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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Zephaniah 3

 

 

Introduction
1A sharp reproof of Jerusalem for divers sins.
8An exhortation to wait for the restoration of Israel,
14and to rejoice for their salvation by God.

Verse 1
Woe to her that is filthy and polluted, to the oppressing city!
her that is filthy
or, gluttonous. Heb. craw.
Leviticus 1:16
to the
Isaiah 5:7; 30:12; 59:13; Jeremiah 6:6; 22:17; Ezekiel 22:7,29; Amos 3:9; 4:1; Micah 2:2; Zechariah 7:10; Malachi 3:5

Verse 2
She obeyed not the voice; she received not correction; she trusted not in the LORD; she drew not near to her God.
obeyed
Deuteronomy 28:15-68; Nehemiah 9:26; Jeremiah 7:23-28; 22:21; Zechariah 7:11-14
she received
Isaiah 1:5; Jeremiah 2:30; 5:3; Ezekiel 24:13
correction
or, instruction.
Psalms 50:17; Proverbs 1:7; 5:12; Jeremiah 32:33; 35:13,17; John 3:18,19
she trusted
Psalms 78:22; Isaiah 30:1-3; 31:1; Jeremiah 17:5,6
she drew
Psalms 10:4; Isaiah 29:13; 43:22; Hebrews 10:22

Verse 3
Her princes within her are roaring lions; her judges are evening wolves; they gnaw not the bones till the morrow.
princes
Job 4:8-11; Psalms 10:8-10; Proverbs 28:15; Isaiah 1:23; Jeremiah 22:17; Ezekiel 22:6,25-27; Micah 3:1-4,9-11
evening
Jeremiah 5:6; Habakkuk 1:8

Verse 4
Her prophets are light and treacherous persons: her priests have polluted the sanctuary, they have done violence to the law.
light
Isaiah 9:15; 56:10-12; Jeremiah 5:31; 6:13,14; 8:10; 14:13-15; 23:9-17,25-27; Jeremiah 23:32; 27:14,15; Lamentations 2:14; Ezekiel 13:3-16; Hosea 9:7; Micah 2:11; 3:5,6; Matthew 7:15; 2 Corinthians 11:13; 2 Peter 2:1-3; 1 John 4:1; Revelation 19:20
her priests
1 Samuel 2:12-17,22; Ezekiel 22:26; 44:7,8; Hosea 4:6-8; Malachi 2:8

Verse 5
The just LORD is in the midst thereof; he will not do iniquity: every morning doth he bring his judgment to light, he faileth not; but the unjust knoweth no shame.
just
Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalms 99:3,4; 145:17; Ecclesiastes 3:16,17; Isaiah 45:21; Habakkuk 1:3; Zechariah 9:9; Romans 3:26; 1 Peter 1:17
is in
15,17; Deuteronomy 23:14; Isaiah 12:6; Ezekiel 48:35; Micah 3:11; Zechariah 2:5
he will
Genesis 18:25; Job 8:3; 34:10,17-19
every morning
Heb. morning by morning.
Isaiah 28:19; 33:2; 50:4; Jeremiah 21:12; Lamentations 3:23
bring
Psalms 37:6; Isaiah 42:3,4; Micah 7:9; Luke 12:2; Romans 2:5; 1 Corinthians 4:5
but
Jeremiah 3:3; 6:15; 8:12

Verse 6
I have cut off the nations: their towers are desolate; I made their streets waste, that none passeth by: their cities are destroyed, so that there is no man, that there is none inhabitant.
cut
Isaiah 10:1-34; 15:1-16; 19:1-25; 37:11-13,24-26,36; Jeremiah 25:9-11; Jeremiah 25:18-26; Nahum 2:1-3; 1 Corinthians 10:6,11
towers
or, corners.

Verse 7
I said, Surely thou wilt fear me, thou wilt receive instruction; so their dwelling should not be cut off, howsoever I punished them: but they rose early, and corrupted all their doings.
Surely
2; Isaiah 5:4; 63:8; Jeremiah 8:6; 36:3; Luke 19:42-44; 2 Peter 3:9
so
Jeremiah 7:7; 17:25-27; 25:5; 38:17
howsoever
2 Chronicles 28:6-8; 32:1,2; 33:11; 36:3-10
they
Micah 2:1,2
corrupted
Genesis 6:12; Deuteronomy 4:16; Hosea 9:9

Verse 8
Therefore wait ye upon me, saith the LORD, until the day that I rise up to the prey: for my determination is to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indignation, even all my fierce anger: for all the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy.
wait
Psalms 27:14; 37:7,34; 62:1,5; 123:2; 130:5,6; Proverbs 20:22; Isaiah 30:18; Lamentations 3:25,26; Hosea 12:6; Micah 7:7; James 5:7,8
rise
Psalms 12:5; 78:65,66; Isaiah 42:13,14; 59:16-18
to gather
Ezekiel 38:14-23; Joel 3:2,9-16; Micah 4:11-13; Zechariah 14:2,3; Matthew 25:32; Revelation 16:14; 19:17-19
for all
1:18; Deuteronomy 32:21,22; Song of Solomon 8:6; Ezekiel 36:5,6; 38:19; 2 Peter 3:10

Verse 9
For then will I turn to the people a pure language, that they may all call upon the name of the LORD, to serve him with one consent.
will
Isaiah 19:18; Matthew 12:35; Ephesians 4:29
language
Heb. lip.
Genesis 11:1; *marg:
that
1 Kings 8:41-43; Psalms 22:27; 86:9,10; 113:3; Jeremiah 16:19; Habakkuk 2:14; Zechariah 2:11; Zechariah 8:20-23; 14:9; Acts 2:4-13; Romans 15:6-11; Revelation 11:15
consent
Heb. shoulder.

Verse 10
From beyond the rivers of Ethiopia my suppliants, even the daughter of my dispersed, shall bring mine offering.
Psalms 68:31; 72:8-11; Isaiah 11:11; 18:1,7-19; 27:12,13; 49:20-23; Isaiah 60:4-12; 66:18-21; Malachi 1:11; Acts 8:27; 24:17; Romans 11:11,12; 15:16; 1 Peter 1:1

Verse 11
In that day shalt thou not be ashamed for all thy doings, wherein thou hast transgressed against me: for then I will take away out of the midst of thee them that rejoice in thy pride, and thou shalt no more be haughty because of my holy mountain.
shalt thou
19,20; Psalms 49:5; Isaiah 45:17; 54:4; 61:7; 65:13,14; Joel 2:26,27; Romans 9:33; 1 Peter 2:6
that rejoice
Numbers 16:3; Isaiah 48:1,2; Jeremiah 7:4,9-12; Ezekiel 7:20-24; 24:21; Micah 3:11; Matthew 3:9; Romans 2:17
because of my holy
or, in my holy.
Psalms 87:1,2; Isaiah 11:9; Daniel 9:16,20

Verse 12
I will also leave in the midst of thee an afflicted and poor people, and they shall trust in the name of the LORD.
leave
Isaiah 14:32; 61:1-3; Zechariah 11:11; 13:8,9; Matthew 5:3; 11:5; 1 Corinthians 1:27,28; James 2:5
and
Psalms 37:40; Isaiah 50:10; Nahum 1:7; Matthew 12:21; Romans 15:12; Ephesians 1:12,13; 1 Peter 1:21

Verse 13
The remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity, nor speak lies; neither shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth: for they shall feed and lie down, and none shall make them afraid.
remnant
2:7; Isaiah 6:13; 10:20-22; Micah 4:7; Romans 11:4-7
not
Isaiah 11:6-9; 35:8; 60:21; Jeremiah 31:33; Ezekiel 36:25-27; Joel 3:17,21; Zechariah 14:20,21; Matthew 13:41; 1 John 3:9,10; 5:18
nor
Isaiah 63:8; John 1:47; Colossians 3:9; Revelation 14:5; 21:8,27
they
Psalms 23:2; Isaiah 65:10; Jeremiah 23:4; Ezekiel 34:13-15,23-28; Micah 4:4; 5:4,5; Micah 7:14; Revelation 7:15-17
and
Isaiah 17:2; 54:14; Jeremiah 30:10; Ezekiel 39:26; 1 Peter 3:14

Verse 14
Sing, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel; be glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem.
shout
Ezra 3:11-13; Nehemiah 12:43; Psalms 14:7; 47:5-7; 81:1-3; 95:1,2; 100:1,2; Psalms 126:2,3; Isaiah 12:6; 24:14-16; 35:2; 40:9; 42:10-12; 51:11; 54:1; Isaiah 65:13,14,18,19; Jeremiah 30:19; 31:13; 33:11; Zechariah 2:10,11; 9:9,10; Zechariah 9:15-17; Matthew 21:9; Luke 2:10-14; Revelation 19:1-6
O daughter of Jerusalem
Micah 4:8

Verse 15
The LORD hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Israel, even the LORD, is in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more.
hath taken
Genesis 30:23; Psalms 85:3; Isaiah 25:8; 40:1,2; 51:22; Micah 7:18-20; Zechariah 1:14-16; Zechariah 8:13-15; 10:6,7
he hath
Isaiah 13:1-14; Jeremiah 50:1-51; Micah 7:10,16,17; Habakkuk 2:8,17; Zechariah 2:8,9; 12:3; Romans 8:33,34; Revelation 12:10
the king
Isaiah 33:22; Ezekiel 37:24,25; Zechariah 9:9; John 1:49; 12:15; 19:19; Revelation 19:16
is in
5,17; Ezekiel 37:26-28; 48:35; Joel 3:20,21; Revelation 7:15; 21:3,4
thou
Isaiah 35:10; 51:22; 60:18; 65:19; Ezekiel 39:29; Joel 3:17; Amos 9:15; Zechariah 14:11

Verse 16
In that day it shall be said to Jerusalem, Fear thou not: and to Zion, Let not thine hands be slack.
be said
Isaiah 35:3,4; 40:9; 41:10,13,14; 43:1,2; 44:2; 54:4; Jeremiah 46:27,28; Haggai 2:4,5; Zechariah 8:15; John 12:12; Hebrews 12:12
slack
or, faint.
2 Corinthians 4:1; Galatians 6:9; Ephesians 3:13; Hebrews 12:3-5; Revelation 2:3

Verse 17
The LORD thy God in the midst of thee is mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.
in the
5,15
is mighty
Genesis 17:1; 18:14; Psalms 24:8-10; Isaiah 9:6; 12:2,6; 63:12; Hebrews 7:25
will rejoice
Numbers 14:8; Deuteronomy 30:9; Psalms 147:11; 149:4; Isaiah 62:4,5; 65:19; Jeremiah 32:41; Luke 15:5,6,23,24,32; John 15:11
he will
Genesis 1:31; 2:2; Isaiah 18:4; John 13:1
rest
Heb. be silent.

Verse 18
I will gather them that are sorrowful for the solemn assembly, who are of thee, to whom the reproach of it was a burden.
gather
20; Jeremiah 23:3; 31:8,9; Ezekiel 34:13; 36:24; Hosea 1:11; Romans 11:25,26
sorrowful
Psalms 42:2-4; 43:3; 63:1,2; 84:1,2; 137:3-6; Lamentations 1:4,7; 2:6,7; Hosea 9:5
the reproach of it was a burden
Heb. the burden upon it was reproach.

Verse 19
Behold, at that time I will undo all that afflict thee: and I will save her that halteth, and gather her that was driven out; and I will get them praise and fame in every land where they have been put to shame.
I will undo
15; Isaiah 25:9-12; 26:11; 41:11-16; 43:14-17; 49:25,26; 51:22,23; Isaiah 66:14-16; Jeremiah 30:16; 46:28; 51:35,36; Ezekiel 39:17-22; Joel 3:2-9; Micah 7:10; Nahum 1:11-14; Zechariah 2:8,9; 12:3,4; 14:2,3; Revelation 19:17-21; 20:9
and I will save
Jeremiah 31:8; Ezekiel 34:16; Micah 4:6,7; Hebrews 12:13
and I will
Isaiah 60:14; 61:7; 62:7; Jeremiah 33:9; Ezekiel 39:26
get them praise
Heb. set them for a praise. where they have been put to shame. Heb. of their shame.

Verse 20
At that time will I bring you again, even in the time that I gather you: for I will make you a name and a praise among all people of the earth, when I turn back your captivity before your eyes, saith the LORD.
even
Isaiah 11:11,12; 27:12,13; 56:8; Ezekiel 28:25; 34:16; 37:21; 39:28; Amos 9:14
for
19; Isaiah 60:15; 61:9; 62:7,12; Malachi 3:12
I turn
Psalms 35:6; Jeremiah 29:14; Ezekiel 16:53; Joel 3:1

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zephaniah 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/zephaniah-3.html.

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