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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Chronicles 5:12

 

 

and all the Levitical singers, Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun, and their sons and kinsmen, clothed in fine linen, with cymbals, harps and lyres, standing east of the altar, and with them one hundred and twenty priests blowing trumpets

Adam Clarke Commentary

A hundred and twenty priests - Cymbals, psalteries, and harps, of any kind, in union with a hundred and twenty trumpets or horns, could not produce much harmony; as to melody, that must have been impossible, as the noise was too great.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 5:12". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-chronicles-5.html. 1832.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

the Levites which were the singers — On great and solemn occasions, such as this, a full choir was required, and their station was taken with scrupulous regard to their official parts: the family of Heman occupied the central place, the family of Asaph stood on his right, and that of Jeduthun on his left; the place allotted to the vocal department was a space between the court of Israel and the altar in the east end of the priests‘ court.

with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets — The trumpet was always used by the priests, and in the divine service it was specially employed in calling the people together during the holy solemnities, and in drawing attention to new and successive parts of the ritual. The number of trumpets used in the divine service could not be less than two (Numbers 10:2), and their greatest number never exceeded the precedent set at the dedication of the temple. The station where the priests were sounding with trumpets was apart from that of the other musicians; for while the Levite singers occupied an orchestra east of the altar, the priests stood at the marble table on the southwest of the altar. There both of them stood with their faces to the altar. The manner of blowing the trumpets was, first, by a long plain blast, then by one with breakings and quaverings, and then by a long plain blast again [Brown, Jewish Antiquities].


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 5:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-chronicles-5.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Chronicles 5:12 Also the Levites [which were] the singers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, [being] arrayed in white linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets:)

Ver. 12. Being arrayed in white linen.] Which might remind them of that innoceney and integrity required of them.


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 5:12". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-chronicles-5.html. 1865-1868.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Linen, or "robes of silk." Protestants, "white linen." (Haydock)


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 5:12". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-chronicles-5.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Jeduthun. See note on 1 Chronicles 16:41.

at the east end: i.e. facing west.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 5:12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-chronicles-5.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Also the Levites which were the singers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, being arrayed in white linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets:)

The Levites which were the singers. On great and solemn occasions, such as this, a full choir was required, and their station was taken with scrupulous regard to their official parts: the family of Heman occupied the central place, the family of Asaph stood on his right, and that of Jeduthun on his left; the place allotted to the vocal department being a space between the court of Israel and the altar in the east end of the priests' court.

With them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets. The trumpet was always used by the priests, and in the divine service it was specially employed in calling the people together during the holy solemnities, and in drawing attention to new and successive parts of the ritual. The number of trumpets used in the divine service could not be less than two (Numbers 10:2), and their greatest number never exceeded the precedent set at the dedication of the temple. The station where the priests were sounding with trumpets was apart from that of the other musicians; for while the Levite singers occupied an orchestra east of the altar, the priests stood at the marble table on the southwest of the altar. There both of them stood with their faces to the altar. The manner of blowing the trumpets was, first, by a long plain blast, then by one with breakings and quaverings, and then by a long plain blast again (Brown's 'Jewish Antiquities').


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 5:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-chronicles-5.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(12) All of them of Asaph . . . brethren.—Heb., to all of them, to Asaph, to Heman, &c., &c., and to their sons, and to their brethren. This use of the particle le (to, for) is characteristic of the chronicler, whose style in these verses stands in marked contrast with the former part of the chapter. As to the Levitical guilds of musicians, comp. 1 Chronicles 25:1-7; 1 Chronicles 15:16, seq.

Arrayed in white linen.—1 Chronicles 15:27.

Having cymbals and psalteries and harps.—With cymbals and nebels and kinnors (harps and lutes, or guitars). (See 1 Chronicles 15:28.)

Stood at the east end of the altar.—Were standing east of the altar.

And with them . . . trumpets.—And with them priests, to a hundred and twenty, were trumpeting with trumpets. (See 1 Chronicles 15:24.)

An hundred and twenty.—Thus five to each of the twenty-four classes of the priests.

The mark of parenthesis should be cancelled.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 5:12". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-chronicles-5.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Also the Levites which were the singers, all of them of Asaph, of Heman, of Jeduthun, with their sons and their brethren, being arrayed in white linen, having cymbals and psalteries and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them an hundred and twenty priests sounding with trumpets:)
the Levites
29:25; 1 Chronicles 15:16-22; 16:4-6,41,42; 23:5,30; 25:1-7; Ezra 3:10,11
Asaph
1 Chronicles 6:33,39; 25:6; Psalms 50:1; 62:1; 88:1; *titles
arrayed
1 Chronicles 15:27; Revelation 15:6; 19:8
cymbals
Psalms 92:3; 149:3; 150:3-5
and hundred
Numbers 10:1-5; Joshua 6:6-20; 1 Chronicles 15:24; 16:6; Psalms 68:25

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Chronicles 5:12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-chronicles-5.html.

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