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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 25

 

 

Introduction
1Israel at Shittim commit whoredom and idolatry.
6Phinehas kills Zimri and Cozbi.
10God therefore gives him an everlasting priesthood.
16The Midianites are to be vexed.

Verse 1
And Israel abode in Shittim, and the people began to commit whoredom with the daughters of Moab.
Shittim
33:49; Joshua 2:1; 3:1; Micah 6:5
the people
31:15,16; Ecclesiastes 7:26; 1 Corinthians 10:8

Verse 2
And they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods: and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods.
they called
Exodus 34:15,16; Joshua 22:17; 1 Kings 11:1-8; Psalms 106:28; Hosea 9:10; 1 Corinthians 10:20; 1 Corinthians 10:27,28; 2 Corinthians 6:16,17; Revelation 2:14
bowed
Exodus 20:5; 23:24; Joshua 23:7,16; 1 Kings 19:18

Verse 3
And Israel joined himself unto Baalpeor: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel.
joined
5; Deuteronomy 4:3,4; Joshua 22:17; Psalms 106:28,29; Hosea 9:10
the anger
Joshua 22:17; Judges 2:14,20; Psalms 90:11; Jeremiah 17:4

Verse 4
And the LORD said unto Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up before the LORD against the sun, that the fierce anger of the LORD may be turned away from Israel.
all the heads
14,15,18; Exodus 18:25; Deuteronomy 4:3; Joshua 22:17; 23:2
and hang
Dr. Kennicott remarks, that the Samaritan and Hebrew texts must be united to make the sense of this verse complete: "And the Lord said unto Moses, Speak unto all the heads of the people; and let them slay the men that were joined to Baal-peor; and hang them up before the Lord, against the sun," etc.
Deuteronomy 13:6-9,13,15; 21:23; 2 Samuel 21:6,9; Esther 7:9,10
that the fierce
11; Deuteronomy 13:17; Joshua 7:25,26; Psalms 85:3,4; Jonah 3:9

Verse 5
And Moses said unto the judges of Israel, Slay ye every one his men that were joined unto Baalpeor.
judges
Exodus 18:21,25,26
Slay ye
Exodus 22:20; 32:27,28; Deuteronomy 13:6,9,13,15; 17:3-5; 1 Kings 18:40

Verse 6
And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who were weeping before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
a Midianitish
14,15; 22:4; 31:2,9-16
in the sight of Moses
15:30,31; Deuteronomy 29:19-21; Jeremiah 3:3; 8:12; 36:23; 42:15-18; 43:4-7; Jeremiah 44:16,17; 2 Peter 2:13-15; Jude 1:13
weeping
Judges 2:4; Ezra 9:1-4; 10:6-9; Isaiah 22:12; Ezekiel 9:4-6; Joel 2:17

Verse 7
And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand;
Phinehas
Exodus 6:25; Joshua 22:30,31; Judges 20:28
a javelin
1 Samuel 18:10,11; 19:9

Verse 8
And he went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her belly. So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel.
thrust
5,11; Psalms 106:29-31
So the plague
16:46-48; 2 Samuel 24:25; 1 Chronicles 21:22

Verse 9
And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.
4,5; 16:49,50; Deuteronomy 4:3,4; 1 Corinthians 10:8

Verse 11
Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy.
turned my
Joshua 7:25,26; 2 Samuel 21:14; Psalms 106:23; John 3:36
for my sake
Heb. with my zeal.
2 Corinthians 11:2
that I
Exodus 22:5; 34:14; Deuteronomy 4:24; 29:20; 32:16,21; Joshua 24:19; 1 Kings 14:22; Psalms 78:58; Ezekiel 16:38; Nahum 1:2; Zephaniah 1:18; 3:8; 1 Corinthians 10:22

Verse 12
Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace:
13:29; Malachi 2:4,5; 3:1

Verse 13
And he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God, and made an atonement for the children of Israel.
his seed
1 Samuel 2:30; 1 Kings 2:27; 1 Chronicles 6:4-15,50-53
an everlasting
Exodus 40:15; Isaiah 61:6; Jeremiah 33:18,22; Hebrews 7:11,17,18; 1 Peter 2:5,9; Revelation 1:6
zealous
1 Kings 19:10,14; Psalms 69:9; 106:31; 119:139; John 2:17; Acts 22:3-5; Romans 10:2-4
atonement
Exodus 32:30; Joshua 7:12; 2 Samuel 21:3; Hebrews 2:17; 1 John 2:2

Verse 14
Now the name of the Israelite that was slain, even that was slain with the Midianitish woman, was Zimri, the son of Salu, a prince of a chief house among the Simeonites.
a prince
4,5; 2 Chronicles 19:7
chief house
Heb. house of a father. the Simeonites.
1:23; 26:14

Verse 15
And the name of the Midianitish woman that was slain was Cozbi, the daughter of Zur; he was head over a people, and of a chief house in Midian.
Zur
31:8; Joshua 13:21

Verse 17
Vex the Midianites, and smite them:
31:2; Revelation 18:6

Verse 18
For they vex you with their wiles, wherewith they have beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of a prince of Midian, their sister, which was slain in the day of the plague for Peor's sake.
vex you
31:15,16; Genesis 26:10; Exodus 32:21,35; Revelation 2:14
beguiled
Genesis 3:13; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 2 Peter 2:14,15,18
which

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 25:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-25.html.

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