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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Zephaniah 1

 

 

Introduction
1The time when Zephaniah prophesied.
2God's severe judgments against Judah.

Verse 1
The word of the LORD which came unto Zephaniah the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hizkiah, in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah.
word
Ezekiel 1:3; Hosea 1:1; 2 Timothy 3:16; 2 Peter 1:19
in the days
2 Kings 22:1-23; 2 Chronicles 34:1-35; Jeremiah 1:2; 25:3

Verse 2
I will utterly consume all things from off the land, saith the LORD.
I will, etc
Heb. By taking away I will make an end. utterly.
2 Kings 22:16,17; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Isaiah 6:11; Jeremiah 6:8,9; 24:8-10; 34:22; 36:29; Ezekiel 33:27-29; Micah 7:13
land
Heb. face of the land.

Verse 3
I will consume man and beast; I will consume the fowls of the heaven, and the fishes of the sea, and the stumblingblocks with the wicked; and I will cut off man from off the land, saith the LORD.
consume man
Jeremiah 4:23-29; 12:4; Hosea 4:3
stumbling-blocks
or, idols.
Isaiah 27:9; Ezekiel 7:19; 14:3-7; 44:12; Hosea 14:3,8; Micah 5:11-14; Zechariah 13:2; Matthew 23:39; Revelation 2:14
and I
Ezekiel 14:13-21; 15:6-8

Verse 4
I will also stretch out mine hand upon Judah, and upon all the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and I will cut off the remnant of Baal from this place, and the name of the Chemarims with the priests;
stretch
Exodus 15:12; 2 Kings 21:13; Isaiah 14:26,27
the remnant
"Fulfilled."
2 Kings 23:4,5; 2 Chronicles 34:4
the Chemarims
Hosea 10:5; *marg:

Verse 5
And them that worship the host of heaven upon the housetops; and them that worship and that swear by the LORD, and that swear by Malcham;
worship
2 Kings 23:12; Jeremiah 19:13; 32:29
and them
1 Kings 18:21; 2 Kings 17:33,41; Matthew 6:24
and that
Deuteronomy 10:20; Isaiah 48:1; Jeremiah 4:2; Hosea 4:15
by the Lord
or, to the Lord.
Isaiah 44:5; 45:23; Romans 14:11
swear by
Joshua 23:7
Malcham
1 Kings 11:33
Milcom
Amos 5:26
Moloch

Verse 6
And them that are turned back from the LORD; and those that have not sought the LORD, nor enquired for him.
turned
1 Samuel 15:11; Psalms 36:3; 125:5; Isaiah 1:4; Jeremiah 2:13,17; 3:10; 15:6; Ezekiel 3:20; Hosea 4:15,16; 11:7; Hebrews 10:38,39; 2 Peter 2:18-22
and those
Psalms 10:4; 14:2,3; Isaiah 43:22; Hosea 7:7; Romans 3:11; Hebrews 2:3

Verse 7
Hold thy peace at the presence of the Lord GOD: for the day of the LORD is at hand: for the LORD hath prepared a sacrifice, he hath bid his guests.
thy
1 Samuel 2:9,10; Job 40:4,5; Psalms 46:10; 76:8,9; Isaiah 6:5; Amos 6:10; Habakkuk 2:20; Zechariah 2:13; Romans 3:19; 9:20
for the day
14; Isaiah 2:12; 13:6; Ezekiel 7:7,10; Joel 2:1,2,11,31; Amos 5:18-20; Malachi 4:1; Philippians 4:5; 2 Peter 3:10-12
for the Lord
Isaiah 34:6; Jeremiah 46:10; Ezekiel 39:17-20; Revelation 19:17,18
he hath
Proverbs 9:1-6; Matthew 22:4; Luke 14:16,17
bid
Heb. sanctified, or prepared.
1 Samuel 16:5; 20:26; Colossians 1:12

Verse 8
And it shall come to pass in the day of the LORD'S sacrifice, that I will punish the princes, and the king's children, and all such as are clothed with strange apparel.
punish
Heb. visit upon.
Isaiah 10:12; 24:21; *margins
the princes
2 Kings 23:30-34; 24:12,13; 25:6,7,19-21; Isaiah 39:7; Jeremiah 22:11-19,24-30; Jeremiah 39:6,7
strange
Deuteronomy 22:5; 2 Kings 10:22; Isaiah 3:18-24

Verse 9
In the same day also will I punish all those that leap on the threshold, which fill their masters' houses with violence and deceit.
those
Or, "that leap over the threshold," by which is probably meant the Philistines, who, after the time that Dagon fell before the ark and was broken on the threshold, leaped over it when entering his temple.
leap
1 Samuel 5:5
which
1 Samuel 2:15,16; 2 Kings 5:20-27; Nehemiah 5:15; Proverbs 29:12; Acts 16:19

Verse 10
And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the LORD, that there shall be the noise of a cry from the fish gate, and an howling from the second, and a great crashing from the hills.
in
7,15; Jeremiah 39:2
the noise
Isaiah 22:4,5; 59:11; Jeremiah 4:19-21,31; Amos 8:3
the fish gate
2 Chronicles 33:14; Nehemiah 3:3
the second
2 Kings 22:14; 2 Chronicles 32:22
from
2 Samuel 5:7,9; 2 Chronicles 3:1

Verse 11
Howl, ye inhabitants of Maktesh, for all the merchant people are cut down; all they that bear silver are cut off.
Howl
Jeremiah 4:8; 25:34; Ezekiel 21:12; Joel 1:5,13; Zechariah 11:2,3; James 5:1
all the
Nehemiah 3:31,32; Hosea 12:7,8; John 2:16; Revelation 18:11-18

Verse 12
And it shall come to pass at that time, that I will search Jerusalem with candles, and punish the men that are settled on their lees: that say in their heart, The LORD will not do good, neither will he do evil.
that I
Jeremiah 16:16,17; Amos 9:1-3; Obadiah 1:6
the men
Jeremiah 48:11; Amos 6:1; Revelation 2:23
settled
Heb. curded, or thickened. The Lord.
Job 21:15; Psalms 10:11-13; 14:1; 94:7; Isaiah 5:19; Jeremiah 10:5; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:9; Malachi 3:14,15; 2 Peter 3:4

Verse 13
Therefore their goods shall become a booty, and their houses a desolation: they shall also build houses, but not inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, but not drink the wine thereof.
their goods
9; Isaiah 6:11; 24:1-3; Jeremiah 4:7,20; 5:17; 9:11,19; 12:10-13; Ezekiel 7:19,21; Ezekiel 22:31; Micah 3:12
build
Deuteronomy 28:30,39,51; Isaiah 5:8,9; 65:21,22; Amos 5:11; Micah 6:15

Verse 14
The great day of the LORD is near, it is near, and hasteth greatly, even the voice of the day of the LORD: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly.
great
7; Jeremiah 30:7; Ezekiel 30:3; Joel 2:1,11,31; Malachi 4:5; Acts 2:20; Revelation 6:17
it is
Ezekiel 7:6,7,12; 12:23; Amos 8:2; Philippians 4:5; James 5:9; 2 Peter 2:3
even
10; Isaiah 22:4,5; 66:6; Jeremiah 25:36; Joel 2:11; 3:16; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; Hebrews 12:26
the mighty
Isaiah 15:4; 33:7; Jeremiah 48:41; Revelation 6:15-17

Verse 15
That day is a day of wrath, a day of trouble and distress, a day of wasteness and desolation, a day of darkness and gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness,
is
18; 2:2; Isaiah 22:5; Jeremiah 30:7; Amos 5:18-20; Luke 21:22,23; Romans 2:5; 2 Peter 3:7; Revelation 6:17
a day of darkness
Job 3:4-8; Joel 2:2,11

Verse 16
A day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities, and against the high towers.
day
Isaiah 59:10; Jeremiah 4:19,20; 6:1; 8:16; Hosea 5:8; 8:1; Amos 3:6; Habakkuk 1:6-10; Habakkuk 3:6
and against
Psalms 48:12,13; Isaiah 2:12-15; 32:14

Verse 17
And I will bring distress upon men, that they shall walk like blind men, because they have sinned against the LORD: and their blood shall be poured out as dust, and their flesh as the dung.
they shall
Deuteronomy 28:28,29; Psalms 79:3; Isaiah 29:10; 59:9,10; Lamentations 4:14; Matthew 15:14; John 9:40,41; Romans 11:7,25; 2 Corinthians 4:4; 2 Peter 1:9; 1 John 2:11; Revelation 3:17
because
Isaiah 24:5,6; 50:1; 59:12-15; Jeremiah 2:17,19; 4:18; Lamentations 1:8,14,18; 4:13-15; Lamentations 5:16,17; Ezekiel 22:25-31; Daniel 9:5-19; Micah 3:9-12; 7:13
and their blood
2 Kings 9:33-37; Psalms 79:2,3; 83:10; Jeremiah 9:21,22; 15:3; 16:4-6; 18:21; Lamentations 2:21; 4:14; Amos 4:10

Verse 18
Neither their silver nor their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the LORD'S wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of his jealousy: for he shall make even a speedy riddance of all them that dwell in the land.
their silver
11; Psalms 49:6-9; 52:5-7; Proverbs 11:4; 18:11; Isaiah 2:20,21; Jeremiah 9:23,24; Ezekiel 7:19; Matthew 16:26; Luke 12:19-21; 16:22,23
in the day
15; Job 21:30
but
3:8; Leviticus 26:33-35; Deuteronomy 29:20-28; 31:17; Isaiah 24:1-12; Jeremiah 4:26-29; 7:20,34; 9:11
the fire
3:8; Deuteronomy 32:21-25; 1 Kings 14:22; Psalms 78:58; 79:5; Ezekiel 8:3-5; 16:38; Ezekiel 36:5,6; 1 Corinthians 10:22
he shall
2,3; Isaiah 1:24

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zephaniah 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/zephaniah-1.html.

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