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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Romans 3

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1The Jews' prerogative;
3which they have not lost;
9howbeit the law convinces them also of sin;
20therefore no flesh is justified by the law;
28but all, without difference, by faith, only;
31and yet the law is not abolished.

Verse 1
What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision?
advantage
2:25-29; Genesis 25:32; Ecclesiastes 6:8,11; Isaiah 1:11-15; Malachi 3:14; 1 Corinthians 15:32; Hebrews 13:9

Verse 2
Much every way: chiefly, because that unto them were committed the oracles of God.
Much
3; 11:1,2,15-23,28,29
because
2:18; 9:4; Deuteronomy 4:7,8; Nehemiah 9:13,14; Psalms 78:4-7; 147:19,20; Isaiah 8:20; Ezekiel 20:11,12; Luke 16:29-31; John 5:39; 2 Timothy 3:15-17; 2 Peter 1:19-21; Revelation 19:10
committed
1 Corinthians 9:17; 2 Corinthians 5:19; Galatians 2:7; 1 Timothy 6:20
the oracles
1:2; Psalms 119:140; Daniel 10:21; Acts 7:38; 2 Timothy 3:15,16; Hebrews 5:12; 1 Peter 4:11; 2 Peter 1:20,21; Revelation 22:6

Verse 3
For what if some did not believe? shall their unbelief make the faith of God without effect?
if some
9:6; 10:16; 11:1-7; Hebrews 4:2
shall
11:29; Numbers 23:19; 1 Samuel 15:29; Isaiah 54:9,10; 55:11; 65:15,16; Jeremiah 33:24-26; Matthew 24:35; 2 Timothy 2:13; Hebrews 6:13-18
faith
Psalms 84:7; John 1:16; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; Titus 1:1,2

Verse 4
God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That thou mightest be justified in thy sayings, and mightest overcome when thou art judged.
God forbid
6,31; 6:2,15; 7:7,13; 9:14; 11:1,11; Luke 20:16; 1 Corinthians 6:15; Galatians 2:17; 2:21; Galatians 6:14
let God
Deuteronomy 32:4; Job 40:8; Psalms 100:5; 119:160; 138:2; Micah 7:20; John 3:33; 2 Corinthians 1:18; Titus 1:2; Hebrews 6:18; 1 John 5:10,20; Revelation 3:7
but every
Psalms 62:9; 116:11
That thou
Job 36:3; Psalms 51:4; Matthew 11:19

Verse 5
But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man)
But if
7,25,26; 8:20,21
what shall
4:1; 6:1; 7:7; 9:13,14
Is God
2:5; 3:19; 9:18-20; 12:19; Deuteronomy 32:39-43; Psalms 58:10,11; 94:1,2; Nahum 1:2,6-8; 2 Thessalonians 1:6-9; Revelation 15:3; 16:5-7; 18:20
I speak
6:19; 1 Corinthians 9:8; Galatians 3:15

Verse 6
God forbid: for then how shall God judge the world?
God forbid
for then
Genesis 18:25; Job 8:3; 34:17-19; Psalms 9:8; 11:5-7; 50:6; 96:13; 98:9; Acts 17:31

Verse 7
For if the truth of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner?
if the truth
Genesis 37:8,9,20; 44:1-14; 50:18-20; Exodus 3:19; 14:5,30; 1 Kings 13:17,18,26-32; 2 Kings 8:10-15; Matthew 26:34,69-75
why yet
9:19,20; Isaiah 10:6,7; Acts 2:23; 13:27-29

Verse 8
And not rather, (as we be slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say,) Let us do evil, that good may come? whose damnation is just.
we be
Matthew 5:11; 1 Peter 3:16,17
Let us
5:20; 6:1,15; 7:7; Jude 1:4

Verse 9
What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin;
what then
5; 6:15; 11:7; 1 Corinthians 10:19; 14:15; Philippians 1:18
are we
22,23; Isaiah 65:5; Luke 7:39; 18:9-14; 1 Corinthians 4:7
proved
Gr. charged.
1:28-32; 2:1-16
that they
Galatians 3:10,22

Verse 10
As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:
As it is
4; 11:8; 15:3,4; Isaiah 8:20; 1 Peter 1:16
There
Psalms 14:1-3; 53:1-3
none
23; Job 14:4; 15:14,16; 25:4; Jeremiah 17:9; Matthew 15:19; Mark 7:21,22; Mark 10:18; 1 Corinthians 6:9,10; Galatians 5:19-21; Ephesians 2:1-3; 5:3-6; Colossians 3:5-9; 1 Timothy 1:9,10; 2 Timothy 3:2-5; Titus 3:3; 1 John 1:8-10; Revelation 21:8; 22:15

Verse 11
There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.
none that understandeth
1:22,28; Psalms 14:2-4; 53:2,4; 94:8; Proverbs 1:7,22,29,30; Isaiah 27:11; Jeremiah 4:22; Hosea 4:6; Matthew 13:13,14,19; Titus 3:3; 1 John 5:20
seeketh
8:7; Job 21:15,16; Isaiah 9:13; 31:1; 55:6; 65:1; Hosea 7:10

Verse 12
They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
They are
Exodus 32:8; Psalms 14:3; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Isaiah 53:6; 59:8; Jeremiah 2:13; Ephesians 2:3; 1 Peter 2:25
become
Genesis 1:31; 6:6,7; Matthew 25:30; Philemon 1:11
there is none
Psalms 53:1; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Isaiah 64:6; Ephesians 2:8-10; Philippians 2:12,13; Titus 2:13,14; James 1:16,17

Verse 13
Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips:
throat
Psalms 5:9; Jeremiah 5:16; Matthew 23:27,28
with their
4; Psalms 5:9; 12:3,4; 36:3; 52:2; 57:4; Isaiah 59:3; Jeremiah 9:3-5; Ezekiel 13:7; Matthew 12:34,35; James 3:5-8
the poison
Deuteronomy 32:33; Job 20:14-16; Psalms 140:3

Verse 14
Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:
Psalms 10:7; 59:12; 109:17,18; James 3:10

Verse 15
Their feet are swift to shed blood:
Proverbs 1:16; 6:18; Isaiah 59:7,8

Verse 17
And the way of peace have they not known:
5:1; Isaiah 57:21; 59:8; Matthew 7:14; Luke 1:79

Verse 18
There is no fear of God before their eyes.
Genesis 20:11; Psalms 36:1; Proverbs 8:13; 16:6; 23:17; Luke 23:40; Revelation 19:5

Verse 19
Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
what things
2; 2:12-18; John 10:34,35; 15:25; 1 Corinthians 9:20,21; Galatians 3:23; 4:5,21; 5:18
that
4; 1:20; 2:1; 1 Samuel 2:9; Job 5:16; 9:2,3; Psalms 107:42; Ezekiel 16:63; Matthew 22:12,13; John 8:9; 1 Corinthians 1:29
and all the
9,23; 2:1,2; Galatians 3:10,22
guilty before God
or, subject to the judgment of God.

Verse 20
Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
Therefore
28; 2:13; 4:13; 9:32; Acts 13:39; Galatians 2:16,19; 3:10-13; 5:4; Ephesians 2:8,9; Titus 3:5-7; James 2:9,10
no flesh
Job 25:4; Psalms 130:3; 143:2; James 2:20-26
in his sight
Job 15:15; 25:5
for by the
7:7-9; Galatians 2:19

Verse 21
But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;
righteousness
1:17; 5:19,21; 10:3,4; Genesis 15:6; Isaiah 45:24,25; 46:13; 51:8; 54:17; Isaiah 61:10; Jeremiah 23:5,6; 33:16; Daniel 9:24; Acts 15:11; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Galatians 5:5; Philippians 3:9; Hebrews 11:4-40; 2 Peter 1:1
being
Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Luke 24:44; John 1:45; 3:14,15; 5:46,47; Acts 26:22; Hebrews 10:1-14
and the
1:2; 16:26; Acts 3:21-25; 10:43; 28:23; Galatians 3:8; 1 Peter 1:10

Verse 22
Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:
which is
4:3-13,20-22; 5:1-11; 8:1; Philippians 3:9
unto all
4:6,11,22; Galatians 2:16; 3:6; James 2:23
and upon
Isaiah 61:10; Matthew 22:11,12; Luke 15:22; Galatians 3:7-9
for there
2:1; 10:12; Acts 15:9; 1 Corinthians 4:7; Galatians 3:28; Colossians 3:11

Verse 23
For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
all have
9,19; 1:28-32; 2:1-16; 11:32; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Galatians 3:22; 1 John 1:8-10
come
Hebrews 4:1
of
5:2; 1 Thessalonians 2:12; 2 Thessalonians 2:14; 1 Peter 4:13; 5:1,10

Verse 24
Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
justified
4:16; 5:16-19; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Ephesians 2:7-10; Titus 3:5-7
through
5:9; Isaiah 53:11; Matthew 20:28; Ephesians 1:6,7; Colossians 1:14; 1 Timothy 2:6; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 9:2-14; 1 Peter 1:18,19; Revelation 5:9; 7:14

Verse 25
Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
set forth
or, foreordained.
Acts 2:23; 3:18; 4:28; 15:18; 1 Peter 1:18-20; Revelation 13:8
to be
Exodus 25:17-22; Leviticus 16:15; Hebrews 9:5; *Gr:; 1 John 2:2; 4:10
through
5:1,9,11; Isaiah 53:11; John 6:47,53-58; Colossians 1:20-23; Hebrews 10:19,20
to declare
26; Psalms 22:31; 40:10; 50:6; 97:6; 119:142; 1 John 1:10
remission
or, passing over.
23,24; 4:1-8; Acts 13:38,39; 17:30; 1 Timothy 1:15; Hebrews 9:15-22,25,26; 10:4; Hebrews 11:7,14,17,39,40; Revelation 5:9; 13:8; 20:15

Verse 26
To declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.
that he
Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalms 85:10,11; Isaiah 42:21; 45:21; Zephaniah 3:5,15; Zechariah 9:9; Acts 13:38,39; Revelation 15:3
and
30; 4:5; 8:33; Galatians 3:8-14

Verse 27
Where is boasting then? It is excluded. By what law? of works? Nay: but by the law of faith.
Where
19; 2:17,23; 4:2; Ezekiel 16:62,63; 36:31,32; Zephaniah 3:11; Luke 18:9-14; 1 Corinthians 1:29-31; 4:7; Ephesians 2:8-10
of works
9:11,32; 10:5; 11:6; Galatians 2:16
but by
7:21,23,25; 8:2; Mark 16:16; John 3:36; Galatians 3:22; 1 John 5:11,12

Verse 28
Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.
20-22,26; 4:5; 5:1; 8:3; John 3:14-18; 5:24; 6:40; Acts 13:38,39; 1 Corinthians 6:11; Galatians 2:16; 3:8,11-14,24; Philippians 3:9; Titus 3:7

Verse 29
Is he the God of the Jews only? is he not also of the Gentiles? Yes, of the Gentiles also:
1:16; 9:24-26; 11:12,13; 15:9-13,16; Genesis 17:7,8,18; Psalms 22:7; 67:2; Psalms 72:17; Isaiah 19:23-25; 54:5; Jeremiah 16:19; 31:33; Hosea 1:10; Zechariah 2:11; Zechariah 8:20-23; Malachi 1:11; Matthew 22:32; 28:19; Mark 16:15,16; Luke 24:46,47; Acts 9:15; 22:21; 26:17; Galatians 3:14,25-29; Ephesians 3:6; Colossians 3:11

Verse 30
Seeing it is one God, which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.
28; 4:11,12; 10:12,13; Galatians 2:14-16; 3:8,20,28; 5:6; 6:15; Philippians 3:3; Colossians 2:10,11

Verse 31
Do we then make void the law through faith? God forbid: yea, we establish the law.
do we
4:14; Psalms 119:126; Jeremiah 8:8,9; Matthew 5:17; 15:6; Galatians 2:21; 3:17-19
God
[Me genoito] literally, let it not be, and which might be rendered less objectionably, far from it, by no means.
yea
7:7-14,22,25; 8:4; 10:4; 13:8-10; Psalms 40:8; Isaiah 42:21; Jeremiah 31:33,34; Matthew 3:15; 5:20; 1 Corinthians 9:21; Galatians 2:19; 5:18-23; Hebrews 10:15,16; James 2:8-12

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-3.html.

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