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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Romans 13

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1Subjection, and many other duties, we owe to the magistrates.
8Love is the fulfilling of the law.
11Gluttony and drunkenness, and the works of darkness, are out of season in the time of the Gospel.

Verse 1
Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.
every
Deuteronomy 17:12; Ephesians 5:21; Titus 3:1; 1 Peter 2:13-17; 2 Peter 2:10,11; Jude 1:8
there
1 Samuel 2:8; 1 Chronicles 28:4,5; Psalms 62:11; Proverbs 8:15,16; Jeremiah 27:5-8; Daniel 2:21; 4:32; Daniel 5:18-23; Matthew 6:13; John 19:11; Revelation 1:5; 17:14; 19:16
ordained
or, order.

Verse 2
Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.
power
Jeremiah 23:8-17; 44:14-17; Titus 3:1
ordinance
Isaiah 58:2; 1 Peter 2:13
receive
5; Matthew 23:14; Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47; James 3:1

Verse 3
For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise of the same:
rulers
4; Deuteronomy 25:1; Proverbs 14:35; 20:2; Ecclesiastes 10:4-6; Jeremiah 22:15-18
Wilt
1 Peter 2:13,14; 3:13,14

Verse 4
For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.
he is
6; 1 Kings 10:9; 2 Chronicles 19:6; Psalms 82:2-4; Proverbs 24:23,24; 31:8,9; Ecclesiastes 8:2-5; Isaiah 1:17; Jeremiah 5:28; Ezekiel 22:27; Micah 3:1-4,9
be
Proverbs 16:14; 20:2,8,26
revenger
12:19; Numbers 35:19-27; Joshua 20:5,9; Ezekiel 25:14

Verse 5
Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.
ye
1 Samuel 24:5,6; Ecclesiastes 8:2; Titus 3:1,2; 1 Peter 2:13-15
conscience
Acts 24:16; Hebrews 13:18; 1 Peter 2:19; 3:16

Verse 6
For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.
pay
Ezra 4:13,20; 6:8; Nehemiah 5:4; Matthew 17:24-27; 22:17-21; Mark 12:14-17; Luke 20:21-26; 23:2
attending
12:8; Exodus 18:13-27; Deuteronomy 1:9-17; 1 Samuel 7:16,17; 2 Samuel 8:5; 1 Chronicles 18:14; Job 29:7-17

Verse 7
Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.
therefore
Luke 20:25
fear to
Leviticus 19:3; 1 Samuel 12:18; Proverbs 24:21; Ephesians 5:33; 6:5; 1 Peter 2:18
honour to
Exodus 20:12; Leviticus 19:32; Ephesians 6:2,3; 1 Timothy 5:13,17; 6:1; 1 Peter 2:17; 3:7

Verse 8
Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law.
Owe
7; Deuteronomy 24:14,15; Proverbs 3:27,28; Matthew 7:12; 22:39,40
for
10; Galatians 5:14; Colossians 3:14; 1 Timothy 1:5; James 2:8

Verse 9
For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
For this
Exodus 20:12-17; Deuteronomy 5:16-21; Matthew 19:18,19; Mark 10:19; Luke 18:20
covet
7:7,8
love
Leviticus 19:18,34; Matthew 22:39; Mark 12:31; Luke 10:27; Galatians 5:13; James 2:8-10

Verse 10
Love worketh no ill to his neighbour: therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.
worketh
1 Corinthians 13:4-7
love is
8; Matthew 22:40

Verse 11
And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed.
knowing
Isaiah 21:11,12; Matthew 16:3; 24:42-44; 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3
it is
Jonah 1:6; Matthew 25:5-7; 26:40,41; Mark 13:35-37; 1 Corinthians 15:34; Ephesians 5:14; 1 Thessalonians 5:5-8
for now
Ecclesiastes 9:10; Luke 21:28; 1 Corinthians 7:29-31; 1 Peter 4:7; 2 Peter 3:13-15; Revelation 22:12,20

Verse 12
The night is far spent, the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armour of light.
night
Song of Solomon 2:17; 1 John 2:8
cast
Isaiah 2:20; 30:22; Ezekiel 18:31,32; Ephesians 4:22; Colossians 3:8,9; James 1:21; 1 Peter 2:1
works
Job 24:14-17; John 3:19-21; Ephesians 5:11; 1 Thessalonians 5:5-7; 1 John 1:5-7; 2:8,9
put
14; 2 Corinthians 6:7; Ephesians 6:11-18; Colossians 3:10-17; 1 Thessalonians 5:8

Verse 13
Let us walk honestly, as in the day; not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying.
us
Luke 1:6; Galatians 5:16,25; Ephesians 4:1,17; 5:2,8,15; Philippians 1:27; 3:16-20; 4:8,9; Colossians 1:10; 1 Thessalonians 2:12; 4:12; 1 Peter 2:12; 1 John 2:6; 2 John 1:4
honestly
or, decently. as.
Acts 2:15; 1 Thessalonians 5:17; 2 Peter 2:13
rioting
Proverbs 23:20; Isaiah 22:12,13; 28:7,8; Amos 6:4-6; Matthew 24:48-51; Luke 16:19; Luke 17:27,28; 21:34; 1 Corinthians 6:10; Galatians 5:21; Ephesians 5:18; 1 Peter 2:11; 4:3-5
chambering
1 Corinthians 6:9,10; Galatians 5:19; Ephesians 5:3-5; Colossians 3:5; 1 Thessalonians 4:3-5; 2 Peter 2:14,18-20; Jude 1:23
strife
Galatians 5:15,21,26; Philippians 2:3; James 3:14-16; 4:5; 1 Peter 2:1,2

Verse 14
But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.
put
Galatians 3:27; Ephesians 4:24; Colossians 3:10-12
and
8:12,13; Galatians 5:16,17,24; Colossians 3:5-8; 1 Peter 2:11; 1 John 2:15-17

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 13:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-13.html.

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