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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Jeremiah 46:6

 

 

Let not the swift man flee, Nor the mighty man escape; In the north beside the river Euphrates They have stumbled and fallen.

Adam Clarke Commentary

Let not the swift flee away - Even the swiftest shall not be able to escape.

They shall - fall toward the north - By the Euphrates, which was northward of Judea. Here the Egyptian army was routed with great

slaughter.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/jeremiah-46.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Translate it: “The swift shall not flee away, and the hero shall not escape: in the north on the bank of the river Euphrates they shall stumble and fall.”


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/jeremiah-46.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty men escape,.... Those that were swift of foot, like Asahel, or carried but light armour, let not such trust to their swiftness or light carriage; nor let the mighty man think to escape by reason of his great strength, to make his way through the enemy, and get out of his hands. Or this may be rendered as future, "the swift shall not flee away", &c.F20אל ינוס "non fugiet", Pagninus, Montanus; "non effugiet", Munster, Tigurine version. so the Targum; neither the one nor the other shall escape by the nimbleness of their heels, or the stoutness of their hearts:

they shall stumble and fall toward the north, by the river Euphrates; which lay north of Judea, where the prophet was, to whom this word came; and also was to the north of Egypt, whose destruction is here threatened: the place where this route and slaughter would be made was Carchemish, which was situated by that river; on the north side of which city, according to Abarbinel, the battle was; and which sense is mentioned by Kimchi, which the other follows.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/jeremiah-46.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the e north by the river Euphrates.

(e) The Babylonians will discomfit them at the river Euphrates.

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Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/jeremiah-46.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Let not — equivalent to the strongest negation. Let not any of the Egyptian warriors think to escape by swiftness or by might.

toward the north — that is, in respect to Egypt or Judea. In the northward region, by the Euphrates (see Jeremiah 46:2).


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/jeremiah-46.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.

Let not the swift — It is in vain for the swift to flee away, the mighty men shall not escape, but they shall stumble and fall at Carchemish, which was near the river Euphrates, and northward from Egypt.


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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/jeremiah-46.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

He then says first that they would gain power, but he speaks presently of their fall, unless it be thought that the same thing is repeated: and the beginning of the verse may be read affirmatively, “The swift shall not flee,” etc. But as the particle אל, al, is often used in a prohibitory sense, the verse may be evidently explained as spoken by God, and thus it may be read in connection with the previous verse, Let not the swift flee, nor the brave escape For God here declares authoritatively, that celerity and courage would be of no avail to the Egyptians, because the swiftest would be taken by their enemies, and the bravest would fall. (133)

He says, In the land of the north, on the bank of the river We know that Babylon and Assyria and Chaldea and those countries, were northward with respect to Judea. Whenever then the Prophets speak of the Babylonians, they call them Northlanders; but Egypt was to the south, as it is clear from many parts of Scripture. But as the Prophet here speaks of the Egyptians, he rightly makes Chaldea to be northward. Then he says, On the bank of the river Euphrates they shall stumble, or fall. The meaning is, that the event of war is in the power of God, so that he would tear in pieces and lay prostrate or scatter the Egyptians, however well equipped they might be, and trust in their own strength.

We must also observe, that whatever subsidies men pro-cum for themselves in order to protect their safety, they are nothing when God is opposed to them. The Prophet indeed mentions only two things; but he means that though men may excel in many things and possess many endowments, they must yet perish, when that is God’s will: flight cannot save the swift, nor strength the valiant. It follows —

Not flee shall the swift,
Nor escape shall the strong;
In the north, by the side of the river Euphrates,
Have they stumbled and fallen.

Ed.


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/jeremiah-46.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Jeremiah 46:6 Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.

Ver. 6. Let not the swift fly away,] i.e., Think to save themselves by flight.

Nor the mighty man escape,] i.e., Think to save himself by his might, be he never so stout hearted.

Toward the north,] i.e., Toward Carchemish, the stage of the war, where Pharaohnecho had beaten Nebuchadnezzar the elder, and is now beaten in the same place by Nebuchadnezzar the younger, alterna victoria in another victory. (a)


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/jeremiah-46.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Jeremiah 46:6. Let not the swift flee away The words imply that it was God's command that none of the Egyptian army should escape. The river Euphrates was northward of Judaea: so Babylon is described as lying northward, being situate upon that river. See Joseph. Antiq. lib. 10: cap. 7.


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Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/jeremiah-46.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

That is, it is in vain for the swift to flee away, the mighty men shall not escape, but they shall stumble and fall at Carchemish, which was near the river Euphrates, and northward from Egypt.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/jeremiah-46.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

The Command To Let None Escape (Jeremiah 46:6).

The Babylonians are commanded to ensure that their victory is complete and that due judgment is visited on the Egyptians. All is under God’s control.

Jeremiah 46:6

‘Do not let the swift flee away,

Nor the mighty man escape!

In the north by the river Euphrates,

Have they stumbled and fallen.’

The victorious army is seen as under YHWH’s direction. They are commanded to prevent the elite of the Egyptian army from escaping. They are to prevent the swift from fleeing way, and to prevent the mighty men from making their escape. The victory, and the judgment, must be complete. There must be no opportunity for them to reform and fight again. And so it was. For in the North, by the River Euphrates, the Egyptian army stumbled and fell.

A Description Of The Preceding Arrogance Of The Egyptian Army (46-7-8).

It was not what proud Egypt had expected. They had come up from Egypt with all confidence, a confidence seemingly justified by their establishment of their (brief) empire.

Jeremiah 46:7-8

‘Who is this who rises up like the Nile,

Whose waters toss themselves like the rivers?’

Egypt rises up like the Nile,

And his waters toss themselves like the rivers,

And he says, “I will rise up, I will cover the earth,

I will destroy cities and their inhabitants.”

This consequence was far from what the Egyptians had foreseen. They had seen themselves in terms of the all-conquering Nile. When the Nile flooded its banks everything gave way before it, and it formed rivers which swept all before them. Thus the Egyptian army saw themselves in a similar way. They too would cross their borders triumphantly, and all would give way before them. And their Pharaoh’s boast was that he and his army would cover the earth, and would destroy cities with their inhabitants. None would stand before them.


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Bibliography
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/jeremiah-46.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

He warned the Babylonians not to allow any of the Egyptians to escape.


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Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/jeremiah-46.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Away. It will be in vain. (Calmet) --- Nechao went to defend Charcamis, but lost "many myriads in the battle," and all the country "as far as Pelusium, except Judea." (Josephus, [Antiquities?] x. 7.)


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/jeremiah-46.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

mighty man. Hebrew. geber. App-14.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/jeremiah-46.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.

Let not the swift flee away - equivalent to the strongest negation. Let not any of the Egyptian warriors think to escape by swiftness or by might.

They shall ... fall toward the north - i:e., in respect to Egypt or Judea, In the northward region, by the Euphrates (see Jeremiah 46:2).


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/jeremiah-46.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.
not
Judges 4:15-21; Psalms 33:16,17; 147:10,11; Ecclesiastes 9:11; Isaiah 30:16,17; Amos 2:14,15; 9:1-3
stumble
12; 20:11; 50:32; Psalms 27:2; Isaiah 8:15; Daniel 11:19,22
toward
10; 1:14; 4:6; 6:1; 25:9

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 46:6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-46.html.

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