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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 59

 

 

Introduction
1David prays to be delivered from his enemies.
6He complains of their cruelty.
8He trusts in God.
11He prays against them.
16He praises God.

Verse 1
Deliver me from mine enemies, O my God: defend me from them that rise up against me.
A. M. 2942. B.C. 1062. (Title.) {Al-tas-chith.} or, destroy not. A golden Psalm
57:1; 58:1; *titles
Michtam
The seven poems of the celebrated Arabian poets who flourished before the time of Mohammed, called Moâllakat, from being suspended on the walls of the temple of Mecca, were also called Modhabat, "golden," because they were written in letters of gold on the papyrus; and probably this is another reason why the six poems of David were called golden.
when
Judges 16:2,3; 1 Samuel 19:11-24; 2 Corinthians 11:32,33
Deliver
7:1,2; 18:48; 71:4; 143:12; Luke 1:74,75; 2 Timothy 4:17,18
defend me
Heb. set me on high.
12:5; 91:14; Isaiah 33:16

Verse 2
Deliver me from the workers of iniquity, and save me from bloody men.
save
26:9; 27:2; 55:23; 139:19

Verse 3
For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.
they
10:9,10; 37:32,33; 38:12; 56:6; 1 Samuel 19:1; Proverbs 12:6; Micah 7:2; Acts 23:21
the mighty
2:2; Acts 4:26,27
not
7:3-6; 69:4; 1 Samuel 24:11,17; 26:18; John 15:25

Verse 4
They run and prepare themselves without my fault: awake to help me, and behold.
run
1 Samuel 19:12-24; Proverbs 1:16; Isaiah 59:7; Acts 23:15; Romans 3:15
awake
5:6; 35:23; 44:23; Isaiah 51:9
help me
Heb. meet me.

Verse 5
Thou therefore, O LORD God of hosts, the God of Israel, awake to visit all the heathen: be not merciful to any wicked transgressors. Selah.
the God
Genesis 33:20; Exodus 3:15
visit
Exodus 20:5
the heathen
9:15; 54:3; Isaiah 1:10; Amos 9:7; Romans 2:28,29; 9:6
be not
7:12,13; 55:15; Isaiah 27:11; Ezekiel 18:27,28; James 2:13

Verse 6
They return at evening: they make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city.
14; 1 Samuel 19:11

Verse 7
Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords are in their lips: for who, say they, doth hear?
belch
Proverbs 15:2; *marg:; Matthew 12:34
swords
55:21; 57:4; 64:3-5; 109:2,3; Proverbs 12:18
who
10:11,13; 73:11; 94:7-9; Job 22:12,13; Jeremiah 33:24

Verse 8
But thou, O LORD, shalt laugh at them; thou shalt have all the heathen in derision.
Thou
2:4; 37:13; 1 Samuel 19:15,16; Proverbs 1:26
heathen
5; Matthew 18:17

Verse 9
Because of his strength will I wait upon thee: for God is my defence.
his strength
Instead of ûzzo, "his strength," fourteen MSS., read ûzzee, "my strength." "O my strength, I will wait upon thee."
18:1,1,2; 27:1,14; 46:1; 62:5,6,11; Isaiah 12:2; 26:3,4; 40:31; Matthew 6:13
God
17; 62:2
defence
Heb. high place.
9:9; 20:1; 46:7; *marg:; Isaiah 58:14; Habakkuk 3:19

Verse 10
The God of my mercy shall prevent me: God shall let me see my desire upon mine enemies.
The God
17; 2 Corinthians 1:3; Ephesians 2:4,5; 1 Peter 5:10
prevent
21:3; 79:8; Isaiah 65:24; 1 Thessalonians 4:15
let
54:7; 91:8; 92:11; 112:8; 1 Samuel 26:10; 2 Samuel 1:11,12,17; Jeremiah 17:16; Luke 19:41-44; Romans 10:2,3
enemies
Heb. observers.
5:8; 54:5; *marg:; 56:2,6

Verse 11
Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield.
Slay
Genesis 4:12-15; Judges 1:6,7; Ecclesiastes 9:5; Ezekiel 12:15,16; 14:22,23; Revelation 9:6
scatter
44:11; 52:5; Leviticus 26:33; Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:64; 30:3,4; Ezekiel 12:15; Luke 1:51,52; Luke 21:21
bring
Job 40:12
our shield
3:3; 84:11

Verse 12
For the sin of their mouth and the words of their lips let them even be taken in their pride: and for cursing and lying which they speak.
For the
64:7,8; 79:12; 120:3,4; 140:9,10; Proverbs 12:13; 18:7; Matthew 12:36,37; Matthew 27:25,63
taken
10:2; Proverbs 6:2; 11:6
cursing
109:17,18; Hosea 4:2; Luke 23:5

Verse 13
Consume them in wrath, consume them, that they may not be: and let them know that God ruleth in Jacob unto the ends of the earth. Selah.
Consume
11; 7:9; Numbers 14:34,35; 32:13; Deuteronomy 2:14-16; 7:22,23
and let
46:10,11; 83:18; 135:5,6; 1 Samuel 17:46,47; 1 Kings 18:36,37; 2 Kings 19:19; Isaiah 54:5; Ezekiel 38:23; 39:7; Daniel 4:25

Verse 14
And at evening let them return; and let them make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city.
at evening
6; 22:16

Verse 15
Let them wander up and down for meat, and grudge if they be not satisfied.
wander
109:10; Job 15:23; 30:1-7; Isaiah 8:21
for meat
Heb. to eat.
Deuteronomy 28:48,53-58; 2 Kings 6:25-29; Lamentations 4:4,5,9,10; 5:9; Matthew 24:7,8
grudge, etc
or, if they be not satisfied, then they will stay all night. if.
Isaiah 56:11; Micah 3:5

Verse 16
But I will sing of thy power; yea, I will sing aloud of thy mercy in the morning: for thou hast been my defence and refuge in the day of my trouble.
But
9,10; 21:13; 106:8; 145:11; Exodus 15:6; Job 37:23
sing aloud
31:7; 36:5; 86:13; 89:1; 101:1; Romans 15:9; Ephesians 1:6,7
morning
5:3; 30:5; 143:8; 1 Samuel 19:11,12
for thou
4:1; 61:2,3; 1 Samuel 17:37; 2 Corinthians 1:10; Ephesians 3:20
day
77:2; 116:1-5; 138:7; Jeremiah 30:7; Hebrews 5:7

Verse 17
Unto thee, O my strength, will I sing: for God is my defence, and the God of my mercy.
O my
18:1; 46:1
for
9,10

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 59:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-59.html.

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