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Bible Commentaries

Vincent's Word Studies

Revelation 19



Other Authors
Verse 1

Hallelujah ( ἀλληλούΐ́α )

Hebrew. Praise ye the Lord. Only in Revelation and in this chapter. Fifteen of the Psalms either begin or end with this word. The Jewish anthem of praise (Revelation href="/desk/?q=re+1:6&sr=1">Revelation 1:6.

Verse 2

True ( ἀληθιναὶ )

See on John 1:9.

Did corrupt ( ἔφθειρεν )

The imperfect tense denoting habit.

Avenged ( ἐξεδίκησεν )

Exacted vengeance from ( ἐξ ).

At her hand ( ἐκ )

Lit., “from her hand.” See on Revelation 2:7; see on Revelation 18:20.

Verse 3

Her smoke, etc.

Compare Isaiah 34:10.

Verse 5

All ye His servants - small and great

Compare Psalm 115:13; Psalm 134:1.

Verse 7

The marriage of the Lamb

For the figure, compare Isaiah 54:1-8; Ezekiel 16:7-14; Hosea 2:19; Matthew 9:15; John 3:29; Ephesians 5:25.

Verse 8

Fine linen ( βύσσινον )

See on Luke 16:19. The four vestments of the ordinary Jewish priest were made of linen or byssus. Their symbolic meaning depended in part on the whiteness and luster of their substance ( καθαρὸν καὶ λαμπρόν pureand bright ).

Righteousness ( δικαιώματα )

More strictly, as Rev. righteous acts.

Verse 10

See thou do it not ( ὅρα μή )

See not (to do it).

The testimony of Jesus ( ἡ μαρτυρία τοῦ Ἱησοῦ )

Some explain as the testimony which proceeds from Jesus. Jesus, by imparting this testimony to believers imparts to them the spirit of prophecy. Others, the witness which is born to Jesus. The way of bearing this witness, the substance and essence of this testimony is the Spirit of prophecy.

Verse 11

A white horse

Compare Revelation 6:2.

Verse 12

Crowns ( διαδήματα )

See on 1 Peter 5:4; see on James 1:12.

Verse 13

Dipped ( βεβαμμένον )

The readings differ; some giving ῥεραντισμένον sprinkledothers περιρεραμμένον sprinkledround. Rev., sprinkled. Compare Isaiah 63:2, Isaiah 63:3.

The Word of God ( ὁ Λόγος τοῦ Θεοῦ )

This name for our Lord is found in the New Testament only in the writings of John. It is one of the links which connects Revelation with John's other writings. Compare John 1:1-14; 1 John 1:1. Some object to this on the ground that, in the Gospel of John, the term is used absolutely, the Word, whereas here it is qualified, the Word of God, which the Evangelist nowhere employs, and in 1 John 1:1, the Word of life. But, as Alford observes: “It may be left to any fair-judging reader to decide whether it be not a far greater argument for identity that the remarkable designation ὁ Λόγος theWord is used, than for diversity, that, on the solemn occasion described in the Apocalypse, the hitherto unheard adjunct of God is added.” The idea of God which is represented here, underlies the absolute term the Word in John 1:1. It is further urged that in the Gospel ὁ Λόγος is applied to the prehistoric Christ, while in this passage it is applied to the historic Christ. But the name of the historic Christ is that referred to in Revelation 19:12, not in Revelation 19:13. It is the name “which no one knoweth but He Himself,” expressing the character of His whole redeeming work. The name in Revelation 19:13is that which belongs originally and essentially to Him.

Verse 14

Followed ( ἠκολούθει )

Note the imperfect tense denoting progression, and thus describing the advancing movement of the host.

Verse 15


See on Revelation 1:16.

Smite ( πατάσσῃ )

See on Revelation 11:6.

Shall rule ( ποιμανεῖ )

See on Revelation 2:27.


See on Revelation 14:19.

Of the fierceness and wrath ( τοῦ θυμοῦ καὶ τῆς ὀργῆς )

Omit and, and render, as Rev., the fierceness of the wrath. See on John 3:36.

Of Almighty God ( τοῦ θεοῦ τοῦ παντοκράτορος )

Lit., of God the all-ruler. See on Revelation 1:8.

Verse 16

On His thigh

Some explain, on the garment where it covers the thigh to which the sword is bound. Compare Psalm 45:3. Others, partly on the vesture, partly on the thigh itself, where, in an equestrian figure, the robe drops from the thigh. According to the former explanation καὶ andis to be taken as explanatory or definitive of the words on His vesture. Others again suppose a sword on the hilt of which the name is inscribed. Expositors refer to the custom of engraving the artist's name on the thigh of a statue. Thus Cicero says: “A most beautiful statue of Apollo, on the thigh of which the name of Myron had been graven in tiny letters of silver” (“Against Verres,” iv., 43). Herodotus describes a figure of Sesostris, bearing across the breast from shoulder to shoulder the inscription written in the sacred character of Egypt: “With my own shoulders I conquered this land” (ii., 106). Rawlinson says that Assyrian figures are found with arrow-headed inscriptions engraved across them, and over the drapery as well as the body.

Verse 17

An angel ( ἕνα ἄγγελον )

Lit., “one angel.”

Fowls ( ὀρνέοις )

See on Revelation 18:2. Rev., birds.

Midst of heaven

See on Revelation 8:13.

Gather yourselves together ( συνάγεσθε )

The best texts read συνάχθητε begathered together, as Rev. Compare Ezekiel 39:17sqq.

The supper of the great God ( τὸ δεῖπνον τοῦ μεγάλου Θεοῦ )

Read τὸ μέγα τοῦ for τοῦ μεγάλου , and render the great supper of God.

Verse 18

Captains ( χιλιάρχων )

See on Mark 6:21; see on Luke 7:2.

Verse 20

Was taken ( ἐπιάσθη )

See on Acts 3:7.


See on Revelation 13:16.

Lake ( λίμνην )

See on Luke 5:1.


See on Revelation 14:10.

Verse 21

Were filled ( ἐχορτάσθησαν )

See on Matthew 5:6.


Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Revelation 19:4". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

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