corner graphic

Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Romans 2

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1No excuse for sin.
6No escape from judgment.
14Gentiles cannot;
17nor Jews.

Verse 1
Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things.
Therefore
1:18-20
O man
3; 9:20; 1 Corinthians 7:16; James 2:20
whosoever
26,27; 2 Samuel 12:5-7; Psalms 50:16-20; Matthew 7:1-5; 23:29-31; Luke 6:37; 19:22; John 8:7-9; James 4:11
for thou that
3,21-23

Verse 2
But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things.
judgment
5; 3:4,5; 9:14; Genesis 18:25; Job 34:17-19,23; Psalms 9:4,7,8; 11:5-7; 36:5,6; Psalms 96:13; 98:9; 145:17; Isaiah 45:19,21; Jeremiah 12:1; Ezekiel 18:25,29; Daniel 4:37; Zephaniah 3:5; Acts 17:31; 2 Thessalonians 1:5-10; Revelation 15:3,4; 16:5; 19:2

Verse 3
And thinkest thou this, O man, that judgest them which do such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?
thinkest
2 Samuel 10:3; Job 35:2; Psalms 50:21; Matthew 26:53
O man
1; Daniel 10:19; Luke 12:14; 22:58,60
that thou shalt
1:32; Psalms 56:7; Proverbs 11:21; 16:5; Ezekiel 17:15,18; Matthew 23:33; 1 Thessalonians 5:3; Hebrews 2:3; 12:25

Verse 4
Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
despisest
6:1,15; Psalms 10:11; Ecclesiastes 8:11; Jeremiah 7:10; Ezekiel 12:22,23; Matthew 24:48,49; 2 Peter 3:3
riches
9:23; 10:12; 11:33; Psalms 86:5; 104:24; Ephesians 1:7,18; 2:4,7; 3:8,16; Philippians 4:19; Colossians 1:27; 2:2; 1 Timothy 6:17; Titus 3:4-6
forbearance
3:25; 9:22; Exodus 34:6; Numbers 14:18; Psalms 78:38; 86:15; Isaiah 30:18; 63:7-10; Jonah 4:2; 1 Timothy 1:16; 1 Peter 3:20
goodness
Job 33:27-30; Psalms 130:3,4; Isaiah 30:18; Jeremiah 3:12,13,22,23; Ezekiel 16:63; Hosea 3:5; Luke 15:17-19; 19:5-8; 2 Peter 3:9,15; Revelation 3:20

Verse 5
But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
But after
11:25; *marg:; Exodus 8:15; 14:17; Deuteronomy 2:30; Joshua 11:20; 1 Samuel 6:6; 2 Chronicles 30:8; 36:13; Psalms 95:8; Proverbs 29:1; Isaiah 48:4; Ezekiel 3:7; Daniel 5:20; Zechariah 7:11,12; Hebrews 3:13,15; 4:7
treasurest
9:22; Deuteronomy 32:34; Amos 3:10; James 5:3
the day
Job 21:30; Proverbs 11:4; 2 Peter 2:9; 3:7; Revelation 6:17
revelation
2,3; 1:18; Ecclesiastes 12:14

Verse 6
Who will render to every man according to his deeds:
14:22; Job 34:11; Psalms 62:12; Proverbs 24:2; Isaiah 3:10,11; Jeremiah 17:10; 32:19; Ezekiel 18:30; Matthew 16:27; 25:34-46; 1 Corinthians 3:8; 4:5; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Galatians 6:7,8; Revelation 2:23; 20:12; 22:12

Verse 7
To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life:
patient
8:24,25; Job 17:9; Psalms 27:14; 37:3,34; Lamentations 3:25,26; Matthew 24:12,13; Luke 8:15; John 6:66-69; 1 Corinthians 15:58; Galatians 6:9; 2 Timothy 4:7,8; Hebrews 6:12,15; Hebrews 10:35,36; James 5:7,8; Revelation 2:10,11
glory
8:18; 9:23; John 5:44; 2 Corinthians 4:16-18; Colossians 1:27; 1 Peter 1:7,8; 4:13,14
immortality
1 Corinthians 15:53,54; 2 Timothy 1:10
eternal
6:23; 1 John 2:25

Verse 8
But unto them that are contentious, and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, indignation and wrath,
contentious
Proverbs 13:10; 1 Corinthians 11:16; 1 Timothy 6:3,4; Titus 3:9
and do not
1:18; 6:17; 10:16; 15:18; Job 24:13; Isaiah 50:10; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Hebrews 5:9; 11:8; 1 Peter 3:1; 4:17
but obey
John 3:18-21; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12; Hebrews 3:12,13
indignation
9:22; Psalms 90:11; Nahum 1:6; Hebrews 10:27; Revelation 14:10; 16:19

Verse 9
Tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that doeth evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Gentile;
Tribulation
Proverbs 1:27,28; 2 Thessalonians 1:6
soul
Ezekiel 18:4; Matthew 16:26
of the Jew
10; 1:16; 3:29,30; 4:9-12; 9:24; 10:12; 15:8,9; Amos 3:2; Matthew 11:20-24; Luke 2:30-32; 12:47,48; 24:47; Acts 3:26; 11:18; 13:26,46,47; 18:5,6; Acts 20:21; 26:20; 28:17,28; Galatians 2:15,16; 3:28; Ephesians 2:11-17; Colossians 3:11; 1 Peter 4:17
Gentile
Gr. Greek.

Verse 10
But glory, honour, and peace, to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Gentile:
glory
7; 9:21,23; 1 Samuel 2:30; Psalms 112:6-9; Proverbs 3:16,17; 4:7-9; 8:18; Luke 9:48; Luke 12:37; John 12:26; 1 Peter 1:7; 5:4
and peace
5:1; 8:6; 14:17; 15:13; Numbers 6:26; Job 22:21; Psalms 29:11; 37:37; Isaiah 26:12; Isaiah 32:17; 48:18,22; 55:12; 57:19; Jeremiah 33:6; Matthew 10:13; Luke 1:79; 22:14; Luke 19:42; John 14:27; 16:33; Galatians 5:22; Philippians 4:7
to every
Psalms 15:2; Proverbs 11:18; Isaiah 32:17; Acts 10:35; Galatians 5:6; James 2:22; 3:13
Gentile
Gr. Greek.

Verse 11
For there is no respect of persons with God.
Deuteronomy 10:17; 16:19; 2 Chronicles 19:7; Job 34:19; Proverbs 24:23,24; Matthew 22:16; Luke 20:21; Acts 10:34; Galatians 2:6; 6:7,8; Ephesians 6:9; Colossians 3:25; 1 Peter 1:17

Verse 12
For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without law: and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law;
For
14,15; 1:18-21,32; Ezekiel 16:49,50; Matthew 11:22,24; Luke 10:12-15; 12:47,48; John 19:11; Acts 17:30,31
in the law
16; 3:19,20; 4:15; 7:7-11; 8:3; Deuteronomy 27:26; 2 Corinthians 3:7-9; Galatians 2:16-19; Galatians 3:10,22; James 2:10; Revelation 20:12-15

Verse 13
(For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.
For not
25; Deuteronomy 4:1; 5:1; 6:3; 30:12-14; Ezekiel 20:11; 33:30-33; Matthew 7:21-27; Luke 8:21; James 1:22-25; 1 John 2:29; 3:7
but the
3:20,23; 10:5; Luke 10:25-29; Galatians 3:11,12
justified
3:30; 4:2-5; Psalms 143:2; Luke 18:14; Acts 13:39; Galatians 2:16; 5:4; James 2:21-25

Verse 14
For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves:
which
12; 3:1,2; Deuteronomy 4:7; Psalms 147:19,20; Acts 14:16; 17:30; Ephesians 2:12
do by
27; 1:19,20; 1 Corinthians 11:14; Philippians 4:8
are a law
12; 1:32

Verse 15
Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;)
written
1:18,19
their conscience, etc
or, the conscience witnessing with them.
9:1; John 8:9; Acts 23:1; 24:16; 2 Corinthians 1:12; 5:11; 1 Timothy 4:2; Titus 1:15
the mean while
or, between themselves. accusing.
Genesis 3:8-11; 20:5; 42:21,22; 1 Kings 2:44; Job 27:6; Ecclesiastes 7:22; 1 John 3:19-21

Verse 16
In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
God
5; 3:6; 14:10-12; Genesis 18:25; Psalms 9:7,8; 50:6; 96:13; 98:9; Ecclesiastes 3:17; 11:9; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Matthew 16:27; 25:31-46; Luke 8:17; John 12:48; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Hebrews 9:27; 1 Peter 4:5; 2 Peter 2:9; Revelation 20:11-15
by Jesus
John 5:22-29; Acts 10:42; 17:31; 2 Timothy 4:1,8
according
16:25; 1 Timothy 1:11; 2 Timothy 2:8

Verse 17
Behold, thou art called a Jew, and restest in the law, and makest thy boast of God,
thou art
28,29; 9:4-7; Psalms 135:4; Isaiah 48:1,2; Matthew 3:9; 8:11,12; John 8:33; 2 Corinthians 11:22; Galatians 2:15; Ephesians 2:11; Philippians 3:3-7; Revelation 2:9; 3:1,9
restest
23; 9:4,32; Jeremiah 7:4-10; Zephaniah 3:11; Luke 10:28; John 5:45; 7:19; 9:28,29
makest
Isaiah 45:25; 48:2; Micah 3:11; John 8:41

Verse 18
And knowest his will, and approvest the things that are more excellent, being instructed out of the law;
knowest
Deuteronomy 4:8; Nehemiah 9:13,14; Psalms 147:19,20; Luke 12:47; John 13:17; 1 Corinthians 8:1,2; James 4:17
approves the things that are more excellent
or, triest the things that differ.
Philippians 1:10; *marg:; 1 Thessalonians 5:21; Hebrews 5:14
being instructed
15:4; Psalms 19:8; 119:98-100,104,105,130; Proverbs 6:23; 2 Timothy 3:15-17

Verse 19
And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness,
art confident
Proverbs 26:12; Isaiah 5:21; 56:10; Matthew 6:23; 15:14; 23:16-26; Mark 10:15; John 7:46-49; 9:34,40,41; 1 Corinthians 3:18; 4:10; 8:1,2; Revelation 3:17,18
a light
Isaiah 49:6,9,10; Matthew 4:16; 5:14; Luke 1:79; Acts 26:18; Philippians 2:15

Verse 20
An instructor of the foolish, a teacher of babes, which hast the form of knowledge and of the truth in the law.
a teacher
Matthew 11:25; 1 Corinthians 3:1; Hebrews 5:13; 1 Peter 2:2
the form
6:17; 2 Timothy 1:13; 3:5; Titus 1:16

Verse 21
Thou therefore which teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?
therefore
Psalms 50:16-21; Matthew 23:3-12; Luke 4:23; 11:46; 12:47; 19:22; 1 Corinthians 9:27; Galatians 6:13; Titus 2:1-7
dost thou steal
Isaiah 56:11; Ezekiel 22:12,13,27; Amos 8:4-6; Micah 3:11; Matthew 21:13; 23:14

Verse 22
Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege?
adultery
Jeremiah 5:7; 7:9,10; 9:2; Ezekiel 22:11; Matthew 12:39; 16:4; James 4:4
sacrilege
Malachi 1:8,14; 3:8; Mark 11:17

Verse 23
Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God?
that makest
17; 3:2; 9:4; Jeremiah 8:8,9; Matthew 19:17-20; Luke 10:26-29; 18:11; John 5:45; John 9:28,29; James 1:22-27; 4:16,17

Verse 24
For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.
the name
Isaiah 52:5; Lamentations 2:15,16; Ezekiel 36:20-23; Matthew 18:7; 1 Timothy 5:14; 6:1; Titus 2:5,8
as it is written
2 Samuel 12:14

Verse 25
For circumcision verily profiteth, if thou keep the law: but if thou be a breaker of the law, thy circumcision is made uncircumcision.
circumcision
28,29; 3:1,2; 4:11,12; Deuteronomy 30:6; Jeremiah 4:4; Galatians 5:3-6; 6:15; Ephesians 2:11,12
but if
23; Jeremiah 9:25,26; Acts 7:51

Verse 26
Therefore if the uncircumcision keep the righteousness of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be counted for circumcision?
Isaiah 56:6,7; Matthew 8:11,12; 15:28; Acts 10:2-4,34,35; 11:3-18; 1 Corinthians 7:18,19; Philippians 3:3; Colossians 2:11

Verse 27
And shall not uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfil the law, judge thee, who by the letter and circumcision dost transgress the law?
if it fulfil
8:4; 13:10; Matthew 3:15; 5:17-20; Acts 13:22; Galatians 5:14
judge
Ezekiel 16:48-52; Matthew 12:41,42; Hebrews 11:3
by the
20,29; 7:6-8; 2 Corinthians 3:6

Verse 28
For he is not a Jew, which is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:
For he
9:6-8; Psalms 73:1; Isaiah 1:9-15; 48:1,2; Hosea 1:6-9; Matthew 3:9; John 1:47; John 8:37-39; Galatians 6:15; Revelation 2:9
neither
Jeremiah 9:26; Romans 4:10-12; 1 Peter 3:21

Verse 29
But he is a Jew, which is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, and not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
which
1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Chronicles 29:17; Psalms 45:13; Jeremiah 4:14; Matthew 23:25-28; Luke 11:39; Luke 17:21; John 4:23; 1 Peter 3:4
circumcision
Deuteronomy 10:16; 30:6; Jeremiah 4:4; Colossians 2:11,12
spirit
27; 7:6; 14:17; John 3:5-8; 2 Corinthians 3:6; Philippians 3:3
whose
John 5:44; 12:43; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 2 Corinthians 10:18; 1 Thessalonians 2:4; 1 Peter 3:4

 


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-2.html.

Commentary Navigator
Search This Commentary
Enter query in the box below
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology