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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Deuteronomy 3:14

 

 

Jair the son of Manasseh took all the region of Argob as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites, and called it, that is, Bashan, after his own name, Havvoth-jair, as it is to this day.)

Adam Clarke Commentary

Bashan-havoth-jair - Bashan of the cities of Jair; see Numbers 32:41.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/deuteronomy-3.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

These Geshurites held territory adjoining, if not included within, Bashan. They are not to be confounded with those mentioned in Joshua 13:2, who were neighbors of the Philistines 1 Samuel 17:8.

The exact position of Maachah like that of Geshur cannot be ascertained; but it was no doubt among the fastnesses which lay between Bashan and the kingdom of Damascus, and on the skirts of Mount Hermon.

Unto this day - This expression, like our “until now,” does not, as used in the Bible, necessarily imply that the time spoken of as elapsed is long. It may here denote the duration to the time then present of that which had been already some months accomplished.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/deuteronomy-3.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob,.... Or Trachonitis; the small towns belonging to Gilead, as in Numbers 32:41.

unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi; these were little kingdoms in Syria, on which the country of Argob bordered, and had kings over them in the time of David, and came not into the possession of the Israelites; see Joshua 13:13.

and called them after his own name, Bashanhavothjair, unto this day; see Numbers 32:41.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/deuteronomy-3.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi; and called them after his own name, Bashanhavothjair, unto e this day.

(e) Meaning, when he wrote this history.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/deuteronomy-3.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob — The original inhabitants of the province north of Bashan, comprising sixty cities (Deuteronomy 3:4), not having been extirpated along with Og, this people were afterwards brought into subjection by the energy of Jair. This chief, of the tribe of Manasseh, in accordance with the pastoral habits of his people, called these newly acquired towns by a name which signifies “Jair‘s Bedouin Villages of Tents.”

unto this day — This remark must evidently have been introduced by Ezra, or some of the pious men who arranged and collected the books of Moses.


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/deuteronomy-3.html. 1871-8.

Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament

The region of Argob, or the country of Bashan, was given to Jair (see Numbers 32:41), as far as the territory of the Geshurites and Maachathites (cf. Joshua 12:5; Joshua 13:11). “ Unto ,” as far as, is to be understood as inclusive. This is evident from the statement in Joshua 13:13 : “The children of Israel expelled not the Geshurites nor the Maachathites; but the Geshurites and the Maachathites dwell among the Israelites until this day .” Consequently Moses allotted the territory of these two tribes to the Manassites, because it formed part of the kingdom of Og. “ Geshuri and Maachathi ” are the inhabitants of Geshur and Maachah , two provinces which formed small independent kingdoms even in David's time (2 Samuel 3:3; 2 Samuel 13:37, and 2 Samuel 10:6). Geshur bordered on Aram. The Geshurites and Aramaeans afterwards took from the Israelites the Jair -towns and Kenath , with their daughter towns ( 1 Chronicles 2:23). In David's time Geshur had a king Thalmai , whose daughter David married. This daughter was the mother of Absalom; and it was in Geshur that Absalom lived for a time in exile (2 Samuel 3:3; 2 Samuel 13:37; 2 Samuel 14:23; 2 Samuel 15:8). The exact situation of Geshur has not yet been determined. It was certainly somewhere near Hermon, on the eastern side of the upper Jordan, and by a bridge over the Jordan, as Geshur signifies bridge in all the Semitic dialects. Maachah , which is referred to in 1 Chronicles 19:6 as a kingdom under the name of Aram-Maachah (Eng. V. Syria-Maachah), is probably to be sought for to the north-east of Geshur . According to the Onomast . ( s. v. Μαχαθί ), it was in the neighbourhood of the Hermon. “ And he called them (the towns of the region of Argob) after his own name; Bashan (sc., he called) Havvoth Jair unto this day ” (cf. Numbers 32:41). The word חוּת ( Havvoth ), which only occurs in connection with the Jair -towns, does not mean towns or camps of a particular kind, viz., tent villages, as some suppose, but is the plural of חוּה , life ( Leben , a common German termination, e.g., Eisleben ), for which afterwards the word חיּה was used (comp. 2 Samuel 23:13 with 1 Chronicles 11:15). It applies to any kind of dwelling-place, being used in the passages just mentioned to denote even a warlike encampment. The Jair's-lives ( Jairsleben ) were not a particular class of towns, therefore, in the district of Argob, but Jair gave this collective name to all the sixty fortified towns, as is perfectly evident from the verse before us when compared with Deuteronomy 3:5 and Numbers 32:41, and expressly confirmed by Joshua 13:30 and 1 Kings 4:13, where the sixty fortified towns of the district of Argob are called Havvoth Jair . - The statement in 1 Chronicles 2:22-23, that “ Jair had twenty-three towns in Gilead (which is used here as in Deuteronomy 34:1; Joshua 22:9; Joshua 13:15; Judges 5:17; Judges 20:1, to denote the whole of Palestine to the east of the Jordan), and Geshur and Aram took the Havvoth Jair from them , (and) Kenath and its daughters, sixty towns (sc., in all),” is by no means at variance with this, but, on the contrary, in the most perfect harmony with it. For it is evident from this passage, that the twenty-three Havvoth Jair, with Kenath and its daughters, formed sixty towns altogether. The distinction between the twenty-three Havvoth Jair and the other thirty-seven towns, viz., Kenath and its daughters, is to be explained from the simple fact that, according to Numbers 32:42, Nobah , no doubt a family of sons of Machir related to Jair, conquered Kenath and its daughters, and called the conquered towns by his name, namely, when they had been allotted to him by Moses. Consequently Bashan, or the region of Argob, with its sixty fortified towns, was divided between two of the leading families of Machir the Manassite, viz., the families of Jair and Nobah , each family receiving the districts which it had conquered, together with their towns; namely, the family of Nobah , Kenath and its daughter towns, or the eastern portion of Bashan; and the family of Jair , twenty-three towns in the west, which are called Havvoth Jair in 1 Chronicles 2:23, in harmony with Numbers 32:41, where Jair is said to have given this name to the towns which were conquered by him. In the address before us, however, in which Moses had no intention to enter into historical details, all the (sixty) towns of the whole district of Argob, or the whole of Bashan, are comprehended under the name of Havvoth Jair , probably because Nobah was a subordinate branch of the family of Jair , and the towns conquered by him were under the supremacy of Jair. The expression “unto this day” certainly does not point to a later period than the Mosaic age. This definition of time is simply a relative one. It does not necessarily presuppose a very long duration, and here it merely serves to bring out the marvellous change which was due to the divine grace, viz., that the sixty fortified towns of the giant king Og of Bashan had now become Jair's lives.

(Note: The conquest of these towns, in fact, does not seem to have been of long duration, and the possession of them by the Israelites was a very disputed one (cf. 1 Chronicles 2:22-23). In the time of the judges we find thirty in the possession of the judge Jair (Judges 10:4), which caused the old name Havvoth Jair to be revived.)


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The Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.

Bibliography
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/deuteronomy-3.html. 1854-1889.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi; and called them after his own name, Bashanhavothjair, unto this day.

Unto this day — This must be put among those passages which were not written by Moses, but added by those holy men, who digested the books of Moses into this order, and inserted some few passages to accommodate things to their own time and people.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/deuteronomy-3.html. 1765.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Ver. 14. Unto the coasts of Geshuri, and Maachathi A people of Assyria, to the north of the tribe of Manasseh, near the source of the river Jordan. Unto this day has been thought by some to have been inserted by Ezra, who added these words to certify the original of this name: but there seems little reason for this, the phrase being frequently used in Scripture to denote a very short time. We cannot have a stronger instance of it, than the manner in which the apostle speaks, Acts 1:19. If Moses wrote the book of Deuteronomy some months after the event whereof he here speaks, he might with great propriety use this expression.


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Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/deuteronomy-3.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Geshuri, or Geshurites, a people towards the north of Canaan, 2 Samuel 3:3 15:8. See also Joshua 13:13. Maachathi; of whom see 2 Samuel 3:3 10:6. Unto this day: this must be put among those other passages which were not written by Moses, but added by those holy men who digested the books of Moses into this order, and inserted some very few passages to accommodate things to their own time and people.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/deuteronomy-3.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

14. Jair the son of Manasseh — Meaning, descendant of Manasseh. He was of the tribe of Manasseh on his mother’s side.

Coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi — That is, the Geshurites and Maachathites. The Geshurites are often named in connexion with Bashan. David married the daughter of Talmai, king of the Geshurites. Absalom was born of this marriage. After the murder of his brother Amnon by his command, Absalom fled to Geshur, and lived three years in exile among his mother’s kindred. 2 Samuel 13:37. The precise location of Geshur is not decided. It was somewhere near Hermon, on the eastern side of the upper Jordan. The exact location of Maachathi is not settled. It was probably in the neighbourhood of Hermon, not far from Geshur.

Havoth-jair — The dwellings or abodes of Jair. Havoth is from the Hebrew word which means life, as the Germans use Leben in such forms as Eisleben.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/deuteronomy-3.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Deuteronomy 3:14. Unto this day — This must be put among those passages which were not written by Moses, but added by those holy men who digested the books of Moses into this order, and inserted some few passages to accommodate things to their own time and people.


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Bibliography
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". Joseph Benson's Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/deuteronomy-3.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Jair. Some have supposed that this was one of the judges of Israel, but without foundation. He was a son or descendant of Manasses, Numbers xxxii. 41., and Judges x. 4. --- And Machati. These were the most southern towns of this half tribe. (Calmet) --- Day. If Esdras added these words, he did it not against the law, but to explain it. (Worthington)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/deuteronomy-3.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

coasts = borders.

Bashan-havoth-jair = the villages (or cluster of villages) of Jair in Bashan. Hebrew. Havoth = towns, used only of Jair"s. Compare Numbers 32:41. Joshua 13:30. Judges 10:4. 1 Kings 4:13. 1 Chronicles 2:23.

unto this day: unto the time of writing. Here the time mentioned is from Num 21 to the eleventh month of the fortieth year (Deuteronomy 1:3).


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/deuteronomy-3.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi; and called them after his own name, Bashan-havothjair, unto this day.

Jair ... took all the country of Argob. The original inhabitants of the province north of Bashan, comprising 60 cities (Deuteronomy 3:4), not having been extirpated along with Og, this people were afterward brought into subjection by the energy of Jair. This chief of the tribe of Manasseh, in accordance with the pastoral habits of his people, called these newly-acquired towns, which had formerly borne the name of 'Bashan villages' (Numbers 32:41), by a name which signifies 'Jair's Bedouin villages of tents.' Osborn ('Monumental History,' 2:, pp. 409, 410) says that this name, 'the village of Bashan,' occurs exactly in the same form as here in hieroglyphics as part of an Egyptian picture representing the defeat of the Zuzim by Sethos (see the note at 1 Kings 4:13).

Unto this day. This remark must evidently have been introduced by Ezra, or some of the pious men who arranged and collected the books of Moses.


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/deuteronomy-3.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(14) Jair took . . . unto this day.—The last words of this chapter seem to point to a later hand, as of Joshua, describing the completion of the conquest. The expression “unto this day” is characteristically common in Joshua, or in the editorial notes inserted throughout that book. (See Introduction to Joshua, “On the Style of the Book.”)

Geshuri and Maachathi—i.e., the Geshurite and the Maachathite, the inhabitants of Geshur and Maachah. “The Maachathites, near the Jordan springs (comp. Abel-Beth-maachah, 2 Samuel 20:14-15), and the Geshurites, rather farther east” (Conder, Bible Handbook, p. 254). Talmai, king of Geshur, was the grandfather of Absalom (2 Samuel 3:3), who took refuge with him after he killed Ammon (2 Samuel 13:37). “Argob, Trachonitis, or El-Lejja, has been an asylum for all malefactors and refugees ever since” (Giant Cities of Bashan, p. 92).


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/deuteronomy-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Jair the son of Manasseh took all the country of Argob unto the coasts of Geshuri and Maachathi; and called them after his own name, Bashanhavothjair, unto this day.
Jair
1 Chronicles 2:21-23
Argob
Geshuri
Joshua 13:13; 2 Samuel 3:3; 10:6; 13:37
Bashan-havoth-jair
Numbers 32:41

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 3:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/deuteronomy-3.html.

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