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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 2

 

 

Introduction
1The order of the tribes in their tents.

Verse 2
Every man of the children of Israel shall pitch by his own standard, with the ensign of their father's house: far off about the tabernacle of the congregation shall they pitch.
Every man
The Israelites, it appears, encamped in four grand divisions, with the tabernacle in the centre; though at some distance from it. The form of the camp was quadrangular, containing, according to Scheuchzer, a little more than twelve square miles. Under each of the four divisions, three tribes were placed, under one general standard. Between these four great camps and the tabernacle, were pitched four smaller camps of the priests and Levites, who were in immediate attendance upon it; the camp of Moses, and of Aaron and his sons, being on the east side of the tabernacle, where the entrance was. Judah was placed on the east, and under him he had Issachar and Zebulun; on the south was Reuben, and under him Simeon and Gad; on the west was Ephraim, and under him Manasseh and Benjamin; and Dan was on the north, and under him Asher and Naphtali. Every tribe had its particular standard, probably with the name of the tribe embroidered with large letters. It seems highly improbable that the figures of animals should have been painted on them, as the Jewish writers assert; for even in after ages, when Vitellius wished to march through Judea, their great men besought him to march another way, as the law of the land did not permit images (such as were on the Roman standard) to be brought into it. Josephus Ant. 1. xviii. c. 7.
shall pitch
3,10; 1:52; 10:14,18,22,25
the ensign
Isaiah 11:10-12; 18:3; Zechariah 9:16
far off
Heb. over against.
Joshua 3:4
about the
1:50,53; Psalms 76:11; Isaiah 12:6; Ezekiel 43:7; 1 Corinthians 14:33,40; Philippians 1:27; Colossians 2:19; Revelation 4:2-5

Verse 3
And on the east side toward the rising of the sun shall they of the standard of the camp of Judah pitch throughout their armies: and Nahshon the son of Amminadab shall be captain of the children of Judah.
the standard
Genesis 49:8-10; Judges 1:1,2; 1 Chronicles 5:2
Nahshon
1:7; 7:12,17; 10:14-16; 26:19-22; Ruth 4:20; 1 Chronicles 2:10; Matthew 1:4; Luke 3:32,33
Naasson

Verse 4
And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were threescore and fourteen thousand and six hundred.
1:27; 26:22

Verse 5
And those that do pitch next unto him shall be the tribe of Issachar: and Nethaneel the son of Zuar shall be captain of the children of Issachar.
1:8,28,29; 7:18,23; 10:15; 26:23-25

Verse 6
And his host, and those that were numbered thereof, were fifty and four thousand and four hundred.
1:29; 26:25

Verse 7
Then the tribe of Zebulun: and Eliab the son of Helon shall be captain of the children of Zebulun.
1:9,30,31; 7:24,29; 10:16

Verse 8
And his host, and those that were numbered thereof, were fifty and seven thousand and four hundred.
1:31; 26:26,27

Verse 9
All that were numbered in the camp of Judah were an hundred thousand and fourscore thousand and six thousand and four hundred, throughout their armies. These shall first set forth.
These shall
10:14

Verse 10
On the south side shall be the standard of the camp of Reuben according to their armies: and the captain of the children of Reuben shall be Elizur the son of Shedeur.
camp of Reuben
Genesis 49:3,4; 1 Chronicles 5:1
Elizur
1:5; 7:30,35; 10:18

Verse 11
And his host, and those that were numbered thereof, were forty and six thousand and five hundred.
1:21; 26:7

Verse 12
And those which pitch by him shall be the tribe of Simeon: and the captain of the children of Simeon shall be Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.
Shelumiel
1:6; 7:36,41; 10:19

Verse 13
And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were fifty and nine thousand and three hundred.
1:23; 26:14

Verse 14
Then the tribe of Gad: and the captain of the sons of Gad shall be Eliasaph the son of Reuel.
Eliasaph
1:14; 7:42,47; 10:20
Son of Deuel

Verse 15
And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were forty and five thousand and six hundred and fifty.
1:25; 26:18

Verse 16
All that were numbered in the camp of Reuben were an hundred thousand and fifty and one thousand and four hundred and fifty, throughout their armies. And they shall set forth in the second rank.
an hundred
9,24,31
they shall
10:18

Verse 17
Then the tabernacle of the congregation shall set forward with the camp of the Levites in the midst of the camp: as they encamp, so shall they set forward, every man in his place by their standards.
tabernacle
1; 1:50-53; 3:38; 10:17,21; 1 Corinthians 14:40; Colossians 2:5

Verse 18
On the west side shall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim according to their armies: and the captain of the sons of Ephraim shall be Elishama the son of Ammihud.
camp of Ephraim
1:32; 10:22; Genesis 48:5,14-20; Deuteronomy 33:17; Psalms 80:1,2
Elishama
1:10; 7:48,53; 10:22; 1 Chronicles 7:26,27

Verse 19
And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were forty thousand and five hundred.
1:33; 26:37

Verse 20
And by him shall be the tribe of Manasseh: and the captain of the children of Manasseh shall be Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.
Gamaliel
1:10; 7:54,59; 10:23

Verse 21
And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were thirty and two thousand and two hundred.
1:35; 26:34

Verse 22
Then the tribe of Benjamin: and the captain of the sons of Benjamin shall be Abidan the son of Gideoni.
Abidan
1:11; 7:60,65; 10:24

Verse 23
And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were thirty and five thousand and four hundred.
1:37; 26:41

Verse 24
All that were numbered of the camp of Ephraim were an hundred thousand and eight thousand and an hundred, throughout their armies. And they shall go forward in the third rank.
an hundred
9,16,31
And
10:22

Verse 25
The standard of the camp of Dan shall be on the north side by their armies: and the captain of the children of Dan shall be Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.
Ahiezer
1:12; 7:66,71; 10:25

Verse 26
And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were threescore and two thousand and seven hundred.
1:39; 26:43

Verse 27
And those that encamp by him shall be the tribe of Asher: and the captain of the children of Asher shall be Pagiel the son of Ocran.
Pagiel
1:13; 7:72,77

Verse 28
And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were forty and one thousand and five hundred.
forty
1:41; 26:47; Reyher, who is followed by Scheuchzer, assigns the following space to the soldiers of each of the tribes, whilst remaining close to each other in their ranks, allowing one square cubit to each; but if we take in the arrangement, not only the soldiers, but the tents, the families, etc., a much larger extent of ground is requisite:

Verse 29
Then the tribe of Naphtali: and the captain of the children of Naphtali shall be Ahira the son of Enan.
the tribe
1:42,43; 26:48-50
Ahira
1:15; 7:78,83; 10:27

Verse 30
And his host, and those that were numbered of them, were fifty and three thousand and four hundred.
1:42,43; 26:50

Verse 31
All they that were numbered in the camp of Dan were an hundred thousand and fifty and seven thousand and six hundred. They shall go hindmost with their standards.
an hundred
9,16,24
They
10:25

Verse 32
These are those which were numbered of the children of Israel by the house of their fathers: all those that were numbered of the camps throughout their hosts were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty.
9; 1:46; 11:21; 26:51; Exodus 12:37; 38:26

Verse 33
But the Levites were not numbered among the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses.
1:47-49

Verse 34
And the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses: so they pitched by their standards, and so they set forward, every one after their families, according to the house of their fathers.
according
1:54; Exodus 39:42; Psalms 119:6; Luke 1:6
so they
2; 10:28; 23:9,10,21; 24:2,5,6

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-2.html.

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