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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 45

 

 

Introduction
1The majesty and grace of Christ's kingdom.
10The duty of the church, and the benefits thereof.

Verse 1
My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.
(Title
&) To the chief. Or, rather, "To the chief musician upon the hexachords, a didactic ode for the sons of Korah, and a song of loves." Shoshannim most probably denotes hexachords, or six-stringed instruments, from shesh, "six:" hence the Persian shasta, a six-stringed lute. This Psalm is supposed by some to be an epithalamium, or nuptial song, on the marriage of Solomon with Pharaoh's daughter; but with what propriety could Solomon be described as fairer than the children of men, a mighty warrior, a victorious conqueror, and a prince whose throne is for ever and ever? A greater than Solomon is here; and the person described is no other than the Messiah, as is acknowledged by many Jewish writers. The Targum on ver. 3 says, "Thy beauty, malka meshecha, O King Messiah, is greater than the children of men;" and the Apostle expressly quotes it as such Heb 1:8, 9. It was probably written by David after Nathan's prophetic address 1 Ch 17:27.
Shoshannim
69:1; 80:1; *titles
Maschil
or, of instruction. A song.
Song of Solomon 1:1,2-7; Isaiah 5:1; Ephesians 5:32
is inditing
Heb. boileth, or, bubbleth up.
Job 32:18-20; Proverbs 16:23; Matthew 12:35
a good
49:3; Job 33:3; 34:4; Proverbs 8:6-9
touching
2:6; 24:7-10; 110:1,2; Song of Solomon 1:12; Isaiah 32:1,2; Matthew 25:34; 27:37
tongue
2 Samuel 23:2; 2 Peter 1:21

Verse 2
Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.
fairer
Song of Solomon 2:3; 5:10-16; Zechariah 9:17; Matthew 17:2; John 1:14; Colossians 1:15-18; Hebrews 1:3,4; 7:26; Revelation 1:13-18
grace
Proverbs 22:11; Isaiah 50:4; Luke 4:22; John 7:46
God
21:6; 72:17-19; Philippians 2:9-11

Verse 3
Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.
Gird
Isaiah 49:2; 63:1-6; Hebrews 4:12; Revelation 1:16; 19:15,21
O most
Isaiah 9:6,7; Acts 10:36; Romans 14:9
glory
21:5; 96:6; 104:1; 145:5,12; Hebrews 1:3; 8:1; Jude 1:25

Verse 4
And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.
ride, etc
Heb. prosper thou, ride thou.
Revelation 6:2; 19:11
prosperously
110:2,3; 1 Thessalonians 1:5; 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 3:1
because
60:4; John 1:17; 14:6
meekness
Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 11:29; 12:19,20; 2 Corinthians 10:1
right
2:9; 21:8,9; 65:5; 110:5,6; Isaiah 59:17,18; 63:1-6; Luke 19:27; 2 Thessalonians 1:8,9; Revelation 6:16,17; 11:18; 19:17-21; 20:15

Verse 5
Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.
Thine
21:12; 38:2; Numbers 24:8; Zechariah 9:13,14
sharp
2:1-9; Luke 19:42-44; 20:18,19; Acts 2:37,41; 5:33; 7:54
people
22:27; 66:3,4; Acts 4:4; 5:14; 6:7; Romans 15:18,19

Verse 6
Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.
throne
89:29,36,37; 93:2; 145:13; Daniel 2:44; Luke 1:32,33; Hebrews 1:8
O God
Isaiah 9:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; John 1:1; 1 Timothy 3:16
the sceptre
72:1-20; 2 Samuel 23:4; Jeremiah 33:15,16; Revelation 19:11

Verse 7
Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Thou
33:5; 99:4; Matthew 3:15; Hebrews 1:9; 7:26
hatest
101:3,4,8; Matthew 7:23; Luke 13:27; Revelation 21:27
God
or, O God. thy God.
89:26; Isaiah 61:1; John 20:17; Ephesians 1:3
hath
89:20; Leviticus 8:12; 1 Samuel 16:13; 1 Kings 1:39,40; 19:16; Isaiah 61:1-3; Luke 3:22; Luke 4:18-21; John 3:34
oil
21:6; 1 Kings 1:39; Acts 2:28
above
John 1:16; Romans 8:29; Colossians 1:18,19; Hebrews 2:14

Verse 8
All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.
All
Song of Solomon 1:3,13; 3:6; 4:6,13,14; 5:1,5,13; Matthew 2:11; John 19:39; 2 Corinthians 2:14-16
cassia
Exodus 30:23,24
ivory
15; 1 Kings 22:39; Amos 3:15; John 14:2
whereby
16:11; Hebrews 12:2

Verse 9
Kings' daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.
Kings
13; 72:10; Song of Solomon 6:8,9; 7:1; Isaiah 49:23; 60:10,11; Revelation 21:24
upon
1 Kings 2:9,19
queen
Song of Solomon 4:8-11; John 3:29; Ephesians 5:26,27; Revelation 19:7; 21:2,9
gold
1 Kings 10:11; Job 22:24

Verse 10
Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;
Hearken
Song of Solomon 2:10-13; Isaiah 55:1-3; 2 Corinthians 6:17,18; 7:1
forget
Genesis 2:24; 12:1; Deuteronomy 21:13; 33:9; Matthew 10:37; 19:29; Luke 14:26; 2 Corinthians 5:16

Verse 11
So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him.
So shall
Song of Solomon 1:8,12-16; 2:2,14; 4:1-5,7,9,10; 6:4; 7:1-10; Isaiah 62:4,5; Zephaniah 3:17; Ephesians 5:26,27
Lord
6; Isaiah 54:5; Jeremiah 23:5,6; John 20:28; Acts 10:36; Romans 14:9; Philippians 2:10,11; Philippians 3:8
worship
2:12; 95:6; Luke 24:52; John 4:21,22; Revelation 5:8-14

Verse 12
And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall intreat thy favour.
And the
Isaiah 23:17,18; Acts 21:3-6
with
72:10; Isaiah 60:6,7; Matthew 2:11
rich
22:29; Isaiah 49:23; 60:3,10,11
favour
Heb. face.

Verse 13
The king's daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.
king's
9,10; Song of Solomon 7:1; Isaiah 61:10; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 19:7,8
all glorious
1 Samuel 16:7; Luke 11:40; Romans 2:29; 2 Corinthians 5:17; 1 Peter 3:3,4
clothing
9; Matthew 5:16; 22:11,12; Romans 3:22; 13:14; Revelation 3:18

Verse 14
She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.
She
Song of Solomon 1:4; John 17:24; 2 Corinthians 11:2
raiment
Exodus 28:39; Judges 5:30
virgins
Song of Solomon 1:3,5; 2:7; 5:8,9; 6:1,8,13; 8:13; Revelation 14:1-4

Verse 15
With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter into the king's palace.
With
Isaiah 35:10; 51:11; 55:12,13; 60:19,20; 61:10; Jude 1:24; Revelation 7:15-17
they shall
Isaiah 56:5; John 14:3; Revelation 3:12,21

Verse 16
Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.
Instead
22:30; Matthew 19:29; Mark 10:29,30; Philippians 3:7,8
children
Isaiah 49:21,22; 54:1-5; 60:1-5; Galatians 4:26,27
princes
1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 1:6; 5:10; 20:6

Verse 17
I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.
I will
22:30,31; 72:17-19; 145:4-7; Isaiah 59:21; Malachi 1:11; Matthew 26:13; 1 Corinthians 11:26
therefore
72:17; Song of Solomon 6:9; Isaiah 61:9; 62:3

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 45:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-45.html.

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