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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Jeremiah 27:7

 

 

"All the nations shall serve him and his son and his grandson until the time of his own land comes; then many nations and great kings will make him their servant.

Adam Clarke Commentary

And all nations shall serve him (Nebuchadnezzar), and his son, (Evil-merodach Jeremiah 52:31;), and his son's son, (Belshazzar, Daniel 5:11.) All which was literally fulfilled.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/jeremiah-27.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

His son, and his son‘s son - Evil-Merodach and Nabonadius (see Daniel 5:1 note).

Shall serve themselves of him - See the marginal reference. After long servitude to the Persian and Median kings, the Selucidae ruined the remains of Babylon.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/jeremiah-27.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And all nations shall serve him,.... That is, all those, all above mentioned; though there were others also that were tributary to him, but not every nation under heaven:

and his son, and his son's son; their Scripture names were Evilmerodach and Belshazzar, Jeremiah 52:31; and by Ptolemy, in his canon, are called Iloarudamus and Nabonadius; between whom he places Niricassolassarus, or Neriglissarus; who was not a son of Evilmerodach, but his sister's husband. A son of his succeeded him, called Laborosoarchod; who, reigning but nine months, is not placed in the canon; agreeably to which is the account of BerosusF8Apud Joseph. contra Apion. I. 1. sect. 20. p. 1344. ; by whom the immediate son of Nebuchadnezzar is named Evilmaradouchus; or Evilmalaurouchus, as in EusebiusF9Praepar. Evangel. I. 9. c. 40. p. 455. ; who, after he had reigned two years, was slain by Neriglissoor, or Neriglissar, as in the above writer, his sister's husband; who, after he had enjoyed the kingdom four years, died, and left it to his son, whom he calls Chabaessoarachus, or Laborosoarchados, as before, who reigned but nine months; and then Nabonnidus succeeded, the name he gives him who was conquered by Cyrus in the seventeenth year of his reign; and not very different is the account of Nebuchadnezzar's successors, and the names of them, as given by Abydenus, out of MegasthenesF11Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 41. p. 457. ; according to whom, Evilmalaurouchus, the son of Nebuchadnezzar, was his successor; then Neriglissar, his sister's husband, who left a son called Labassoarascus; and after him Nabannidochus, in whose times Cyrus took Babylon; and who appears to be the same with Belshazzar, the grandson of Nebuchadnezzar; so that the Scripture is very just and accurate in mentioning these two only as the son, and son's son of Nebuchadnezzar, whom the nations should serve; for in the last of these ended the Babylonish monarchy:

until the very time of his land come; or that "itself; also he himself"F12גם הוא "etiam illud, vel ipsum", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator, Schmidt. or, "also of himself", as the Vulgate Latin version. The Targum is,

"until the time of the destruction of his land come, also of himself;'

there was a time fixed for his life, and so long the nations were to serve, and did serve, him personally; and there was a time fixed for the continuance of his monarchy, in his son, and son's son; when it was to end, as it did, in Belshazzar's reign; and when the seventy years' captivity of the Jews was up:

and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him; and his kingdom; subdue it, and make it tributary to them. This was accomplished by the Medes and Persians, with Darius and Cyrus at the head of them, and other nations and kings, allies and auxiliaries to them, and associates with them; see Jeremiah 25:14. The Vulgate Latin version renders it, "and many nations and great kings shall serve him"; so the Targum; which falls in with the former part of the verse; wherefore the other sense is best.


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Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/jeremiah-27.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And all nations shall serve him, and his d son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land shall come: and then many nations and great kings shall e bring him into subjection.

(d) Meaning, Evilmerodach and his son Belshazzar.

(e) They will bring him and his kingdom in subjection as in (Jeremiah 25:14).


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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/jeremiah-27.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

son‘s son — (2 Chronicles 36:20). Nebuchadnezzar had four successors - Evil-merodach, his son; Neriglissar, husband of Nebuchadnezzar‘s daughter; his son, Labosodarchod; and Naboned (with whom his son, Belshazzar, was joint king), son of Evil-merodach. But Neriglissar and Labosodarchod were not in the direct male line; so that the prophecy held good to “his son and his son‘s son,” and the intermediate two are omitted.

time of his land — that is, of its subjugation or its being “visited” in wrath (Jeremiah 27:22; Jeremiah 25:12; Jeremiah 29:10; Jeremiah 50:27; Daniel 5:26).

serve themselves of him — make him their servant (Jeremiah 25:14; Isaiah 13:22). So “his day” for the destined day of his calamity (Job 18:20).


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/jeremiah-27.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.

All nations — That is, all these nations.

His son — And Evil-Merodach his son, and Belshazzar his grand-child.

Until — Until the period of his kingdom shall come, which was after seventy years, according to chap29:10.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/jeremiah-27.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Serve him shall all nations, and his son, and the son of his son The greater part think that Nebuchadnezzar had only two successors of his own posterity, Evil-merodach and Belshazar; others name five, and two of them between Evil-merodach and Belshazar. Those who think that there were no more than three, quote this testimony of the Prophet, for he names only the king’s son and his grandson; but this would be no sufficient reason. I am, however, disposed to follow what has been more commonly received, that Belshazar, the last king of Babylon, who was slain by Cyrus, was the third from Nebuchadnezzar. (181)

But this is not the main thing; for the Prophet speaks of the time of the Chaldean monarchy as well as of the king, until the time of his land shall come. The time of the land was that determined by heaven; for as to every one of us there is a limit fixed beyond which no one can pass, so we ought to judge of kingdoms. As, then, the life of every individual has its fixed limits, so God has determined with regard to the empires of the whole earth; thus the life and death of every kingdom and nation are in the hand and at the will of God. For this reason it is now said, that the time of Chaldea would come, and then it is added, and of the king himself. (182) This ought not to be confined to Nebuchadnezzar himself; but as his grandson represented him, the time, though not strictly, may yet be aptly said to have been that, when God had put an end to him and to his power when Babylon was taken by the Medes and Persians. This was, however, at the same time for the comfort of the godly; for it was not God’s design to leave the faithful without some alleviation in their trouble, lest grief should overpower them; when they found themselves oppressed by the Chaldeans, and in a manner overwhelmed, doubtless despair might have crept in, and hence murmurings and blasphemies might have followed. It was, therefore, God’s purpose to mitigate in some measure their bitterness when he added, that the time of Nebuchadnezzar himself would come, that is, the time in which he was to perish. When, therefore, the faithful saw him taking possession of all lands, and dreaded by all nations, they were not to despond, but rather to extend their thoughts to that time of which Jeremiah had predicted, that they might receive some alleviation to their grief, and be enabled to bear with more resignation the cross laid on them. In this expression, then, is included a promise; for the hope of deliverance was set before them, when they understood that reverses would soon happen to King Nebuchadnezzar.

He afterwards adds, serve him shall great, or many nations (for the word רבים, rebim, means both) and great kings (183) This was distinctly expressed, that no conspiracy might deceive the Jews and other nations; for they thought that when united together they could offer an effectual resistance: “Accumulate your forces and your efforts,” says God; “yet all these shall be dissipated; for my decree is, that great kings and many nations shall serve the Chaldeans.” It follows —


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/jeremiah-27.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Jeremiah 27:7 And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son’s son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.

Ver. 7. And all nations shall serve him.] All the neighbouring nations, and some others more remote; but never was any man παντοκρατωρ, universal monarch, though some have styled themselves so, as did Sesostris King of Egypt:

Qui Pharios currus regum cervicibus egit.

Until the very time of his land come.] The greatest monarchies had their times and their turns, their rise and their ruin.

And then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.] As the Chaldeans had served themselves of the Assyrians, so did the Persians of the Chaldeans, the Greeks of the Persians, the Romans of the Greeks, the Goths and Vandals, and now the Turks, of the Romans; such an aestuaria vicissitudo there is in earthly kingdoms, such a strange uncertainty in all things here below. "Wherefore we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear." [Hebrews 12:28] Let us serve him, and not serve ourselves upon him, as self-seekers do.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/jeremiah-27.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Jeremiah 27:7. All nations shall serve him, and his son, &c.— Balthasar or Evil-Merodach being killed, this prophesy was fulfilled; for this prince was son of Nebuchodonosor the IId. or the grandson of Nebuchodonosor or Nebuchadnezzar, mentioned Jeremiah 27:8.

Until the very time Houbigant renders the latter part as he did the beginning of Jeremiah 27:14 chap. 25:


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Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/jeremiah-27.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

All nations shall serve him; that is, all these nations; and some think that it is expressed in the article used here demonstratively, though not so taken notice of by our translators. And his son, and his son’s son; and Evil-merodach his son, who succeeded him, Jeremiah 52:31, and Belshazzar his grandchild, Daniel 4:1,11. Until the period of his kingdom shall come, (for nations have their periods,) which was after seventy years, according to Jeremiah 29:10, during which years some say four princes ruled in Babylon, the Scripture mentions but three. After that he shall himself be conquered, as it came to pass in Belshazzar’s time, Daniel 5:30, Darius the emperor of the Medes taking his kingdom.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/jeremiah-27.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

7. The very time of his land — The time when it, too, shall be given to the speller.

Shall serve themselves of him — That is, shall make him to serve them.

Son, and his son’s son — The actual facts do not certainly accord with this form of expression. Nebuchadnezzar was succeeded by his son, and then by his son-in-law, and he by his own son in turn. But the phrase here used is proverbial in form, (see Deuteronomy 6:2,) and only implies the long duration of Nebuchadnezzar’s dynasty.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/jeremiah-27.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

His son; viz., Evilmerodach, and his son's son, viz., Nabonydus, or Nabonadius, the Baltassar of Daniel, (chap. v.) and the last of the Chaldean kings. (Challoner) --- Come. It will not be long before this rod is cast into the fire, the usual fate of those who execute God's vengeance.


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/jeremiah-27.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

him, and his son, and his son"s son: i.e. Evil Merodach, Nergelissar, and Nabonidus, in whose seventeenth year Babylon was taken by Cyrus. App-67.

the very time = the appointed end.

great kings: i.e. the kings of Persia and Media (Daniel 2:39).


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/jeremiah-27.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.

And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son - (2 Chronicles 36:20). Nebuchadnezzar had four successors, Evil-merodach his son; Neriglissar, husband of Nebuchadnezzar's daughter; his son, Labosodarchod; and Naboned (with whom his son Belshazzar was joint king), son of Evil-merodach. But Neriglissar and Labosodarchod were not in the direct male line; so that the prophecy held good to "his son and his son's son," and the intermediate two are omitted.

Until the very time of his land come - i:e., the time of its subjugation, or its being "visited" in wrath (Jeremiah 27:22; Jeremiah 25:12; Jeremiah 29:10; Jeremiah 50:27; Isaiah 13:22; Daniel 5:26, "MENE: God hath numbered thy kingdom and finished it").

Serve themselves of him - make him their servant (Jeremiah 25:14). So "his day" for the destined day of his calamity (Job 18:20).


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/jeremiah-27.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(7) And his son, and his son’s son.—The words may have had the meaning that this was to be the farthest limit of Nebuchadnezzar’s dynasty, as defined by the “seventy years” of Jeremiah 25:11. The use of the phrase, however, in Exodus 34:7, Deuteronomy 4:25, points rather to an undefined prolongation, subject only to the fact that there was an appointed limit. Historically we may note the fact that Nebuchadnezzar was succeeded by his son, Evil-merodach (Jeremiah 52:31); he by his brother-in-law, Neriglissar, and he by Nabouahid and his son Belshazzar. (See Introduction.)

Shall serve themselves of him.—Better, shall make him to serve. It lies in the nature of the case that the pronoun refers to the King of Babylon for the time being. The confederacy of nations which shall overthrow the Babylonian monarchy, Medes and others, is described more fully in Jeremiah 51:11; Jeremiah 51:27-28. The words were clearly meant to point both ways. They warn the nations not to resist the Chaldæan king then. They warn the king not to think that he is founding a dynasty of long duration. The whole verse is wanting in the LXX., perhaps because they imagined that the “son’s son” of Jeremiah 27:7 was inconsistent with the facts of history, as they read them.


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/jeremiah-27.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.
all
25:11-14; 50:9,10; 52:31; 2 Chronicles 36:20,21
until
25:12; 50:27; Psalms 37:13; 137:8,9; Isaiah 13:1,8-22; 14:22,23; 21:9; Isaiah 47:1-5; Daniel 5:25-31; Habakkuk 2:7; Zechariah 2:8,9; Revelation 13:5-10; 14:8,15-20; 16:19; Revelation 17:16,17; 18:2-8
many
25:14; 50:1-51; Isaiah 14:4-6

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 27:7". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-27.html.

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