,15-17; Psalms 19:12; Luke 12:48

Verse 24
Then it shall be, if ought be committed by ignorance without the knowledge of the congregation, that all the congregation shall offer one young bullock for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour unto the LORD, with his meat offering, and his drink offering, according to the manner, and one kid of the goats for a sin offering.
if ought
Leviticus 4:13
Heb. from the eyes. one young bullock.
Leviticus 4:14-21
with his
or, ordinance. one kid.
28:15; Leviticus 4:23; 2 Chronicles 29:21-24; Ezra 6:17; 8:35

Verse 25
And the priest shall make an atonement for all the congregation of the children of Israel, and it shall be forgiven them; for it is ignorance: and they shall bring their offering, a sacrifice made by fire unto the LORD, and their sin offering before the LORD, for their ignorance:
the priest
Leviticus 4:20,26; Romans 3:25; 1 John 2:2
forgiven them
Luke 23:34; Acts 13:39

Verse 27
And if any soul sin through ignorance, then he shall bring a she goat of the first year for a sin offering.
Leviticus 4:27,28; Acts 3:17; 17:30; 1 Timothy 1:13

Verse 28
And the priest shall make an atonement for the soul that sinneth ignorantly, when he sinneth by ignorance before the LORD, to make an atonement for him; and it shall be forgiven him.
Leviticus 4:35

Verse 29
Ye shall have one law for him that sinneth through ignorance, both for him that is born among the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth among them.
one law
15; 9:14; Leviticus 16:29; 17:15; Romans 3:29,30
Heb. doeth.

Verse 30
But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
doeth ought
9:13; 14:44; Genesis 17:14; Exodus 21:14; Leviticus 20:3,6,10; Deuteronomy 1:43; 17:12; Deuteronomy 29:19,20; Psalms 19:13; Matthew 12:32; Hebrews 10:26,29; 2 Peter 2:10
Heb. with an high hand. That is, bold, daring, deliberate acts of transgression against the fullest evidence, and in despite of the Divine authority. Such conduct "reproacheth the Lord," as if his commands were needless, unreasonable, and inimical to the happiness of man; his favour were not desirable, or his wrath not to be feared: in short, as if it were more advantageous to rebel against him than to serve him. Such acts admitted of no atonement: the person was condemned to bear his own iniquity, and to be cut off.
Psalms 69:9; 74:18,22; 79:12; 89:51; Proverbs 14:31; Isaiah 37:23,24

Verse 31
Because he hath despised the word of the LORD, and hath broken his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his iniquity shall be upon him.
Leviticus 26:15,43; 2 Samuel 12:9; Psalms 119:126; Proverbs 13:13; Isaiah 30:12; 1 Thessalonians 4:8; Hebrews 10:28,29
his iniquity
Leviticus 5:1; Psalms 38:4; Isaiah 53:6; Ezekiel 18:20; 1 Peter 2:24; 2 Peter 2:21

Verse 32
And while the children of Israel were in the wilderness, they found a man that gathered sticks upon the sabbath day.
they found a man
This example seems to have been evidently introduced to illustrate the foregoing law. The man despised the word of the Lord, presumptuously broke his commandment, and on this ground was punished with death.
Exodus 16:23,27,28; 20:8-10; 35:2,3

Verse 33
And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation.
John 8:3-20

Verse 34
And they put him in ward, because it was not declared what should be done to him.
Leviticus 24:12

Verse 35
And the LORD said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation shall stone him with stones without the camp.
The man
Exodus 31:14,15
stone him
Leviticus 24:14,23; 1 Kings 21:13; Acts 7:58; Hebrews 13:11,12

Verse 36
And all the congregation brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as the LORD commanded Moses.
Joshua 7:25

Verse 38
Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:
fringes in the borders
The word tzitzith properly denotes an ornament resembling a flower. From ver. 39, we learn that these were emblematical of the commands of God. That there is any analogy between a fringe and a precept, it would be bold to assert; but when a thing is appointed to represent another, no matter how different, that first object becomes the legitimate representative or sign of the other.
Deuteronomy 22:12; Matthew 9:20; 23:5; Luke 8:44

Verse 39
And it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD, and do them; and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring:
Exodus 13:9; Deuteronomy 6:6-9; 11:18-21,28-32; Proverbs 3:1
ye seek not
Deuteronomy 29:19; Job 31:7; Proverbs 28:26; Ecclesiastes 11:9; Jeremiah 9:14; Ezekiel 6:9
go a whoring
Exodus 34:15,16; Psalms 73:27; 106:39; Hosea 2:2; James 4:4

Verse 40
That ye may remember, and do all my commandments, and be holy unto your God.
be holy
Leviticus 11:44,45; 19:2; Romans 12:1; Ephesians 1:4; Colossians 1:2; 1 Thessalonians 4:7; 1 Peter 1:15,16

Verse 41
I am the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the LORD your God.
Leviticus 22:33; 25:38; Psalms 105:45; Jeremiah 31:31-33; 32:37-41; Ezekiel 36:25-27; Hebrews 11:16; 1 Peter 2:9,10


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 15:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

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