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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Deuteronomy 24:17

 

 

"You shall not pervert the justice due an alien or an orphan, nor take a widow's garment in pledge.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless,.... Who are unable to defend themselves, and have but few, if any, to take their part; and therefore particular care should be taken by judges and civil magistrates to do them justice, or God will require it of them:

nor take a widow's raiment to pledge; nor anything else, as her ox or cow, Job 24:3; according to the Jewish canonsF18Misn. Bava Metzia, c. 9. sect. 13. , of a widow, whether she is poor or rich, a pledge is not taken; the reason given for which is, that it would raise an ill suspicion, and cause an evil report of her among her neighboursF19Maimon. & Bartenora in Misn. Bava Metzia, c. 9. sect. 13. ; and which is suggested by the Targum of Jonathan"neither shall any of you take for a pledge the raiment of a widow, lest wicked neighbours should arise, and bring an evil report upon her, when ye return the pledge unto her.'But no doubt a poor widow is meant, and the design of the law is mercy to her, and that she might not be distressed by taking that from her she needed.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/deuteronomy-24.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the g stranger, [nor] of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

(g) Because the world valued these people least, therefore God has most care over them.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:17". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/deuteronomy-24.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

Raiment — Not such as she hath daily and necessary use of, as being poor. But this concerns not rich persons, nor superfluous raiment.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/deuteronomy-24.html. 1765.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Ver. 17. Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, &c.— Concerning this humane and tender provision for strangers, the fatherless, and widows, we refer to the places in the Margin of our Bibles: only observing, that as persons of this kind are commonly in a more destitute condition than others, therefore all good lawgivers have taken especial care of them, particularly of orphans; concerning whom Plato ordains, that the conservators of the laws should be instead of their natural parents, and look after them so well, that they should not fare the worse for the want of those parents. De Leg. lib. 8:


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:17". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/deuteronomy-24.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Nor of the fatherless; nor of the widow, which is to be supplied out of the last member; nor indeed of any other person; but he particularly mentions these, partly because men are most apt to wrong such helpless persons, and partly because God is pleased especially to charge himself, and so to charge others, with the care of those who have no other refuge. See Isaiah 1:23 Jeremiah 5:28.

A widow’s raiment, to wit, such a one as she hath daily and necessary use of, as being poor, as may appear by comparing this with Deuteronomy 24:12,13, and with other places. But this concerns not rich persons, nor superfluous raiment.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/deuteronomy-24.html. 1685.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Deuteronomy 24:17. Raiment — Not such as he hath daily and necessary use of, as being poor. But this concerns not rich persons, nor superfluous raiment.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:17". Joseph Benson's Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/deuteronomy-24.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Pervert. Thou shalt not pass an unjust sentence upon any one, particularly (Haydock) upon those who are least able to defend themselves. (Menochius)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/deuteronomy-24.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

fatherless. Some codices, with The Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel and Septuagint, read "or the widow".

pledge. Not Hebrew. "abot as Deuteronomy 24:10-13, but kabal, as in Deuteronomy 24:6.


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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/deuteronomy-24.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:
pervert
16:19; 27:19; Exodus 22:21,22; 23:2,6,9; 1 Samuel 12:3,4; Job 22:8,9; Job 29:11-17; Psalms 82:1-5; 94:3-6,20,21; Proverbs 22:22,23; 31:5; Ecclesiastes 5:8; Isaiah 1:23; 3:15; 33:15; Jeremiah 5:28; 22:3; Ezekiel 22:7,29; Amos 5:7-12; Micah 2:1,2; 7:3; Zechariah 7:10; Malachi 3:5; Luke 3:14; James 2:6
nor take
Exodus 22:26,27

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 24:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/deuteronomy-24.html.

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