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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 90

 

 

Introduction
1Moses, setting forth God's providence.
3complains of human fragility,
7divine chastisements,
10and brevity of life.
12He prays for the knowledge and sensible experience of God's good providence.

Verse 1
Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations.
A. M. 2514. B.C. 1490. (Title.) A Prayer, or, A prayer, being a Psalm of Moses. This Psalm is supposed to have been composed by Moses, when all the generation of the Israelites who had offended God, were sentenced to fail in the wilderness, at the age of seventy or eighty years, except Moses, Caleb, and Joshua
Numbers 13:1-14
the man
Exodus 33:14-19; Deuteronomy 33:1; 1 Kings 13:1; 1 Timothy 6:11
Lord
71:3; 91:1,9; Deuteronomy 33:27; Isaiah 8:14; Ezekiel 11:16; John 6:56; 1 John 4:16
all generations
Heb. generation and generation.
89:1; *marg:

Verse 2
Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou art God.
Before
Job 38:4-6,28,29; Proverbs 8:25,26
or ever
33:9; 146:6; Genesis 1:1
even from
93:2; 102:24-27; 103:17; Isaiah 44:6; 57:15; Micah 5:2; Habakkuk 1:12; 1 Timothy 6:15,16; Hebrews 1:10-12; 13:8; Revelation 1:8
thou
Isaiah 45:22

Verse 3
Thou turnest man to destruction; and sayest, Return, ye children of men.
Thou
104:29; 146:4; Genesis 3:19; 6:6,7; Numbers 14:35; Job 12:10; 34:14,15; Ecclesiastes 12:7
Return ye children of men
Rather, "Return ye children of Adam;" i.e., to that dust out of which ye were originally formed.

Verse 4
For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night.
For
2 Peter 3:8
is past
or, when he hath passed them. and as.
Matthew 14:25; 24:43; Luke 12:38

Verse 5
Thou carriest them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep: in the morning they are like grass which groweth up.
Thou
Job 9:26; 22:16; 27:20,21; Isaiah 8:7,8; Jeremiah 46:7,8
as a sleep
73:20; Isaiah 29:7,8
morning
103:15,16; Isaiah 40:6; James 1:10,11; 1 Peter 1:24
groweth up
or, is changed.

Verse 6
In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth.
92:7; Job 14:2; Matthew 6:30

Verse 7
For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled.
For we
9,11; 39:11; 59:13; Numbers 17:12,13; Deuteronomy 2:14-16; Hebrews 3:10,11,17-19; Hebrews 4:1,2
are we
Exodus 14:24; Romans 2:8,9

Verse 8
Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret sins in the light of thy countenance.
Thou
10:11; 50:21; 139:1-4; Job 34:21; Jeremiah 9:13-16; 16:17; 23:24; Ezekiel 8:12; Revelation 20:12
our
19:12; Proverbs 5:21; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Luke 12:1,2; Romans 2:16; 1 Corinthians 4:5; Hebrews 4:12,13; 1 John 3:20
in the
80:16

Verse 9
For all our days are passed away in thy wrath: we spend our years as a tale that is told.
For
78:33
passed
Heb. turned. we spend. The Vulgate has, Anni nostri sicut aranea mediatabuntur, "Our years pass away like those of the spider." Our plans and operations are like the spider's web. Life is as frail, and the thread of it as brittle, as one of those which constitute the well-wrought and curious, but fragile habitation of that insect. All the Versions have the word spider, but it is not found in any Hebrew MSS., or edition yet collated. The Hebrew might be rendered, "We consume our lives with a groan," kemo hegeh.
a tale
Heb. a meditation.
4; 39:5

Verse 10
The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.
The days, etc
Heb. As for the days of our years, in them are seventy years.
Genesis 47:9; Deuteronomy 34:7
yet
2 Samuel 19:35; 1 Kings 1:1; Ecclesiastes 12:2-7
for
78:39; Job 14:10; *marg:; Job 24:24; Isaiah 38:12; Luke 12:20; James 4:14

Verse 11
Who knoweth the power of thine anger? even according to thy fear, so is thy wrath.
Leviticus 26:18,21,24,28; Deuteronomy 28:59; 29:20-29; Isaiah 33:14; Nahum 1:6; Luke 12:5; 2 Corinthians 5:11; Revelation 6:17

Verse 12
So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom.
So
39:4; Deuteronomy 32:29; Ecclesiastes 9:10; Luke 12:35-40; John 9:4; Ephesians 5:16,17
that
Job 28:28; Proverbs 2:2-6; 3:13-18; 4:5,7; 7:1-4; 8:32-36; 16:16; 18:1,2; Proverbs 22:17; 23:12,23
apply our hearts
Heb. cause our hearts to come.

Verse 13
Return, O LORD, how long? and let it repent thee concerning thy servants.
Return
6:4; 80:14; Jeremiah 12:15; Joel 2:13,14; Zechariah 1:16
how
89:46
let it
106:45; 135:14; Exodus 32:14; Deuteronomy 32:36; Hosea 11:8; Amos 7:3,6; Jonah 3:9

Verse 14
O satisfy us early with thy mercy; that we may rejoice and be glad all our days.
satisfy
36:7,8; 63:3-5; 65:4; 103:3-5; Jeremiah 31:15; Zechariah 9:17
that we
23:6; 85:6; 86:4; 149:2; Philippians 4:4

Verse 15
Make us glad according to the days wherein thou hast afflicted us, and the years wherein we have seen evil.
Make
30:5; 126:5,6; Isaiah 12:1; 40:1,2; 61:3; 65:18,19; Jeremiah 31:12,13; Matthew 5:4; John 16:20; Revelation 7:14-17
the years
Deuteronomy 2:14-16

Verse 16
Let thy work appear unto thy servants, and thy glory unto their children.
Let
44:1; Numbers 14:15-24; Habakkuk 3:2
and
Numbers 14:30,31; Deuteronomy 1:39; Joshua 4:22-24; 23:14

Verse 17
And let the beauty of the LORD our God be upon us: and establish thou the work of our hands upon us; yea, the work of our hands establish thou it.
And let
27:4; 50:2; 80:3,7; 110:3; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 1 John 3:2
establish
68:28; 118:25; Job 22:28; Proverbs 16:3; Isaiah 26:12; 1 Corinthians 3:7; 2 Thessalonians 2:16,17; 2 Thessalonians 3:1

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 90:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-90.html.

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