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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 41

 

 

Introduction
1The recompence of the charitable.
4David complains of his enemies' treachery.
10He flees to God for succour.

Verse 1
Blessed is he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
(Title
&) This Psalm is supposed to have been written on the same occasion as the three former; and to relate to David's affliction, and the evil treatment he received from his enemies during its continuance.
Blessed
112:9; Deuteronomy 15:7-11; Job 29:12-16; 31:16-20; Proverbs 14:21; 19:17; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2; Isaiah 58:7-11; Mark 14:7; Luke 14:13,14; 2 Corinthians 9:8-14; Galatians 2:10
the poor
or, the weak, or sick.
Matthew 25:34-39; Acts 20:35; 1 Thessalonians 5:14
Lord
34:19; 37:26,39,40; Hebrews 6:10; James 2:13
time of trouble
Heb. the day of evil.
37:19; Proverbs 16:14; Ecclesiastes 12:1; Revelation 3:10

Verse 2
The LORD will preserve him, and keep him alive; and he shall be blessed upon the earth: and thou wilt not deliver him unto the will of his enemies.
preserve
33:19; 91:3-7; Jeremiah 45:4,5
blessed
128:1-6; 1 Timothy 4:8
thou wilt not
or, do not thou.
27:12; 37:32,33; 140:8,9

Verse 3
The LORD will strengthen him upon the bed of languishing: thou wilt make all his bed in his sickness.
strengthen
73:26; 2 Kings 1:6,16; 20:5,6; 2 Corinthians 4:16,17; Philippians 2:26,27
make
Heb. turn.

Verse 4
I said, LORD, be merciful unto me: heal my soul; for I have sinned against thee.
Lord
32:5; 51:1-3
heal
6:2-4; 103:3; 147:3; 2 Chronicles 30:18-20; Hosea 6:1; James 5:15,16

Verse 5
Mine enemies speak evil of me, When shall he die, and his name perish?
Mine
22:6-8; 102:8
his name
Job 18:17; 20:7; Proverbs 10:7

Verse 6
And if he come to see me, he speaketh vanity: his heart gathereth iniquity to itself; when he goeth abroad, he telleth it.
speaketh
12:2; Proverbs 26:24,25; Nehemiah 6:1-14; Proverbs 26:24-26; Daniel 11:27; Micah 7:5-7; Luke 11:53,54; 20:20-23; 2 Corinthians 11:26
when
Jeremiah 20:10

Verse 7
All that hate me whisper together against me: against me do they devise my hurt.
whisper
Proverbs 16:28; 26:20; *marg:; Romans 1:29; 2 Corinthians 12:20
against
31:13; 56:5,6; Matthew 22:15; 26:3,4
my hurt
Heb. evil to me.

Verse 8
An evil disease, say they, cleaveth fast unto him: and now that he lieth he shall rise up no more.
An evil disease
Heb. A thing of Belial.
38:3-7; Job 2:7,8; Luke 13:16
and
3:2; 71:11; Matthew 27:41-46,63,64

Verse 9
Yea, mine own familiar friend, in whom I trusted, which did eat of my bread, hath lifted up his heel against me.
Yea
55:12-14,20-22; 2 Samuel 15:12; Job 19:19; Jeremiah 20:10
mine own familiar friend
Heb. the man of my peace. which.
Deuteronomy 32:15; Obadiah 1:7; John 13:18,26,27
lifted up
Heb. magnified.

Verse 10
But thou, O LORD, be merciful unto me, and raise me up, that I may requite them.
be merciful
57:1; 109:21
that
18:37-42; 21:8-10; 69:22-28; 109:6-20; Luke 19:27

Verse 11
By this I know that thou favourest me, because mine enemy doth not triumph over me.
because
13:4; 31:8; 35:25; 86:17; 124:6; Jeremiah 20:13; Colossians 2:15

Verse 12
And as for me, thou upholdest me in mine integrity, and settest me before thy face for ever.
thou
25:21; 94:18
settest
16:11; 17:15; 34:15; 73:23,24; Job 36:7; John 17:24

Verse 13
Blessed be the LORD God of Israel from everlasting, and to everlasting. Amen, and Amen.
Blessed
72:18,19; 89:52; 106:48; 1 Chronicles 29:10; Ephesians 1:3; Revelation 4:8; 5:9-14; 7:12; Revelation 11:17
Amen
The LXX. and Vulgate render [Genoito, genoito] Fiat, fiat. So be it! So be it! With this psalm ends the first of the five books into which the Hebrews have divided the Psalms.
Numbers 5:22; Deuteronomy 27:15-26; 1 Kings 1:36; 1 Chronicles 16:36; Jeremiah 28:6; Matthew 6:13; 1 Corinthians 14:16; Revelation 22:20

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 41:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-41.html.

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