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Bible Commentaries

Vincent's Word Studies

Mark 14



Verse 1

The feast of the passover and the unleavened bread ( τὸ πάσχα καὶ τὰ ἄζυμα )

Lit., the passover and the unleavened. It was really one and the same festival.

Sought ( ἐζήτουν )

Imperfect tense: were all this while seeking


Verse 3

Alabaster box

See on Matthew 26:7.

Spikenard ( νάρδου πιστικῆς )

The meaning of πιστικῆς greatly disputed. The best authorities define it genuine or unadulterated: pure nard.


Possibly by striking the brittle neck of the flask. This detail is peculiar to Mark.

Verse 4

To what purpose, etc

See on Matthew 26:8.

Verse 5

Murmured ( ἐνεβριμῶντο )

See on Mark 1:43.

Verse 6


See on Matthew 26:10.

Verse 7

And whensoever ye will, etc

Note Mark's amplification.

Verse 8

She hath done what she could ( ὅ ἔσχεν ἐποίησεν )

Lit., what she had she did. Peculiar to Mark.

She is come aforehand to anoint ( προέλαβεν μυρίσαι )

Lit., she anticipated to anoint. Rev., hath anointed beforehand. The verb μυρίζω is found only here.

Verse 11


See on Matthew 26:15.

He sought ( ευζήτει )

Imperfect tense. He kept seeking: busied himself continuously from that time.

Conveniently ( εὐκαίρως )

Might find a good opportunity ( καιρός ).

Verse 13

A man

A slave probably, whose business it was to draw water. See Deuteronomy 19:11.


Of earthenware: κεράμοιν , from κέραμος , potter's clay.

Verse 14

My guest-chamber ( κατάλυμά μου )

Luke 22:11. The word is not classical, and as used by an oriental signifies a khan or caravanserai. Hence inn at Luke 2:7. My chamber. It was a common practice that more than one company partook of the paschal supper in the same apartment; but Christ will have his chamber for himself and his disciples alone.

Verse 15

And he ( αὐτὸς )

The Greek is more emphatic. “He will himself show you.” So Rev. Probably the owner of the house was a disciple.

Furnished ( ἐστρωμένον )

Lit., strewed with carpets, and with couches properly spread.

Verse 20

Dish ( τρυβλίου )

See on Matthew 26:23.

Verse 23

The cup.

The wine was the ordinary one of the country, only red. It was mixed with water, generally in the proportion of one part to two of water.

Verse 24


See on Matthew 26:28.

Is shed ( τὸ ἐκχυννόμενον )

Lit., is being shed. This present participle is significant. To the Lord's mind the sacrifice is already being offered.

Verse 25


See on Matthew 26:29.

Verse 26

Sung an hymn

See on Matthew 26:30.

Verse 28

Go before

See on Matthew 26:32.

Verse 30

Cock crow

See on Matthew 26:34. Mark alone addstwice.

Deny ( ἀπαρνήσῃ )

The compound verb signifies utterly deny.

Verse 31

I will not deny ( οὐ μή σε ἀπαρνήσαμαι )

The double negative with the future forms the strongest possible assertion.

Verse 32


See on Matthew 26:36.

Verse 33

To be sore amazed ( ἐκθαμβεῖσθαι )

A word peculiar to Mark. Compare Mark 9:15; Mark 16:5, Mark 16:6.

Verse 35

Prayed ( προσηύχετο )

Imperfect tense: began to pray.

Verse 40

Heavy ( καταβαρυνόμενοι )

Lit., weighed down: very heavy.

Verse 41

It is enough ( ἀπέχει )

Peculiar to Mark. In this impersonal sense the word occurs nowhere else in the New Testament. Expositors are utterly at sea as to its meaning.

Verse 43

One of the twelve

See on Matthew 26:47; as also onmultitude.

Verse 44

Token ( σύσσημον )

A later Greek compound used only by Mark in this passage. Compare σημεῖον , Matthew 26:48. The σύν , with, gives the force of a mutual token: a concerted signal.

Verse 45


See on Matthew 26:49.

Verse 47

The servant

See on Matthew 26:51.

Ear ( ὠτάριον )

A word found only here and at John 18:10. See on Matthew 26:51.

Verse 48

A thief

Rev., better, robber. See on Matthew 26:55, and Mark 11:17.


Verse 51

Linen cloth ( σινδόνα )

The probable derivation is from Ἰνδός , an Indian: India being the source from which came this fine fabric used for wrapping dead bodies, and in which Christ's body was enveloped. See Matthew 27:59; Mark 15:46; Luke 23:53.

Verse 54

Palace ( αὐλὴν )

Rather, court, as Rev., the quadrangle round which the chambers were built. See on Matthew 26:3.

Sat with ( ἦν συγκαθήμενος )

The verb with the participle denoting continuousness. What occurred after occurred while he was sitting. So Rev.


Rev., officers. See on Matthew 5:25.

At the fire ( πρὸς τὸ φῶς )

Φῶς is never used of the fire itself, but of the light of the fire; and this is the point to which the evangelist directs attention: that the firelight, shining on Peter's face, called forth the challenge of the maid (Mark 14:66).

Verse 56

Their witness agreed not

Peculiar to Mark. Lit., their testimonies were not equal. Hence the difficulty of fulfilling the requirement of the law, which demanded two witnesses. See Deuteronomy 17:6; and compare Matthew 18:16; 1 Timothy 5:19; Hebrews 10:28.

Verse 58

Made with hands

Mark adds this detail; also made without hands, and the following sentence.

Verse 62

I am

See on Matthew 26:64.

Verse 64

Guilty of death

See on Matthew 26:66.

Verse 65


See on Matthew 26:67.

Palms of their hands ( ῥαπίσμασιν )

An unclassical word, but used also by John (John 19:3). The word means blows.

Did strike

Following the old reading, ἔβαλλον . The correct reading is ἔλαβον ,received. So Rev. Received him into custody.

Verse 66


In relation to the chambers round the court above.

Verse 68

Porch ( προαύλιον )

Only here in New Testament. The vestibule, extending from the outside gate to the court.

Verse 71

Curse ( ἀναθεματίζειν )

Compare on Matthew 26:74; where the word is καταθεματίζειν , to call down ( κατὰ ) curses on himself if he were not telling the truth. The words are synonymous.

Verse 72

When he thought thereon ( ἐπιβαλὼν )

From ἐπί , uponand βάλλω , to throw. When he threw his thought upon it.


Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Mark 14:4". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

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