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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Jeremiah 52:12

 

 

Now on the tenth day of the fifth month, which was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan the captain of the bodyguard, who was in the service of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem.

Adam Clarke Commentary

Now in the fifth month - Answering nearly to our August.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/jeremiah-52.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Served - The word implies high office.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/jeremiah-52.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month,.... Hence the fast of the fifth month, for the burning of the city, which was the month Ab, and answers to part of July and part of August, Zechariah 8:19;

which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; that is, the nineteenth year of his reign; who reigned in all forty three years, according to Ptolemy's canon:

came Nebuzaradan captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem; or "stood before the king of Babylon"F19עמד לפני מלך "qui setit coram rege", Schmidt. ; ministered to him, was a servant of his, the provost marshal, or chief marshal; he was sent, and came from Riblah to Jerusalem, with a commission to burn the city. In 2 Kings 25:8; it is said to be on the "seventh" day of the fifth month that he came thither; here, on the "tenth" day; which difficulty may be solved, without supposing different copies, or any error: he might set out from Riblah on the seventh day, and come to Jerusalem on the tenth; or he might come thither on the seventh, and not set fire to the city till the tenth; or, if he set fire to it on the seventh, it might be burning to the tenth, before it was wholly consumed. The JewsF20T. Bab. Taanith, fol. 29. 1. account for it thus,

"strangers entered into the temple, and ate in it, and defiled it, the seventh and eighth days; and on the ninth, towards dark, they set fire to it; and it burned and continued all that whole day, as it is said, Jeremiah 6:4;'

R. Johanan was saying, if I had been in that generation, I should have fixed on that day, for the greatest part of the temple was burnt on that day. The authors of the Universal History sayF21Vol 4. p. 189. & vol. 21. p. 61. it was on Wednesday the eleventh of the fourth month, answering to our twenty seventh of July; but, according to the express words of the text, the city was broke up on the ninth of the fourth month, and burnt on the tenth day of the fifth month; and which was, according to Bishop UsherF23Annales Vet. Test. p. 131. , the twenty seventh of August, on a sabbath day, and in the year of the world 3416, and before Christ 588; and is placed by them in the same years; and by Mr. WhistonF24Chronological Tables, cent. 10. in 589; and by Mr. BedfordF25Scripture Chronology, p 684. in the year 587. This was a month after the taking of the city.


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/jeremiah-52.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Now in the fifth month, in the d tenth [day] of the month, which [was] the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, [who] e served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem,

(d) In (2 Kings 25:8) is it called the seventh day, because the fire began then and so continued to the tenth.

(e) That is, who was his servant, as in (2 Kings 25:8).


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/jeremiah-52.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

tenth day — But in 2 Kings 25:8, it is said “the seventh day.” Nebuzara-dan started from Riblah on the “seventh” day and arrived in Jerusalem on the “tenth” day. Seeming discrepancies, when cleared up, confirm the genuineness of Scripture; for they show there was no collusion between the writers; as in all God‘s works there is latent harmony under outward varieties.


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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/jeremiah-52.html. 1871-8.

Scofield's Reference Notes

fifth month

i.e. August.


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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.

Bibliography
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Jeremiah 52:12". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/jeremiah-52.html. 1917.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

12. The tenth day of the month — In 2 Kings 25:8, we read the seventh day. This discrepancy is probably owing to letters having been used for numerals, and the proper letter having been wrongly transcribed.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/jeremiah-52.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Tenth: 4 Kings seventh, on which day Nabuzardan set out from Reblatha, according to some. But it was above sixty leagues, or hours journey, distant. (Calmet) --- He entered the city on the 7th, and put his orders in execution on the 10th. (Usher) --- Nothing of the king's imprisonment, or of the city poor occurs, 4 Kings.


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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/jeremiah-52.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

tenth day. In 2 Kings 25:8 it says "seventh day", but that was "[to] Jerusalem". This is "into Jerusalem".

into = in.


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These files are public domain.
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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/jeremiah-52.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem,

In the tenth day - but in 2 Kings 25:8 it is said "the seventh day." Probably Nebuzaradan started from Riblah on the "seventh" day, and arrived in Jerusalem on the "tenth" day. Seeming discrepancies, when cleared up, confirm the genuineness of Scripture; because they show there was no collusion between the writers; as in all God's works there is latent harmony under outward varieties.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/jeremiah-52.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(12) In the tenth day of the month.—2 Kings 25:8 gives the “seventh day.” We have no means of ascertaining which of the two statements is the more accurate. The Jews have always kept the ninth day as a commemorative fast. And this date is given in the Syriac version of 2 Kings.

Which served the king of Babylon.—Better, which stand before the king. The Hebrew word is one used continually of honourable service (Jeremiah 35:19; Numbers 27:2; Numbers 27:21; Deuteronomy 1:30). In 2 Kings 25:8 we have the less accurate term of “servant” or “slave,” or “captain of the guard.” (See Note on Jeremiah 39:9.)


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/jeremiah-52.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem,
fifth
2 Kings 25:8; Zechariah 7:3-5; 8:19
the tenth
It appears from the parallel passage of Kings, that Nebuzar-adan came from Riblah to Jerusalem on the seventh of the fifth month; but it seems that he did not set fire to the temple and city till the tenth day, being probably occupied on the intervening days in taking the vessels out of the house of the Lord, and collecting together all the riches that could be found. In memory of this calamity, the Jews devote two fasts to this day; the seventeenth of the fourth month, which falls in June, for the destruction of Jerusalem, and the ninth of the fifth month, which falls in July, for the destruction of the temple; both of which are mentioned by Zechariah as kept from this event till his time, a period of seventy years, under the names of the fast of the fourth month, and fast of the fifth month.
the nineteenth
29; 2 Kings 24:12; 25:8
captain of the guard
or, chief marshal. Heb. chief of the executioners, or slaughtermen, and so.
14; 39:9; Genesis 37:36; *margins
served
Heb. stood before.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 52:12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". http://odl.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-52.html.

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