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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 55

 

 

Introduction
1David in his prayer complains of his fearful case.
9He prays against his enemies, of whose wickedness and treachery he complains.
16He comforts himself in God's preservation of him, and confusion of his enemies.

Verse 1
Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not thyself from my supplication.
A. M. 2983. B.C. 1021. (Title.) Neginoth
6:1; 54:1; *titles
Give
5:1; 17:1; 64:1; 80:1; 84:8; 1 Peter 3:12
hide
28:1; 80:4; 143:7; Lamentations 3:8

Verse 2
Attend unto me, and hear me: I mourn in my complaint, and make a noise;
I mourn
13:1,2; 32:3; 38:6; 43:2; 102:9,10; Isaiah 38:14

Verse 3
Because of the voice of the enemy, because of the oppression of the wicked: for they cast iniquity upon me, and in wrath they hate me.
oppression
12:5; 54:3; 73:8; Lamentations 3:34-36
for they
27:12; 35:11; 2 Samuel 15:3; 16:7,8; 19:19; Matthew 26:59

Verse 4
My heart is sore pained within me: and the terrors of death are fallen upon me.
My
6:3; 69:20; 88:3; 102:3-5; Matthew 26:37,38; Mark 14:33,34; John 12:27; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10
terrors
18:4,5; 116:3; Isaiah 38:10-13; Hebrews 5:7

Verse 5
Fearfulness and trembling are come upon me, and horror hath overwhelmed me.
Fearfulness
119:120; 2 Samuel 15:14; Job 6:4; 23:15,16
horror
42:6; 61:2; 88:15,16; Luke 22:44
overwhelmed
Heb. covered.

Verse 6
And I said, Oh that I had wings like a dove! for then would I fly away, and be at rest.
11:1; 139:9; Revelation 12:14

Verse 7
Lo, then would I wander far off, and remain in the wilderness. Selah.
1 Samuel 27:1; 2 Samuel 15:14; 17:21,22; Proverbs 6:4,5; Jeremiah 9:2; 37:12

Verse 8
I would hasten my escape from the windy storm and tempest.
the windy storm
From the sweeping wind and tempest,--Absalom and his rebellious party.
18:4; Isaiah 17:12,13; Matthew 7:25-27

Verse 9
Destroy, O Lord, and divide their tongues: for I have seen violence and strife in the city.
divide
That is, "Distract their counsels; and let their devices be confounded;"--and the prayer was heard; See the Parallel Passages.
Genesis 11:7-9; 2 Samuel 15:31; 17:1-14; John 7:45-53; Acts 23:6-10
I have
Jeremiah 6:7; 23:14; Matthew 23:37,38

Verse 10
Day and night they go about it upon the walls thereof: mischief also and sorrow are in the midst of it.
Day
59:6,14,15; 1 Samuel 19:11; 2 Samuel 17:1,2; Hosea 7:6; Micah 2:1,2; John 18:3,28; Acts 9:24
mischief
2 Samuel 16:21,22; Isaiah 59:6-15; Ezekiel 9:4; Zephaniah 3:1-3

Verse 11
Wickedness is in the midst thereof: deceit and guile depart not from her streets.
Wickedness
Ezekiel 22:1-12; Acts 7:51,52
deceit
109:2,3; Isaiah 59:7; Jeremiah 5:26,27; 9:3-5; Matthew 26:4

Verse 12
For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it: neither was it he that hated me that did magnify himself against me; then I would have hid myself from him:
For
41:9
magnify
35:26; 38:16; Isaiah 10:15
then I
Matthew 26:21-23; John 13:18; 18:2,3

Verse 13
But it was thou, a man mine equal, my guide, and mine acquaintance.
a man mine equal
Heb. a man according to my rank. my guide.
2 Samuel 15:12; 16:23; Jeremiah 9:4; Micah 7:5
mine acquaintance
John 19:13; Matthew 26:47-50; Mark 14:44,45; Luke 22:21,47,48

Verse 14
We took sweet counsel together, and walked unto the house of God in company.
We took sweet counsel together
Heb. Who sweetened counsel. walked.
42:4; 122:1; Isaiah 2:3; Ezekiel 33:31

Verse 15
Let death seize upon them, and let them go down quick into hell: for wickedness is in their dwellings, and among them.
Let death, etc
Or, rather, "Death shall seize on them; they shall descend quickly into the grave;" which is a prediction of the sudden destruction which befell the ringleaders of this unnatural rebellion.
59:13; 69:22-28; 109:6-20; 2 Samuel 17:23; 18:9,14; Matthew 27:5; Acts 1:18-20
them
Numbers 16:30-34; Matthew 26:24; Acts 1:25
hell
or, the grave.
9:17

Verse 16
As for me, I will call upon God; and the LORD shall save me.
50:15; 73:28; 91:15; 109:4; Luke 6:11,12

Verse 17
Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud: and he shall hear my voice.
Evening
5:2,3; 119:62,147,148; Daniel 6:10,13; Mark 1:35; 6:46,48; Luke 18:1-7; Acts 3:1; 10:3,9,30; Ephesians 6:18; 1 Thessalonians 5:17
cry
Job 19:7; Lamentations 3:8; Hebrews 5:7

Verse 18
He hath delivered my soul in peace from the battle that was against me: for there were many with me.
He hath
3:6,7; 27:1-3; 57:3; 118:10-12; 2 Samuel 18:28; 22:1; Acts 2:33-36
there
2 Kings 6:16; 2 Chronicles 32:7,8; Matthew 26:53; 1 John 4:4

Verse 19
God shall hear, and afflict them, even he that abideth of old. Selah. Because they have no changes, therefore they fear not God.
hear
65:5; 143:12; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; Revelation 6:10,11
even
90:1,2; Deuteronomy 33:27; Micah 5:2; Colossians 1:17
Because, etc
or, With whom also there be no changes, yet they fear not God. no changes.
73:5,6; Proverbs 1:32; Ecclesiastes 8:11; Isaiah 36:20; Jeremiah 48:11; Zephaniah 1:12

Verse 20
He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.
put
1 Samuel 22:17; 24:10; 2 Samuel 18:12; Acts 12:1
at peace
7:4; 109:5; 120:6,7
broken
Heb. profaned.
89:28,34,38; 2 Samuel 2:4; 5:3; 14:32,33; 15:10-12; Ecclesiastes 8:2; Ezekiel 17:16-19

Verse 21
The words of his mouth were smoother than butter, but war was in his heart: his words were softer than oil, yet were they drawn swords.
The words
28:3; 57:4; 62:4; 64:3; Proverbs 5:3,4; 12:18; 26:24-26,28; Matthew 26:25; Luke 20:20,21
war
John 13:2

Verse 22
Cast thy burden upon the LORD, and he shall sustain thee: he shall never suffer the righteous to be moved.
Cast
27:14; 37:5; *marg:; 42:10,11; 62:8; 63:8; Isaiah 50:10; Matthew 6:25,31-34; 11:28; Luke 12:22; Philippians 4:6,7; 1 Peter 5:7
burden
or, gift. suffer.
16:8; 37:24; 62:2,6; 121:3; 1 Samuel 2:9; John 10:27-30; 1 Peter 1:5

Verse 23
But thou, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in thee.
O God
7:15,16; 58:9; 59:12,13
pit
Proverbs 15:11; 27:20; Isaiah 38:17
bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days
Heb. men of bloods and deceit shall not halve their days.
5:6; 2 Samuel 3:27; 20:9,10; 1 Kings 2:5,6; 2 Samuel 3:27; 20:9,10; 1 Kings 2:5,6; Job 15:32; Proverbs 10:27; Ecclesiastes 7:17; Matthew 27:4,5

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 55:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-55.html.

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