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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Zechariah 7

 

 

Introduction
1The captives enquire concerning the set fasts.
4Zechariah reproves the hypocrisy of their fasting.
8Sin the cause of their captivity.

Verse 1
And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Darius, that the word of the LORD came unto Zechariah in the fourth day of the ninth month, even in Chisleu;
the fourth
1:1; Ezra 6:14,15; Haggai 2:10,20
Chisleu
Answering to part of November and part of December.
Nehemiah 1:1

Verse 2
When they had sent unto the house of God Sherezer and Regemmelech, and their men, to pray before the LORD,
they
6:10; Ezra 6:10; 7:15-23; 8:28-30; Isaiah 60:7
pray before the Lord
Heb. intreat the face of the Lord.
8:21; Exodus 32:11; *marg:; 1 Samuel 13:12; 1 Kings 13:6; Jeremiah 26:19

Verse 3
And to speak unto the priests which were in the house of the LORD of hosts, and to the prophets, saying, Should I weep in the fifth month, separating myself, as I have done these so many years?
speak
Deuteronomy 17:9-11; 33:10; Ezekiel 44:23,24; Hosea 4:6; Haggai 2:11; Malachi 2:7
Should
5; Nehemiah 8:9-11; 9:1-3; Ecclesiastes 3:4; Isaiah 22:12,13; Joel 2:17; Matthew 9:15; James 4:8-10
fifth
This was a fast for the burning of the temple, as that of the seventh month was for the death of Gedaliah; and seeing that the city and temple were in part rebuilt, they wished to know whether they should continue the observance of them.
8:19; 2 Kings 25:8,9; Jeremiah 52:12-14
separating
12:12-14; 1 Corinthians 7:5

Verse 4
Then came the word of the LORD of hosts unto me, saying,
Lord of hosts
Isaiah 10:16

Verse 5
Speak unto all the people of the land, and to the priests, saying, When ye fasted and mourned in the fifth and seventh month, even those seventy years, did ye at all fast unto me, even to me?
When
Isaiah 58:5
seventh
8:19; 2 Kings 25:23; Jeremiah 41:1-4
seventy
From the eleventh year of Zedekiah to the fourth of Darius Hystapses are just seventy years.
3; 1:12; Jeremiah 25:11
did
6; Isaiah 1:11,12; 58:4-6; Matthew 5:16-18; 6:2,5,16; 23:5; Romans 14:6-9,17,18; 1 Corinthians 10:31; 2 Corinthians 5:15; Colossians 3:23

Verse 6
And when ye did eat, and when ye did drink, did not ye eat for yourselves, and drink for yourselves?
did not ye eat for
or, be not ye they that did eat for, etc.
Deuteronomy 12:7; 14:26; 1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Chronicles 29:22; Jeremiah 17:9,10; Hosea 8:13; 9:4; 1 Corinthians 10:31; 11:20,21,26-29; Colossians 3:17

Verse 7
Should ye not hear the words which the LORD hath cried by the former prophets, when Jerusalem was inhabited and in prosperity, and the cities thereof round about her, when men inhabited the south and the plain?
Should ye not hear the words
or, Are not these the words, etc.
Isaiah 55:3,6,7
cried
1:3-6; Isaiah 1:16-20; Jeremiah 7:5,23; 36:2,3; Ezekiel 18:30-32; Daniel 9:6-14; Hosea 14:1-3; Amos 5:14,15; Micah 6:6-8; Zephaniah 2:1-3
former
Heb. the hand of former. the south.
Deuteronomy 34:3; Jeremiah 17:26; 32:44; 33:13

Verse 9
Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Execute true judgment, and shew mercy and compassions every man to his brother:
saying
7; 8:16,17; Leviticus 19:15,35-37; Deuteronomy 10:18,19; 15:7-14; 16:18-20; Psalms 82:2-4; Proverbs 21:3; Isaiah 58:6-10; Jeremiah 7:5,23; Ezekiel 45:9; Hosea 10:12,13; Amos 5:24; Micah 6:8; Matthew 23:23; Luke 11:42; James 2:13-17
Execute true judgment
Heb. Judge judgment of truth.
Jeremiah 21:12; *marg:; John 7:51

Verse 10
And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.
oppress
Exodus 22:21-24; 23:9; Deuteronomy 24:14-18; 27:19; Psalms 72:4; Proverbs 22:22,23; 23:10; Proverbs 23:11; Isaiah 1:16,17,23; Jeremiah 5:28; 22:15-17; Ezekiel 22:7,12,29; Amos 4:1; 5:11,12; Micah 2:1-3; 3:1-4; Zephaniah 3:1-3; Malachi 3:5; Matthew 23:14; 1 Corinthians 6:10; James 5:4
imagine
Psalms 21:11; 36:4; 140:2; Proverbs 3:29; 6:18; Jeremiah 11:19,20; 18:18; Micah 2:1; Mark 7:21-23; James 1:14,15; 1 John 3:15

Verse 11
But they refused to hearken, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped their ears, that they should not hear.
they refused
1:4; Exodus 10:3; 2 Kings 17:13-15; 2 Chronicles 33:10; Nehemiah 9:17,26,29; Proverbs 1:24-32; Isaiah 1:19,20; Jeremiah 6:16,17; 7:24; 13:10; 26:5,6; 35:15; 36:31; 44:16; Ezekiel 3:7; Hosea 4:16; Daniel 9:5; Zephaniah 3:2; Acts 7:51; Hebrews 12:25
pulled away the shoulder
Heb. gave a backsliding shoulder.
Nehemiah 9:29; Jeremiah 8:5; Hosea 4:16; Hebrews 10:38,39
stopped
Heb. made heavy.
Psalms 58:4,5; Isaiah 6:10; Acts 7:57

Verse 12
Yea, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should hear the law, and the words which the LORD of hosts hath sent in his spirit by the former prophets: therefore came a great wrath from the LORD of hosts.
their hearts
Nehemiah 9:29; Job 9:4; Isaiah 48:4; Jeremiah 5:3; Ezekiel 2:4; 3:7-9; 11:19; 36:26
lest
Psalms 50:17; Nehemiah 9:29,30; Isaiah 6:10; Matthew 13:15; Mark 4:12; Luke 8:12; John 3:19; John 3:20; Acts 28:27; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12
sent
Nehemiah 9:30; Acts 7:51,52; 1 Peter 1:11,12; 2 Peter 1:21
the former
Heb. the hand of the former.
therefore
2 Chronicles 36:16; Jeremiah 26:19; Daniel 9:11,12; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16

Verse 13
Therefore it is come to pass, that as he cried, and they would not hear; so they cried, and I would not hear, saith the LORD of hosts:
as
Psalms 81:8-12; Proverbs 1:24-28; Isaiah 50:2; Jeremiah 6:16,17; Luke 13:34,35; Luke 19:42-44
so
Proverbs 21:13; 28:9; Isaiah 1:15; Jeremiah 11:11; 14:12; Ezekiel 14:3; 20:3; Micah 3:4; Matthew 25:11,12; Luke 13:25; James 4:3

Verse 14
But I scattered them with a whirlwind among all the nations whom they knew not. Thus the land was desolate after them, that no man passed through nor returned: for they laid the pleasant land desolate.
scattered
2:6; 9:14; Leviticus 26:33; Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:33,64; Psalms 58:9; Isaiah 17:13; 21:1; Isaiah 66:15; Jeremiah 4:11,12; 23:19; 25:32,33; 30:23; 36:19; Amos 1:14; Nahum 1:3; Habakkuk 3:14
whom
Deuteronomy 28:33,49; Jeremiah 5:15
the land
Leviticus 26:22; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Jeremiah 52:30; Daniel 9:16-18; Zephaniah 3:6
the pleasant land
Heb. the land of desire.
Daniel 8:9

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zechariah 7:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/zechariah-7.html.

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