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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Proverbs 18

 

 

Introduction
1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1
Through desire a man, having separated himself, seeketh and intermeddleth with all wisdom.
Through, etc
or, He that separateth himself seeketh, according to his desire and intermeddleth in every business.
Exodus 33:16; Zechariah 7:3; Romans 1:1; 2 Corinthians 6:17; Jude 1:19
seeketh
2:1-6; Matthew 13:11,44; Mark 4:11; Ephesians 5:15-17
intermeddleth
14:10; 17:14; 20:3,19; 24:21; 26:17; Isaiah 26:8,9; Jeremiah 15:17; Mark 1:35

Verse 2
A fool hath no delight in understanding, but that his heart may discover itself.
fool
1:7,22; 17:16; Psalms 1:1,2; Matthew 8:34; 1 Corinthians 8:1
but
Numbers 24:15,16; 1 Corinthians 14:12; Philippians 1:15; 2 Peter 2:15-19

Verse 3
When the wicked cometh, then cometh also contempt, and with ignominy reproach.
11:2; 22:10; 29:16; 1 Samuel 20:30; Nehemiah 4:4; Psalms 69:9,20; 123:3,4; Matthew 27:39-44; 1 Peter 4:4,14

Verse 4
The words of a man's mouth are as deep waters, and the wellspring of wisdom as a flowing brook.
words
10:11; 13:14; 16:22; 20:5; Matthew 12:34; John 4:14; 7:38,39; Colossians 3:16; 4:6
the wellspring
Psalms 78:2

Verse 5
It is not good to accept the person of the wicked, to overthrow the righteous in judgment.
not
24:23; 28:21; Leviticus 19:15; Deuteronomy 1:16,17; 16:19; Job 13:7,8; 34:19; Matthew 22:16
to overthrow
1 Kings 21:9-14; Isaiah 5:23; 59:14; Micah 7:3

Verse 6
A fool's lips enter into contention, and his mouth calleth for strokes.
fools
12:16; 13:10; 14:16; 16:27,28; 17:14; 20:3; 27:3
his
14:3; 19:19; 22:24,25; 25:24; 29:9

Verse 7
A fool's mouth is his destruction, and his lips are the snare of his soul.
his destruction
10:8,14; 12:13; 13:3; Ecclesiastes 10:11-14
his lips
6:2; Judges 11:35; 1 Samuel 14:24-46; Mark 6:23-28; Acts 23:14-22

Verse 8
The words of a talebearer are as wounds, and they go down into the innermost parts of the belly.
words
12:18; 16:28; 26:20-22; Leviticus 19:16; Psalms 52:2; 64:3,4
tale-bearer
or, whisperer. as wounds. or, like as when men are wounded. innermost parts. Heb. chambers.

Verse 9
He also that is slothful in his work is brother to him that is a great waster.
that is slothful
10:4; 23:20,21; 24:30-34; Matthew 25:26; Romans 12:11; Hebrews 6:12
is brother
28:24; Job 30:29; Luke 15:13,14; 16:1,2

Verse 10
The name of the LORD is a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.
name
Genesis 17:1; Exodus 3:13-15; 6:3; 34:5-7; Isaiah 9:6; 57:15; Jeremiah 23:6; Matthew 1:23; Revelation 1:8
a strong
2 Samuel 22:3,51; Psalms 18:2; 27:1; 61:3,4; 91:2; 144:2; Isaiah 26:4
the righteous
Genesis 32:11,28,29; 1 Samuel 30:6; 2 Samuel 22:45-47; Psalms 56:3,4
safe
Heb. set aloft.
Psalms 91:14; Habakkuk 3:19

Verse 11
The rich man's wealth is his strong city, and as an high wall in his own conceit.
10:15; 11:4; Deuteronomy 32:31; Job 31:24,25; Psalms 49:6-9; 52:5-7; 62:10,11; Ecclesiastes 7:12; Luke 12:19-21

Verse 12
Before destruction the heart of man is haughty, and before honour is humility.
destruction
11:2; 16:18; 29:23; Ezekiel 16:49,50; 28:2,9; Daniel 5:23,24; Acts 12:21-23
and
15:33; Job 42:6-17; Isaiah 6:5-13; Daniel 9:20,23; Luke 14:11; 1 Peter 5:5

Verse 13
He that answereth a matter before he heareth it, it is folly and shame unto him.
that
Deuteronomy 13:14; 2 Samuel 16:4; 19:24-30; Esther 3:10-15; 8:5-17; Job 29:16; Daniel 6:9,14; John 7:51
answereth a matter
Heb. returneth a word.

Verse 14
The spirit of a man will sustain his infirmity; but a wounded spirit who can bear?
spirit
Job 1:20,21; 2:7-10; Psalms 147:3; Romans 5:3-5; 8:35-37; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 12:9,10; James 1:2; 1 Peter 1:6
but
17:22; Job 6:4; 7:14,15; 10:15-17; Psalms 30:9,10; 32:3,4; 38:2-4; Psalms 42:10,11; 55:3,5; 77:2,3; 88:14-16; 109:22; Mark 14:33,34; 2 Corinthians 2:7

Verse 15
The heart of the prudent getteth knowledge; and the ear of the wise seeketh knowledge.
1:5; 4:5,7; 9:9; 10:14; 15:14; 23:23; 1 Kings 3:9; Psalms 119:97-104; Luke 8:8-10; 10:39; 2 Timothy 3:15-17; James 1:5

Verse 16
A man's gift maketh room for him, and bringeth him before great men.
17:8; 19:6; 21:14; Genesis 32:20; 33:10; 43:11; 1 Samuel 25:27

Verse 17
He that is first in his own cause seemeth just; but his neighbour cometh and searcheth him.
13; 2 Samuel 16:1-3; 19:24-27; Acts 24:5,6,12,13

Verse 18
The lot causeth contentions to cease, and parteth between the mighty.
16:33; Joshua 14:2; 1 Samuel 10:21-27; 14:42; 1 Chronicles 6:63; 24:31; Nehemiah 11:1

Verse 19
A brother offended is harder to be won than a strong city: and their contentions are like the bars of a castle.
brother
6:19; Genesis 4:5-8; 27:41-45; 32:6-11; 37:3-5,11,18-27; 2 Samuel 13:22,28; 1 Kings 2:23-25; 12:16; 2 Chronicles 13:17; Acts 15:39
than
16:32

Verse 20
A man's belly shall be satisfied with the fruit of his mouth; and with the increase of his lips shall he be filled.
12:13,14; 13:2; 22:18,21; 25:11,12

Verse 21
Death and life are in the power of the tongue: and they that love it shall eat the fruit thereof.
Death
4-7; 10:20,21,31; 11:30; Matthew 12:35-37; Romans 10:14,15; 2 Corinthians 2:16; 11:15; Ephesians 4:29; Colossians 4:6; Titus 1:10,11; James 3:6-9; 2 Peter 2:18
and
10:19; Ecclesiastes 10:12-14; Isaiah 57:19

Verse 22
Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing, and obtaineth favour of the LORD.
findeth a wife
5:15-23; 12:4; 19:14; 31:10-31; Genesis 24:67; 29:20,21,28; Ecclesiastes 9:9; Hosea 12:12; 1 Corinthians 7:2
and
3:4; 8:35

Verse 23
The poor useth intreaties; but the rich answereth roughly.
poor
Ruth 2:7; 1 Samuel 2:36; 2 Kings 4:1,2; Isaiah 66:2; Matthew 5:3; James 1:9-11
rich
Genesis 42:7,30; Exodus 5:2; 1 Samuel 25:10,17; James 2:3

Verse 24
A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.
that hath
17:17; 27:9; 1 Samuel 19:4,5; 30:26-31; 2 Samuel 9:1-13; 16:17; 17:27-29; 2 Samuel 19:30-39; 21:7; 1 Chronicles 12:38-40; Matthew 26:49,50
there
2 Samuel 1:26; John 15:14,15

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 18:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-18.html.

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