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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Zechariah 5

 

 

Introduction
1By the flying roll is shewn the curse of thieves and swearers;
5and by a woman pressed in an ephah the final judgment of wickedness.

Verse 1
Then I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll.
roll
2; Isaiah 8:1; Jeremiah 36:1-6,20-24,27-32; Ezekiel 2:9,10; Revelation 5:1-14; Revelation 10:2,8-11

Verse 2
And he said unto me, What seest thou? And I answered, I see a flying roll; the length thereof is twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof ten cubits.
What
4:2; Jeremiah 1:11-14; Amos 7:8
flying
Zephaniah 1:14; 2 Peter 2:3
the length
Genesis 6:11-13; Revelation 18:5

Verse 3
Then said he unto me, This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth: for every one that stealeth shall be cut off as on this side according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off as on that side according to it.
the curse
Deuteronomy 11:28,29; 27:15-26; 28:15-68; 29:19-28; Psalms 109:17-20; Proverbs 3:33; Isaiah 24:6; 43:28; Jeremiah 26:6; Daniel 9:11; Malachi 3:9; 4:6; Matthew 25:41; Galatians 3:10-13; Hebrews 6:6-8; Revelation 21:8; 22:15
the face
Luke 21:35
every one, etc
or, every one of this people that stealeth, holdeth himself guiltless, as it doth. stealeth.
Exodus 20:15; Proverbs 29:24; 30:9; Jeremiah 7:9; Hosea 4:2; Malachi 3:8-10; 1 Corinthians 6:7-9; Ephesians 4:28; James 5:4
sweareth
4; 8:17; Leviticus 19:12; Isaiah 48:1; Jeremiah 5:2; 23:10; Ezekiel 17:13-16; Malachi 3:5; Matthew 5:33-37; 23:16-22; 1 Timothy 1:9; James 5:12

Verse 4
I will bring it forth, saith the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name: and it shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it with the timber thereof and the stones thereof.
and it shall remain
Leviticus 14:34-45; Deuteronomy 7:26; Job 18:15; 20:26; Proverbs 3:33; Habakkuk 2:9-11; James 5:2,3

Verse 5
Then the angel that talked with me went forth, and said unto me, Lift up now thine eyes, and see what is this that goeth forth.
the angel
1:9,14,19; 2:3; 4:5
Lift

Verse 6
And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth.
This is an ephah
"The meaning of this vision," says Archbishop Newcome, "seems to be, that the Babylonish captivity had happened on account of the wickedness of the Jews, and that a like dispersion would befall them if they relapsed into like crimes." The woman who sat in the ephah was an emblem of the Jewish nation; the casting the weight of lead on the mouth of the ephah seems to mean the condemnation of the Jews, after they had filled up the measure of their iniquities by crucifying the Messiah; the "two women, with wings like a stork, and the wind in their wings," seem emblematical of the Roman armies and the rapidity of their conquests; and their lifting up the ephah and carrying it through the air, to build it a house in Shinar or Babylon, where it was fixed on its own basis, represents the taking of Jerusalem, the dispersion of the Jews, and the long continuance of that calamity, as a just punishment of their unbelief.
Ezekiel 44:10,11; Amos 8:5

Verse 7
And, behold, there was lifted up a talent of lead: and this is a woman that sitteth in the midst of the ephah.
talent
or, weighty piece.
Isaiah 13:1; 15:1; 22:11
is
Jeremiah 3:1,2; Ezekiel 16:1-63; 23:1-49; Hosea 1:1-3; Revelation 17:1-18

Verse 8
And he said, This is wickedness. And he cast it into the midst of the ephah; and he cast the weight of lead upon the mouth thereof.
This
Genesis 15:16; Matthew 23:32; 1 Thessalonians 2:16
the weight
7; Psalms 38:4; Proverbs 5:22; Lamentations 1:14; Amos 9:1-4

Verse 9
Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven.
for
Deuteronomy 28:49; Daniel 9:26,27; Hosea 8:1; Matthew 24:28

Verse 11
And he said unto me, To build it an house in the land of Shinar: and it shall be established, and set there upon her own base.
To
Deuteronomy 28:59; Jeremiah 29:28; Hosea 3:4; Luke 21:24
the land
Genesis 10:10; 11:2; 14:1; Isaiah 11:11; Daniel 1:2

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zechariah 5:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/zechariah-5.html.

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