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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Jeremiah 51:8

 

 

Suddenly Babylon has fallen and been broken; Wail over her! Bring balm for her pain; Perhaps she may be healed.

Adam Clarke Commentary

Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed - These appear to be the words of some of the spectators of Babylon's misery.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/jeremiah-51.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Destroyed - literally, broken, as was the hammer Jeremiah 50:23. The cup, though of metal, is thrown down so violently as to be shattered by the fall.

Howl for her - The persons addressed are the many inhabitants of Babylon who were dragged from their homes to people its void places, and especially the Israelites. They have dwelt there long enough to feel pity for her, when they contrast her past magnificence with her terrible fall. Compare Jeremiah 29:7.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/jeremiah-51.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed,.... Or "broken"F7תשבר "confracta est", Schmidt; "fracta est", Cocceius; "contrita est", Piscator. ; even into shivers, as a cup is; for when it had been used to answer the purposes designed by the Lord, he let it fall cut of his hands at once, and it was broken; or rather he dashed it in pieces, as a potter's vessel. The destruction of Babylon was brought about in a very short time, considering the strength of it; and was unexpected by the inhabitants of it, and by the nations round about; but, when it was come, it was irreparable: so the destruction of mystical Babylon will be in one hour, and it will be an utter and entire destruction, Revelation 18:8;

howl for her; as the inhabitants of Babylon, and her friends and allies that loved her, did no doubt; and as the kings and merchants of the earth, and others, will howl for spiritual Babylon, Revelation 18:9;

take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed: or balsam; see Jeremiah 46:11; which is said by way of derision and mockery, as Kimchi and Abarbinel observe; or in an ironical and sarcastic manner; suggesting, that, let what means soever be made use of, her wound was incurable, her ruin inevitable, and her case irrecoverable.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/jeremiah-51.html. 1999.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

The Prophet now declares that the fall of Babylon would be sudden, that the faithful might understand that God could accomplish in one moment what he had decreed. For when the prophets spoke of God’s judgments, the people questioned among themselves, how could that be which surpassed the common ideas of men. That men, therefore, might not estimate God’s power according to their own thoughts, he introduces this word, suddenly; as though he had said, that God had no need of warlike forces; for though he makes no preparations, yet he can subvert every power that exists in the world.

He then adds, Howl for her; and this is said, because it could not be but that many nations would either bewail the ruin of so great a monarch, or be astonished at her, and thus many things would be said. He then says, that though the whole world were to howl for Babylon, it would yet fall and be suddenly broken, whenever it pleased God. And he says, by way of irony, Take balm, if peradventure it can be healed The word צרי, tsari, is, by some, rendered balsam, but it means rosin, for we know that it was deemed precious in Judea; and the Prophet no doubt accommodated what he said to what was commonly known. As then that medicament was in common use among the Jews, he now says, Take rosin As there is hardly any country which has not its peculiar remedies; so we see that Jeremiah refers not to what was usually done at Babylon, or to medicaments used by the Chaldeans, but to what was commonly used in his own country, as it appears from other places. Now rosin was a juice which flowed from trees, and it was a thick juice. The best rosin which we now use is from the terebinth; but in these parts they have what proceeds from the fir, for here the terebinth is not found. But Judea had a most valuable rosin, as we learn from many parts of Scripture. And under this one thing is included everything, Take rosin; as though he had said, “Let physicians come together (otherwise she will perish) from every place, if peradventure she can be healed. ” This is said ironically, that the faithful might know that the diseases of Babylon would be incurable.

We have said elsewhere, that Babylon was not wholly demolished when taken by Cyrus, and that the people were not then driven away. They dwelt there as usual, though made tributary, as they were afterwards, under the dominion of the Persians. Babylon was also grievously oppressed, when punished for its revolt, until what Jeremiah and others prophesied was fulfilled. Then the time of which he speaks ought not to be confined to one calamity only, which was only a prelude to others still greater. He afterwards adds, —


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/jeremiah-51.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Jeremiah 51:8 Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed.

Ver. 8. Babylon is suddenly fallen.] Jeremiah 50:2. So ruet alto a culmine Roma So Rome will be destroyed from its highest heights. [Revelation 14:8; Revelation 18:2; Revelation 18:10]

If so be she may be healed,] q.d., Try you may, but it is to no purpose. See Jeremiah 46:11.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/jeremiah-51.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

That is, she shall suddenly fall and be destroyed; you may try all the probable ways for her cure, but they will all be used to no purpose.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/jeremiah-51.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

8. Destroyed — Literally, broken. This suggests a change in the figure, or that golden means ornamented with gold, or that this golden cup, though metal, is dashed so violently as to be shattered.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/jeremiah-51.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Suddenly. She has not lost many battles; but is fallen at once from being the greatest city of the East.


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Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/jeremiah-51.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

is suddenly, &c. This must refer to a future fulfilment, for the present condition came gradually, See Isaiah 21:9; Isaiah 47:9, Isaiah 47:11. Compare Revelation 14:8; Revelation 18:8, Revelation 18:10, Revelation 18:17, Revelation 18:19.

destroyed = broken down. Hebrew. shabar. Not the same as in verses: Jeremiah 51:1, Jeremiah 51:3, Jeremiah 51:11, Jeremiah 1:20, Jeremiah 1:25, Jeremiah 1:25, Jeremiah 1:55.

take balm = fetch balSamaritan Pentateuch Compare Jeremiah 8:22; Jeremiah 46:11.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/jeremiah-51.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(8) Babylon is suddenly fallen . . .—The form of announcement seems taken in part from Isaiah 21:9.

Take balm for her pain . . .—The words are significant. The captive people are not invited simply to raise a shout of triumph at the fall of their oppressor: they are to “take balm” (comp. the use of the same image in Jeremiah 8:22; Jeremiah 46:11), and try to heal her. They are still to “seek the peace of the city” (Jeremiah 29:7), to render kindly service, to pour balm into the bleeding wounds.


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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/jeremiah-51.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed.
suddenly
41; 50:2; Isaiah 21:9; 47:9; Revelation 14:8; 18:2,8
howl
48:20,31; Isaiah 13:6,7; Ezekiel 27:30-32; 30:2; Daniel 5:24,31; Revelation 18:9-11; Revelation 18:17-19
take balm
8:22; 30:12-15; 46:11; Nahum 3:19

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 51:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-51.html.

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