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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Song of Solomon 3

 

 

Introduction
1The church's fight and victory in temptation.
6The church glories in Christ.

Verse 1
By night on my bed I sought him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.
night
Psalms 4:4; 6:6; 22:2; 63:6-8; 77:2-4; Isaiah 26:9
him whom
1:7; 5:8; John 21:17; 1 Peter 1:8
I sought him, but
5:6; Job 23:8,9; Psalms 130:1,2; Isaiah 55:6; Luke 13:24

Verse 2
I will rise now, and go about the city in the streets, and in the broad ways I will seek him whom my soul loveth: I sought him, but I found him not.
will rise
5:5; Isaiah 64:7; John 1:6; Matthew 26:40,41; Romans 13:11; 1 Corinthians 15:34; Ephesians 5:14
the streets
Proverbs 1:20,21; 8:2,3,34; Luke 14:21-23
I sought
Psalms 22:1,2; 42:7-9; 43:2-5; 77:7-10

Verse 3
The watchmen that go about the city found me: to whom I said, Saw ye him whom my soul loveth?
watchmen
5:7; Isaiah 21:6-8,11,12; 56:10; 62:6; Ezekiel 3:17; 33:2-9; Hebrews 13:17
Saw
John 20:15

Verse 4
It was but a little that I passed from them, but I found him whom my soul loveth: I held him, and would not let him go, until I had brought him into my mother's house, and into the chamber of her that conceived me.
but
6:12; Proverbs 8:17; Isaiah 45:19; 55:6,7; Jeremiah 29:13; Lamentations 3:25; Matthew 7:7
I held
7:5; Genesis 32:26; Proverbs 4:13; Hosea 12:3,4; Matthew 28:9; John 20:16,17; Revelation 3:11,12
I had
Isaiah 49:14-18; 54:1-3; Galatians 4:26

Verse 5
I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake my love, till he please.
2:7; 8:4; Micah 4:8

Verse 6
Who is this that cometh out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?
this
8:5; Deuteronomy 8:2; Isaiah 43:19; Jeremiah 2:2; 31:2; Revelation 12:6,14
like
Probably the clouds of incense arising from the palanquin, which seemed likepillars of smoke.
Exodus 13:21,22; Joel 2:29-31; Acts 2:18-21; Colossians 3:1,2
perfumed
1:3,13; 4:12-14; 5:5,13; 2 Corinthians 2:14-16; Philippians 4:18; Revelation 5:8

Verse 7
Behold his bed, which is Solomon's; threescore valiant men are about it, of the valiant of Israel.
his bed
9; *marg:; 1:16
threescore
1 Samuel 8:16; 14:52; 28:2; 1 Kings 9:22; 14:27; 2 Kings 6:17; Hebrews 1:14

Verse 8
They all hold swords, being expert in war: every man hath his sword upon his thigh because of fear in the night.
all
Psalms 45:3; 149:5-9; Isaiah 27:3; Ephesians 6:16-18
because
Nehemiah 4:21,22; 1 Thessalonians 5:6-8

Verse 9
King Solomon made himself a chariot of the wood of Lebanon.
a chariot
or, a bed. Appiryon, rendered by Montanus, sponsarum ithalamum, "a nuptial bed;" but probably it denotes a kind of palanquin, perhaps synonymous with the Arabic farfar, a species of vehicle for women.
7; 2 Samuel 23:5; Revelation 14:6

Verse 10
He made the pillars thereof of silver, the bottom thereof of gold, the covering of it of purple, the midst thereof being paved with love, for the daughters of Jerusalem.
Psalms 87:3; 1 Timothy 3:15,16; Revelation 3:12
the midst
Romans 5:8; Ephesians 3:18,19; Revelation 1:5

Verse 11
Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals, and in the day of the gladness of his heart.
Go
7:11; Hebrews 13:13
O ye
1:5; 2:7; Psalms 9:14; 48:11
behold
Isaiah 9:6; Matthew 12:42; Philippians 2:9-11; Hebrews 2:9; Revelation 1:7; 19:12
his mother
8:5; Colossians 1:18; Revelation 5:9,10
in the day of his
Isaiah 62:5; Jeremiah 2:2; Hosea 2:19,20; John 3:29; Revelation 19:7; 22:9,10
in the day of the
Isaiah 53:11; Jeremiah 32:41; Zephaniah 3:17; Luke 15:6,7,23,24,32; John 15:11

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Song of Solomon 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/song-of-solomon-3.html.

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