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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 30

 

 

Introduction
1Vows are not to be broken.
3The exceptions of a maid's vows;
6of a wife's;
9of a widow's; or her that is divorced.

Verse 1
And Moses spake unto the heads of the tribes concerning the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded.
1:4-16; 7:2; 34:17-28; Exodus 18:25; Deuteronomy 1:13-17

Verse 2
If a man vow a vow unto the LORD, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.
If a man
The preceding chapters had treated of sacrifices required by law; and in the laws here delivered in respect to vows must have been very useful, as they both prevented and annulled rash vows, and provided a proper sanction for the support and performance of those which were rationally made, and which were made to the Lord.
vow a vow
21:2; Genesis 28:20-22; Leviticus 27:2-34; Deuteronomy 23:21,22; Judges 11:11,30,31,35,36; Judges 11:39; Psalms 15:3; 56:12; 76:11; 119:106; Proverbs 20:25
swear
Exodus 20:7; Leviticus 5:4; Matthew 5:33,34; 14:7-9; Acts 23:12; 2 Corinthians 1:23; 9:9-11
to bind
3,4,10; Matthew 23:16,18; *Gr:; Acts 23:12,14,21
break
Heb. profane.
Psalms 55:20; *marg:
he shall do
Job 22:27; Psalms 22:25; 50:14; 66:13,14; 116:14,18; Ecclesiastes 5:4,5; Nahum 1:15

Verse 4

Numbers href="/desk/?q=nu+30:2&sr=1">Numbers 30:2


Verse 5
But if her father disallow her in the day that he heareth; not any of her vows, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand: and the LORD shall forgive her, because her father disallowed her.
Hosea 6:6; Matthew 15:4-6; Mark 7:10-13; Ephesians 6:1

Verse 6
And if she had at all an husband, when she vowed, or uttered ought out of her lips, wherewith she bound her soul;
she vowed
Heb. her vows were upon her.
Psalms 56:12

Verse 8
But if her husband disallowed her on the day that he heard it; then he shall make her vow which she vowed, and that which she uttered with her lips, wherewith she bound her soul, of none effect: and the LORD shall forgive her.
Genesis 3:16; 1 Corinthians 7:4; 14:34; Ephesians 5:22-24

Verse 9
But every vow of a widow, and of her that is divorced, wherewith they have bound their souls, shall stand against her.
Leviticus 21:7; Luke 2:37; Romans 7:2

Verse 12
But if her husband hath utterly made them void on the day he heard them; then whatsoever proceeded out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning the bond of her soul, shall not stand: her husband hath made them void; and the LORD shall forgive her.
her husband hath made
1 Corinthians 11:3
and the Lord
5,8; 15:25,28

Verse 13
Every vow, and every binding oath to afflict the soul, her husband may establish it, or her husband may make it void.
and every
1 Corinthians 11:3,9; 1 Peter 3:1-6
to afflict
29:7; Leviticus 16:29; 23:27,32; Ezra 8:21; Psalms 35:13; Isaiah 58:5; 1 Corinthians 7:5

Verse 14

Numbers href="/desk/?q=nu+30:7&sr=1">Numbers 30:7


Verse 15
But if he shall any ways make them void after that he hath heard them; then he shall bear her iniquity.
he shall bear
5,8,12; Leviticus 5:1; Galatians 3:28

Verse 16
These are the statutes, which the LORD commanded Moses, between a man and his wife, between the father and his daughter, being yet in her youth in her father's house.
5:29,30; Leviticus 11:46,47; 13:59; 14:54-57; 15:32,33

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 30:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-30.html.

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