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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Numbers 9

 

 

Introduction
1The passover is again commanded.
6A second passover for the unclean or absent.
15The cloud directs the removals and encampments of the Israelites.

Verse 1
And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying,
A. M. 2514. B.C. 1490. An. Ex. Is. 2. Abib. in the first month. The fourteen first verses of this chapter evidently refer to a time previous to the commencement of this book; but as there is no evidence of a transposition, it is better to conclude with Houbigant, that "it is enough to know, that these books contain an account of things transacted in the days of Moses, though not in their regular or chronological order."
1:1; Exodus 40:2

Verse 2
Let the children of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season.
keep
Exodus 12:1-20
his appointed
28:16; Exodus 12:6,14; Leviticus 23:5; Deuteronomy 16:1,2; Joshua 5:10; 2 Chronicles 35:1; Ezra 6:19; Mark 14:12; Luke 22:7; 1 Corinthians 5:7,8

Verse 3
In the fourteenth day of this month, at even, ye shall keep it in his appointed season: according to all the rites of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof, shall ye keep it.
the fourteenth
2 Chronicles 30:2,15
at even
Heb. between the two evenings.
Exodus 12:6; *marg:; Hebrews 9:26
according to all the rites
11,12; Exodus 12:7-11

Verse 5
And they kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month at even in the wilderness of Sinai: according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did the children of Israel.
they kept
Joshua 5:10
according
8:20; 29:40; Genesis 6:22; 7:5; Exodus 39:32,42; Deuteronomy 1:3; 4:5; Matthew 28:20; John 15:14; Acts 26:19; Hebrews 3:5; 11:8

Verse 6
And there were certain men, who were defiled by the dead body of a man, that they could not keep the passover on that day: and they came before Moses and before Aaron on that day:
defiled
5:2; 6:6,7; 19:11,16,18; Leviticus 21:11; John 18:28
they came
15:33; 27:2,5; Exodus 18:15,19,26; Leviticus 24:11

Verse 7
And those men said unto him, We are defiled by the dead body of a man: wherefore are we kept back, that we may not offer an offering of the LORD in his appointed season among the children of Israel?
we may not offer
2; Exodus 12:27; Deuteronomy 16:2; 2 Chronicles 30:17-19; 1 Corinthians 5:7,8

Verse 8
And Moses said unto them, Stand still, and I will hear what the LORD will command concerning you.
Stand
Exodus 14:13; 2 Chronicles 20:17
I will
27:5; Psalms 25:14; 85:8; Proverbs 3:5,6; Ezekiel 2:7; 3:17; John 7:17; 17:8; Acts 20:27; 1 Corinthians 4:4; 11:23; Hebrews 3:5,6

Verse 10
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If any man of you or of your posterity shall be unclean by reason of a dead body, or be in a journey afar off, yet he shall keep the passover unto the LORD.
be unclean
6,7; Romans 15:8-19; 16:25,26; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; Ephesians 2:1,2,12,13; 3:6-9
yet he shall keep
Matthew 5:24; 1 Corinthians 11:28

Verse 11
The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
fourteenth
3; Exodus 12:2-14,43-49; 2 Chronicles 30:2-15; John 19:36
and eat it
Exodus 12:8

Verse 12
They shall leave none of it unto the morning, nor break any bone of it: according to all the ordinances of the passover they shall keep it.
shall leave
Exodus 12:10
break any bone
In the East, Belon says, he "met with shepherds who were roasting sheep whole, which they sold to travellers stuck upon sticks of willow tree. The entrails were taken out, and the body again sewed up."
Exodus 12:46; John 19:36
according
3; Exodus 12:43

Verse 13
But the man that is clean, and is not in a journey, and forbeareth to keep the passover, even the same soul shall be cut off from among his people: because he brought not the offering of the LORD in his appointed season, that man shall bear his sin.
forbeareth
15:30,31; 19:13; Genesis 17:14; Exodus 12:15; Leviticus 17:4,10,14-16; Hebrews 2:3; Hebrews 6:6; 10:26-29; 12:25
because
2,3,7
bear his sin
5:31; Leviticus 20:20; 22:9; Ezekiel 23:49; Hebrews 9:28

Verse 14
And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover unto the LORD; according to the ordinance of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: ye shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger, and for him that was born in the land.
Exodus 12:48,49; Leviticus 19:10; 22:25; 24:22; 25:15; Deuteronomy 29:11; 31:12; Isaiah 56:3-7; Ephesians 2:19-22

Verse 15
And on the day that the tabernacle was reared up the cloud covered the tabernacle, namely, the tent of the testimony: and at even there was upon the tabernacle as it were the appearance of fire, until the morning.
on the day
Exodus 40:2,18
the cloud
14:14; Exodus 14:19,20,24; 33:9,10; 40:34; Nehemiah 9:12,19; Psalms 78:14; 105:39; Isaiah 4:5; Ezekiel 10:3,4; 1 Corinthians 10:1
at even
Exodus 13:21; 40:38

Verse 16
So it was alway: the cloud covered it by day, and the appearance of fire by night.
18-22; Exodus 13:21,22; 40:38; Deuteronomy 1:33; Nehemiah 9:12,19; Psalms 78:14; 105:39; Isaiah 4:5,6; 1 Corinthians 10:1; 2 Corinthians 5:19; Revelation 21:3; cloud:

Verse 17
And when the cloud was taken up from the tabernacle, then after that the children of Israel journeyed: and in the place where the cloud abode, there the children of Israel pitched their tents.
when the cloud
10:11,33,34; Exodus 40:36-38; Psalms 80:1,2; Isaiah 49:10; John 10:3-5,9
and in the
Exodus 33:14,15; Psalms 32:8; 73:24; John 10:3,4,9

Verse 18
At the commandment of the LORD the children of Israel journeyed, and at the commandment of the LORD they pitched: as long as the cloud abode upon the tabernacle they rested in their tents.
and at the
20; 10:13; Exodus 17:1; 2 John 1:6
as long as
1 Corinthians 10:1; There is no time lost, while we are waiting God's time. It is as acceptable a piece of submission to the will of God, to sit still contentedly when our lot requires it, as to work for him when we are called to it.

Verse 19
And when the cloud tarried long upon the tabernacle many days, then the children of Israel kept the charge of the LORD, and journeyed not.
tarried long
Heb. prolonged. kept the.
1:52,53; 3:8; Zechariah 3:7

Verse 21
And so it was, when the cloud abode from even unto the morning, and that the cloud was taken up in the morning, then they journeyed: whether it was by day or by night that the cloud was taken up, they journeyed.
abode
Heb. was.
Nehemiah 9:12,19

Verse 22
Or whether it were two days, or a month, or a year, that the cloud tarried upon the tabernacle, remaining thereon, the children of Israel abode in their tents, and journeyed not: but when it was taken up, they journeyed.
abode
17; 1:54; 8:20; 23:21,22; Exodus 39:42; 40:16,36,37; Deuteronomy 1:6,7; 2:3,4; Psalms 32:8; 48:14; 73:24; 77:20; 107:7; 143:10; Proverbs 3:5,6; Acts 1:4

Verse 23
At the commandment of the LORD they rested in the tents, and at the commandment of the LORD they journeyed: they kept the charge of the LORD, at the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses.
they kept
19; Genesis 26:5; Joshua 22:3; Ezekiel 44:8; Zechariah 3:7; Some of the Levites may have been appointed to watch the moving of the pillar, and to give timely notice to the camp of its beginning to stir; and this is called "keeping the charge of the Lord." It is uncomfortable staying when God is departed, but very safe and pleasant going, when we see God go before us, and resting where he appoints us to rest.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Numbers 9:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/numbers-9.html.

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