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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Isaiah 60:15

 

 

"Whereas you have been forsaken and hated With no one passing through, I will make you an everlasting pride, A joy from generation to generation.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Whereas thou hast been forsaken - Hebrew, ‹Instead of (תחת tachath ) thy being forsaken,‘ that is, thy subsequent prosperity shall come in the place of thy being formerly forsaken. The forsaking here refers to the various calamities, persecutions, and trials, which she had been called to endure.

So that no man went through thee - When the country was desolate and abandoned, so that no caravan passed from one part of it to another, or made it a thoroughfare in going to other lands (compare Lamentations 1:4; see the notes at Isaiah 34:10).

I will make thee an eternal excellency - Lowth, ‹An everlasting boast.‘ Noyes, ‹Glory.‘ I will make you forever honored or exalted, so that you shall no more be desolate and abased.

A joy of many generations - A subject of joy from generation to generation; that is, one age after another.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/isaiah-60.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

"Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man passed through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations. Thou shalt suck the milk of the nations, and shall suck the breast of kings; and thou shalt know that I, Jehovah, am thy Saviour, and thy Redeemer, the Mighty One of Jacob. For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron. I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness. Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, desolation nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise."

The glories of the future Israel revealed in these chapters (Isaiah 60-61) should have been infinitely comforting to the captives in Babylon; because they emphasize a number of great principles. (1) God is not unmindful of the welfare of his people, and all of their humiliation and suffering shall be made up to them (if they are faithful) a thousand-fold. (2) Nothing can thwart the eternal purpose of God. Satan indeed may win victories over any given generation, but God is forever winning the Great War against evil. (3) The walls that have been destroyed will be rebuilt. (4) Those who have hated God's people will return, along with their seed, to adore and honor them. (5) God's judgment against the wicked will take place dramatically before the eyes of the whole world.

Note the correspondence of Isaiah 60:17 with Isaiah 9:9,10, and with later verses in that chapter. Also, Isaiah 60:18 is but a restatement in different words of Isaiah 26:1-3. Isaiah is doubtless the author of both passages, and of the whole prophecy.


Copyright Statement
James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/isaiah-60.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Whereas thou hast been forsaken,.... Seemingly forsaken of God; thought to be so by herself, which was matter of complaint; and by her enemies, which to them was matter of joy; the Lord not appearing for her immediate relief, and for her deliverance out of the hands of her persecutors:

and hated: of all men, of wicked and profane sinners, and of carnal professors, and especially of the antichristian party:

so that no man went through thee; very few passengers in Zion's ways; few asked the way to her, or joined themselves in fellowship and worship with her. Jacob was small; the number of converts exceeding few:

I will make thee an eternal excellency; the saints are the excellent in the earth, in the esteem of God and Christ; they, are their jewels and peculiar treasure, having the excellent graces of the Spirit of God in them; and the excellent robe of Christ's righteousness on them; an excellent knowledge of divine and spiritual things; an excellent spirit of love and unity; and an excellent order and discipline maintained among them; as well as excellent truths preached, and ordinances administered to them; all which shall continue, being made clearly to appear to be their case:

the joy of many generations; of age and ageF5דור ודור "generationis et generationis", Vatablus, Pagninas, Montanus; "cujusque generationis", Vitringa. ; or, as the Targum,

"the house of joy of generation and generation;'

that is, the church will be the joy of God and Christ, of the saints, and of the whole world, age after age, for a long period of time: see Isaiah 65:18 there seems to be some respect to Psalm 48:2.


Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/isaiah-60.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

forsaken — (Psalm 78:60, Psalm 78:61).

no man went through thee — Thy land was so desolate that no traveler, or caravan, passed through thee; true only of Israel, not true of the Church (Lamentations 1:4).

excellency — glory, that is, for ever honored.


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/isaiah-60.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.

Forsaken — Both of God and of her inhabitants.

No man went — Thy streets were left desolate.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/isaiah-60.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

15.Instead of (160) thy having been forsaken and hated. The Prophet has in his eye that intermediate period which was already at hand; for, soon after his death, the people were deprived of their heritage and led into captivity, so that all thought that there was no remaining hope of their safety. Lest this thought should come into the minds of believers, by which they might be reduced to despair, “We are undone, there can be no remedy for affairs so desperate, and we ought not to hope for a better condition,” he shows that those grievous calamities cannot prevent God from restoring them; for, although for a time, when the Lord chastised them, they appeared to be forsaken, yet it was easy for him to raise them again to prosperity and to a better condition than before.

If any one object that this splendor of the Church was not of long duration, the reply is short. Although the people were afflicted in various ways after their return, and although even the Christian Church did not long retain its glory, yet those things which the Prophet foretold were fulfilled; for under the cross the glory of Christ shines forth, so that the name of God remains, and there is a people that calls upon him by faith. It ought also to be observed, that in consequence of our ingratitude, we do not obtain the fruit of those promises; for we interrupt the course of God’s works, and deprive ourselves of the fruit of them by our malice. Besides, we ought always to keep in remembrance what I have so often said, that the Prophet does not speak of a few years or a short period, but embraces the whole course of redemption, from the end of the captivity to the preaching of the Gospel, and, finally, down to the end of the reign of Christ.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/isaiah-60.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Isaiah 60:15 Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through [thee], I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.

Ver. 15. Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated.] The primitive Christians suffered Odio humani generis, saith Tacitus, (a) through the general hatred conceived against them; and non tam crimen quam nomen puniebatur, saith another, their very name was odious.

I will make thee an eternal excellency.] Here in part, but hereafter in all perfection. God so favoured the first orthodox Christian emperors, ut cum illorum pietate, Dei liberalitas certare videretur, That God’s liberality might seem to strive with their piety.


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/isaiah-60.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Forsaken, both of God, i.e. as to outward appearance; and of her inhabitants, being upon the matter depopulated.

Hated; either slighted and neglected, or suffering actual miseries and slaughters: thus was she dealt with, Lamentations 1:2.

No man went through thee; thy streets were left desolate. An eternal excellency: the abstract is put here for the concrete, whereby the Hebrews were wont to express the superlative degree; and in this happy estate we find the church, Zec 2. per tot. Zechariah 9:9, &c.; which refers to the coming of Christ; and it is said to be eternal, i.e. for a great while; it being an hyperbolical expression, frequent with the Hebrews, who express a long time by eternity.

A joy of many generations; the church’s happiness should be, the rejoicing and comfort of succeeding generations; she would be the matter of their great rejoicing; a metonymy of the object.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/isaiah-60.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

15. Whereas thou hast been forsaken — This is said under the figure of an abandoned wife; but the meaning would be clearer if read, “Instead of thy being a forsaken and hated holy city, so that no one would pass through thee” — so that travellers and caravans did pass altogether by — I will exalt thee to be the eternal city — a position of growth in importance and honour, and which shall never cease to exist as such.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/isaiah-60.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Isaiah 60:15. Whereas thou hast been forsaken — Both of God, as to outward appearance, and man; and hated — Either slighted and neglected, or suffering actual miseries and slaughters; so that no man went through thee — Thy streets were left desolate and thou wast in a manner depopulated. The state of the Christian Church, during the dark and persecuting ages of Popery, is here described, in language borrowed from Jerusalem lying in desolation. I will make thee an eternal excellency — Being reformed from idolatry and other superstitions and abominations, and thy members being enlightened with the truth, and regenerated by the grace of God, and thereby rendered wise and holy, thou shalt be blessed and exalted with continual tokens of the divine favour, and made a lasting and increasing blessing in the world. The Hebrew, לגאון עולם, is literally, for a lifting up, or, an exaltation, continually, or, for ever. A joy of many generations — Hebrew, Of generation and generation. The meaning is, that the church’s prosperity and happiness should be the rejoicing and comfort of many succeeding ages, or the matter of their great and continual rejoicing. Bishop Lowth translates this clause, I will make thee an everlasting boast, a subject of joy for perpetual generations. It cannot be said of the Jewish nation, since this was uttered, that it has in any degree answered these characters. For after their restoration to their own land, they were first in subjection to the Persians, afterward to the Macedonians, the successors of Alexander the Great; whose yoke they had scarcely shaken off, when they fell under the power of the Romans, who treated them with great severity, and at last destroyed them, together with their city of Jerusalem, almost to an entire extirpation. So that we are compelled to look for the accomplishment of this prophecy in the Christian Church, the perpetual excellences of which far exceed those of the Jewish, and in the glorious privileges and blessings of the religion of Christ, which are indeed, and will be, the joy of many generations.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". Joseph Benson's Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/isaiah-60.html. 1857.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

forsaken. The type of the forsaken wife is changed to that of the forsaken Land. See note on Isaiah 1:4. eternal. This cannot refer to the prosperity of any past period of Israel"s history.

of many generations = of generation after generation.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/isaiah-60.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.

Forsaken - (Psalms 78:60-61).

So that no man went through thee - thy land was so desolate that no traveler or caravan passed through thee: true only of Israel, not true of the Church (Lamentations 1:4).

An eternal excellency - an everlasting glory; i:e., one forever honoured.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/isaiah-60.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(15) Whereas thou hast been forsaken . . .—The figure of the daughter of Zion, who had been as a forsaken and slighted wife (comp. Isaiah 62:4), mingles with the literal picture of a city in ruins, abandoned and unvisited.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/isaiah-60.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.
thou
49:14-23; 54:6-14; Psalms 78:60,61; Jeremiah 30:17; Lamentations 1:1,2; Revelation 11:2,15-17
a joy
35:10; 61:7; Jeremiah 33:11

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-60.html.

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