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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Philippians 2

 

 

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Introduction
1Paul exhorts them to unity, and to all humbleness of mind, by the example of Christ's humility and exaltation;
12to a careful proceeding in the way of salvation, that they be as lights to the wicked world,
16and comforts to him their apostle, who is now ready to be offered up to God.
19He hopes to send Timothy to them, and Epaphroditus also.

Verse 1
If there be therefore any consolation in Christ, if any comfort of love, if any fellowship of the Spirit, if any bowels and mercies,
any consolation
3:3; Luke 2:10,11,25; John 14:18,27; 15:11; 16:22-24; 17:13; Romans 5:1,2; Romans 15:12,13; 1 Corinthians 15:31; 2 Corinthians 1:5,6; 2:14; 2 Thessalonians 2:16,17; Hebrews 6:18; 1 Peter 1:6-8
if any comfort
Psalms 133:1; John 15:10-12; Acts 2:46; 4:32; Galatians 5:22; Ephesians 4:30-32; Colossians 2:2; 1 John 4:7,8,12,16
if any fellowship
Romans 5:5; 8:9-16,26; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19,20; 12:13; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Galatians 4:6; Ephesians 1:13,14; 2:18-22; 4:4; 1 Peter 1:2,22,23; 1 John 3:24
if any bowels
1:8; Colossians 3:12

Verse 2
Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be likeminded, having the same love, being of one accord, of one mind.
Fulfil
16; 1:4,26,27; John 3:29; 2 Corinthians 2:3; 7:7; Colossians 2:5; 1 Thessalonians 2:19,20; 3:6-10; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Timothy 1:4; Phlippians 1:20; 1 John 1:3,4; 2 John 1:4; 3 John 1:4
that
1:27
like minded
20; 3:15,16; 4:2; Romans 12:16; 15:5,6; 1 Corinthians 1:10; 2 Corinthians 13:11; 1 Peter 3:8,9
one accord
Acts 1:14; 2:1,46; 5:12

Verse 3
Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem other better than themselves.
nothing
14; 1:15,16; Proverbs 13:10; Romans 13:13; 1 Corinthians 3:3; 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:15,20,21,26; Colossians 3:8; 1 Timothy 6:4; James 3:14-16; 4:5,6; 1 Peter 2:1,2
but
Luke 14:7-11; 18:14; Romans 12:10; 1 Corinthians 15:9; Ephesians 4:2; 5:21; 1 Peter 5:5

Verse 4
Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others.
Matthew 18:6; Romans 12:15; 14:19-22; 15:1; 1 Corinthians 8:9-13; 10:24,32,33; 12:22-26; 1 Corinthians 13:4,5; 2 Corinthians 6:3; 11:29; James 2:8

Verse 5
Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:
Matthew 11:29; 20:26-28; Luke 22:27; John 13:14,15; Acts 10:38; 20:35; Romans 14:15; 15:3,5; 1 Corinthians 10:33; 11:1; Ephesians 5:2; 1 Peter 2:21; 4:1; 1 John 2:6

Verse 6
Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God:
in
Isaiah 7:14; 8:8; 9:6; Jeremiah 23:6; Micah 5:2; Matthew 1:23; John 1:1,2,18; 17:5; Romans 9:5; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Colossians 1:15,16; 1 Timothy 1:17; 3:16; Titus 2:13; Hebrews 1:3,6,8; Hebrews 13:8
thought
Genesis 32:24-30; 48:15,16; Ezekiel 8:2-6; Joshua 5:13-15; Hosea 12:3-5; Zechariah 13:7; John 5:18,23; 8:58,59; 10:30,33,38; 14:9; 20:28; Revelation 1:17,18; 21:6

Verse 7
But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:
made
Psalms 22:6; Isaiah 49:7; 50:5,6; 52:14; 53:2,3; Daniel 9:26; Zechariah 9:9; Mark 9:12; Romans 15:3; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Hebrews 2:9-18; 12:2; 13:3
the form
Isaiah 42:1; 49:3,6; 52:13; 53:11; Ezekiel 34:23,24; Zechariah 3:8; Matthew 12:18; Matthew 20:28; Mark 10:44,45; Luke 22:27; John 13:3-14; Romans 15:8
in the
6; John 1:14; Romans 1:3; 8:3; Galatians 4:4; Hebrews 2:14-17; 4:15
likeness
or, habit.

Verse 8
And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
in
Matthew 17:2; Mark 9:2,3; Luke 9:29
he
Proverbs 15:33; Acts 8:33; Hebrews 5:5-7; 12:2
and became
Psalms 40:6-8; Isaiah 50:5,6; Matthew 26:39,42; John 4:34; 15:10; Hebrews 5:8,9; Hebrews 10:7-9
the death
Deuteronomy 21:23; Psalms 22:16; John 10:18; 12:28-32; 14:31; Galatians 3:13; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 12:2; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18

Verse 9
Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name:
God
Genesis 3:15; Psalms 2:6-12; 8:5-8; 45:6,7; 69:29,30; 72:17-19; 91:14; 110:1,5; Isaiah 9:7; 49:6-8; 52:13; 53:12; Daniel 2:44,45; 7:14; Matthew 11:27; 28:18; Luke 10:22; John 3:35,36; 5:22-27; 13:3; 17:1-3,5; Acts 2:32-36; 5:31; Romans 14:9-11; 1 Corinthians 15:24-27; Hebrews 2:9; 12:2; 2 Peter 1:17; Revelation 1:5; 3:21; 5:12; Revelation 11:15; 19:16
given
Psalms 89:27; Ephesians 1:20-23; Colossians 1:18; Hebrews 1:4; 1 Peter 3:22

Verse 10
That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth;
every
Genesis 41:43; Isaiah 45:23-25; Matthew 27:29; 28:18; Romans 11:4; 14:10,11; Ephesians 3:14; Hebrews 1:6; Revelation 4:10; 5:13,14
under
Matthew 12:40; John 5:28,29; Ephesians 4:9; Revelation 20:13

Verse 11
And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
every
Psalms 18:49; *marg:; Matthew 10:32; John 9:22; 12:42; Romans 10:9; 15:9; 1 John 4:2,15; 2 John 1:7; Revelation 3:5
is Lord
Psalms 110:1; Jeremiah 23:6; Luke 2:11; John 13:13; 20:28; Acts 2:36; 10:36; Romans 10:9-12; 14:9,11; 1 Corinthians 8:6; 12:3; 15:47
to the
John 5:23; 13:31,32; 14:13,23; 16:14,15; 17:1; 1 Peter 1:21

Verse 12
Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.
my beloved
4:1; 1 Corinthians 4:14; 1 Peter 2:11
as ye
1:5,27,29
work
3:13,14; Proverbs 10:16; 13:4; Matthew 11:12,29; Luke 13:23,24; John 6:27-29; Romans 2:7; 1 Corinthians 9:24-27; 15:58; Galatians 6:7-9; 1 Thessalonians 1:3; Hebrews 4:11; 6:10,11; Hebrews 12:1; 2 Peter 1:5-10; 3:18
own
19; Romans 13:11-14; 1 Corinthians 9:20-23; 2 Timothy 2:10
with
Ezra 10:3; Psalms 2:11; 119:120; Isaiah 66:2,5; Acts 9:6; 16:29; 1 Corinthians 2:3; 2 Corinthians 7:15; Ephesians 6:5; Hebrews 4:1; 12:28,29

Verse 13
For it is God which worketh in you both to will and to do of his good pleasure.
God
2 Chronicles 30:12; Isaiah 26:12; Jeremiah 31:33; 32:38; John 3:27; Acts 11:21; 2 Corinthians 3:5; Hebrews 13:21; James 1:16-18
to will
1 Kings 8:58; 1 Chronicles 29:14-18; Ezra 1:1,5; 7:27; Nehemiah 2:4; Psalms 110:3; 119:36; Psalms 141:4; Proverbs 21:1; John 6:45,65; Ephesians 2:4,5; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14; Titus 3:4,5; 1 Peter 1:3
good
Luke 12:32; Romans 9:11,16; Ephesians 1:5,9,11; 2:8; 2 Thessalonians 1:11; 2 Timothy 1:9

Verse 14
Do all things without murmurings and disputings:
without
3; Exodus 16:7,8; Numbers 14:27; Psalms 106:25; Matthew 20:11; Mark 14:5; Acts 6:1; 1 Corinthians 10:10; James 5:9; 1 Peter 4:9; Jude 1:16
disputings
Proverbs 13:10; 15:17,18; Mark 9:33,34; Acts 15:2,7,39; Romans 12:18; 14:1; 16:17; 1 Corinthians 1:10-12; 3:3-5; 2 Corinthians 12:20; Galatians 5:15,26; Ephesians 4:31,32; 1 Thessalonians 5:13,15; 1 Timothy 6:3-5; Hebrews 12:14; James 1:20; 3:14-18; 4:1; 1 Peter 3:11

Verse 15
That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world;
blameless
Luke 1:6; 1 Corinthians 1:8; Ephesians 5:27; 1 Thessalonians 5:23; 1 Timothy 3:2,10; 5:7; Titus 1:6; 2 Peter 3:14
and
Matthew 10:16; Romans 16:19; Hebrews 7:26
harmless
or, sincere.
1:10
sons
Matthew 5:45,48; Luke 6:35; 2 Corinthians 6:17; Ephesians 5:1,2,7; 1 Peter 1:14-17; 2:9; 1 John 3:1-3
rebuke
1 Timothy 5:14,20; Titus 2:10,15; Revelation 3:9
a crooked
Deuteronomy 32:5; Psalms 122:5; Matthew 17:17; Acts 20:30; 1 Peter 2:12
ye shine
or, shine ye.
Isaiah 60:1; Matthew 5:14-16; John 5:35; Ephesians 5:8

Verse 16
Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain.
Holding
1:27; Psalms 40:9; 71:17; Matthew 10:27; Luke 12:8; Romans 10:8-16; Revelation 22:17
the word
John 6:63,68; Acts 13:26; 2 Timothy 2:15-17; Hebrews 4:12; 1 Peter 1:23; 1 John 1:1
that I may
1:26; 2 Corinthians 1:14; 1 Thessalonians 2:19
that I have
Isaiah 49:4; 1 Corinthians 9:26; Galatians 2:2; 4:11; 1 Thessalonians 3:5

Verse 17
Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy, and rejoice with you all.
and if
30; 1:20; Acts 20:24; 21:13; 2 Corinthians 12:15; 1 Thessalonians 2:8; 2 Timothy 4:6; 1 John 3:16
offered
Gr. poured forth. the sacrifice.
4:18; Romans 12:1; 15:16; Hebrews 13:15,16; 1 Peter 2:5
I joy
2 Corinthians 7:4; Colossians 1:24; 1 Thessalonians 3:7-9

Verse 18
For the same cause also do ye joy, and rejoice with me.
do
3:1; 4:4; Ephesians 3:13; James 1:2-4

Verse 19
But I trust in the Lord Jesus to send Timotheus shortly unto you, that I also may be of good comfort, when I know your state.
But
or, Moreover.
24; Jeremiah 17:5; Matthew 12:21; Romans 15:12; Ephesians 1:13; 2 Timothy 1:12; *marg:; James 4:15; 1 Peter 1:21
to send
23,25; 1:1; Romans 16:21; 1 Corinthians 4:17; Ephesians 6:21,22; Colossians 4:8,9; 1 Thessalonians 3:2,6
that I
28; 1 Thessalonians 3:6-8; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; Phlippians 1:5-7; 3 John 1:3,4

Verse 20
For I have no man likeminded, who will naturally care for your state.
I have
2,22; Psalms 55:13; Proverbs 31:29; John 10:13; 12:6; 1 Corinthians 1:10,11; Colossians 4:11; 1 Timothy 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:5
like-minded
or, so dear unto me.
1 Samuel 18:1,3

Verse 21
For all seek their own, not the things which are Jesus Christ's.
all
4; Isaiah 56:11; Malachi 1:10; Matthew 16:24; Luke 9:57-62; 14:26; Acts 13:13; 15:38; 1 Corinthians 10:24,33; 13:5; 2 Timothy 1:15; 3:2; 4:10,16
the
1:20,21; 2 Corinthians 1:5; 5:14,15

Verse 22
But ye know the proof of him, that, as a son with the father, he hath served with me in the gospel.
ye
Acts 16:3-12; 2 Corinthians 2:9; 8:8,22,24
as
20; 1 Corinthians 4:17; 1 Timothy 1:2,18; 2 Timothy 1:2; Titus 1:4

Verse 23
Him therefore I hope to send presently, so soon as I shall see how it will go with me.
so
1 Samuel 22:3

Verse 24
But I trust in the Lord that I also myself shall come shortly.
19; 1:25,26; Romans 15:28,29; Phlippians 1:22; 2 John 1:12; 3 John 1:14

Verse 25
Yet I supposed it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labour, and fellowsoldier, but your messenger, and he that ministered to my wants.
Epaphroditus
4:18
my brother
2 Corinthians 2:13; 8:22; Phlippians 1:1
companion
4:3; 1 Corinthians 3:9; 2 Corinthians 8:23; Colossians 1:7; 4:11; 1 Thessalonians 3:2; Phlippians 1:1,24
fellowsoldier
2 Timothy 2:3,4; Phlippians 1:2
but
Proverbs 25:13; John 17:18; 2 Corinthians 8:23; Hebrews 3:1; *Gr:
and he
4:18; 2 Corinthians 11:7-9

Verse 26
For he longed after you all, and was full of heaviness, because that ye had heard that he had been sick.
he longed
1:3,8; 4:1; 2 Samuel 13:39; Romans 1:11; 2 Corinthians 9:14
full
Job 9:27; Psalms 69:20; Proverbs 12:25; Isaiah 61:3; Matthew 11:28; 26:37; Romans 9:2; 1 Peter 1:6
ye had
2 Samuel 24:17; John 11:35,36; Acts 21:13; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26; Galatians 6:2; Ephesians 3:13

Verse 27
For indeed he was sick nigh unto death: but God had mercy on him; and not on him only, but on me also, lest I should have sorrow upon sorrow.
nigh
30; 2 Kings 20:1; Psalms 107:18; Ecclesiastes 9:1,2; John 11:3,4; Acts 9:37
but God
Job 5:19; Psalms 30:1-3,10,11; 34:19; 103:3,4; 107:19-22; Isaiah 38:17; Isaiah 43:2; Acts 9:39-41
but on
Isaiah 27:8; Jeremiah 8:18; 10:24; 45:3; Habakkuk 3:2; 1 Corinthians 10:13; 2 Corinthians 2:7

Verse 28
I sent him therefore the more carefully, that, when ye see him again, ye may rejoice, and that I may be the less sorrowful.
ye see
26; Genesis 45:27,28; 46:29,30; 48:11; John 16:22; Acts 20:38; 2 Timothy 1:4
and that
27; 2 Corinthians 2:3; 1 John 1:3,4

Verse 29
Receive him therefore in the Lord with all gladness; and hold such in reputation:
Receive
Matthew 10:40,41; Luke 9:5; John 13:20; Romans 16:2; 1 Corinthians 16:10; 2 Corinthians 7:2; Colossians 4:10; 3 John 1:10
with
Isaiah 52:7; Luke 2:10,11; Acts 2:46; 8:8; Romans 10:15; Ephesians 4:9-12
and
2 Corinthians 10:18; 1 Thessalonians 5:12; Hebrews 13:17
hold such in reputation
or, honour such.
Acts 28:10; 1 Corinthians 16:18; 1 Timothy 5:17

Verse 30
Because for the work of Christ he was nigh unto death, not regarding his life, to supply your lack of service toward me.
the work
1 Corinthians 15:53; 16:10
nigh
17,27; 1:19,20; Matthew 25:36-40; Acts 20:24; Romans 16:4; 2 Corinthians 12:15; Revelation 12:11
to
4:10,18; 1 Corinthians 16:17; Phlippians 1:13

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Philippians 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/philippians-2.html.

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